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Dr. L. Natalie Carroll

Obstetrician and gynecologist L. Natalie Carroll was born on January 26, 1950 in Nashville, Tennessee. Her father, Dr. Carl Mark Carroll, was a physician; her mother, Ruth (Carter) Carroll, a librarian. Carroll studied psychology at Lake Forest College, in Lake Forest, Illinois, for three years, then continued her education at Meharry Medical College in Nashville, Tennessee, where she earned her M.D. degree in 1974. While at Meharry, Carroll completed an externship at Howard University College of Medicine, Washington, D.C. in pediatrics, and an externship at Baylor College of Medicine, Jefferson Davis Hospital, Houston, Texas in obstetrics and gynecology. She also completed her surgery rotation at Harvard University School of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital in the Harvard-Meharry Exchange Program.

In 1975, Carroll became the first woman to complete a surgery internship at the Washington Hospital Center in Washington, D.C.; and, in 1978, became the first African American woman to complete an obstetrics/gynecology residency at the same facility. From 1978 to 1980, she served as chair of the Quality Assurance Review for Women’s Clinic, supervisor/chair of Routine Obstetrics/Gynecology Care, and supervisor of the Nurse Midwife/Nurse practitioner program for obstetrics and gynecology at Darnall Army Hospital in Fort Hood, Texas. In 1980, Carroll opened her own Houston, Texas-based private ob/gyn practice and was named an associate clinical instructor, staff physician and a member of the Quality Assurance Sub-Committee for Obstetrics/Gynecology at Hermann Memorial Hospital, University of Texas Health Science Center. From 1983 to 1985, she chaired the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at St. Elizabeth’s Hospital in Houston, and served as chairman of the Quality Assurance and Utilization Review. In 2002, Carroll was elected president of the National Medical Association (NMA), the oldest and largest organization of black healthcare professionals in the United States.

She has served on the boards of the Depelchin Children's Center and the Harris County Children's Protective Services, and on the Texas Department of Health Advisory Board Commission on Birth Defects and Genetic Abnormalities. Carroll was president of the Lone Star State Medical Association and an officer of the Houston Medical Forum. She also served as board chair of the Riverside National Bank and of the NMA. Carroll has been a member of the Alpha Omega Alpha Medical Honor Society and The Links, Inc., a Fellow of the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG), and a member of the Texas branch of ACOG, the Diabetic Epidemic Action Council of the American Diabetes Association, and the Stakeholders of AHRQ

Carroll’s awards include the March of Dimes' Outstanding Service Award and the NMA’s Outstanding Leadership Award for chairing the Health Policy Committee in 1997. She was honored by Aetna as a black American physician in 2002, and was named one of Ebony magazine’s 100 List of Organizational Leaders in 2003. Carroll has also received an honorary Doctorate of Science degree from Lake Forest College in Illinois, and a Distinguished Physician of the Year Award from the University of Texas Health Science Center, Memorial Hermann Hospital.

Carroll and her husband, Warren B. Dailey, live in Houston, Texas.

L. Natalie Carroll was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on May 8, 2014.

Accession Number

A2014.141

Sex

Female

Interview Date

5/8/2014

12/1/2016

Last Name

Carroll

Maker Category
Marital Status

Married

Middle Name

Natalie

Schools

Atherton Elementary

Turner Elementary School

William E. Miller Junior High School

Crispus Attucks Middle

Jack Yates High School

Lake Forest College

Meharry Medical College

First Name

LaVerne

Birth City, State, Country

Nashville

HM ID

CAR30

Favorite Season

Spring and summer

State

Tennessee

Favorite Vacation Destination

Bermuda

Favorite Quote

Nothing beats a failure but a try.

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Texas

Birth Date

1/26/1950

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Houston

Country

USA

Favorite Food

I love steak, but don't eat it much any more

Short Description

Obstetrician and gynecologist Dr. L. Natalie Carroll (1950 - ) served as president of the National Medical Association from 2002 to 2003. She operated her own ob/gyn practice in Houston, Texas since 1980.

Employment

Washington Hospital Center

Dept. of Army Darnall Army Hospital

Self Employed

Hermann Memorial Hospital, University of Texas Health Science Center

St. Elizabeth's Hospital

Favorite Color

Pink

Benjamin Tucker

Noted jazz musician Benjamin Mayor Tucker was born on December 13, 1930 in Brentwood, Tennessee. Tucker and his twin brother grew up in Nashville with their parents Carrie Clayborne and Joseph Tucker. He graduated from Pearl High School in 1946 and matriculated at Tennessee State University in 1949 as a music major. In 1950, he joined the United States Air Force, serving for four years.

Tucker’s love for music began at an early age. He taught himself to play the tuba at the age of thirteen and later the bass violin and piano. Some of his favorite jazz musicians included Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington and Fletcher Henderson. In 1956, Tucker moved to Hollywood, California, where he met Warren Marsh. His first recording was a collaboration with Marsh entitled Jazz of Two Cities in 1959. That same year, Metronome magazine named him one of the world’s top ten bass players. In 1961, he recorded Coming Home Baby, a hit for Herbie Mann and Mel Torme. This song was featured in the film Get Shorty.

Tucker became Savannah, Georgia’s first African American radio station owner in 1972 when he purchased WSOK Radio. WSOK was the top AM station for thirteen years. His station had over 400,000 listeners and a reputation of integrity in advertising. In 1989, Tucker opened Hard Hearted Hannah’s, a jazz club. He was not only the owner of the club, but he also led the band six nights a week.

Tucker served on the boards of several organizations. President Jimmy Carter appointed him to serve on the Selective Service Board, and President Ronald Reagan reappointed him. Tucker for the 1996 Olympic Committee in Atlanta, Georgia. He was also the creator of the Telfair Jazz Society in Savannah.

Tucker and his wife, Gloria, resided in Savannah, Georgia. They had two adult children, Sabra and Wayne.

Tucker was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on January 23, 2007.

Benjamin Tucker passed away on June 4, 2013.

Accession Number

A2007.026

Sex

Male

Interview Date

1/23/2007

Last Name

Tucker

Maker Category
Schools

Tennessee State University

Martin Luther King Jr Magnet High School

Search Occupation Category
First Name

Benjamin

Birth City, State, Country

Brentwood

HM ID

TUC05

Favorite Season

Spring

Sponsor

Savannah Chapter of the Links, Inc

State

Tennessee

Favorite Vacation Destination

Barbados, Grenada, Antigua

Favorite Quote

I Love You.

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Georgia

Interview Description
Birth Date

12/13/1930

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Savannah

Country

USA

Favorite Food

Ox Tails, Filet Mignon

Death Date

6/4/2013

Short Description

Radio entrepreneur and jazz bassist Benjamin Tucker (1930 - 2013 ) was Savannah, Georgia's first African American radio station owner.

Employment

Tuckrow Productions, Inc.

WSOK Radio

WLVH Radio

Hard Hearted Hannah's

Main Sponsor
Main Sponsor URL
Favorite Color

Lavender, Purple

Timing Pairs
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DAStories

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395624">Tape: 1 Slating of Benjamin Tucker's interview</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395625">Tape: 1 Benjamin Tucker lists his favorites</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395626">Tape: 1 Benjamin Tucker remembers his paternal grandfather</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395627">Tape: 1 Benjamin Tucker remembers his paternal grandmother</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395628">Tape: 1 Benjamin Tucker remembers his maternal grandparents</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395629">Tape: 1 Benjamin Tucker recalls lessons from his maternal grandfather</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395630">Tape: 1 Benjamin Tucker recalls his father's gardening skills</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395631">Tape: 1 Benjamin Tucker remembers his relationship with his father</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395632">Tape: 1 Benjamin Tucker describes his mother</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395633">Tape: 1 Benjamin Tucker remembers his home in Brentwood, Tennessee</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395634">Tape: 2 Benjamin Tucker remembers his mother's resourcefulness</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395635">Tape: 2 Benjamin Tucker describes his brothers</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395636">Tape: 2 Benjamin Tucker remembers his neighbors in Brentwood, Tennessee</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395637">Tape: 2 Benjamin Tucker remembers Brentwood Elementary School in Brentwood, Tennessee</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395638">Tape: 2 Benjamin Tucker describes his earliest childhood memories</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395639">Tape: 2 Benjamin Tucker recalls his childhood activities</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395640">Tape: 2 Benjamin Tucker describes the sights, sounds and smells of his childhood</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395641">Tape: 2 Benjamin Tucker remembers Pearl High School in Nashville, Tennessee</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395642">Tape: 2 Benjamin Tucker recalls serving in the U.S. Air Force</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395643">Tape: 2 Benjamin Tucker recalls his experience of racial discrimination on a bus ride</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395644">Tape: 2 Benjamin Tucker recalls discovering the jazz community in Los Angeles, California</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/428734">Tape: 3 Benjamin Tucker remembers his bass violin training</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/428735">Tape: 3 Benjamin Tucker recalls purchasing his Tyrolean bass violin</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/428736">Tape: 3 Benjamin Tucker recalls his introduction to New York City's jazz community</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/428737">Tape: 3 Benjamin Tucker recalls playing with Marian McPartland at the Hickory House in New York City</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/428738">Tape: 3 Benjamin Tucker recalls his early recordings on the West Coast</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/428739">Tape: 3 Benjamin Tucker remembers recording 'Comin' Home Baby'</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/428740">Tape: 3 Benjamin Tucker recalls the impact of the record, 'Comin' Home Baby'</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/428741">Tape: 3 Benjamin Tucker remembers helping Bobby Hebb record 'Sunny'</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/428742">Tape: 3 Benjamin Tucker recalls selling his publishing rights to 'Sunny'</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395654">Tape: 4 Benjamin Tucker remembers founding Tuckrow Productions, Inc.</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395655">Tape: 4 Benjamin Tucker remembers creating educational songs</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395656">Tape: 4 Benjamin Tucker recalls his venture into the radio broadcast industry</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395657">Tape: 4 Benjamin Tucker recalls purchasing WSOK Radio in Savannah, Georgia</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395658">Tape: 4 Benjamin Tucker recalls his initial challenges at WSOK Radio</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395659">Tape: 4 Benjamin Tucker describes his programming at WSOK Radio</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395660">Tape: 4 Benjamin Tucker remembers his community engagement at WSOK Radio</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395661">Tape: 4 Benjamin Tucker recalls buying WLVH Radio in Hardeeville, South Carolina</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395662">Tape: 4 Benjamin Tucker recalls building a new broadcast tower for WLVH Radio</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395663">Tape: 5 Benjamin Tucker recalls his return to musicianship</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395664">Tape: 5 Benjamin Tucker talks about his committee and board service</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395665">Tape: 5 Benjamin Tucker recalls musicians with whom he played in Savannah, Georgia</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395666">Tape: 5 Benjamin Tucker recalls Hard Hearted Hannah's jazz club in Savannah, Georgia</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395667">Tape: 5 Benjamin Tucker talks about the challenges of owning a restaurant</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395668">Tape: 5 Benjamin Tucker describes his commitment to Savannah's African American community</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395669">Tape: 5 Benjamin Tucker recalls his social activism in Savannah, Georgia, pt. 1</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395670">Tape: 5 Benjamin Tucker recalls his social activism in Savannah, Georgia, pt. 2</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395671">Tape: 5 Benjamin Tucker recalls playing music at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, Georgia</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395672">Tape: 5 Benjamin Tucker talks about his albums, 'Savannah Presents Jazz' and 'Christmas in Savannah'</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395673">Tape: 5 Benjamin Tucker talks about his diabetes advocacy</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395674">Tape: 6 Benjamin Tucker recalls playing with renowned jazz musicians</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395675">Tape: 6 Benjamin Tucker remembers touring with Peggy Lee</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395676">Tape: 6 Benjamin Tucker remembers repairing his antique bass violin</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395677">Tape: 6 Benjamin Tucker talks about musicians with whom he would like to play</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395678">Tape: 6 Benjamin Tucker describes the changes in Brentwood, Tennessee</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395679">Tape: 6 Benjamin Tucker talks about his family members</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395680">Tape: 6 Benjamin Tucker reflects upon his life</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395681">Tape: 6 Benjamin Tucker describes how he would like to be remembered</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/395682">Tape: 6 Benjamin Tucker narrates his photographs</a>

DASession

1$1

DATape

3$4

DAStory

6$5

DATitle
Benjamin Tucker remembers recording 'Comin' Home Baby'
Benjamin Tucker recalls his initial challenges at WSOK Radio
Transcript
What year was this that you make the record that was the big hit for you?$$Oh, that was--that, that was--the big hit that, that I wrote was in 1961--1960.$$And tell me the name of it one more time?$$It's called 'Comin' Home Baby,' C-O-M-I-N, Home Baby.$$And you said you wrote it for your wife?$$I wrote it for my wife. (Laughter) Yeah, it was funny--you know, it was funny. She, she was--I was at the bar one night in, in the Hickory House [New York, New York], and a guy walks in and he sits down and starts talking to me. And I tell--I tell him, I said, "Look, man, I need a place to stay. I don't have a place to stay." He said, "You don't?" I said, "No." He says, "I know a lady that, that maybe she, she could help you," and he calls Gloria [Gloria Daly Tucker]. Gloria was sick at the time. She, she just got out of the hospital. She's sick, so she tried to help me. And I was so appreciative of someone trying to help me back then, I invited her to come to the Hickory House and be my guest and see Tucker [HistoryMaker Benjamin Tucker] was making some money, you know, I, I could afford more than a cup of coffee. But she came. She didn't come when I invited her to come, she came about three or four weeks later. She was supposed to come like this week, she didn't come like until six weeks later, three, three to six weeks later. She, she pops in. When she walked through the front door, I said, that's her 'cause she came in with a girlfriend. She had this mink hat on and, and mink around her neck and leather, leather coat and I said, ooh, look out. And sure enough, it was her. She walked in, the maitre d' seated them. And when I came off the bandstand, I went straight to her and sit down next to her and I said, "Hey, there." She (laughter)--she says, "You (unclear)," I said (laughter)--I played around with her. I said, "Well, this is mine. I want you. I appreciate what you did, girl. You're something else." And it worked out. And I just kept hounding her and hounding her from day in and day out for about six months and finally she gave in. "Okay, all right, all right." And so the result is she's my wife. And I was practicing back then and I came across this melody on my instrument. I said, hm, son of a gun. Played it. In about ten minutes, I had the whole song written. So I was working with Herbie Mann at the Village Gate [New York, New York] at the time and I said, "Herbie, I'm gonna teach you a song," right. He says, "Cool." So I taught him the song. And they were recording live the next night and I taught the song to the vibraphonist and to the drummer. Each, each, each musician I would teach, teach the song. "Hey, man, this the way this go," (makes sounds). And I went up and did one take live and it was a big smash, twenty-three minutes long, one tune. Three tunes on the album, one tune that long, big hit. And here I am again smiling from jaw to jaw. The guy said (laughter)--it was funny. It was funny. I was on the road. I left--Herbie went on the road with Chris Connor and, and while I was on the road, guys would tell me, "Hey man, you got a big tune in, in Cash Box and Record World," and, and, and I said, "Oh, really? Okay." I didn't know it until I saw it and then right here, there it was.$So you purchased the radio station.$$I purchased the radio station.$$Okay.$$And--$$What was the first order of business?$$The first order of business was to find out what I was going to program and how I was going to program it. Then, I ran into a lot of opposition from the people that were--that were at the station when I--when I walked in the first day. They didn't wanna see me. They didn't wanna hear me. They didn't--'cause I'd never ran a station before in my life, but I was determined that what is needed on the air, you don't need a tremendous amount of experienced with it. All you need to do is know what direction you wanna go in. And so I had that--I had that laid out already in my own mind and down on paper, cool, so I went in. A lot of people quit. I didn't know that at WSOK [WSOK Radio, Savannah, Georgia] that at that time, they had a lot of shooting going on and other--drugs going on and, and up in the--in the ceiling there's all kinds of gunshots, you know, in the--in this--I had no idea this went down. It's a good thing that they didn't tell me this 'cause I, I--I would have probably flipped out. But then--but, but then, I, I had employees to, to, to get so down on me that they went and, and, and--to South Carolina side and bring--they brought the voodoo thing on me. I went through the voodoo. Let me tell, tell you about that voodoo business, you know. The voodoo was that they would have dead cats laid out along the path of, of--for me coming to the station and that's supposed to redirect my, my directions in life, or what I need to do (laughter). They were trying to control me, you know. "Hey, hey, hey, boy, you can't do that (unclear)." So, I would--I would get the rake every morning for about a month and rake this cat out the way. One morning I came there and there was--there was a cross like this (gesture) with, with cat heads, nine cat heads, six and three like this laying up against the--I said, I don't believe this, man. So I, I get the rake again and knock the--knock the--knock the cross down and kick the rake on in, in the back and just, just kicking it along and kicking it along. I didn't wanna touch it, you know. I just kicked it down there. Finally, they gave up (laughter). They finally gave up. But, but, but some other things went on, you know, besides that in terms of running the station, trying--when, when I finally got the station moving forward, everything quieted down, the community believed in what I was doing and I was bringing community affairs, I was dealing with economics. I, I even cleaned up the gospel program, bringing on churches and things of this nature, trying to make it--make it more better and, and trying to deal with them. And, and I became number one in the market, that was the first forty-three days of, of being there and I stayed number one for about eleven years with an AM station, with 1000 watts a day and 250 watts at night, right (simultaneous).$$(Simultaneous) Wow.