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Dr. Arese Carrington

Public health consultant Dr. Arese Ukpoma Carrington was born on July 16, 1958 in Lagos, Nigeria to Dora and Elisha Ukponmwan. Her great-great-grandfather, Oba Ovonramwen Nogbaisi, was the ruler of Benin from 1888 to 1897. Carrington and her mother were separated from her father during the Biafran Civil War, but the family later reunited. Carrington earned her M.D. degree from the University of Ibadan, Nigeria in 1980.

Carrington briefly served as a medical officer for the Nigerian Airports Authority before establishing a private practice. In 1986, she founded Goldline Limited, a commercial company providing consulting and promotional services to multinational companies and foreign non-profits. She also founded Health and Medical Services that same year to consult on issues of preventive healthcare in the workplace. Carrington enrolled in a master’s program at the Harvard School of Public Health, where she studied in the Department of Population and International Health. Graduating in 2000, she was chosen as the graduate orator at the commencement ceremony. Carrington then became the associate director of government relations and community programs for Harvard’s AIDS Prevention Initiative Nigeria (APIN), helping to secure a health grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the largest at that time. She also authored Malaria in Nigeria, published in the Fall 2001 issue of the Harvard Health Policy Review. In 2004, Carrington worked for the Pan African Health Foundation, which partnered with the Nigerian government to establish an auto-disable syringe factory in Port Harcourt. In 2006, she and her husband, U.S. Ambassador to Nigeria Walter C. Carrington, founded Africana Consultants USA to advise on issues of public health and investment promotion.

Carrington served as vice president of the board of directors of the United Nations Association of Greater Boston. As a visiting committee member for the Arts of Asia, Oceania and Africa at the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston, she facilitated the development of the Benin Kingdom Gallery. She also served on the trustees’ advisory board of the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston. In 2014, Carrington was the recipient of the Newton Human Rights Lifetime Achievement award, Massachusetts State Senate Official Citation, and the Massachusetts House of Representatives Official Citation in recognition of being a life-long advocate of Human Rights.

Carrington and her husband, U.S. Ambassador to Nigeria Walter C. Carrington, have two children: Temisan Oyowe-Carrington and Thomas Carrington.

Dr. Arese Carrington was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on October 20, 2016.

Accession Number

A2016.075

Sex

Female

Interview Date

10/20/2016

Last Name

Carrington

Maker Category
Marital Status

Married

Schools

University of Ibadan

Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health

Queen's College, Lagos

International School, Ibadan

University College Hospital, Ibadan

Corona School Ikoyi

First Name

Arese

Birth City, State, Country

Lagos

HM ID

CAR35

Favorite Season

Fall

Favorite Vacation Destination

Anywhere Warm

Favorite Quote

Defend The Defenseless.

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Massachusetts

Birth Date

7/16/1958

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Boston

Country

Nigeria

Favorite Food

Plantain

Short Description

Public health consultant Dr. Arese Carrington (1958- ) served as associate director for Harvard University’s AIDS Prevention Initiative Nigeria (APIN).

Employment

Nigerian Airports Authority

Fan Milk Ltd

Health and Medical Services

Harvard School of Public Health

Favorite Color

Red

Timing Pairs
0,0:5031,98:21488,305:23239,372:34751,498:42854,589:43526,597:60036,842:60744,849:63555,866:64365,873:65580,887:70440,934:73520,992:75610,1079:80120,1120:80780,1128:81440,1135:84710,1143:90920,1289:98906,1338:106898,1511:116898,1597:117864,1606:118968,1615:120072,1625:136774,1785:137478,1796:138006,1864:145662,1948:147246,1992:147862,2000:157460,2107$0,0:3210,46:19242,326:24470,372:26190,395:27910,415:28512,423:30232,445:34962,538:35650,549:42550,614:45185,655:45695,662:46290,672:47225,689:49860,737:55810,835:72839,1077:73234,1083:78894,1112:88370,1157:94711,1279:104028,1369:105132,1384:108651,1442:109203,1451:114484,1566:115048,1575:118338,1639:120030,1666:120500,1672:126986,1784:127362,1789:132158,1808:136294,1868:137140,1880:141464,1939:146040,1981:149840,2059:166475,2313:182141,2543:186570,2581:192050,2602:192876,2619:193171,2625:208330,2808:211850,2863:214490,2905:214890,2911:221580,2959:221944,2964:222399,2970:223127,2980:223491,2985:227222,3049:227677,3055:228223,3062:228860,3070:232090,3093
DAStories

Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Slating of Dr. Arese Carrington's interview

Tape: 1 Story: 2 - Dr. Arese Carrington lists her favorites

Tape: 1 Story: 3 - Dr. Arese Carrington describes her mother's family background

Tape: 1 Story: 4 - Dr. Arese Carrington talks about her mother's upbringing and education

Tape: 1 Story: 5 - Dr. Arese Carrington talks about the history of British colonial rule in Benin

Tape: 1 Story: 6 - Dr. Arese Carrington describes her father's upbringing and education

Tape: 1 Story: 7 - Dr. Arese Carrington talks about her parents' courtship

Tape: 1 Story: 8 - Dr. Arese Carrington describes her parents' personalities and values

Tape: 1 Story: 9 - Dr. Arese Carrington describes her parents' careers

Tape: 1 Story: 10 - Dr. Arese Carrington talks about her siblings

Tape: 1 Story: 11 - Dr. Arese Carrington describes the qualities of a successful marriage

Tape: 1 Story: 12 - Dr. Arese Carrington talks about the history and culture of Benin

Tape: 2 Story: 1 - Dr. Arese Carrington talks about Nigerian independence

Tape: 2 Story: 2 - Dr. Arese Carrington describes the ethnic differences in Nigeria

Tape: 2 Story: 3 - Dr. Arese Carrington talks about the leaders of Nigerian independence

Tape: 2 Story: 4 - Dr. Arese Carrington remembers her early interest in social justice

Tape: 2 Story: 5 - Dr. Arese Carrington recalls her family's preparation for the Nigeria-Biafra War

Tape: 2 Story: 6 - Dr. Arese Carrington remembers the start of the Nigeria-Biafra War

Tape: 2 Story: 7 - Dr. Arese Carrington talks about her husband's role in the Nigeria-Biafra War

Tape: 2 Story: 8 - Dr. Arese Carrington describes her early interest in medicine

Tape: 2 Story: 9 - Dr. Arese Carrington talks about gender inequality in Nigeria

Tape: 2 Story: 10 - Dr. Arese Carrington remembers the Corona School Ikoyi in Lagos, Nigeria

Tape: 2 Story: 11 - Dr. Arese Carrington describes the secondary school system in Nigeria

Tape: 2 Story: 12 - Dr. Arese Carrington remembers Queen's College, Lagos in Lagos, Nigeria

Tape: 3 Story: 1 - Dr. Arese Carrington describes her education in Nigeria

Tape: 3 Story: 2 - Dr. Arese Carrington remembers her early exposure to popular culture

Tape: 3 Story: 3 - Dr. Arese Carrington talks about the misconceptions of the African continent

Tape: 3 Story: 4 - Dr. Arese Carrington talks about the differences between urban and rural communities in Nigeria

Tape: 3 Story: 5 - Dr. Arese Carrington remember developing an interest in public health

Tape: 3 Story: 6 - Dr. Arese Carrington describes her early medical career in Nigeria

Tape: 3 Story: 7 - Dr. Arese Carrington talks about healthcare in Nigeria, pt. 1

Tape: 3 Story: 8 - Dr. Arese Carrington talks about healthcare in Nigeria, pt. 2

Tape: 4 Story: 1 - Dr. Arese Carrington talks about the impact of political instability in Nigeria

Tape: 4 Story: 2 - Dr. Arese Carrington talks about the wealth inequality in Nigeria

Tape: 4 Story: 3 - Dr. Arese Carrington talks about the activism of Ken Saro-Wiwa

Tape: 4 Story: 4 - Dr. Arese Carrington remembers the execution of Ken Saro-Wiwa

Tape: 4 Story: 5 - Dr. Arese Carrington talks about the history of political leadership in Nigeria

Tape: 4 Story: 6 - Dr. Arese Carrington recalls the assassination of Kudirat Abiola

Tape: 4 Story: 7 - Dr. Arese Carrington talks about the history of activism in Nigeria

Tape: 4 Story: 8 - Dr. Arese Carrington describes how she met her husband, Walter C. Carrington

Tape: 4 Story: 9 - Dr. Arese Carrington talks about the U.S. immigration process

Tape: 4 Story: 10 - Dr. Arese Carrington remembers meeting President Jimmy Carter in Nigeria

Tape: 5 Story: 1 - Dr. Arese Carrington talks about her wedding

Tape: 5 Story: 2 - Dr. Arese Carrington recalls the start of her husband's farewell party in Lagos, Nigeria

Tape: 5 Story: 3 - Dr. Arese Carrington remembers the dissolution of her husband's farewell party, pt. 1

Tape: 5 Story: 4 - Dr. Arese Carrington remembers the dissolution of her husband's farewell party, pt. 2

Tape: 5 Story: 5 - Dr. Arese Carrington talks about the death of Moshood Abiola

Tape: 5 Story: 6 - Dr. Arese Carrington remembers the start of the AIDS Prevention Initiative Nigeria

Tape: 5 Story: 7 - Dr. Arese Carrington talks about the HIV/AIDS crisis in Africa

Tape: 5 Story: 8 - Dr. Arese Carrington talks about her work with the Nigerian government

Tape: 6 Story: 1 - Dr. Arese Carrington talks about the impact of the AIDS Prevention Initiative Nigeria

Tape: 6 Story: 2 - Dr. Arese Carrington describes the work of the Pan African Health Foundation

Tape: 6 Story: 3 - Dr. Arese Carrington talks about the empowerment of women in Nigeria

Tape: 6 Story: 4 - Dr. Arese Carrington talks about modernization in Africa

Tape: 6 Story: 5 - Dr. Arese Carrington describes the United Nations Association of Greater Boston

Tape: 6 Story: 6 - Dr. Arese Carrington talks about the Safe Schools initiative in Nigeria

Tape: 6 Story: 7 - Dr. Arese Carrington talks about the treatment of girls in Nigeria

Tape: 6 Story: 8 - Dr. Arese Carrington describes her hopes and concerns for the country of Nigeria

Tape: 6 Story: 9 - Dr. Arese Carrington describes her involvement at the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston, Massachusetts

Tape: 6 Story: 10 - Dr. Arese Carrington talks about the Benin Kingdom Gallery at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

Tape: 7 Story: 1 - Dr. Arese Carrington talks about her daughter

Tape: 7 Story: 2 - Dr. Arese Carrington reflects upon her life

Tape: 7 Story: 3 - Dr. Arese Carrington reflects upon her legacy

Tape: 7 Story: 4 - Dr. Arese Carrington talks about the Carrington Youth Fellowship Initiative

Tape: 7 Story: 5 - Dr. Arese Carrington talks about building relationships

Tape: 7 Story: 6 - Dr. Arese Carrington describes how she would like to be remembered

Tape: 7 Story: 7 - Dr. Arese Carrington narrates her photographs, pt. 1

Tape: 7 Story: 8 - Dr. Arese Carrington narrates her photographs, pt. 2

DASession

1$1

DATape

2$6

DAStory

4$3

DATitle
Dr. Arese Carrington remembers her early interest in social justice
Dr. Arese Carrington talks about the empowerment of women in Nigeria
Transcript
Now, tell me about growing up. Now, did you--I mean you grew up, you grew up in Lagos [Nigeria], right?$$I grew up in Lagos--Ikoyi, Lagos. I went--my elementary school was Corona School Ikoyi [Lagos, Nigeria]; it was a school that had a lot of the expatriate children in it, so I used to spend a lot of time playing with a lot of my friends after school; and one of the things of--'cause it was--when I was about nine [years old], during the time--the civil war started while I was in elementary school, and when I was at Corona School, there was a school next door--Corona School was a private school, and a lot of kids who were there, their parents were either a civil servants, or they were expatriate kids. We had a lot of good teachers, we got the best books--everything was there at our disposal. And right next door to us was this public school, and this public school it was only separated from us by this fence which you could see through, and you could see the stark difference with the kids there: they didn't have the amenities, they--their uniforms, they didn't have to wear socks and shoes, some would come to school without shoes. And so from the early age--from an early age, I used to wonder, but we're all kids, why were they having it so different? Their teachers would carry canes and they would spank them, and that was not allowed in my school. And we used to go--some of us would go across the fence and talk to them and see what was happening. And you could see that--as kid- we were all the same; we had the same, you know, yearnings; we thought like kids. And I began to think of issues of social justice--things of--issues dealing with education, dealing with equity. So, from an early age, these questions were in my mind; and I would ask, why do some of us have it this way, and why do others don't? 'Cause I didn't believe that people who were less fortunate and weren't given opportunities, I didn't think that they would be able to get--reach their maximum potential.$$Not--without the same kind of start, yeah.$$Yes, without--yes, without that same kind of start.$Now, in 2006 you became the vice president of Africana Consultants [Newton Centre, Massachusetts]. Now this is--is this you and your husband [HistoryMaker Walter C. Carrington], right (unclear)?$$Yes. So, we decided to set up a consultancy focused on two things--or maybe more than two things, but healthcare and investment promotions were the main things; and so I was involved in healthcare consulting and also women's empowerment. Because that was an issue--women's health was not being addressed; and I felt unless you empower the woman, she would not have the ability to address her own healthcare needs. Women needed a voice, and I was vocal in making sure that women understood that their health and their lives were in their hands, and they could not allow the men to dictate to them how they would take care of themselves because the men would focus more on what affected them and not what affected the women. You had maternal mortality still very high, you had childhood diseases still very high, and malnutrition still very high. So these were areas where the women needed to be empowered to be able to advocates for themselves, so.$$Yeah, yeah, so--that sounds like important work. Yeah--I'm tempted to ask--well, I'll ask anyway. In what ways did men try to control women's health access? I mean how, and for what reasons?$$Well, there were--like going to basic local levels now. I will go to like when I worked in the teaching hospital in Nigeria--University College Hospital [University College Hospital, Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria]. A lot of times, a woman would have had several children--she would be tired. She would say she's had seven, eight children, but her husband wants her to continue because either he wants her to have a son, or he feels he needs many children; and they would not be allowed to have contraceptives. So they would come to the hospital and they would say--and their husbands would come with them, and you would see them whisper that, as a doctor should ask their husband to wait outside. So it would look like the doctor wanted their husband to wait outside; and when the husband would go out, the woman would say that she is tired of having children. She almost passed on, the last one; and she wants contraceptive, but she wants something that her husband will not, you know, know what she's doing, and if he asks her why isn't she pregnant, she'll just say, "Oh, it's--," God hasn't given her a baby. So, you know, she did not have the nerve to tell her husband that, "No, I'm done," that she feels she's done with having children. And also, attention wasn't being paid to maternal healthcare. You had so many women dying during childbirth, and I think a lot of the healthcare policies weren't being addressed. Because you look at parliament, in politics, those providing the laws were mainly men, so they had no interest in issues concerning women most of the time; and so you needed to advocate that women should go into politics, women should begin to fight for their own rights, and women should realize that they have a voice.

Omowunmi Sadik

Professor, chemist, and inventor Omowunmi “Wunmi” A. Sadik was born in 1964 in Lagos, Nigeria. Growing up in Nigeria, Sadik was introduced to science by her father, who was a pharmaceutical technician. There were three physicians, one civil engineer, and two nurse practitioners in her family as well. In high school, Sadik was interested in physics, chemistry, and biology. She graduated from the University of Lagos in Nigeria with her B.S. degree in chemistry in 1985 and her M.S. degree in chemistry in 1987. Sadik received her Ph.D. degree in chemistry in 1994 at Wollongong University in Australia. She was awarded a postdoctoral fellowship from the National Research Council (NRC) from 1994 to 1996 to conduct research at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

In 1996, Sadik was appointed as an assistant professor of chemistry at the State University of New York (SUNY) at Binghamton. From 2000 to 2003, Sadik held visiting appointments at the Naval Research Laboratories, Cornell University, and Harvard University. In 2002, she was promoted to associate professor of chemistry at SUNY-Binghamton; and, in 2005, Sadik became a full professor and was appointed director of SUNY-Binghamton’s Center for Advanced Sensors & Environmental Systems (CASE). Sadik’s research interests are in surface chemistry with a focus on sensors, environmental chemistry and conducting polymers. She has co-authored over 135 peer-reviewed research papers and patent applications, has given 121 keynote and invited lectures, as well as contributed 178 conference lectures, posters, symposia and workshops. Sadik was awarded four U.S. patents for her work on biosensors.

In 2011, Sadik chaired the inaugural “Gordon Conference on Environmental Nanotechnology.” She was appointed to the National Institutes of Health Study Panel on Instrumentation and Systems Development, and has made contributions to scientific and government organizations such as the Environmental Protection Agency, American Chemical Society and National Science Foundation. Sadik has received over $5 million in funding and contracts both from the private sector and government agencies. In 2012, Sadik co-founded the Sustainable Nanotechnology Organization (SNO), a non-profit, international professional society dedicated to advancing sustainable nanotechnology around the world through education, research, and promotion of responsible growth of nanotechnology.

Sadik has been awarded Harvard University’s Distinguished Radcliffe Fellowship, the NSF Discovery Corps Senior Fellowship, the State University of New York Chancellor’s Award for Research, the Australian Merit Award, the SUNY Chancellor’s Award for Outstanding Inventor, and National Research Council (NRC) COBASE fellowship. Sadik was elected as a fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry in 2010 and of the American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering (AIMBE) in 2012.

Professor, chemist and an inventor Omowunmi “Wunmi” A. Sadik was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on July 10, 2013.

Accession Number

A2013.175

Sex

Female

Interview Date

7/10/2013

Last Name

Sadik

Maker Category
Occupation
Schools

University of Wollonong

University of Lagos

Search Occupation Category
First Name

Omowunmi

Birth City, State, Country

Lagos

HM ID

SAD01

Favorite Season

Fall

Favorite Vacation Destination

None

Favorite Quote

None

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

New York

Birth Date

6/19/1964

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Binghamton

Country

Nigeria

Favorite Food

Rice (Jollof)

Short Description

Chemistry professor Omowunmi Sadik (1964 - ) was director of the Center for Advanced Sensors & Environmental Systems (CASE) at the State University of New York at Binghamton. She was also elected as a fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry and the American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering (AIMBE).

Employment

State University of New York at Binghamton

Harvard University Radcliffe Institute

Cornell University

Favorite Color

Mint

Timing Pairs
0,0:395,3:1343,23:3634,98:4108,112:5135,133:5767,143:6636,159:7347,168:9480,228:10823,282:15642,368:17380,396:17854,403:29080,489:42080,572:46532,621:47066,627:47956,636:54162,710:54624,717:54932,722:56395,756:59422,788:63455,828:75030,1019:76578,1044:76922,1049:77524,1057:83700,1089:83940,1094:87180,1156:87540,1163:91464,1180:98410,1225:99110,1241:102120,1310:102400,1315:102960,1325:108070,1440:116258,1490:121688,1637:135285,1709:135649,1714:136286,1723:136650,1728:138288,1751:138743,1757:139653,1768:150196,1858:150903,1866:171248,2011:171563,2017:172508,2038:179320,2129:186040,2321:186320,2326:188980,2400:196541,2482:196955,2490:198404,2524:200129,2568:203254,2599:205516,2653:208324,2733:212926,2832:213394,2839:214018,2851:216358,2892:221678,2924:221894,2929:222326,2944:222650,2956:223082,2965:228115,3025:229050,3038:233980,3149:256592,3395:257472,3409:259672,3439:260024,3444:261432,3462:262312,3473:269980,3556:276185,3657:287438,3812:287762,3817:291285,3842:291867,3850:294680,3899:295456,3908:296135,3919:297881,3945:301585,3959:302047,3967:304819,4011:311952,4099:312470,4108:312840,4114:313358,4122:314468,4144:314912,4152:315208,4157:316170,4176:321075,4251:325815,4320:334530,4577:337767,4688:361811,4921:365027,4996:369516,5103:375801,5128:377223,5174:379420,5228$0,0:10,5:12092,119:14045,145:14975,162:17393,207:20183,244:20927,253:24089,328:27809,357:37388,477:39248,505:49978,573:58928,681:59272,686:67278,774:68198,785:79238,952:82734,999:83102,1004:119174,1442:143436,1715:144983,1740:146621,1769:147258,1777:147622,1782:148077,1788:154160,1862:158408,1935:168680,2065:169130,2071:171020,2094:171650,2102:183015,2239:202582,2456:218614,2647:237548,2863:238527,2881:266432,3251:271890,3279
DAStories

Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Slating of Omowunmi Sadik's interview

Tape: 1 Story: 2 - Omowunmi Sadik lists her favorites

Tape: 1 Story: 3 - Omowunmi Sadik describes her mother's family background

Tape: 1 Story: 4 - Omowunmi Sadik discusses the oral history traditions of the Yoruba people of Nigeria

Tape: 1 Story: 5 - Omowunmi Sadik talks about the preservation of the traditions of the Yoruba people of Nigeria

Tape: 1 Story: 6 - Omowunmi Sadik talks about her father's training as a pharmaceutical technologist

Tape: 1 Story: 7 - Omowunmi Sadik describes her father's family background

Tape: 2 Story: 1 - Omowunmi Sadik talks about the Yoruba Civil War, the Egba people, and the history of the establishment of the city of Abeokuta

Tape: 2 Story: 2 - Omowunmi Sadik talks about her father's career as a pharmacist and a businessman

Tape: 2 Story: 3 - Omowunmi Sadik talks about her grandmother's store in Lagos

Tape: 2 Story: 4 - Omowunmi Sadik speculates upon how her parents met

Tape: 2 Story: 5 - Omowunmi Sadik describes her likeness to her parents

Tape: 2 Story: 6 - Omowunmi Sadik talks about her siblings and their occupations

Tape: 2 Story: 7 - Omowunmi Sadik describes her earliest childhood memory

Tape: 2 Story: 8 - Omowunmi Sadik describes her early interest in African history

Tape: 2 Story: 9 - Omowunmi Sadik describes the sights, sounds and smells of growing up in Lagos, Nigeria

Tape: 2 Story: 10 - Omowunmi Sadik talks about her father's practice of Islam, and her experience in elementary school in Lagos, Nigeria

Tape: 2 Story: 11 - Omowunmi Sadik talks about Nigeria's independence in 1960, the Biafran War, and the city of Lagos

Tape: 2 Story: 12 - Omowunmi Sadik talks about her father reaching her science and math in grade school

Tape: 3 Story: 1 - Omowunmi Sadik talks about the value of education in the Nigerian community, and her family's education in Europe in the 1970s and 1980s

Tape: 3 Story: 2 - Omowunmi Sadik talks about attending high school at a boarding school in Abeokuta, Nigeria

Tape: 3 Story: 3 - Omowunmi Sadik reflects about religious harmony in Nigeria and the spread of Christianity and Islam

Tape: 3 Story: 4 - Omowunmi Sadik describes her experience in high school in Abeokuta, Nigeria

Tape: 3 Story: 5 - Omowunmi Sadik describes her decision to attend the University of Lagos for her undergraduate studies

Tape: 3 Story: 6 - Omowunmi Sadik describes her decision to major in chemistry at the University of Lagos

Tape: 3 Story: 7 - Omowunmi Sadik describes how she convinced her mother that she could find a job as a chemist

Tape: 3 Story: 8 - Omowunmi Sadik talks about her interest in organic chemistry

Tape: 4 Story: 1 - Omowunmi Sadik describes her experience at the University of Lagos

Tape: 4 Story: 2 - Omowunmi Sadik reflects upon her experience as a woman in science in Nigeria

Tape: 4 Story: 3 - Omowunmi Sadik describes her interest in analytical chemistry at the University of Lagos

Tape: 4 Story: 4 - Omowunmi Sadik describes her social life at the University of Lagos

Tape: 4 Story: 5 - Omowunmi Sadik talks about the Nigerian environmentalist, Ken Saro-Wiwa, and the environmental and the political scene in Nigeria in the 1980s

Tape: 4 Story: 6 - Omowunmi Sadik describes her master's degree research on determining the level of heavy metals in Nigerian fruits and vegetables

Tape: 4 Story: 7 - Omowunmi Sadik describes her decision to pursue a Ph.D. degree at the University of Wollongong in Australia - part one

Tape: 4 Story: 8 - Omowunmi Sadik describes her decision to pursue a Ph.D. degree at the University of Wollongong in Australia - part two

Tape: 4 Story: 9 - Omowunmi Sadik talks about her interest in conducting polymers, their applications, and going to the University of Wollongong

Tape: 4 Story: 10 - Omowunmi Sadik describes her Ph.D. dissertation research on conducting polymers

Tape: 5 Story: 1 - Omowunmi Sadik talks about her family, her decision to pursue her Ph.D. degree in Australia, and the international community there

Tape: 5 Story: 2 - Omowunmi Sadik talks about receiving a postdoctoral fellowship at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

Tape: 5 Story: 3 - Omowunmi Sadik talks about her initial impression of Las Vegas, Nevada

Tape: 5 Story: 4 - Omowunmi Sadik talks about her work with environmental sensors at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

Tape: 5 Story: 5 - Omowunmi Sadik describes environmental sensor systems, and their applications as bio-sensors for pain

Tape: 5 Story: 6 - Omowunmi Sadik describes her decision to join the faculty at the State University of New York (SUNY) at Binghamton

Tape: 5 Story: 7 - Omowunmi Sadik talks about her research with sensors at the State University of New York (SUNY) at Binghamton

Tape: 5 Story: 8 - Omowunmi Sadik talks about her research with sensors for nanoparticles

Tape: 6 Story: 1 - Omowunmi Sadik talks about the applications of conducting polymers in chromium detoxification and water purification

Tape: 6 Story: 2 - Omowunmi Sadik talks about funding for her research, and training of undergraduate and graduate students

Tape: 6 Story: 3 - Omowunmi Sadik talks about the demographics of her research group, and her involvement in service at SUNY Binghamton

Tape: 6 Story: 4 - Omowunmi Sadik talks about her patents

Tape: 6 Story: 5 - Omowunmi Sadik talks about serving as a visiting research scientist at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory

Tape: 6 Story: 6 - Omowunmi Sadik talks about becoming tenured at the State University of New York (SUNY) Binghamton

Tape: 6 Story: 7 - Omowunmi Sadik talks about the electronic nose technology

Tape: 6 Story: 8 - Omowunmi Sadik talks about her work with HIV sensors

Tape: 6 Story: 9 - Omowunmi Sadik talks about being elected as a fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry in 2010

Tape: 6 Story: 10 - Omowunmi Sadik talks about her interest in academic research

Tape: 6 Story: 11 - Omowunmi Sadik talks about her research on pain biosensors and sensors for nanoparticles

Tape: 6 Story: 12 - Omowunmi Sadik talks about the students whom she has mentored, and the impact of the African professional community

Tape: 7 Story: 1 - Omowunmi Sadik describes an example of her role as a mentor

Tape: 7 Story: 2 - Omowunmi Sadik talks about her collaborators and the funding strategy for the Center for Advanced Sensor Research and Environmental Systems (CASE)

Tape: 7 Story: 3 - Omowunmi Sadik reflects upon her legacy

Tape: 7 Story: 4 - Omowunmi Sadik describes her hopes and concerns for the African American community

Tape: 7 Story: 5 - Omowunmi Sadik talks about her family

Tape: 7 Story: 6 - Omowunmi Sadik talks about how she would like to be remembered

Tape: 7 Story: 7 - Omowunmi Sadik describes her photographs

DASession

1$1

DATape

3$5

DAStory

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DATitle
Omowunmi Sadik describes her experience in high school in Abeokuta, Nigeria
Omowunmi Sadik talks about her research with sensors for nanoparticles
Transcript
So you're in a Baptist school in Abeokuta [Ogun State, Nigeria]. And--$$Abeokuta.$$--so, now, is this, now, in high school, is this where you have to kind of choose a path--$$Yes.$$--you're gonna take, whether it's gonna be in literary arts or--$$That's right.$$--in science, hard science, right?$$Yes, that's what you do. So the first three years, you take all the subjects, you know, civics, social studies, geography, history, English, math. You take Yoruba, the English literature, economics. But when you get to, towards the end of your third year, you now start taking the, you know, the solid science. You're doing physics, chemistry. You're taking calculus, ad [advanced] maths [mathematics] and things like that. When you get to the fourth year, you're separated. So you separate into A, B and C. A, being the sciences, B, being the arts, and C being the commerce, the commercial. So we do A, B and C. So if you get to be in form 4-A, so you're getting towards the scientific part of it. So you're getting prepared for the West African School Certificate. And so you take that in the fifth year, but they start preparing you from the fourth year. You start going to the labs. You're taking biological sciences, earth sciences. So you do labs. So you're now separating. You can still take some arts subject if you like. Like I took history even though I was in the science, I still like the--I did History 12, or geography, the English literature. We learned so many of Wole Soyinka's [Nigerian playwright and poet] and Chenua Achebe's [Nigerian novelist, poet, professor and critic], many of the literature, many of their (unclear), the plays that they have written.$$Okay, so at this level in high school, were there any major mentors or teachers that you remember that really helped?$$Yes, in high school, yes. I remember one history teacher who also taught us literature, Mr. Sanya Olu. That was his name.$$How do you--Mr.--$$Sanya, S-A-N-Y-A, Olu, O-L-U.$$Okay.$$And he was a great teacher. We just, I just liked the way he taught and I remember one day, once they gave us the textbook at the beginning of the semester, I just read it. I really, I read it. I just finish it before we even get to it in the class because that was the only thing I could, you know, I didn't--I like to read everything. And I didn't have a lot of books, so other than going to the library, any book that's given to me, I just keep reading. So I read it. And he came to class and was gonna introduce his subject. I can't remember exactly what the subject was, and I--he asked a question, and I gave the answer. It must have been a very, I don't know how profound the answer I gave. (laughter) But he gave me a copy of the book, and he signed it. And he said, you are university material. I remember he, him saying that to me, that you are a college material. You're gonna go to university. And at that time, I had, I wasn't even thinking about that.$$Okay, all right. Even though there were older brothers and sisters going into--$$They were doing it, yeah, to go to nursing school, you do it, you probably go to nursing school (unclear). My brother went to university, we were still both young--.$$So that's not as high--it's not, that's not like going to university?$$No, no.$$Okay, all right, I hear you. Okay, so Mr. Olu, you know, inspired you. Now, did you, when you were studying the history, did you talk about some of the scientific discoveries in West Africa back in the day?$$Not at all. My science background, I just liked the--I remember my first time in the chemistry lab was, I can't remember the instructor's name. But he was teaching us, he was showing all the different glass wares, like the condensers, the Libby condensers, and we were drawing--I was just so very interested in it. And I went to physics class, and we did the light travels in a straight line. And because I was in boarding school, I got back to school to the hostel, we call it, and I was trying to actually set up this experiment on my own. In boarding school, we start prep class at eight o'clock after dinner. And we have to keep studying until ten o'clock. And so I stood there, I sat there--most of the kids were already sleeping, they're tired. But I had a candle, we write with (unclear) candles and lanterns. So I had the candle lit on one end, and I had two cardboards with holes made in it. And I was trying to see the light traveling through that cardboard. And I was so busy doing it, and I had my head on the other side. I didn't know that the school principal was behind me and watching me. (laughter) And as soon as I saw him, I tried to, you know, turn everything off. And he said, no, no, keep, keep, you know, keep doing it. You're fine. (Laughter) You know, because you're not allowed to, you know, do anything other than the ordinary. But I just wanted to see how it happens. So--$$So were you able to see it?$$Yes, oh, yes, I did. I would always study things on myself. I would look for things to make it out of my own, you know, anything I can find.$$Okay, so you were confirming what you were learning in school?$$What I was learning in school, yeah.$$Okay, all right.$Now, what is a nano particle for the uninitiated (laughter)? A small--$$Yeah, you know, one-billionth of a meter. So it's really tiny.$$It can only be detected through instrumentation, right?$$Yes, so you have to use highly, high resolution, scanning electron micrographs or transmission electron micrograph to be able to see that.$$Okay, and what is the danger of nano particles in your clothing (laughter)?$$Now, we can actually buy nano particles, nano silver-impregnated socks and consumer products because some of these particles are believed to have anti-microbial properties. And so the issue then would be they kill the bacteria, and you take many of the socks, and you wash them off or you, you know, dispose of the consumer products anyhow, there might be some unintended consequences of exposure to the nano particles. And so now, we're trying to understand the possible transformation of the particles, starting from the time they were made to the time they--the lifetime, the whole life cycle of the particles in the environment and back to the grave, what we call the "cradle to grave," you know, starting from the product to the time it's disposed of by the user.$$Okay, all right, so that--and the socks models are a good example of nano particles in your--$$That's right.$$--in clothing.$$Yep, they're used now in many ways. The nano particles are gonna be part of the future. They, you have nano particles in consumer products, in food packaging because they preserve the food. They kill the bacteria. They're, you know, they have nano particles in toothpaste, many of the cosmetics, and personal products that we use at home. So they're gonna be ubiquitous in a few years. And so we're trying to understand the chemistry, the transfor--the changes that would happen. And if they dissolve, what do they form, and whatever is formed, what is the relationship, the reaction of the product resulting from the dissolution with the human body and the environment? We need to understand that. Typically, we wait and play catch up. We wait until things are produced in massive quantities, and they're now being sold, but we want to be able to preempt that by understanding upfront, you know, what the fate and the transportation and the transport and the mechanism of transformation of the particles in the environment and the human body.$$Okay, what else are you doing?$$The nano particles?$$What's the most exciting--is the nano particle sensing the most exciting thing you're doing now?$$Right now, we're doing, we're developing sensors for nano particles, we're making--again, conducting polymers in form of membranes that can used to trap or filter them. So membranes--we just finished some research with Harvard School of Medicine [Cambridge, Massachusetts], where our membranes were being linked, combined with their (unclear) so that you know, we have aerosols of (unclear) or aerosols of ion particles trapped on our membranes. And then the membrane because they're conducting and also electro-active, they can serve as sensors. And so we're using the sensors to serve as filters as well as--the membrane to filter the particles as well as to sense them. So we're linking our work with Harvard. Our work is just coming out, our publication.