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PoliticalMakers have run for elected office or have been appointed to positions in city, county, state, or federal government. These are HistoryMakers who have made accomplishments that impact the workings of government, and include mayors, ambassadors, and members of congress, as well as political advisors and consultants.

Alvin Brooks

Political and civic leader Alvin L. Brooks was born on May 3, 1932 in North Little Rock, Arkansas to Thomascine Gilder and Wilbur Herring. He was adopted by Estelle and Cluster Brooks, and they moved to Kansas City, Missouri, where Brooks attended Lincoln Junior College. He went on to receive his B.A. degree in history and government in 1959 and his M.A. degree in sociology in 1973, both from the University of Missouri-Kansas City.

From 1954 to 1964, Brooks served as a police officer, and later as a detective, with the Kansas City, Missouri Police Department. In 1964, he left the police department to serve as a home school coordinator in the Kansas City School District’s pupil services department for one year, before joining the District’s department of urban education as a coordinator of parent, student and community interpretation. In 1968, Brooks was appointed to organize and serve as director of the Kansas City Human Relations Department. He went on to serve as assistant city manager from 1972 to 1991; and, in 1977, he founded the Ad Hoc Group Against Crime (AdHoc). Brooks left city government in 1991 to serve as the executive director of Ad Hoc. In 1999, he was elected to the Kansas City council and appointed as mayor pro-tem. He was re-elected as council member and mayor pro-tem in 2003. In 2010, Brooks was appointed to the Kansas City Board of Police Commissioners where he served until 2017. Brooks completed an unexpired term on the Hickman Mills C-1 School District Board and was later elected in 2017 to a three year term.

In 1976, Brooks was appointed to serve as chairperson of the Missouri Commission on Human Rights until 1992. Brooks was then appointed by the Supreme Court of the State of Missouri to the Supreme Court Advisory Committee where he served for eighteen years. In 1990, Brooks was appointed by President George H.W. Bush to serve a three year term on the President’s National Drug Advisory Council. President George H.W. Bush also appointed Brooks as one of the nation’s 1000 Points of Light. He is a lifetime member of the NAACP.

Brooks has received numerous honors including the 2001 Judge Carl R. Johnson Humanitarian award from the NAACP and the 2016 Harry S. Truman Service Award from the City of Independence. He was named Outstanding Kansas Citizen by the Native Sons and Daughters in 2017 and Kansas City Citizen of the Year by the Greater KC Chamber of Commerce in 2019. He also received honorary degrees from Park University, the University of Missouri of Kansas City, the University of Central Missouri, William Jewell College and Rockhurst University. In 2016, Kansas City council declared May 3rd as Alvin L. Brooks Day.

Brooks and his late wife, Carol Rich Brooks, lost their son in 2003, leaving five daughters, seventeen grandchildren, sixty-one great-grandchildren, and sixteen great-great-grandchildren. The Brooks family are active members within the St. Monica Catholic Church.

Alvin Brooks was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on November 5, 2019.

Accession Number

A2019.126

Sex

Male

Interview Date

11/5/2019

Last Name

Brooks

Maker Category
Marital Status

Widower

Middle Name

Lee

Schools

Paul Laurence Dunbar Elementary School

R.T. Coles Vocational Junior High School

University of Missouri, Kansas City

Lincoln High School

First Name

Alvin

Birth City, State, Country

North Little Rock

HM ID

BRO71

Favorite Season

Autumn

State

Arkansas

Favorite Vacation Destination

Las Vegas

Favorite Quote

I've Only Just A Minute, Only Sixty Seconds In It. Forced Upon Me, Can't Refuse It, Didn't Seek It, Didn't Choose It, But It's Up To Me To Use It. I Must Suffer If I Lose It, Give An Account If I Abuse It, Just A Tiny Little Minute, But Eternity Is In It - Dr. Benjamin E. Mays

Birth Date

5/3/1932

Birth Place Term
Favorite Food

Broccoli

Short Description

Political and civic leader Alvin L. Brooks (1932- ) served as a Kansas City, Missouri police officer for ten years, worked for Kansas City government for twenty-seven years, and founded the Ad Hoc Group Against Crime in 1977.

Employment

Ad Hoc Group Against Crime

City of Kansas City

Kansas City School District

Kansas City Missouri Police Department

Favorite Color

Blue

Joanne Collins

Political leader and city council member Joanne Collins was born on August 29, 1935 in Kansas City, Missouri to William and Mary Frances Mitchell. She attended Attucks Elementary School, Northeast Junior High School, and Sumner High School. Collins attended the University of Kansas from 1953 to 1955, and went on to receive her B.A. degree in political science from Stephens College and her M.A. degree in business administration from Baker University.

After attending the University of Kansas, Collins worked as a postal clerk in Kansas City, Missouri, as a real estate agent for Robert Hughes and Company, and in community outreach at a local bank. During this time, she was an active member in the League of Women Voters and the Missouri and Jackson County Republican committees, and was appointed vice-chair of the Missouri advisory committee for the United States Commission on Civil Rights. In 1974, she was the first African American woman elected to serve on the Kansas City Council. Collins was re-elected to the position in the 1975, 1979, 1983, and 1987 general elections before retiring in 1991. During her tenure as councilwoman, she served as chair of the youth development committee, the community action committee, and the finance and audit committee, and as mayor pro-tem and acting mayor. Collins also worked part-time at United Missouri Bank while on city council.

Collins has volunteered with over fifty organizations. She served on the MOKAN Advisory Board and the Emily Taylor Women's Resource Center Advisory Board/KU. She was a member of Salvation Army, Church Women United/KCMO, Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Inc and a lifelong member of the St. Paul A.M.E. Zion Church/KCKS. She was also a member of the Black Women’s Political Congress, the National Women’s Political Caucus, the Midwest Christian Counseling Center, and the Economic Development Corporation of Kansas City.

Collins received the Harriet Tubman Award from A.M.E. Zion in 1976, the Living Legend Award from the Heartland Women’s Leadership Council in 2010, and the James C. Denneny Spirit Award from the Economic Development Corporation of Kansas City in 2013.

Collins has two children, six grandchildren, three great-grandchildren, two step-children, and six step-grandchildren.

Joanne Collins was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on November 7, 2019.

Accession Number

A2019.123

Sex

Female

Interview Date

11/7/2019

Last Name

Collins

Maker Category
Marital Status

Widow

Middle Name

Marcella

Schools

Crispus Attucks Elementary School

Northeast Junior High School

University of Kansas

Baker University

Charles L. Sumner High School

Stephens College

First Name

Joanne

Birth City, State, Country

Kansas City

HM ID

COL39

Favorite Season

Summer

State

Missouri

Favorite Vacation Destination

Chicago

Favorite Quote

None

Birth Date

8/29/1935

Birth Place Term
Favorite Food

None

Short Description

Political leader and city council member Joanne Collins (1935- ) was the first African American woman elected to the Kansas City council, serving from 1974 to 1991.

Employment

Hull House

Kansas City Post Office

Robert Hughes and Company

Kansas City City Council

United Missouri Bank

Clendenning Medical Library

Kansas City, Missouri City Council

Connecticut Mutual Life Insurance Company Junior Association

Hall's Crown Center - Retail Sales Division

Wheatley Provident Hospital

The Greater Kansas City Baptist and Community Hospital Association, Inc.

United States Department of Commerce

United States Post Office

Favorite Color

Red

Martina Bradford

Lawyer Martina Bradford was born on September 14, 1952 in Washington, D.C. to Alma Ashton Lewis and Martin Luther Lewis, Jr. Bradford received her B.A. degree in economics from American University in 1973, and her J.D. degree from Duke University School of Law in 1975.

In 1975, Bradford joined the Interstate Commerce Commission as attorney-director in the finance division, and was later promoted to chief of staff to the vice chairman. At the same time, she served as counsel to the Senate Committee on Government Operations and the House Appropriations Committee. In 1983, Bradford was hired by AT&T as an attorney in the corporate legal department, before moving to the public affairs department. In 1988, she was promoted to vice president of external affairs of the New York/New England region. Two years later, she was appointed vice president for federal government affairs at AT&T, where she lobbied on behalf of the company as lawmakers drafted the 1996 Telecommunications Act. In 1996, Bradford moved to AT&T’s spinoff company, Lucent Technologies, where she served as corporate vice president of global public affairs and helped establish the company with governmental and regulatory bodies. She left Lucent Technologies in 2000 to serve as partner at Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld. In 2006, Bradford served as senior advisor for human resources in the office of Senator Harry Reid and directed the Senate Democratic Diversity Initiative. She was appointed deputy sergeant at arms in 2010 and served for three years before joining the Bockorny Group as principal. In 2015, she founded Palladian Hill Strategies, a lobbying firm in Washington, D.C.

Bradford has served on the board of visitors at Duke University Law School and the board of trustees of American University. She also served as vice chairman of the board of trustees of the Robert Trent Jones Golf Club and as a member of the board of the Mid-Atlantic Region of the United States Golf Association. In 1991, Bradford was named one of Black Enterprise’s 21 Women of Power and Influence in Corporate America.

Bradford and her husband have one daughter and reside in Washington, D.C.

Martina Bradford was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on September 26, 2019.

Accession Number

A2019.106

Sex

Female

Interview Date

9/26/2019

Last Name

Bradford

Maker Category
Marital Status

Married

Occupation
Schools

American University

Duke University School of Law

Duke University Fuqua School of Business

Bishop Henry McNeil Turner Elementary School

Kramer Middle School

Anacostia High School

First Name

Martina

Birth City, State, Country

Washington

HM ID

BRA18

Favorite Season

Fall

State

District of Columbia

Favorite Vacation Destination

Bermuda

Favorite Quote

All The World Is A Stage And Men And Women Are Merely Players

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

District of Columbia

Birth Date

9/14/1952

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Washington

Favorite Food

None

Employment

Interstate Commerce Commission

Senate Committee on Government Operations

House Appropriations Committee

At&T

Lucent Technologies

Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld

Office of Senator Harry Reid

Senate Democratic Diversity Initiative

United States Senate

The Bockorny Group

Palladian Hill Strategies

Favorite Color

Red

The Honorable Sheryl Williams Stapleton

State representative Sheryl Williams Stapleton was born on July 30, 1957 in St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands to Clementine Hendrickson and Walter Hendrickson. Williams Stapleton and her family moved to Chicago, Illinois, and then to Queens, New York, where she attended Hillcrest High School. In 1978, Williams Stapleton received her B.S. degree in education from New Mexico State University. She received both her M.A. degree in education in 1987 and her Ph.D. degree in education administration in 2013, from the University of New Mexico.

In 1984, Williams Stapleton joined the Albuquerque Public School District as an elementary school teacher. In 1991, she was elected vice chair of the New Mexico Democratic Party, and later served as its chair. In 1994, Williams Stapleton was elected to the New Mexico House of Representatives. She was the first African American woman elected to the New Mexico legislature. As a state representative, Williams Stapleton advanced legislation that created the New Mexico Office of African American Affairs, the Charlie Morrissey Research Hall at the University of New Mexico, the African American Day at the New Mexico State Legislature, the African American Alice Faye Hoppes Pavilion, and the Sheryl Williams Stapleton African American Performing Arts Center at Expo New Mexico. Williams Stapleton served on the House Education Committee and the House Safety, Workforce and Economic Development Committee. In 2004, Williams Stapleton served as House majority whip; and, in 2015, she served as House minority whip. In 2017, she was elected House majority floor leader. She was the first African American woman elected to the New Mexico legislature. During her time as a representative, Williams Stapleton continued her career in Albuquerque Public Schools, working as a school principal and director of Career and Technical Education.

Williams Stapleton was a member of the American Federation of Teachers and the National Council of Negro Women. She served as president of the Duke City Business and Professional Women’s Foundation.

Williams Stapleton has received multiple awards for her work. In 2001, she was nominated as one of the three women who received the Women of the Year Award. Williams Stapleton has also been awarded the Who’s Who in Women of the World and the Who’s Who in Black America. The state of New Mexico also recognized her as an “Honored and Respected Woman of New Mexico.”

Williams Stapleton and her husband Edreade Stapleton have three children: Veronica Williams, David Hendrickson, and Edreade Stapleton, Jr.

Sheryl Williams Stapleton was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on July 23, 2019.

Accession Number

A2019.065

Sex

Female

Interview Date

7/23/2019

Last Name

Williams Stapleton

Maker Category
Marital Status

Married

Middle Name

Mae Rose

Schools

Elena L. Christian Junior High School

Roswell B. Mason Elementary School

Hillcrest High School

New Mexico State University

University of New Mexico

First Name

Sheryl

Birth City, State, Country

St. Croix

HM ID

STA13

Favorite Season

Spring

State

Virgin Islands

Favorite Vacation Destination

The Island of Nevis in the Caribbean

Favorite Quote

Lord Have Mercy Upon Us

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

New Mexico

Birth Date

7/30/1957

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Albuquerque

Favorite Food

Brown-Stew Chicken with Rice, Plantains, and Salad

Short Description

State representative Sheryl Williams Stapleton (1957- ) was the first African American woman to be elected as a member of the New Mexico State House of Representatives.

Employment

Quaker Oats Company

Albuquerque Public Schools

New Mexico State Legislature

Favorite Color

Purple

Lenton Malry

Political leader Lenton Malry was born on September 30, 1931 in Keithville, Louisiana to James and Mary Malry. He graduated from Central Colored High School in 1948 and received his B.S. degree in education from Grambling College in 1952. Malry earned his M.A. degree in education administration from Texas College in 1957, and his Ph.D. in education administration from the University of New Mexico in 1968.

In 1952, Malry enlisted in the U.S. Airforce and was sent to West Drayton, England to work in the base’s education office. After receiving his M.A. degree, he taught at Douglas High School in Sherman, Texas. In 1958, Malry was hired by the Bureau of Indian Affairs to teach at Kinlichee School in Arizona. He was transferred to the Gallup-McKinley County School District in New Mexico in 1958 to teach fourth grade. In 1962, Malry was appointed to teach at Lincoln Junior High School in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Malry was made principal of John Marshall Elementary School in 1964. After earning his Ph.D., he was promoted to principal of La Mesa Elementary School in 1968. He ran for state representative and won in 1969, becoming New Mexico’s first African American state representative. He was re-elected for four more terms, serving his last in 1979. Albuquerque Public Schools named Malry its equal opportunity director in 1975. In 1980, Malry was elected county commissioner for Bernalillo County, New Mexico, where he served two four-year terms. Malry retired from Albuquerque Public Schools in 1987, the same year he created his affirmative action consulting firm, Malry and Associates. After losing clients to the economic decline in 1990, Malry was hired by the University of New Mexico Hospital in their personnel department. In 1991, he was made director of New Mexico’s Human Rights Division, and remained there until he was hired by Widow Rock Unified School System in Arizona in 1993, to serve as a personnel director. From 1995 to 2001, Malry worked at the Lincoln-Mercury car dealership in Albuquerque, making top salesman for three of those years. In 2001, Malry was hired as a special projects coordinator for the Bernalillo County Treasurer’s Office. He transitioned to coordinator of the Neighborhood Association Program in 2004, and retired from Bernalillo County in 2011. In 2016, Malry published Let’s Roll this Train, which traces his life and career.

In 2007, Malry was presented with the Living Legend Award from the University of New Mexico’s Office of African American Student Services. That year he also was inducted into Grambling University’s Hall of Fame for outstanding contributions. Malry was later honored with the University of New Mexico Black Alumni Chapter’s Trailblazer award in 2012. He was also the winner of the 2017 New Mexico-Arizona Book Award's Father Thomas Steele History Award for Let’s Roll this Train.

Malry resides in Albuquerque, New Mexico with his wife, Joy Malry. They have one adult son, Lenton “Lenny” Malry, Jr.

Lenton Malry was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on July 22, 2019.

Accession Number

A2019.064

Sex

Male

Interview Date

7/22/2019

Last Name

Malry

Maker Category
Marital Status

Married

Occupation
Schools

Crossroads Elementary School

Central Colored High School

Grambling State University

Texas College

University of New Mexico

First Name

Lenton

Birth City, State, Country

Keithville

HM ID

MAL10

Favorite Season

Spring for the weather, Fall for football

State

Louisiana

Favorite Vacation Destination

Hawaii

Favorite Quote

God Bless You And Keep You

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

New Mexico

Birth Date

9/30/1931

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Albuquerque

Favorite Food

Seafood

Short Description

Political leader Lenton Malry (1931- ) was the first African American state representative and county commissioner in New Mexico, and was a public servant and educator for over sixty years.

Employment

Bernalillo County

State of New Mexico

University of New Mexico

U.S. Air Force

Douglas High School

Kinlichee School

Gallup-McKinley County School District

Lincoln Junior High School

John Marshall Elementary School

Albuquerque Public School District

Malry & Associates

University of New Mexico Hospital

State of New Mexico; Human Rights Division

Window Rock Unified School System

Motorola, Inc.

Albuquerque Lincoln-Mercury Car Dealership

Bernalillo County Treasurer

Bernalillo County Manager

Governor Bill Richardson Campaign

U.S. Congressman Martin Heinrich Campaign

Favorite Color

Blue

The Honorable Johnny Ford

Political leader Johnny Ford was born on August 23, 1942 in Midway, Alabama to Bertha and Willie Patterson, and was raised by his Aunt Tennessee Ford and Uncle Charlie Benjamin Ford. He graduated from Tuskegee Institute High School and received his B.A. degree from Knoxville College in Knoxville, Tennessee in 1964. Later, Ford received his M.P.A. degree from Auburn University in Auburn, Alabama in 1977.

After graduation, Ford moved to New York City and worked for the Greater New York Council of the Boy Scouts of America, where he served as a recruiter in the Bedford-Stuyvesant area of Brooklyn and later became director of all Boy Scout activities in the South Bronx. In 1967, Ford worked as a strategist on the presidential campaign of Robert Kennedy. After Kennedy’s assassination in 1968, Ford returned to Tuskegee, Alabama and began working as director of the Model Cities Program. From 1970 to 1972, he served as assistant director of the Multi-Racial Corporation and managed Fred Gray’s campaign for the Alabama House of Representatives. During this period, Ford also worked in the Montgomery office of the U.S. Department of Justice to ensure compliance with the Civil Rights Acts of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. In 1972, Ford was elected Mayor of Tuskegee, Alabama as its first black mayor. That same year, Ford co-founded the Southern Conference of Black Mayors, which later evolved into the National Conference of Black Mayors, incorporated in 1974. Ford later established the World Conference of Mayors, Inc. in 1984, which convened mayors from the U.S., Asia, Africa, and the Caribbean. Ford was unseated by Ronald D. Williams in the 1996 Tuskegee mayoral election; and, in 1998, he was elected state representative of the 82nd District from Macon County, Alabama. In 2004, Ford resigned from the state legislature and was re-elected as Mayor of Tuskegee. He was later defeated by Omar Neal in the 2008 mayoral election in Tuskegee. In 2012, Ford was then re-elected Mayor of Tuskegee and was sworn into an eighth non-consecutive term as mayor. In 2016, Lawrence Tony Haygood unseated Ford and was elected Mayor of Tuskegee.

Ford served as president of the Alabama League of Municipalities and president of the National Conference of Black Mayors. He was also a member of the Alabama Foreign Trade Commission, Alabama Municipal Electric Authority, Kappa Alpha Psi, and Mount Olive Missionary Baptist Church. Ford was a former chair of the National Unity Alliance and was founding president of the Tuskegee Optimist Club. He also received an honorary doctorate of laws degree from Alabama A&M University in 2004.

Johnny Ford was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on April 25, 2019.

Accession Number

A2019.033

Sex

Male

Interview Date

4/25/2019

Last Name

Ford

Maker Category
Marital Status

Married

Occupation
Schools

Auburn University

Knoxville College

Washington Public Elementary School

Tuskegee Institute High School

First Name

Johnny

Birth City, State, Country

Midway

HM ID

FOR18

Favorite Season

Fall

State

Alabama

Favorite Vacation Destination

Destin, Florida

Favorite Quote

We Are Together

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Alabama

Birth Date

8/23/1942

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Tuskegee

Favorite Food

Pecan Pie and Fish

Short Description

Political leader Johnny Ford (1942 - ) served eight non-consecutive terms as mayor of Tuskegee, Alabama between 1972 and 2016. He also co-founded the National Conference of Black Mayors and served as state representative of the 82nd District of Alabama from 1998 to 2004.

Employment

City of Tuskegee

Alabama House of Representatives

Multi Racial Corporation

United States Department of Justice

Model Cities Program

Greater New York Council of the Boy Scouts of America

Fred Gray Campaign for AL House of Representatives

Robert Kennedy Senatorial Campaign

Favorite Color

Red, White, and Blue

The Honorable Stephanie Rawlings-Blake

Political leader Stephanie Rawlings-Blake was born on March 17, 1970 in Baltimore, Maryland to Nina Rawlings and Howard Rawlings. After graduating from Western High School in Baltimore, Maryland in 1988, Rawlings-Blake received her B.A. degree in political science from Oberlin College in Oberlin, Ohio in 1992, and her J.D. degree from the University of Maryland School of Law in Baltimore, Maryland in 1995.

In 1990, Rawlings-Blake served on the Baltimore City Democratic State Central Committee and as a member of the Young Democrats of Maryland. In 1995, Rawlings-Blake was the youngest person ever elected to the Baltimore City Council at the age of twenty-five. She was admitted to the Maryland State bar in 1996, and the federal bar the following year. She then served as an administrative law attorney with the Baltimore City office of the Maryland Legal Aid bureau and later as a staff attorney for the Maryland Office of the Public Defender in its Southern District. In 1999, Rawlings-Blake was elected to serve as vice president of the Baltimore City Council; and, in 2007, she was elected president. In 2010, Rawlings-Blake stepped in as Mayor of Baltimore after then-Mayor Sheila Dixon resigned. The following year, Rawlings-Blake was elected Mayor of Baltimore. In 2013, she became secretary of the Democratic National Committee; and, in 2015, she was elected president of the U.S. Conference of Mayors. In 2016, Rawlings-Blake stepped down as the Mayor of Baltimore and founded SRB & Associates, a government relations firm. In 2017, she became a senior advisor of Dentons, a multi-national law firm.

Rawlings-Blake served as chair of the Baltimore City Board of Estimates and the Baltimore Metropolitan Council Board of Directors. She co-chaired the UniverCity Partnership Initiative and served as a member of the Criminal Justice Coordinating Council, the Maryland Association of Counties Legislative Committee, the Economic Alliance of Greater Baltimore, the Maryland Municipal League, the Baltimore City Board of Legislative Reference, and the Maryland African American Museum Corporation. Rawlings-Blake also served on the board of trustees for the Walters Art Museum and St. Mary’s College of Maryland, as a delegate for the Democratic Party National Convention and as secretary for the National Conference of Democratic Mayors.

Rawlings-Blake received the Shirley Chisholm Memorial Trailblazer Award from the National Congress of Black Women, Washington, D.C. Chapter in 2009. In 2010, she received the Fullwood Foundation Award of Excellence and was voted “Innovator of the Year” by The Daily Record. She was also voted among “Maryland’s Top 100 Women” by The Daily Record in 2007 and 2011. In 2012, she received the National Leadership Award in Public Service from the National Forum for Black Public Administrators. The following year, Rawlings-Blake received the ICONS We Love Award from Baltimore Black Pride, was voted among the “50 Women to Watch” by the Baltimore Sun and received the First Citizen Award from the Maryland State Senate.

Rawlings-Blake has one daughter, Sophia.

Stephanie Rawlings-Blake was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on January 22, 2019.

Accession Number

A2019.008

Sex

Female

Interview Date

1/22/2019

Last Name

Rawlings-Blake

Maker Category
Marital Status

Divorced

Occupation
Schools

Western High School

Oberlin College

University of Maryland School of Law

First Name

Stephanie

Birth City, State, Country

Baltimore

HM ID

RAW03

Favorite Season

N/A

State

Maryland

Favorite Vacation Destination

Paris

Favorite Quote

N/A

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Maryland

Birth Date

3/17/1970

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Baltimore

Favorite Food

Cheese

Short Description

Political leader Stephanie Rawlings-Blake (1970 - ) served as the forty-ninth Mayor of Baltimore from 2010 to 2016, and was the youngest person ever elected to the Baltimore City Council, where she also served as vice president and president.

Employment

Baltimore City Council

Maryland Legal Aid Bureau

Maryland Office of the Public Defender

City of Baltimore

Dentons

Democratic National Committee

United States Conference of Mayors

SRB and Associates

Favorite Color

Pink

The Honorable Marcia L. Fudge

Political leader Marcia L. Fudge was born on October 29, 1952 in Cleveland, Ohio to Marian Saffold. She graduated from Shaker Heights High School in 1971, and went on to obtain her B.S. degree in business administration from The Ohio State University in Columbus in 1975. Fudge later received her J.D. degree from Cleveland State University’s Cleveland-Marshall College of Law in 1980.

After completing her J.D. degree, Fudge worked as a law clerk and then as director of the personal property tax department in Cuyahoga County, Ohio. Later, she served as the deputy county auditor for the county’s estate tax department and the director of the Cuyahoga County Budget Commission. In 1988, Fudge worked as the director of budget and finance for the Cuyahoga County prosecutor’s office. Then, in 1999, she entered politics as the chief of staff for U.S. Congresswoman Stephanie Tubbs Jones, where she worked for a year before running and winning the race for mayor of Warrensville Heights, Ohio. Following the untimely death of Jones in 2008, Fudge became the U.S. Representative for the 11th District of Ohio. She won re-election for her seat in the subsequent elections of 2010 and 2012. In 2013, Fudge became chair of the Congressional Black Caucus for the 113th Congress and founded the Rock and Roll Caucus. In 2016, she was selected to fill the position as chair of the Democratic National Convention after the resignation of Debbie Wasserman Schultz.

Fudge served on the board of Cleveland Public Library for over twenty years and was elected vice president in 1986. In 1988, she was elected as the national treasurer of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Inc. Four years later, Fudge became the first vice president of the sorority and completed her tenure as national president in 1996. She subsequently joined the boards of Alcoa Aluminum and Judge Lloyd O. Brown Scholarship Committee. In 2003, Fudge was named a hall of fame alumna at the eighteenth annual Shaker Heights Alumni Association hall of fame ceremony. Fudge was featured in Who’s Who in Black Cleveland in 2004 and 2005. The same year, she received the Trailblazer of the Year Award from the Norman S. Minor Bar Association. In 2007, Fudge received the Patricia Roberts Harris Medallion Award for excellence in government service and was named Municipal Leader of the Year by the Northeast Ohio Municipal Leader magazine.

Marcia L. Fudge was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on September 24, 2018.

Accession Number

A2018.189

Sex

Female

Interview Date

9/24/2018

Last Name

Fudge

Maker Category
Organizations
First Name

Marcia

Birth City, State, Country

Cleveland

HM ID

FUD01

Favorite Season

Fall

State

Ohio

Favorite Vacation Destination

Cancún, Mexico

Favorite Quote

Give the best you have everyday, even if it's not the best you have it is the best you have for that day.

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Ohio

Birth Date

10/29/1952

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Cleveland

Favorite Food

Pork Chops

Short Description

Political leader Marcia L. Fudge (1952 - ) became U.S. Representative for the 11th District of Ohio in 2008, winning reelection in 2010 and 2012, before being named chair of the Democratic National Convention in 2016.

Favorite Color

Black

The Honorable Ben Holbert

Journalist and political leader Ben Holbert was born on March 6, 1959 in Cleveland, Ohio to Benjamin, Jr. and Mollie Holbert. He graduated from Benedictine High School in Cleveland, Ohio in 1977, received his B.A. degree in communications from Kent State University in 1984, and his M.B.A. degree from University of Phoenix in 2012.

Holbert began his professional career in broadcast journalism and served as a reporter and anchor at several media outlets in the Cleveland television market, including WJKW-TV, WKYC TV-NBC, WVIZ-PBS, WUAB-TV-43/WOIO-CBS, and WJMO-1490-AM, from 1985 to 2005. He also worked as vice president and general manager of the Cleveland Television Network from 2001 to 2002, and served as general assignment reporter at WKYC-TV, NBC from 2002 to 2005. He was director of communications at Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, in Decatur, Georgia from 2006 to 2007, and served as interim chief communications officer at the Cleveland Metropolitan School District from 2007 to 2008. He was also a senior partnership specialist at the U.S. Census Bureau from 2009 to 2010. Holbert was an aide and executive assistant to the commission president of Cuyahoga County from 2010 to 2011. He established and served as president at Holbert Enterprises in 2010; and, in 2011, was elected city councilman, later becoming city council president for the Village of Woodmere, Ohio, remaining until 2017. Holbert subsequently worked as the Cleveland chapter parliamentarian for National Association of Black Journalists (NABJ) in 2014, and was a business specialist at the Northeast Ohio Regional Sewer District from 2014 to 2016. He also served as adjunct professor at Cleveland State University in 2016. The following year, he launched a local restaurant called Sides 2 Go BBQ. In 2017, Holbert was the second African American elected mayor of the Village of Woodmere, Ohio.

Holbert has received numerous honors and awards including Kent State University- Outstanding Alumni Award and Community Service Award, Omega Psi Phi Fraternity-Omega Man of the Year, Village of Woodmere-Council Member Award, and Knights of Peter Claver-Image Award. He was inducted into the Benedictine High School Hall of Distinction. He was also the recipient of four Emmy Awards for journalistic reporting and the Akron (Ohio) Broadcasters Hall of Fame “Personality of the Year”.

Ben Holbert was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on September 24, 2018.

Accession Number

A2018.188

Sex

Male

Interview Date

9/24/2018

Last Name

Holbert

Maker Category
Organizations
First Name

Ben

Birth City, State, Country

Cleveland

HM ID

HOL23

Favorite Season

Late Summer And Early Fall

State

Ohio

Favorite Vacation Destination

Caribbean, Bahamas

Favorite Quote

Friendship Is Essential To The Soul.

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Ohio

Birth Date

3/6/1959

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Cleveland

Country

United States of America

Favorite Food

Steak

Short Description

Journalist and political leader Ben Holbert (1959 - ) served as a reporter and anchor in the Greater Cleveland area for twenty-five years before being the second African American elected mayor of the Village of Woodmere, Ohio in 2017.

Favorite Color

Purple

The Honorable Eleanor Holmes Norton

Lawyer and political leader Eleanor Holmes Norton was born on June 13, 1937 in Washington D.C. to Vela and Coleman Holmes. She received her B.A. degree from Antioch College, and simultaneously earned her M.A. degree in American Studies and her J.D. degree from Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut.

After graduating from Yale, Norton worked as a law clerk for Federal District Court Judge A. Leon Higginbotham, Jr. She was appointed assistant legal director of the American Civil Liberties Union in 1965, where she represented sixty female employees of Newsweek in their gender discrimination lawsuit against the newspaper in 1970. That same year, she left the American Civil Liberties to head New York’s Human Rights Commission. An active civil rights and feminist leader, Norton served on the founding board of Women’s Rights Law Reporter, the first legal periodical focused on women, and was one of the women to sign the Black Woman’s Manifesto, arguing against the oppression of black women.

In 1977, Norton was appointed the first female chair of the Federal Equal Employment Opportunity Commission by President Jimmy Carter. She began teaching law classes at the Georgetown University Law Center in 1981, continuing to teach as a tenured professor of law even after being elected to office. Norton was first elected to the U.S. Congress in 1990 as a democratic delegate to the House of Representatives. Though Norton did not have voting power in Congress as a delegate, she did use her position to influence decisions in the House and in the Senate. Over the years, Norton has brought significant economic development to the District of Columbia throughout her service in Congress, while creating and preserving jobs in Washington, D.C. and securing the construction of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security headquarters in Washington, D.C., in addition to the development of the Southeast Federal Center.

Norton has been named one of the 100 most important American women, and one of the most powerful women in Washington, D.C. She has received more than fifty honorary degrees.

Norton has two children, Katherine Norton and John Holmes Norton.

Eleanor Holmes Norton was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on June 16, 2017.

Accession Number

A2018.176

Sex

Female

Interview Date

8/25/2018

Last Name

Norton

Maker Category
Middle Name

Holmes

Occupation
Organizations
First Name

Eleanor

Birth City, State, Country

Washington

HM ID

NOR09

Favorite Season

Spring

State

District of Columbia

Favorite Vacation Destination

Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts

Favorite Quote

None

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

District of Columbia

Birth Date

6/13/1937

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Washington

Country

United States of America

Favorite Food

Lemon Meringue Pie

Short Description

Lawyer and political leader Eleanor Holmes Norton (1937 – ) served as democratic delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives for over twenty-five years, after having served as the first female chair of the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.

Favorite Color

Yellow