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Alvin Brooks

Political and civic leader Alvin L. Brooks was born on May 3, 1932 in North Little Rock, Arkansas to Thomascine Gilder and Wilbur Herring. He was adopted by Estelle and Cluster Brooks, and they moved to Kansas City, Missouri. Brooks attended Dunbar Elementary School, R.T. Coles Vocational High School, and Lincoln Junior College. He went on to receive his B.A. degree in history and government in 1959 and his M.A. degree in sociology in 1973, both from the University of Missouri-Kansas City.

From 1954 to 1964, Brooks served as a district police officer and later a detective with the Kansas City Police Department. In 1964, he left the police department and joined the Kansas City School District as a home school coordinator in the department of pupil services. After one year, Brooks joined the staff of the division of urban education as coordinator of parent, student and community interpretation. In 1968, after Kansas City's riot, Brooks was appointed to organize the first Kansas City Human Relations department and became the first Black department director in Kansas City government. Brooks served as human relations director until 1972, when he was appointed assistant city manager, where he served until 1991. In 1977, Brooks founded the grass roots, community-based organization the AdHoc Group Against Crime (AdHoc) in response to violent crimes in the African American community, where he became director in 1991. Brooks was later appointed by President George H.W. Bush to a three-year term on the President's National Drug Advisory Council. In 1999, Brooks was elected to the Kansas City council representing the 6th District At-Large and was appointed mayor pro-tem. He was re-elected in 2003. In 2010, he was appointed to the Kansas City Police Department's Board of Police Commissioners, and served as president for two years, before being elected as a director on the Hickman Mills C-1 School Board.

In 1976, Brooks was appointed to serve as chairperson on the Missouri Human Rights Commission. From 1980 to 1986, he served on the Missouri Supreme Court Advisory Committee. He is a lifetime member of the NAACP.

Brooks was named one of America's 1,000 Points of Light by President George H.W. Bush in 1989, and an Outstanding Kansas Citian by the Native Sons and Daughters in 2017. He received the Carl R. Johnson Humanitarian award from the NAACP in 2001, the Annual Peace Award from the Crescent Peace Society in 2007, the Harry S. Truman Service Award from the City of Independence in 2016, and the Kansas Citian of the Year Award by the Greater Kansas City Chamber of Commerce in 2019. He has received honorary degrees from Park University, Rockhurst University, University of Southern Missouri, and William Jewell College. In 2016, the Kansas City council declared May 3rd as Alvin L. Brooks Day.

Brooks and his late wife Carol Rich Brooks (of sixty nine years), are the parents of six children, seventeen grandchildren, forty-one great-grandchildren, and seventeen great-great grandchildren.

Alvin Brooks was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on November 5, 2019.

Accession Number

A2019.126

Sex

Male

Interview Date

11/5/2019

Last Name

Brooks

Maker Category
Marital Status

Widower

Middle Name

Lee

Schools

Paul Laurence Dunbar Elementary School

R.T. Coles Vocational Junior High School

University of Missouri, Kansas City

Lincoln High School

First Name

Alvin

Birth City, State, Country

North Little Rock

HM ID

BRO71

Favorite Season

Autumn

State

Arkansas

Favorite Vacation Destination

Las Vegas

Favorite Quote

I've Only Just A Minute, Only Sixty Seconds In It. Forced Upon Me, Can't Refuse It, Didn't Seek It, Didn't Choose It, But It's Up To Me To Use It. I Must Suffer If I Lose It, Give An Account If I Abuse It, Just A Tiny Little Minute, But Eternity Is In It - Dr. Benjamin E. Mays

Speakers Bureau Region State

Missouri

Birth Date

5/3/1932

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Kansas City

Country

USA

Favorite Food

Broccoli

Short Description

Political and civic leader Alvin L. Brooks (1932- ) served as a Kansas City, Missouri police officer for ten years, worked for Kansas City government for twenty-seven years, and founded the Ad Hoc Group Against Crime in 1977.

Employment

Ad Hoc Group Against Crime

City of Kansas City

Kansas City School District

Kansas City Missouri Police Department

Favorite Color

Blue

Joanne Collins

Political leader and city council member Joanne Collins was born on August 29, 1935 in Kansas City, Missouri to William and Mary Frances Mitchell. She attended Attucks Elementary School, Northeast Junior High School, and Sumner High School. Collins attended the University of Kansas from 1953 to 1955, and went on to receive her B.A. degree in political science from Stephens College and her M.A. degree in business administration from Baker University.

After attending the University of Kansas, Collins worked as a postal clerk in Kansas City, Missouri, as a real estate agent for Robert Hughes and Company, and in community outreach at a local bank. During this time, she was an active member in the League of Women Voters and the Missouri and Jackson County Republican committees, and was appointed vice-chair of the Missouri advisory committee for the United States Commission on Civil Rights. In 1974, she was the first African American woman elected to serve on the Kansas City Council. Collins was re-elected to the position in the 1975, 1979, 1983, and 1987 general elections before retiring in 1991. During her tenure as councilwoman, she served as chair of the youth development committee, the community action committee, and the finance and audit committee, and as mayor pro-tem and acting mayor. Collins also worked part-time at United Missouri Bank while on city council.

Collins has volunteered with over fifty organizations. She served on the MOKAN Advisory Board and the Emily Taylor Women's Resource Center Advisory Board/KU. She was a member of Salvation Army, Church Women United/KCMO, Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Inc and a lifelong member of the St. Paul A.M.E. Zion Church/KCKS. She was also a member of the Black Women’s Political Congress, the National Women’s Political Caucus, the Midwest Christian Counseling Center, and the Economic Development Corporation of Kansas City.

Collins received the Harriet Tubman Award from A.M.E. Zion in 1976, the Living Legend Award from the Heartland Women’s Leadership Council in 2010, and the James C. Denneny Spirit Award from the Economic Development Corporation of Kansas City in 2013.

Collins has two children, six grandchildren, three great-grandchildren, two step-children, and six step-grandchildren.

Joanne Collins was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on November 7, 2019.

Accession Number

A2019.123

Sex

Female

Interview Date

11/7/2019

Last Name

Collins

Maker Category
Marital Status

Widow

Middle Name

Marcella

Organizations
Schools

Crispus Attucks Elementary School

Northeast Junior High School

University of Kansas

Baker University

Charles L. Sumner High School

Stephens College

First Name

Joanne

Birth City, State, Country

Kansas City

HM ID

COL39

Favorite Season

Summer

State

Missouri

Favorite Vacation Destination

Chicago

Favorite Quote

None

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Missouri

Birth Date

8/29/1935

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Kansas City

Country

USA

Favorite Food

None

Short Description

Political leader and city council member Joanne Collins (1935- ) was the first African American woman elected to the Kansas City council, serving from 1974 to 1991.

Employment

Hull House

Kansas City Post Office

Robert Hughes and Company

Kansas City City Council

United Missouri Bank

Clendenning Medical Library

Kansas City, Missouri City Council

Connecticut Mutual Life Insurance Company Junior Association

Hall's Crown Center - Retail Sales Division

Wheatley Provident Hospital

The Greater Kansas City Baptist and Community Hospital Association, Inc.

United States Department of Commerce

United States Post Office

Favorite Color

Red

Lenton Malry

Political leader Lenton Malry was born on September 30, 1931 in Keithville, Louisiana to James and Mary Malry. He graduated from Central Colored High School in 1948 and received his B.S. degree in education from Grambling College in 1952. Malry earned his M.A. degree in education administration from Texas College in 1957, and his Ph.D. in education administration from the University of New Mexico in 1968.

In 1952, Malry enlisted in the U.S. Airforce and was sent to West Drayton, England to work in the base’s education office. After receiving his M.A. degree, he taught at Douglas High School in Sherman, Texas. In 1958, Malry was hired by the Bureau of Indian Affairs to teach at Kinlichee School in Arizona. He was transferred to the Gallup-McKinley County School District in New Mexico in 1958 to teach fourth grade. In 1962, Malry was appointed to teach at Lincoln Junior High School in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Malry was made principal of John Marshall Elementary School in 1964. After earning his Ph.D., he was promoted to principal of La Mesa Elementary School in 1968. He ran for state representative and won in 1969, becoming New Mexico’s first African American state representative. He was re-elected for four more terms, serving his last in 1979. Albuquerque Public Schools named Malry its equal opportunity director in 1975. In 1980, Malry was elected county commissioner for Bernalillo County, New Mexico, where he served two four-year terms. Malry retired from Albuquerque Public Schools in 1987, the same year he created his affirmative action consulting firm, Malry and Associates. After losing clients to the economic decline in 1990, Malry was hired by the University of New Mexico Hospital in their personnel department. In 1991, he was made director of New Mexico’s Human Rights Division, and remained there until he was hired by Widow Rock Unified School System in Arizona in 1993, to serve as a personnel director. From 1995 to 2001, Malry worked at the Lincoln-Mercury car dealership in Albuquerque, making top salesman for three of those years. In 2001, Malry was hired as a special projects coordinator for the Bernalillo County Treasurer’s Office. He transitioned to coordinator of the Neighborhood Association Program in 2004, and retired from Bernalillo County in 2011. In 2016, Malry published Let’s Roll this Train, which traces his life and career.

In 2007, Malry was presented with the Living Legend Award from the University of New Mexico’s Office of African American Student Services. That year he also was inducted into Grambling University’s Hall of Fame for outstanding contributions. Malry was later honored with the University of New Mexico Black Alumni Chapter’s Trailblazer award in 2012. He was also the winner of the 2017 New Mexico-Arizona Book Award's Father Thomas Steele History Award for Let’s Roll this Train.

Malry resides in Albuquerque, New Mexico with his wife, Joy Malry. They have one adult son, Lenton “Lenny” Malry, Jr.

Lenton Malry was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on July 22, 2019.

Accession Number

A2019.064

Sex

Male

Interview Date

7/22/2019

Last Name

Malry

Maker Category
Marital Status

Married

Occupation
Schools

Crossroads Elementary School

Central Colored High School

Grambling State University

Texas College

University of New Mexico

First Name

Lenton

Birth City, State, Country

Keithville

HM ID

MAL10

Favorite Season

Spring for the weather, Fall for football

State

Louisiana

Favorite Vacation Destination

Hawaii

Favorite Quote

God Bless You And Keep You

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

New Mexico

Birth Date

9/30/1931

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Albuquerque

Country

USA

Favorite Food

Seafood

Short Description

Political leader Lenton Malry (1931- ) was the first African American state representative and county commissioner in New Mexico, and was a public servant and educator for over sixty years.

Employment

Bernalillo County

State of New Mexico

University of New Mexico

U.S. Air Force

Douglas High School

Kinlichee School

Gallup-McKinley County School District

Lincoln Junior High School

John Marshall Elementary School

Albuquerque Public School District

Malry & Associates

University of New Mexico Hospital

State of New Mexico; Human Rights Division

Window Rock Unified School System

Motorola, Inc.

Albuquerque Lincoln-Mercury Car Dealership

Bernalillo County Treasurer

Bernalillo County Manager

Governor Bill Richardson Campaign

U.S. Congressman Martin Heinrich Campaign

Favorite Color

Blue

The Honorable Johnny Ford

Political leader Johnny Ford was born on August 23, 1942 in Midway, Alabama to Bertha and Willie Patterson, and was raised by his Aunt Tennessee Ford and Uncle Charlie Benjamin Ford. He graduated from Tuskegee Institute High School and received his B.A. degree from Knoxville College in Knoxville, Tennessee in 1964. Later, Ford received his M.P.A. degree from Auburn University in Auburn, Alabama in 1977.

After graduation, Ford moved to New York City and worked for the Greater New York Council of the Boy Scouts of America, where he served as a recruiter in the Bedford-Stuyvesant area of Brooklyn and later became director of all Boy Scout activities in the South Bronx. In 1967, Ford worked as a strategist on the presidential campaign of Robert Kennedy. After Kennedy’s assassination in 1968, Ford returned to Tuskegee, Alabama and began working as director of the Model Cities Program. From 1970 to 1972, he served as assistant director of the Multi-Racial Corporation and managed Fred Gray’s campaign for the Alabama House of Representatives. During this period, Ford also worked in the Montgomery office of the U.S. Department of Justice to ensure compliance with the Civil Rights Acts of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. In 1972, Ford was elected Mayor of Tuskegee, Alabama as its first black mayor. That same year, Ford co-founded the Southern Conference of Black Mayors, which later evolved into the National Conference of Black Mayors, incorporated in 1974. Ford later established the World Conference of Mayors, Inc. in 1984, which convened mayors from the U.S., Asia, Africa, and the Caribbean. Ford was unseated by Ronald D. Williams in the 1996 Tuskegee mayoral election; and, in 1998, he was elected state representative of the 82nd District from Macon County, Alabama. In 2004, Ford resigned from the state legislature and was re-elected as Mayor of Tuskegee. He was later defeated by Omar Neal in the 2008 mayoral election in Tuskegee. In 2012, Ford was then re-elected Mayor of Tuskegee and was sworn into an eighth non-consecutive term as mayor. In 2016, Lawrence Tony Haygood unseated Ford and was elected Mayor of Tuskegee.

Ford served as president of the Alabama League of Municipalities and president of the National Conference of Black Mayors. He was also a member of the Alabama Foreign Trade Commission, Alabama Municipal Electric Authority, Kappa Alpha Psi, and Mount Olive Missionary Baptist Church. Ford was a former chair of the National Unity Alliance and was founding president of the Tuskegee Optimist Club. He also received an honorary doctorate of laws degree from Alabama A&M University in 2004.

Johnny Ford was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on April 25, 2019.

Accession Number

A2019.033

Sex

Male

Archival Photo 1
Interview Date

4/25/2019

Last Name

Ford

Maker Category
Marital Status

Married

Occupation
Schools

Auburn University

Knoxville College

Washington Public Elementary School

Tuskegee Institute High School

First Name

Johnny

Birth City, State, Country

Midway

HM ID

FOR18

Favorite Season

Fall

State

Alabama

Favorite Vacation Destination

Destin, Florida

Favorite Quote

We Are Together

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Alabama

Birth Date

8/23/1942

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Tuskegee

Country

USA

Favorite Food

Pecan Pie and Fish

Short Description

Political leader Johnny Ford (1942 - ) served eight non-consecutive terms as mayor of Tuskegee, Alabama between 1972 and 2016. He also co-founded the National Conference of Black Mayors and served as state representative of the 82nd District of Alabama from 1998 to 2004.

Employment

City of Tuskegee

Alabama House of Representatives

Multi Racial Corporation

United States Department of Justice

Model Cities Program

Greater New York Council of the Boy Scouts of America

Fred Gray Campaign for AL House of Representatives

Robert Kennedy Senatorial Campaign

Favorite Color

Red, White, and Blue

The Honorable Stephanie Rawlings-Blake

Political leader Stephanie Rawlings-Blake was born on March 17, 1970 in Baltimore, Maryland to Nina Rawlings and Howard Rawlings. After graduating from Western High School in Baltimore, Maryland in 1988, Rawlings-Blake received her B.A. degree in political science from Oberlin College in Oberlin, Ohio in 1992, and her J.D. degree from the University of Maryland School of Law in Baltimore, Maryland in 1995.

In 1990, Rawlings-Blake served on the Baltimore City Democratic State Central Committee and as a member of the Young Democrats of Maryland. In 1995, Rawlings-Blake was the youngest person ever elected to the Baltimore City Council at the age of twenty-five. She was admitted to the Maryland State bar in 1996, and the federal bar the following year. She then served as an administrative law attorney with the Baltimore City office of the Maryland Legal Aid bureau and later as a staff attorney for the Maryland Office of the Public Defender in its Southern District. In 1999, Rawlings-Blake was elected to serve as vice president of the Baltimore City Council; and, in 2007, she was elected president. In 2010, Rawlings-Blake stepped in as Mayor of Baltimore after then-Mayor Sheila Dixon resigned. The following year, Rawlings-Blake was elected Mayor of Baltimore. In 2013, she became secretary of the Democratic National Committee; and, in 2015, she was elected president of the U.S. Conference of Mayors. In 2016, Rawlings-Blake stepped down as the Mayor of Baltimore and founded SRB & Associates, a government relations firm. In 2017, she became a senior advisor of Dentons, a multi-national law firm.

Rawlings-Blake served as chair of the Baltimore City Board of Estimates and the Baltimore Metropolitan Council Board of Directors. She co-chaired the UniverCity Partnership Initiative and served as a member of the Criminal Justice Coordinating Council, the Maryland Association of Counties Legislative Committee, the Economic Alliance of Greater Baltimore, the Maryland Municipal League, the Baltimore City Board of Legislative Reference, and the Maryland African American Museum Corporation. Rawlings-Blake also served on the board of trustees for the Walters Art Museum and St. Mary’s College of Maryland, as a delegate for the Democratic Party National Convention and as secretary for the National Conference of Democratic Mayors.

Rawlings-Blake received the Shirley Chisholm Memorial Trailblazer Award from the National Congress of Black Women, Washington, D.C. Chapter in 2009. In 2010, she received the Fullwood Foundation Award of Excellence and was voted “Innovator of the Year” by The Daily Record. She was also voted among “Maryland’s Top 100 Women” by The Daily Record in 2007 and 2011. In 2012, she received the National Leadership Award in Public Service from the National Forum for Black Public Administrators. The following year, Rawlings-Blake received the ICONS We Love Award from Baltimore Black Pride, was voted among the “50 Women to Watch” by the Baltimore Sun and received the First Citizen Award from the Maryland State Senate.

Rawlings-Blake has one daughter, Sophia.

Stephanie Rawlings-Blake was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on January 22, 2019.

Accession Number

A2019.008

Sex

Female

Interview Date

1/22/2019

Last Name

Rawlings-Blake

Maker Category
Marital Status

Divorced

Middle Name

Cole

Occupation
Schools

Western High School

Oberlin College

University of Maryland School of Law

First Name

Stephanie

Birth City, State, Country

Baltimore

HM ID

RAW03

Favorite Season

N/A

State

Maryland

Favorite Vacation Destination

Paris

Favorite Quote

N/A

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Maryland

Birth Date

3/17/1970

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Baltimore

Country

USA

Favorite Food

Cheese

Short Description

Political leader Stephanie Rawlings-Blake (1970 - ) served as the forty-ninth Mayor of Baltimore from 2010 to 2016, and was the youngest person ever elected to the Baltimore City Council, where she also served as vice president and president.

Employment

Baltimore City Council

Maryland Legal Aid Bureau

Maryland Office of the Public Defender

City of Baltimore

Dentons

Democratic National Committee

United States Conference of Mayors

SRB and Associates

Favorite Color

Pink

The Honorable Ben Holbert

Journalist and political leader Ben Holbert was born on March 6, 1959 in Cleveland, Ohio to Benjamin, Jr. and Mollie Holbert. He graduated from Benedictine High School in Cleveland, Ohio in 1977, received his B.A. degree in communications from Kent State University in 1984, and his M.B.A. degree from University of Phoenix in 2012.

Holbert began his professional career in broadcast journalism and served as a reporter and anchor at several media outlets in the Cleveland television market, including WJKW-TV, WKYC TV-NBC, WVIZ-PBS, WUAB-TV-43/WOIO-CBS, and WJMO-1490-AM, from 1985 to 2005. He also worked as vice president and general manager of the Cleveland Television Network from 2001 to 2002, and served as general assignment reporter at WKYC-TV, NBC from 2002 to 2005. He was director of communications at Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, in Decatur, Georgia from 2006 to 2007, and served as interim chief communications officer at the Cleveland Metropolitan School District from 2007 to 2008. He was also a senior partnership specialist at the U.S. Census Bureau from 2009 to 2010. Holbert was an aide and executive assistant to the commission president of Cuyahoga County from 2010 to 2011. He established and served as president at Holbert Enterprises in 2010; and, in 2011, was elected city councilman, later becoming city council president for the Village of Woodmere, Ohio, remaining until 2017. Holbert subsequently worked as the Cleveland chapter parliamentarian for National Association of Black Journalists (NABJ) in 2014, and was a business specialist at the Northeast Ohio Regional Sewer District from 2014 to 2016. He also served as adjunct professor at Cleveland State University in 2016. The following year, he launched a local restaurant called Sides 2 Go BBQ. In 2017, Holbert was the second African American elected mayor of the Village of Woodmere, Ohio.

Holbert has received numerous honors and awards including Kent State University- Outstanding Alumni Award and Community Service Award, Omega Psi Phi Fraternity-Omega Man of the Year, Village of Woodmere-Council Member Award, and Knights of Peter Claver-Image Award. He was inducted into the Benedictine High School Hall of Distinction. He was also the recipient of four Emmy Awards for journalistic reporting and the Akron (Ohio) Broadcasters Hall of Fame “Personality of the Year”.

Ben Holbert was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on September 24, 2018.

Accession Number

A2018.188

Sex

Male

Interview Date

9/24/2018

Last Name

Holbert

Maker Category
Organizations
First Name

Ben

Birth City, State, Country

Cleveland

HM ID

HOL23

Favorite Season

Late Summer And Early Fall

State

Ohio

Favorite Vacation Destination

Caribbean, Bahamas

Favorite Quote

Friendship Is Essential To The Soul.

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Ohio

Birth Date

3/6/1959

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Cleveland

Country

USA

Favorite Food

Steak

Short Description

Journalist and political leader Ben Holbert (1959 - ) served as a reporter and anchor in the Greater Cleveland area for twenty-five years before being the second African American elected mayor of the Village of Woodmere, Ohio in 2017.

Favorite Color

Purple

Mario Marcel Salas

Professor and political leader Mario Marcel Salas was born on July 30, 1949 in San Antonio, Texas. He attended Central Catholic High School, and graduated from Phyllis Wheatley High School in San Antonio in 1968. Salas earned his A.S. degree in applied science-engineering technology, and his A.A. degree in liberal arts from San Antonio College. Later, he received his B.A. degree in English in 1988 from the University of Texas at San Antonio, and his M.Ed. degree in 1999 from Our Lady of the Lake University. He received a second M.A. degree in political science from the University of Texas in 2004.

During the 1970s, Salas was a contributing writer to various activist newspapers and newsletters, including a regular column in The San Antonio Register, The San Antonio Observer, San Antonio Community Journal/Inner City Journal. He was also field secretary at the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) chapter in San Antonio, which was the last SNCC-Black Panther Chapter in the Country, and ran for Texas State Representative on the La Raza Unida Ticket in 1972 under a SNCC-Raza Unida Coalition. In 1990, he became an educator for the San Antonio Independent School District, and was a co-founder of the Barbara Jordan Community Center in San Antonio and he also championed the establishment of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.'s birthday as a Texas state holiday in 1991. Salas was elected to the San Antonio City Council, where he served two full terms from 1997 to 2001 as District 2 Representative. In 2004, he campaigned for the office of County Commissioner. Salas also served as professor of African American studies at the University of Texas at San Antonio. He was a candidate in the bid for the Democratic Primary for Texas State Representative, District 120, in San Antonio in 2016. He retired as an assistant professor of political science from the University of Texas.

Salas served as lecturer for the University of Texas at San Antonio Department of Political Science. He also served as vice president of the Judson Independent School District Board of Trustees and chairman of the Tax Increment Finance Board, Zone 11.

Salas was a regular contributor to the San Antonio Observer. He wrote a sequel to Mary Shelley's classic novel, Frankenstein, titled Frankenstein: The Dawning and the Passing. He has also written several political science textbooks including American and Texas Political History: A Maze of Racialized Thought in America.

Salas has been an advocate for San Antonio's African American community as a founding member of Organizations United for Eastside Development, Black Coalition on Mass Media, and Frontline 2000. He supported the Anti-Apartheid movement in South Africa and opposed the recruitment of Americans as mercenaries in the revolutionary war in Zimbabwe. He is also the president of KROV radio, a black formatted radio station, and he remains a human and civil rights advocate.

Salas and his wife, Edwina Lacy have two adult daughters, Elena Patrice and Angela Christine.

Mario Marcel Salas was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on June 6, 2018.

Accession Number

A2018.115

Sex

Male

Interview Date

6/6/2018

Last Name

Salas

Organizations
First Name

Mario

Birth City, State, Country

San Antonio

HM ID

SAL04

Favorite Season

My Wedding Anniversary

State

Texas

Favorite Vacation Destination

Anywhere

Favorite Quote

Men Make Their Own History, But Not As They Please. They Make It Under Circumstances Transmitted From The Past.

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Texas

Birth Date

7/30/1949

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

San Antonio

Country

USA

Favorite Food

All Food

Short Description

Professor and political leader Mario Marcel Salas (1949- ) professor of African American studies at the University of Texas at San Antonio was also a member of the San Antonio City Council, from 1997 to 2001 as District 2 Representative.

Favorite Color

Blue

The Honorable Ivy R. Taylor

Political leader Ivy R. Taylor was born in 1970 in Brooklyn, New York to Patricia Ann Burns Sidberry Jones and Ivory Sidberry. Taylor graduated from Martin Van Buren High School in Queens, New York City in 1988, and received her B.A. degree in American studies from Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut in 1992. She then earned her M.R.P. degree in city and regional planning from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1998.

In the summer of 1997, Taylor completed an internship with the San Antonio Affordable Housing Association. Upon completing her graduate studies, Taylor served as a municipal community development coordinator for the City of San Antonio Housing and Community Development Department from 1998 to 2004, and also worked with the Neighborhood Action Department. In 2004, she joined Merced Housing Texas, an affordable housing agency, and served on the San Antonio City Planning Commission from 2006 to 2008. Taylor was elected as a city council representative for District 2 in 2009, and was re-elected again in 2011 and 2013. When Julian Castro resigned as Mayor of San Antonio to become the United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development in 2014, the San Antonio City Council appointed Taylor as the interim mayor for one year. Upon taking office as mayor in 2014, Taylor worked on the resolving a long-running dispute with the police union, adopting a comprehensive plan for the city and implementing neighborhood revitalization initiatives on San Antonio’s East Side. Upon winning a run-off election, Taylor was elected Mayor of San Antonio, serving a two-year term from 2015 to 2017. In 2018, Taylor joined J.L. Powers & Associates as a consultant and began a doctoral program in Higher Education Management at the University of Pennsylvania.

An active member of The Links, Incorporated, Jack and Jill and Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Taylor is also currently a member of the Board of Trustees at Huston Tillotson University, an HBCU in Austin, Texas. She received the San Antonio Business Journal's "Forty under Forty" Rising Star Award in 2004.

Taylor and her husband, Rodney, have one daughter, Morgan.

Ivy R. Taylor was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on June 4, 2018.

Accession Number

A2018.113

Sex

Female

Interview Date

6/4/2018

Last Name

Taylor

Maker Category
Occupation
Organizations
First Name

Ivy

Birth City, State, Country

Brooklyn

HM ID

TAY19

Favorite Season

Spring

State

New York

Favorite Vacation Destination

New Orleans, Louisiana

Favorite Quote

To Whom Much Is Given, Much Is Required.

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Texas

Birth Date

7/17/1970

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

San Antonio

Country

USA

Favorite Food

No, There's too many to love

Short Description

Political leader Ivy R. Taylor (1970 - ) served as on the San Antonio City Council from 2009 to 2014, and then served as Mayor of San Antonio, Texas from 2014 to 2017.

The Honorable Lottie Shackelford

Political and civic leader Lottie Shackelford was born on April 30, 1941 in Little Rock, Arkansas to Bernice Linzy Holt and Curtis Holt, Sr. Shackelford graduated from Horace Mann High School in 1958, and later earned her B.A. degree in business administration from Philander Smith College in 1979. Shackelford also later served as a senior fellow at the Arkansas Institute of Politics and the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University.

In 1978, Shackelford was appointed to a vacant position on the board of directors for the City of Arkansas. She was then elected in 1980, and re-elected in 1984 and 1988. In 1987, she became the first woman to serve as Mayor of Little Rock. In 1992, Shackelford worked as the deputy manager of Bill Clinton’s presidential campaign, and later served as a member of his presidential transition team. In 1993, Clinton appointed Shackelford as a U.S. Delegate to the United Nations Commission on the Status of Women in Vienna, Austria. In 1994, Shackelford became the executive vice president of Global USA, Incorporated, an international business facilitator. She also co-founded the Women’s Foundation of Arkansas. Beginning in 1980, Shackelford has served as a delegate to every Democratic National Convention for over thirty years. A longtime member of the Democratic National Committee, Shackelford served as co-chair of the platform committee in 1984, the rules committee in 1988, and on the resolutions committee. She also served as the Democratic National Committee vice chair from 1989 to 2009; and in 2014, she was elected to chair the Democratic National Committee’s Women’s Caucus. She also served as secretary, vice chair, and chair of the Arkansas State Democratic Committee, and was elected secretary of the National Association of State Democratic Chairs.

An active member of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Inc., Shackelford received numerous honors and awards from the organization, including the Delta Sigma Theta Sorority Trailblazer Award in 1980, the Mary Church Terrell Award in 1998 at the National Convention, and the Delta Legacy Award at the 42nd National Convention. Shackelford was also named one of Esquire Magazine’s forty most influential African Americans in 1984. She was inducted into the Arkansas Black Hall of Fame in 1993. In 2017, she received a Humanitarian Award from the Just Communities of Arkansas. Shackelford served on the board of directors of Medicis Pharmaceutical Corporation from 1993 to 2012. She also served on the board of directors of Philander Smith College, Chapman Holdings, and eChapman Incorporated.

Shackelford has three children: Russell, Karla, and Karen, and six grandchildren.

Lottie Shackelford was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on March 14, 2018.

Accession Number

A2018.046

Sex

Female

Interview Date

3/14/2018

Last Name

Shackelford

Maker Category
Organizations
First Name

Lottie

Birth City, State, Country

Little Rock

HM ID

SHA10

Favorite Season

Spring

State

Arkansas

Favorite Vacation Destination

Wherever My Children Are.

Favorite Quote

Make It A Great Day.

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Arkansas

Birth Date

4/30/1941

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Little Rock

Country

USA

Favorite Food

Grapes And Bananas

Short Description

Political and civic leader Lottie Shackelford (1941 - ) was the first female mayor of Little Rock. She also served as vice chair of the Democratic National Committee for twenty years.

Favorite Color

Red

The Honorable J.C. Watts

Political leader J.C. Watts was born on November 18, 1957 in Eufaula, Oklahoma to J.C. Watts, Sr. and Helen Watts. Watts originally attended Booker T. Washington Elementary School in Eufaula, but became one of two children to integrate Jefferson Davis Elementary School in 1964. Watts graduated from Eufaula High School in 1976. Watts attended the University of Oklahoma and was starting quarterback for the football team in 1979, and led the team to two Orange Bowls victories and two Big Eight championships. Watts graduated in 1981 with his B.A. degree in journalism.

In 1981, Watts joined the Ottawa Rough Riders, a team in the Canadian Football League. He led the team to the Grey Cup the same year and was named Most Valuable Player. In 1985, Watts joined the Toronto Argonauts, where he played his final season in the CFL. In 1987, Watts became a youth minister at Sunnyvale Baptist Church in Del City, Oklahoma. In the same year, he founded Ironhead Construction and Watts Energy. In 1990, Watts was elected to the Oklahoma Corporation Commission. In 1992, he became the commission’s chairman and served until his term ended in 1995. In 1994, Watts was elected to the House of Representatives from Oklahoma’s 4th District. Watts was reelected as representative in 1996, 1998, and 2000. During his tenure in the House of Representatives, he served on the Armed Services Committee, the Banking and Financial Services Committee, and the House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee. In 1997, Watts was chosen by House Speaker Newt Gingrich to deliver the Republican Party’s response to President Clinton’s State of the Union address. In 1998, Watts was elected as House Republican Conference Chair. After serving in U.S. Congress, Watts founded J.C. Watts Companies in 2003 and the J.C. & Frankie Watts Foundation in 2005. In 2017, Watts announced the 2018 launch of the Black Television News Channel.

Watts served as director of companies such as Dillards, Inc., CSX Corporation, and ITC Holdings. He also served as the CEO of Feed the Children in 2016. In 2002, Watts published his autobiography, What Color is Conservative?: My Life and My Politics. Watts was also recognized for his athletic ability. In 1992, J.C. Watts was inducted into the Orange Bowl Hall of Fame was inducted into the Oklahoma Sports Hall of Fame in 2014.

J.C. Watts and his wife, Frankie Watts, have five children: Kesha, Trey, Jerrel, Jennifer, and Julia.

J.C. Watts was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on November 1, 2017.

Accession Number

A2017.196

Sex

Male

Interview Date

11/01/2017

Last Name

Watts

Maker Category
Occupation
Organizations
First Name

J.C.

Birth City, State, Country

Eufaula

HM ID

WAT19

Favorite Season

Summer

State

Oklahoma

Favorite Vacation Destination

South Florida Panhandle

Favorite Quote

Take the Bitter with the Sweet

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

District of Columbia

Birth Date

11/18/1957

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Washington

Country

USA

Favorite Food

Cooked & Authentic

Short Description

Political leader J.C. Watts (1957- ) served as a commissioner on the Oklahoma Corporation Commission and as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Oklahoma’s 4th District from 1995 until 2003.

Favorite Color

Blue