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Sanford Cloud, Jr.

Attorney and foundation executive Sanford Cloud, Jr. was born on November 27, 1944 in Hartford, Connecticut to Inez Morgan Cloud and Sanford Cloud, Sr. Attending Burns Elementary School, Northwest Elementary School and Northwest Junior High School, Cloud graduated from Hartford’s Weaver High School in 1962. After staring his college career at the University of Arizona, Cloud transferred to Howard University in 1964 where he came under the tutelage of Frank Snowden, Nathan Hare and Naylor Fitzhugh. Cloud graduated as student body president, worked in the office of Senator Thomas Dodd and married his college sweetheart in 1966. His twin sons, Adam and Christopher Cloud, were born as he graduated cum laude from Howard University Law School in 1969. In 1992, Cloud earned his M.A. degree in religious studies from Hartford Seminary.

Cloud worked briefly for Aetna Insurance in 1969 and then became the first African American lawyer to work at the firm of Robinson and Cole. In 1976, Cloud was elected to the Connecticut State Senate and formed his own firm, Cloud and Iberguen. Returning to Aetna in 1978, Cloud became vice president of public involvement in 1986 and headed the Aetna Foundation until1992. He became the eighth president and the first African American president and chief executive office of the National Conference for Community Justice (NCCJ) in 1994. Cloud represented the NCCJ as a member of former President Jimmy Carter’s delegation overseeing the first Palestinian elections in Jerusalem in 1996. Before retiring from the NCCJ in 2004, Cloud convened faith leaders to combat racism and advised the United States Customs Commissioner on racial profiling in the area of international air traveling.

Cloud has lectured at the University of Connecticut Law School. A former board member of the Independent Sector, The Council on Foundations and the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation, Cloud serves as director of Northeast Utilities, the Phoenix Company, Tenet Healthcare and Advest Incorporated.

Accession Number

A2005.053

Sex

Male

Interview Date

2/18/2005

Last Name

Cloud

Maker Category
Marital Status

Married

Schools

Weaver High School

Burns Elementary School

Northwest Elementary School

Northwest Junior High School

Latino Studies Academy at Burns

Howard University School of Law

Hartford Seminary

University of Arizona School of Law

Howard University

First Name

Sanford

Birth City, State, Country

Hartford

HM ID

CLO02

Favorite Season

Summer

Sponsor

Lincoln Financial Group Foundation

State

Connecticut

Favorite Vacation Destination

St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands

Favorite Quote

Ciao.

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Connecticut

Birth Date

11/27/1944

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Hartford

Country

USA

Favorite Food

Jambalaya

Short Description

Foundation executive, lawyer, and nonprofit executive Sanford Cloud, Jr. (1944 - ) was the eighth president and the first African American president and CEO of the National Conference for Community Justice (NCCJ). He was also the first African American attorney at Robinson and Cole, was elected to the Connecticut state senate, and became Vice President of Public Involvement for Aetna.

Employment

NCCJ

Robinson & Cole LLP

Aetna, Inc.

Robinson & Cole LLP

The Connecticut State Senate

Main Sponsor
Favorite Color

Blue

Timing Pairs
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DAStories

Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Slating of Sanford Cloud, Jr.'s interview

Tape: 1 Story: 2 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. lists his favorites

Tape: 1 Story: 3 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. describes his mother's family background

Tape: 1 Story: 4 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. describes his father's family background

Tape: 1 Story: 5 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. describes his father

Tape: 1 Story: 6 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. describes his parent's meeting

Tape: 1 Story: 7 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. describes his earliest childhood memory

Tape: 1 Story: 8 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. describes the sights, sounds and smells of his childhood

Tape: 1 Story: 9 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. describes his experiences with church growing up

Tape: 1 Story: 10 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. talks about his siblings and extended family

Tape: 1 Story: 11 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. describes his childhood interests and activities

Tape: 1 Story: 12 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. remembers discovering golf

Tape: 2 Story: 1 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. reflects upon his experience as a caddy at Tumble Brook Country Club in Bloomfield, Connecticut

Tape: 2 Story: 2 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. explains how reading impacted him as a child

Tape: 2 Story: 3 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. describes living in public housing and the schools he attended in Hartford, Connecticut

Tape: 2 Story: 4 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. names influential school mentors

Tape: 2 Story: 5 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. describes his experience at Weaver High School in Hartford, Connecticut

Tape: 2 Story: 6 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. recounts his decision to attend the University of Arizona in Tucson, Arizona

Tape: 2 Story: 7 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. describes his experience at the University of Arizona in Tucson, Arizona

Tape: 2 Story: 8 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. recalls his decision to transfer to Howard University in Washington, D.C.

Tape: 2 Story: 9 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. remembers his experience at Howard University in Washington, D.C.

Tape: 2 Story: 10 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. remembers meeting his future wife at Howard University in Washington, D.C.

Tape: 3 Story: 1 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. describes courting and marrying his wife

Tape: 3 Story: 2 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. relates why he wanted to become a lawyer

Tape: 3 Story: 3 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. describes the activism on campus at Howard University in Washington, D.C.

Tape: 3 Story: 4 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. describes his experience at Howard University School of Law in Washington, D.C.

Tape: 3 Story: 5 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. remembers his early career after law school

Tape: 3 Story: 6 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. describes his experience at Robinson & Cole LLP in Hartford, Connecticut

Tape: 3 Story: 7 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. explains how he became involved in politics

Tape: 3 Story: 8 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. reflects on his tenure in the Connecticut State Senate

Tape: 3 Story: 9 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. talks about Aetna Life Insurance Company in Hartford, Connecticut

Tape: 4 Story: 1 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. explains why he attended Hartford Seminary in Hartford, Connecticut

Tape: 4 Story: 2 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. talks about his interest in theology

Tape: 4 Story: 3 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. explains how he used his master's degree in religious studies

Tape: 4 Story: 4 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. talks about his involvement with the National Conference of Christians and Jews

Tape: 4 Story: 5 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. talks about the naming of the National Conference for Community and Justice

Tape: 4 Story: 6 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. describes the work of the National Conference for Community and Justice, pt. 1

Tape: 4 Story: 7 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. describes the work of the National Conference for Community and Justice, pt. 2

Tape: 5 Story: 1 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. reflects upon highlights from his work with the National Conference for Community and Justice

Tape: 5 Story: 2 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. describes his hopes and concerns for the African American community

Tape: 5 Story: 3 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. reflects upon his life

Tape: 5 Story: 4 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. describes his future plans

Tape: 5 Story: 5 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. talks about his family

Tape: 5 Story: 6 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. reflects upon his legacy

Tape: 5 Story: 7 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. talks about his parents witnessing his success

Tape: 5 Story: 8 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. describes how he would like to be remembered

Tape: 5 Story: 9 - Sanford Cloud, Jr. narrates his photographs

DASession

1$1

DATape

3$4

DAStory

2$4

DATitle
Sanford Cloud, Jr. relates why he wanted to become a lawyer
Sanford Cloud, Jr. talks about his involvement with the National Conference of Christians and Jews
Transcript
Now let me go back to undergraduate school at Howard [University, Washington, D.C.]. You graduated from Howard--$$Nineteen sixty-six [1966].$$Okay. Okay. And, and what--what influenced you to become a lawyer?$$Well I was, well as I told you the, the assassination of President [John Fitzgerald] Kennedy led me to the first thought and the fact that [President] Lyndon [Baines] Johnson was gonna become president. Of course, as it turned out he was a great president for African American people, and, and, and our interests. But just the, the sense of, I'd always been focused on issues of social justice and, and during that time at Howard, you know, not only were the Civil Rights Movement going on and gaining momentum but the war in Vietnam [Vietnam War] was raging. I became very involved in the student government and at the, my senior year ended up becoming president of the student body and so very involved in social related issues. And I also had the opportunity to work for the late Senator Thomas [J.] Dodd, Senator Chris Dodd's father, while I was at Howard as a research assistant. And that exposed me to the world of the United States Senate and that was an extraordinary experience. So all of those, all of those experiences and the environment in which I found myself led me to, to the law.$You eventually became involved with the National Council for Christians and Jews [sic. National Conference of Christians and Jews (NCCJ)] and did, when, when did you first become involved with that organization?$$Well I was, ended up heading up the Aetna Foundation for several years and in 1992 I decided that I wanted to go back to practicing law. I had been at Aetna [Life Insurance Company; Aetna Inc., Hartford, Connecticut] for fifteen years all told, and in that particular part of my journey with Aetna and, and, and just wanted a different environment, wanted out of the corporate environment at the time. And my partners at Robinson & Cole [LLP, Hartford, Connecticut] invited me to return home. And so I did and that's where I thought I was going to be, I had become chairman of the new foundation in the Hartford [Connecticut] area focused on children's issues called the Children's Fund [of Connecticut]. And so that's what I thought I was going to do, y'know go back to having a corporate and, and community practice. And, and then in ninety--late '93 [1993], I received a call from a headhunter in Chicago [Illinois] it was just before Thanksgiving weekend. And she said "I have talked to a number of people around the country and your name keeps coming up as the person that oughta become the next president of the National Conference [for Community and Justice]." Which it had, what it had become to be called simply the National Conference founded as the National Conference of Christians and Jews. And, "Would you be interested? It's an old human relations organization founded in 1927 and, and it's got some sixty regional offices in thirty some odd states around the country and, and oh, by the way it's headquartered in New York City [New York, New York]." And I said, I said, "You must be kidding to think that I would leave my beloved Connecticut Valley to go down and work in New York City." I said, "I like New York but I'm not going down to work and live there." And I said, "But send me some information and I will try to find you an appropriate candidate." And so she did and at some point over the Thanksgiving weekend I opened it up and what I opened up was the 1992 annual report. And while I had known of the National Conference of Christians and Jews, we had a very active regional office here in Connecticut and led by some very prominent old friends of mine that I knew, I didn't even know what they did but I figured, you know, Christians and Jews are getting together it must be a good organization and, and that's how I viewed it. Well I opened up this 1992 annual report, on the inside cover was the mission statement and the mission statement said, "And this National Conference, founders of the National Conference of Christians and Jews in 1927 as a human relations organization dedicated to fighting bias and bigotry and racism among all people and promoting understanding and respect among all people through advocacy, conflict, resolution, and education." I said, "No, this can't be what this organization is about. How could this be what its mission is?" Well that mission spoke to me primarily because all of my life I've always been about trying to build community across all of the divides, the race, ethnicity, culture, and, and faith. And, and in a quiet moment I said to myself, Sandy Cloud [HistoryMaker Sanford Cloud, Jr.] you oughta take your experience in the law and in public life and the corporate world and theological education and community building and go down to New York and, and focus on advancing this mission. And so Diane [Brown Cloud] and I had a conversation about all of that and she said, "You do what your, where your heart wants to take you." And so I ended up going down to New York eleven years ago in '94 [1994] and extraordinary run, I just retired from NCCJ at the end of December. And it was an extraordinary journey for me and hope I did some good that was '94 [1994] to, to '04 [2004], '94 [1994].$$Okay.$$--to '04 [2004].