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Dr. Jeanne Craig Sinkford

Academic administrator and educator Jeanne Craig Sinkford was born on January 30, 1933 in Washington, D.C. to Richard and Geneva Craig. She graduated from Dunbar High School in 1949, and earned her B.S. degree in psychology and chemistry from Howard University in 1953. In 1958, Sinkford graduated at the top of her class with a D.D.S. degree in dental surgery from the Howard University College of Dentistry. She then taught prosthodontics at Howard’s College of Dentistry before graduating from Northwestern University School of Dentistry with her M.S. degree in 1962, and her Ph.D. in physiology in 1963, making her the first female prosthodontist with a Ph.D.

Sinkford remained at the Northwestern University School of Dentistry to teach for a year before returning to the Howard University College of Dentistry in 1964 to chair the prosthodontics department, which was the largest department at the college. She was the first woman head of such a department in the nation. Sinkford was made associate dean of the College of Dentistry in 1967. In 1972, she was appointed to a nine-member ad hoc advisory panel examining the ethics of the 1932 Tuskegee Syphilis Study. Sinkford became the first female dean of any dental school in the nation in 1975 upon being appointed dean of Howard University’s College of Dentistry. In 1979, she coauthored Profile of the Negro in American Dentistry with Foster Kidd, D.D.S. Sinkford retired as dean in 1991 after sixteen years. That same year, she became professor and dean emeritus, and was appointed director of the Office of Women and Minority Affairs at the American Dental Education Association (ADEA) in Washington, D.C. In 2015, Sinkford became a senior scholar-in-residence with ADEA, her work focusing on recruitment and promoting growth of minority and women students and faculty. She also founded international women's leadership programming for women's health and oral health of the world population.

Sinkford holds memberships in the American Prosthodontic Society, the International Association of Dental Research, the National Dental Association, the Institute of Medicine, the National Academy of Sciences, Phi Beta Kappa, and Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority. She also serves as an American College of Dentists and International College of Dentists fellow.

Sinkford’s numerous awards include Alumni Achievement Awards from Northwestern University and Howard University in 1970 and 1976, one of the first Candace Awards from the National Coalition of 100 Black Women in 1982, the 1984 Award of Merit from the American Fund for Dental Health, the 2007 Trailblazer Award from the National Dental Association, and the 2010 Fauchard Gold Medal. She also earned honorary doctorate degrees from Georgetown University School of Dentistry in 1978, the University of Medicine and Dentistry in New Jersey in 1992, Meharry Medical College in 2008, the University of Michigan in 2018, and Howard University in 2019.

Sinkford resides in Maryland and has three children with her late husband, Dr. Stanley M. Sinkford, Jr.: Dianne Sylvia, Janet Lynn, and Stanley M. Sinkford, III.

Jeanne Craig Sinkford was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on September 26, 2019.

Accession Number

A2019.105

Sex

Female

Interview Date

9/26/2019

Last Name

Craig Sinkford

Maker Category
Marital Status

Widow

Schools

Howard University

Paul Laurence Dunbar High School

Howard University College of Dentistry

Northwestern University

First Name

Jeanne

Birth City, State, Country

Washington

HM ID

SIN03

Favorite Season

Summer

State

District of Columbia

Favorite Vacation Destination

Bethany Beach, DE

Favorite Quote

Don't Sweat The Small Stuff

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

District of Columbia

Birth Date

1/30/1933

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Washington

Country

USA

Favorite Food

Fried Chicken

Short Description

Academic administrator and educator Jeanne Craig Sinkford (1933 - ) was the country’s first woman prosthodontist with a Ph.D. and first woman to head a major department at a dental school before becoming the country’s first woman dean of a dental school in 1975.

Employment

Howard University College of Dentistry

Northwestern University School of Dentistry

American Association of Dental Schools

Favorite Color

Blue

Admiral J. Paul Reason

Naval officer Admiral J. Paul Reason was born on March 22, 1941 in Washington, D.C. to Bernice Chism Reason and Dr. Joseph Henry Reason. Reason graduated from McKinley Technical High School in 1958 and attended several universities before transferring to the U.S. Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland where he graduated with his B.S. degree in naval science in 1965. Reason then entered the U.S. Navy’s nuclear power program and earned his M.S. degree in computer systems management in 1969.

In 1968, Reason was named lieutenant and served aboard the USS Truxtun’s first deployment to Southeast Asia. From 1970 to 1973, Reason was assigned to the nuclear powered aircraft carrier USS Enterprise as an electrical officer during deployments to Southeast Asia and the Indian Ocean where he provided support for American and South Vietnamese troops. After attending the Naval Destroyer School in Newport, Rhode Island, Reason was promoted to lieutenant commander and returned to the USS Truxtun in 1974 as the ship’s combat systems officer. After a brief stint as a detailer for the Bureau of Naval Personnel in 1976, Reason was appointed to be the naval aide to President Jimmy Carter. He remained in this position until 1979 when he was promoted to commander and assigned to the USS Mississippi as the executive officer. In 1981, Reason was given his first command of the USS Coontz. He was promoted to captain, trained at the U.S. Department of Energy, and took command of the USS Bainbridge in 1983. Reason was selected for promotion to rear admiral in 1986 and served as the commander of the Naval Base Seattle, Cruiser-Destroyer Group 1 and the Battle Group Romeo. In 1991, Reason was named vice admiral and given command of the Naval Surface Forces of the U.S. Atlantic Fleet. After assignment as the Navy Operations Deputy, he became the first African American four-star admiral in the U.S. Navy and served as commander-in-chief of the U.S. Atlantic Fleet, from 1996 to 1999.

Reason served as vice president for ship systems at SYNTEK Technologies, Inc. in Arlington, Virginia; as president, COO and vice chairman of Metro Machine Corp.; and as a member of the Secretary of the Navy’s Advisory Subcommittee on Naval History. He served on the boards of Amgen, Inc., Norfolk Southern Corporation, Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. and Todd Shipyards Corporation.
Reason has received many awards and honors for his service in the U.S. military. He was awarded the Navy Distinguished Service Medal, two Legion of Merit awards, two Navy Commendation Medals and a National Defense Service Medal. Reason also received the Vietnam Service medal with seven campaign stars and a number of foreign decorations from the Republic of Vietnam and Venezuela.

Reason and his wife, Dianne Fowler Reason, have two children, Rebecca Reason Hammond and Lt. Joseph Paul Reason, Jr.

Admiral J. Paul Reason was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on June 21, 2018.

Accession Number

A2018.132

Sex

Male

Interview Date

6/21/2018

Last Name

Reason

Maker Category
Middle Name

Paul

Occupation
Organizations
Search Occupation Category
First Name

Joseph

Birth City, State, Country

Washington

HM ID

REA02

Favorite Season

Fall

State

District of Columbia

Favorite Vacation Destination

Key West, Florida

Favorite Quote

Sail Safely.

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

District of Columbia

Birth Date

3/22/1941

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Washington

Country

USA

Favorite Food

Fish

Short Description

Naval officer Admiral J. Paul Reason (1941- ) served in the U.S. Navy’s Nuclear Power Program and became the U.S. Navy’s first African American four-star general upon his promotion in 1996.

Favorite Color

Blue and Green

Col. Lawrence Washington

Military officer Col. Lawrence Washington was born on October 20, 1935 in Washington, D.C. to Charlotte and Isaac Washington. He attended Union Academy and graduated from Pine Forge Academy. Washington received his B.S. degree in nursing in 1968 from the University of Maryland. He went on to receive his M.S. degree in nursing in 1972 from The Catholic University, in Washington, D.C.

Washington served as an enlisted medical aidman with the rank of private at Walter Reed General Hospital, from 1954 to 1956. He was sworn in as 2nd lieutenant reserve officer, Army Nurse Corp at Fort Meade in 1962, and then worked in psychiatric mental health nursing from 1966 to 1967, In June 1967, he was sworn into the Regular Army becoming the first male nurse, black or white, commissioned in the Regular Army. Washington also served as a consultant clinical nurse specialist psych/mental health at Howard University Hospital Nursing Department in 1972, and assistant professor of the University of Maryland, Walter Reed Army Institute of Nursing from 1972 to 1977. Washington was the first African American male nurse to receive his military science certification in 1978 from the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, and worked as health services command nursing methods analyst on the Manpower Survey Team at Fort Sam Houston. Washington served as chief of the Department of Nursing, U.S. Army Medical Activity, in Berlin, Germany from 1981 to 1983. He was the first African American male Army Nurse Corps officer to be promoted to the rank of colonel at William Beaumont Army Medical Center, in El Paso, Texas and was named assistant chief of the Department of Nursing at Beaumont from 1983 to 1987. He also served as relief supervisor and nursing services consultant, at R.E. Thomason General Hospital in El Paso. Washington retired from military service in 1987.

Washington has served as a clinical instructor and skills supervisor in psychiatric nursing for the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio School of Nursing; an assistant professor and adjunct faculty member for clinical pediatric nursing at Columbia Union College; an assistant professor at Howard University College of Pharmacy, Nursing, and Allied Health Sciences. He served as a commonwealth assistant professor at George Mason University College of Nursing and Health Science where he became the program coordinator of the Saudi-U.S. University Project. He also provided clinical supervision in health assessment, community-based health promotion, disease prevention, and was a member of the University’s Americans with Disabilities Act accommodations committee. He served as an assistant professor at Louisiana State University; instructor at University Of Texas at El Paso and El Paso Community College.

Washington’s awards and recognitions include: the United States Legion of Merit, Three Meritorious Service Medals, Good Conduct Medal, National Defense Service Medal, Army of Occupation Medal, Army Service Ribbon, Overseas Service Ribbon, Order of Military Medical Merit, and an Expert Field Medical Badge, and letters of appreciation.

Col. Lawrence Washington was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on June 7, 2018.

Accession Number

A2018.109

Sex

Male

Interview Date

6/7/2018

Last Name

Washington

Maker Category
Middle Name

C.

Occupation
Organizations
Search Occupation Category
First Name

Lawrence

Birth City, State, Country

Washington

HM ID

WAS08

Favorite Season

Fall

State

District of Columbia

Favorite Vacation Destination

Silver Spring, Maryland

Favorite Quote

Wisdom Is A Principal Thing; Therefore, Get Wisdom But With All Thy Getting Get Understanding; Structure Is The Basis Of Function; A Thing Is Made A Certain Way To Operate A Certain Way; No Act Without A Fact

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Texas

Birth Date

10/20/1935

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

San Antonio

Country

USA

Favorite Food

Healthy Foods

Short Description

Military officer Col. Lawrence Washington (1935- ) served as chief of the Department of Nursing U.S. Army Medical Activity, in Berlin, Germany from 1981 to 1983. Promoted to Colonel at William Beaumount Army Medical Center, in El Paso, Texas in 1983, he was named assistant chief, Department of Nursing from 1983 to 1987.

Favorite Color

Indigo