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Jewell Jackson McCabe

Founder of the National Coalition of 100 Black Women, Jewell Jackson McCabe was born on August 2, 1945, in Washington, D.C., to broadcasting pioneer Harold “Hal” Jackson and businesswoman, Julia O. Hawkins. McCabe started dancing at three and graduated from the New York High School of Performing Arts as a dance major in 1963. McCabe attended Bard College until 1964, when she left after her marriage to Frederick Ward, an advertising copywriter; they divorced in 1967. McCabe later married Eugene McCabe, then-president of North General Hospital in New York City; though the couple divorced in 1992, McCabe retained her former last name for professional purposes.

Active in the community, McCabe spent summers in the late 1960s teaching dance to at-risk teens in Harlem. McCabe began her institutional career when she took a receptionist’s job with the city in 1969. After swift and repeated promotions, McCabe was named Director of Public Affairs at the New York Urban Coalition in 1970. That same year, McCabe joined a small group of women, the first chapter of the NY Coalition of 100 Black Women. McCabe served as Press Officer for Women and Minorities under Gov. Hugh Cary from 1975 to 1977. In 1977, McCabe became Director of Government and Community Affairs for WNET-TV. Elected president of the Coalition of 100 Black Women, in 1976, McCabe expanded the organization nationally; it became the National Coalition of 100 Black Women in 1981. In 1991, McCabe stepped down to become the Chairman of the Board, an office she held until 1993 when McCabe became the first woman finalist for the executive directorship of the NAACP.

A Presidential, Gubernatorial, and Mayoral appointee, McCabe was appointed by President Clinton to the United States Holocaust Memorial Council’s Committee on Conscience. Governor Mario M. Cuomo appointed McCabe to the New York State Council on Fiscal and Economic Priorities and to Chair of the New York State’s Job Training Partnership Council.

McCabe has earned two honorary doctorates, from Iona and Tougaloo Colleges, and has served on the following boards: Reliance Group Holdings; the New York City Investment Fund, L.I.C; The Wharton School of Business; and Bard College. McCabe is President of Jewell Jackson McCabe Associates – a multi-lingual strategic communications firm specializing in competitiveness training and executive coaching. The firm has advised American Express; Time Warner; The Coca-Cola Company; Matsushita Electric Corporation of America (Panasonic); International Business Machines Corporation (IBM); Council for Opportunity in Education (COE); NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc.; Metropolitan Museum of Modern Art; Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum; and The College Board. McCabe, a frequent guest political analyst, has opined on the Today Show, in The New York Times, and is featured in Brian Lanker’s “I Dream A World: Portraits of Black Women Who Changed America”. McCabe has also been honored for her community activism by receiving the following awards: citation from Malcolm/King College; citation from the YWCA; Eastern Region Urban League Guild Award; a Seagram's Civic Award; a Links, Inc. Civic Award; and an Outstanding Community Leadership Award from Malcolm/King College.

Accession Number

A2007.181

Sex

Female

Interview Date

6/7/2007 |and| 6/20/2007 |and| 6/25/2007

6/7/2007

6/20/2007

6/25/2007

Last Name

McCabe

Maker Category
Middle Name

Jackson

Schools

Fiorello H. LaGuardia High School of Music & Art and Performing Arts

Bard College

P.S. 136 Roy Wilkins School

Park View Elementary School

First Name

Jewell

Birth City, State, Country

Washington

HM ID

MCC10

Favorite Season

Fall, Summer

State

District of Columbia

Favorite Vacation Destination

St. James Island, Italian Riviera, French Riviera

Favorite Quote

In order to be in the right place at the right time, one has to be in the wrong place 90% of the time with the perseverance to keep going in order for that 10% to pay off.$Behind every significant finding in American history are black women that are unrecognized.$

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

New York

Interview Description
Birth Date

8/2/1945

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

New York

Country

USA

Favorite Food

Shellfish

Short Description

Nonprofit chief executive Jewell Jackson McCabe (1945 - ) was the founder of the National Coalition of 100 Black Women, president of Jewell Jackson McCabe Associates. She was also the first female finalist for the executive directorship of the NAACP.

Employment

New York Urban Coalition

New York City Human Resources Administration/Department of Social Services

Summer in the City

Coalition of 100 Black Women

National Coalition of 100 Black Women

Favorite Color

Gold, Orange, Red, Yellow

Timing Pairs
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DAStories

Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Slating of Jewell Jackson McCabe's interview, session 1

Tape: 1 Story: 2 - Jewell Jackson McCabe lists her favorites, session 1

Tape: 1 Story: 3 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes her father's family background

Tape: 1 Story: 4 - Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about her father's upbringing, pt. 1

Tape: 1 Story: 5 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes her father's radio program, 'The House That Jack Built'

Tape: 1 Story: 6 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes her maternal grandmother

Tape: 1 Story: 7 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes her mother and grandmother's relationship

Tape: 1 Story: 8 - Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about her parents' education and religious background

Tape: 1 Story: 9 - Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about her father's first marriage

Tape: 2 Story: 1 - Jewell Jackson McCabe reads Ahmet Ertegun's introduction to her father's autobiography

Tape: 2 Story: 2 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes her parents' early years of marriage

Tape: 2 Story: 3 - Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about her siblings

Tape: 2 Story: 4 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes her earliest childhood memories, pt. 1

Tape: 2 Story: 5 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes her upbringing

Tape: 2 Story: 6 - Jewell Jackson McCabe remembers her parents' famous acquiantances

Tape: 2 Story: 7 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes her extracurricular activities

Tape: 3 Story: 1 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes her birth at her parents' home

Tape: 3 Story: 2 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes her relationships with her siblings

Tape: 3 Story: 3 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes her childhood in Washington, D.C., pt. 1

Tape: 3 Story: 4 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes her family's traditional meals

Tape: 3 Story: 5 - Jewell Jackson McCabe remembers her early sense of responsibility

Tape: 3 Story: 6 - Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about her dance training

Tape: 3 Story: 7 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes her schooling, pt. 1

Tape: 3 Story: 8 - Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about her hobbies

Tape: 3 Story: 9 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes her home life

Tape: 3 Story: 10 - Jewell Jackson McCabe recalls her start at the High School of Performing Arts in New York City

Tape: 4 Story: 1 - Jewell Jackson McCabe recalls her audition for the High School of Performing Arts in New York City

Tape: 4 Story: 2 - Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about the dancers she admired

Tape: 4 Story: 3 - Jewell Jackson McCabe recalls her challenges at the High School of Performing Arts, pt. 1

Tape: 4 Story: 4 - Jewell Jackson McCabe recalls her challenges at the High School of Performing Arts, pt. 2

Tape: 4 Story: 5 - Jewell Jackson McCabe recalls her decision to attend Bard College in Annandale-on-Hudson, New York

Tape: 4 Story: 6 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes her first marriage

Tape: 4 Story: 7 - Jewell Jackson McCabe remembers living in New York City's Greenwich Village

Tape: 4 Story: 8 - Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about her parents' relationship

Tape: 5 Story: 1 - Jewell Jackson McCabe recalls her experiences as a switchboard operator, pt. 1

Tape: 5 Story: 2 - Jewell Jackson McCabe recalls joining the New York City Human Resources Administration

Tape: 5 Story: 3 - Jewell Jackson McCabe recalls working for the Summer in the City program

Tape: 5 Story: 4 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes how she met Eugene L. McCabe

Tape: 5 Story: 5 - Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about her divorce

Tape: 5 Story: 6 - Jewell Jackson McCabe recalls how she came to work for the New York Urban Coalition

Tape: 5 Story: 7 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes her early career at the New York Urban Coalition, pt. 1

Tape: 6 Story: 1 - Jewell Jackson McCabe remembers her early challenges as a manager

Tape: 6 Story: 2 - Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about successful businesspeople who were not college graduates

Tape: 6 Story: 3 - Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about her early philanthropy

Tape: 6 Story: 4 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes her mother's career

Tape: 6 Story: 5 - Jewell Jackson McCabe remembers her mother's stroke

Tape: 6 Story: 6 - Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about her mother's influence

Tape: 6 Story: 7 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes the circumstances of her parents' divorce, pt. 1

Tape: 6 Story: 8 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes the circumstances of her parents' divorce, pt. 2

Tape: 6 Story: 9 - Jewell Jackson McCabe recalls her father's business activities in New York City

Tape: 6 Story: 10 - Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about her father's career, pt. 1

Tape: 7 Story: 1 - Slating of Jewell Jackson McCabe's interview, session 2

Tape: 7 Story: 2 - Jewell Jackson McCabe lists her favorites, session 2

Tape: 7 Story: 3 - Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about her maternal grandmother's experiences of discrimination

Tape: 7 Story: 4 - Jewell Jackson McCabe recalls lessons from her maternal grandmother

Tape: 7 Story: 5 - Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about her mother's upbringing and parenthood

Tape: 7 Story: 6 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes her mother's education

Tape: 7 Story: 7 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes her father's education

Tape: 7 Story: 8 - Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about her father's career, pt. 2

Tape: 7 Story: 9 - Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about how her parents met

Tape: 7 Story: 10 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes her mother's leadership

Tape: 8 Story: 1 - Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about her upbringing in a wealthy black family

Tape: 8 Story: 2 - Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about her mother and father's parenting style

Tape: 8 Story: 3 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes her mother's social circle

Tape: 8 Story: 4 - Jewell Jackson McCabe remembers moving with her family to New York City

Tape: 8 Story: 5 - Jewell Jackson McCabe remembers going backstage at New York City's Apollo Theater

Tape: 8 Story: 6 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes her family's food traditions

Tape: 8 Story: 7 - Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about her father's legacy in the entertainment industry

Tape: 8 Story: 8 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes her transition to the High School of Performing Arts in New York City

Tape: 8 Story: 9 - Jewell Jackson McCabe remembers the dance department of the High School of Performing Arts

Tape: 9 Story: 1 - Jewell Jackson McCabe recalls her experiences as a dancer at the High School of Performing Arts in New York City

Tape: 9 Story: 2 - Jewell Jackson McCabe reflects upon her exclusion from the senior recital at the High School of Performing Arts

Tape: 9 Story: 3 - Jewell Jackson McCabe remembers Arthur Mitchell's advice

Tape: 9 Story: 4 - Jewell Jackson McCabe reflects upon her dance background

Tape: 9 Story: 5 - Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about her father's social circle

Tape: 9 Story: 6 - Jewell Jackson McCabe remembers her mentors

Tape: 9 Story: 7 - Jewell Jackson McCabe recalls her decision to study dance at Bard College

Tape: 9 Story: 8 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes Bard College in Annandale-on-Hudson, New York

Tape: 9 Story: 9 - Jewell Jackson McCabe recalls her experiences in the dance department at Bard College

Tape: 9 Story: 10 - Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about her early career

Tape: 10 Story: 1 - Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about her charitable activities

Tape: 10 Story: 2 - Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about her early ambitions

Tape: 10 Story: 3 - Jewell Jackson McCabe recalls teaching dance to pregnant youth

Tape: 10 Story: 4 - Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about her position at the New York City Human Resources Administration

Tape: 10 Story: 5 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes the political climate of the 1960s and 1970s

Tape: 10 Story: 6 - Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about her early career advancement, pt. 1

Tape: 10 Story: 7 - Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about her early career advancement, pt. 2

Tape: 10 Story: 8 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes her start at the New York Urban Coalition

Tape: 10 Story: 9 - Jewell Jackson McCabe recalls her promotion at the New York Urban Coalition

Tape: 10 Story: 10 - Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about the Commission on the Status of Women

Tape: 11 Story: 1 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes the black community's tradition of service

Tape: 11 Story: 2 - Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about the erasure of black women's achievements

Tape: 11 Story: 3 - Jewell Jackson McCabe recalls the founding of the Coalition of 100 Black Women, pt. 1

Tape: 11 Story: 4 - Jewell Jackson McCabe recalls her introduction to the coalition movement

Tape: 11 Story: 5 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes the aims of the National Coalition of 100 Black Women

Tape: 11 Story: 6 - Jewell Jackson McCabe recalls the early years of the Coalition of 100 Black Women

Tape: 11 Story: 7 - Jewell Jackson McCabe remembers the mentorship of J. Bruce Llewellyn

Tape: 11 Story: 8 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes her work with the Partnership for New York City

Tape: 11 Story: 9 - Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about the importance of networking

Tape: 12 Story: 1 - Jewell Jackson McCabe reflects upon her early career, pt. 1

Tape: 12 Story: 2 - Jewell Jackson McCabe reflects upon her early career, pt. 2

Tape: 12 Story: 3 - Jewell Jackson McCabe remembers lobbying the U.S. Senate

Tape: 12 Story: 4 - Jewell Jackson McCabe reflects upon her career

Tape: 12 Story: 5 - Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about Governor Hugh Carey's administration

Tape: 12 Story: 6 - Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about globalization

Tape: 12 Story: 7 - Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about her recruitment strategy

Tape: 12 Story: 8 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes the founding of the National Coalition of 100 Black Women, pt. 1

Tape: 12 Story: 9 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes the founding of the National Coalition of 100 Black Women, pt. 2

Tape: 13 Story: 1 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes her involvement in the Coalition of 100 Black Women

Tape: 13 Story: 2 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes her connection to social activists

Tape: 13 Story: 3 - Jewell Jackson McCabe recalls the founding of the Coalition of 100 Black Women, pt. 2

Tape: 13 Story: 4 - Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about black women's history of service

Tape: 13 Story: 5 - Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about white male leadership

Tape: 13 Story: 6 - Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about her political values, pt. 1

Tape: 13 Story: 7 - Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about her skill set

Tape: 13 Story: 8 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes the New York Urban Coalition's Give a Damn newsletter

Tape: 14 Story: 1 - Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about her political values, pt. 2

Tape: 14 Story: 2 - Jewell Jackson McCabe recalls her nomination for the NAACP presidency

Tape: 14 Story: 3 - Jewell Jackson McCabe recalls her campaign for the NAACP presidency, pt. 1

Tape: 14 Story: 4 - Jewell Jackson McCabe recalls her campaign for the NAACP presidency, pt. 2

Tape: 14 Story: 5 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes her challenges while running for the NAACP presidency

Tape: 14 Story: 6 - Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about the male supporters of her NAACP presidential candidacy

Tape: 15 Story: 1 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes her criticism of Benjamin F. Chavis, Jr.

Tape: 15 Story: 2 - Jewell Jackson McCabe shares her criticism of the Million Man March

Tape: 15 Story: 3 - Jewell Jackson McCabe remembers Spelman College's centennial drive, pt. 1

Tape: 15 Story: 4 - Jewell Jackson McCabe remembers Spelman College's centennial drive, pt. 2

Tape: 15 Story: 5 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes the Coalition of 100 Black Women's role modeling programs, pt. 1

Tape: 15 Story: 6 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes the Coalition of 100 Black Women's role modeling programs, pt. 2

Tape: 15 Story: 7 - Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about the Candace Award, pt. 1

Tape: 15 Story: 8 - Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about the Candace Award, pt. 2

Tape: 16 Story: 1 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes the Aspen Institute Executive Seminar

Tape: 16 Story: 2 - Jewell Jackson McCabe remembers organizing a black women's leadership seminar, pt. 1

Tape: 16 Story: 3 - Jewell Jackson McCabe remembers organizing a black women's leadership seminar, pt. 2

Tape: 16 Story: 4 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes her poll about black female leadership

Tape: 16 Story: 5 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes the corporate board selection process

Tape: 16 Story: 6 - Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about her involvement with the Wharton School in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Tape: 16 Story: 7 - Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about her international travels

Tape: 17 Story: 1 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes her work as an executive coach

Tape: 17 Story: 2 - Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about food traditions in the African American community

Tape: 17 Story: 3 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes the Panasonic Kid Witness News program, pt. 1

Tape: 17 Story: 4 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes the Panasonic Kid Witness News program, pt. 2

Tape: 17 Story: 5 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes her goals for the National Coalition of 100 Black Women

Tape: 17 Story: 6 - Jewell Jackson McCabe reflects upon her professional opportunities

Tape: 17 Story: 7 - Jewell Jackson McCabe recalls suffering a nearly fatal car accident

Tape: 17 Story: 8 - Jewell Jackson McCabe describes how she would like to be remembered

Tape: 18 Story: 1 - Jewell Jackson McCabe narrates her photographs

DASession

2$2

DATape

11$12

DAStory

2$9

DATitle
Jewell Jackson McCabe talks about the erasure of black women's achievements
Jewell Jackson McCabe describes the founding of the National Coalition of 100 Black Women, pt. 2
Transcript
When I'm asked about the 100 Black Women [Coalition of 100 Black Women; National Coalition of 100 Black Women] it's amusing to me because we know that if you look back over history, there's always been an Ida B. Wells in the picture. You know, there were the great Candaces in the Bible, great warrior princesses, you know. You've got these images that are just--repeat themselves. The responsibility is from generation to generation to improve, to empower, to be as sophisticated because the challenges tend to be the same. But the mechanisms of society that have the issues of classism, racism, sexism, those change. So you've got to know the modern tools, whatever the rhetoric is of the industry. I mean we're in the telecommunications industry today, right. We're in instant information transfer today. So we've got to be as sophisticated in terms of dealing with the issues of suppression as we were after we were so called freed, so that if you look at a Frederick Douglass--and that's why my quote, to me, is very important, that behind every important initiative is a black woman or a group of black women going unrecognized. It was Ida B. Wells whose scholarship--and see, we have to take ownership over our gray matter. My problem with Louis Farrakhan [HistoryMaker Minister Louis Farrakhan]--I enjoy sitting next to him to discuss things, but you cannot have a Million Man March with 50 percent of your gray matter being because of--his religion, suggests that, that 50 percent of the gray matter be disempowered, disenfranchised, marginalized, ignored. You can't have that. So our history starts back--and I like to think about the chronicling, the journalism of Ida B. Wells, who did the research, that had the information, that helped to empower abolitionists but helped to empower the Frederick Douglasses of the world. And when she had to flee, before she went to Europe, when she had to flee Memphis [Tennessee], it was fifty thousand women that came together in New York State under the umbrella of the National Association of Colored Women's Clubs. So these were 19th century women. Josephine St. Pierre Ruffin, 1896, elected the head of. And then the continuum is, here you have--and these become metaphors because for every one name that I mention that has big aura and big marquee, there are smaller examples. When you look at my library and you, and you, and you look at the young women in the Civil Rights Movement of the '60s [1960s] and what they represented--and it has to be recorded, and it has to be respected--it was the elder middle-class black women that said we needed black men. They found Martin Lu- [Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.] he was talented, but they found him and empowered him. So we went from 1896 with Josephine St. Pierre Ruffin to twe- early 20th century. And then you had Ida still fighting in the Niagara Movement with W.E.B. Du Bois. But who's remembered? W.E.B. Du Bois, you know. So you have in 1913, you have this sort of plethora, this, this burst of--whether it be the AKAs [Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc.] started, then the Deltas [Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Inc.] started and the NAACP [National Association for the Advancement of Colored People] start, so you have these starts. But there are major, not better than the black men or the white men or the white women, but need to be recognized and need to be role models to inspire you, to inspire me, for us to understand that we have to raise the bar.$The grid for me when I was going into a town, number one, Ruth Mueller Hill would call, you know, the elder stateswoman, who was usually either a Delta [Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Inc.] or an AKA [Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc.], who--but it didn't matter because she was the woman that everybody genuflected to. And I would look at the, the city and I'd say, "What is the revenue stream from the private sector?" Is it a real estate driven town? Is it a finance driven town? Is it, you know--does Procter and Gamble [Procter and Gamble Company, Cincinnati, Ohio] own the town? Does--is it a consumer product kind of town? And then I'd say, "Give me the highest ranking black woman there." Now at that point, honey, we didn't have titles. We were all secretaries at best. The rarity of the Claudine Malones [Claudine B. Malone], you know, MIT [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts] trained, MIT professor, you know, heads of--Claudine, I'd marvel at her successes. I mean back in the '80s [1980s] Claudine was the chair of audit committees when people didn't know what audit committees (unclear) corporations were. But I say that to say the critical mass of us were in the public sector as either teachers, educators, lawyers. We were not in the private sector. Listen, Ken Chenault [Kenneth Chenault] didn't get recruited. He was an arbitrage specialist but--until 1983. So when I'm talking organizing the 100 Black Women [National Coalition of 100 Black Women] around about 1979, 1980, we launched in 1981. From 1981, in ten months I organized twenty states, and I had launched with fifteen, including District of Columbia. So we were in thirty-four states and the District of Columbia, right? And in certain areas it just proliferated. We lost no one until second generation of presidents after me. And I made a commitment because part of my responsibility was to be a new face for a new generation. And succession planning had not been institutionalized in any of the civil rights organizations. And we were a gender driven civil rights organization [National Coalition of 100 Black Women]. We were good race women, and we're feminists, and it's a combined thing. It's not either/or, you know, when and where I enter, the whole race, so that the grid was I want somebody from the governor's office--in the founding group. And we basically said twenty-four because twenty-four had started the New York [Coalition of 100 Black Women]--. And I want somebody--I want not just somebody. So it was private sector, public sector. It was municipal, state and federal. And you say federal, how could you? Very easy, because you've got a congressional delegation. Therefore, there are people that are legislative aides that work for congressional delegation based in that city.