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Jacqueline Sales

Environmental engineer Jacqueline White Sales was born on May 8, 1946. She graduated from Howard University with her B.S. degree in microbiology in 1968, and her M.E. degree in environmental engineering in 1975. Upon graduation in 1968, Sales served as Chief Technician of the Georgetown University Rheumatology Laboratory at the District of Columbia General Hospital.

In 1979, Sales became the first African American woman environmental engineer hired by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Office of Toxic Substances. While there, she worked at EPA headquarters in Washington, D.C. and was assigned various scientific and public policy roles that involved writing and implementing federal regulations that protect human health, participating in congressional hearings, and chairing national and regional waste forums. Sales’ efforts at the EPA between 1979 and 1988 helped safeguard the environment from the improper disposal of toxic and infectious materials, and hazardous wastes. She led the pioneering effort in development of the Land Disposal Restriction Regulations that governs how hazardous and toxics waste can be disposed and received national recognition for her role in developing federal guidelines for management of medical wastes. Sales also served in the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) where she managed and directed the development of policy guidance documents for DOE Headquarters and field offices. In addition, she worked closely with the assistant secretary of Environment, Safety, and Health where she developed strategies for regulatory compliance and environmental restoration at radioactively contaminated sites.

In 1988, Sales became the founder and president of HAZMED, Inc. While there, Sales focus was on helping clients develop and implement strategies, plans, and programs to manage their specific environmental risks and to protect the public from toxic hazards. She led the effort with EPA to conduct the first study on Environmental Justice. Sales also served as Chair of the Foundation Board of Bowie State University and a National Trustee of the Arthritis Foundation. She served on the Foundation Board of Doctors Community Hospital in Lanham, Maryland, and the Prince Georges Economic Development Corporation Board, She is the owner of the Johnson Browne Business Center for new and emerging businesses.

Sales was recognized by the EPA, who honored her with both the Bronze Medal and the Women in Science and Engineering Award. She was also recognized by the United States Congress as an Outstanding Woman in Scientific and Technical Careers. In 2003, The Network Journal: Black Professionals and Small Business News named Sales as one of the “Top Twenty Five Influential Women in Business.” Under her leadership, HAZMED was named “Maryland Top 100 Minority Business Enterprise” and U.S. Small Business Administration “Minority Small Business of the Year 2000.

Jacqueline White Sales was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on May 24, 2013.

Accession Number

A2013.170

Sex

Female

Interview Date

5/24/2013

Last Name

Sales

Maker Category
Marital Status

Married

Schools

Walter G. O'Connell Copiague High School

Howard University

Search Occupation Category
Speakers Bureau

No

First Name

Jacqueline

Birth City, State, Country

New York

HM ID

SAL03

Favorite Season

Spring

State

New York

Favorite Vacation Destination

Paris, France

Favorite Quote

You Pay The Cost To Be The Boss.

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Florida

Birth Date

5/8/1946

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Jacksonville

Country

USA

Favorite Food

Health Food

Short Description

Environmental engineer Jacqueline Sales (1946 - ) was the first African American woman environmental engineer hired by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Toxic Substances, and the founder and president of HAZMED, Inc., an environmental engineering and information technology firm.

Employment

HAZMED, Inc.

United States Department of Energy

United States Environmental Protection Agency

Bristol Laboratories

New Life Insurance Co. Fairfax General Office,

Rheumatology Laboratory, Freedman'.s Hospital

Georgetown University at D.C. General Hospital,

Favorite Color

Red

Timing Pairs
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DAStories

Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Slating of Jacqueline Sales' interview

Tape: 1 Story: 2 - Jacqueline Sales lists her favorites

Tape: 1 Story: 3 - Jacqueline Sales describes her mother's family background

Tape: 1 Story: 4 - Jacqueline Sales talks about her mother

Tape: 1 Story: 5 - Jacqueline Sales talks about her mother's growing up in New York City

Tape: 1 Story: 6 - Jacqueline Sales describes her father's family background

Tape: 1 Story: 7 - Jacqueline Sales talks about how her parents met

Tape: 1 Story: 8 - Jacqueline Sales talks about her father's time in the Army during World War II

Tape: 1 Story: 9 - Jacqueline Sales describes her parents' personalities and who she takes after

Tape: 1 Story: 10 - Jacqueline Sales talks about her father

Tape: 1 Story: 11 - Jacqueline Sales talks about her childhood household

Tape: 1 Story: 12 - Jacqueline Sales describes her earliest childhood memory

Tape: 1 Story: 13 - Jacqueline Sales describes the sights, sounds and smells of her childhood

Tape: 2 Story: 1 - Jacqueline Sales talks about living near military test sites

Tape: 2 Story: 2 - Jacqueline Sales describes her schools in Copiague, New York

Tape: 2 Story: 3 - Jacqueline Sales talks about her love for the outdoors

Tape: 2 Story: 4 - Jacqueline Sales talks about her middle and high school education

Tape: 2 Story: 5 - Jacqueline Sales talks about how entertainment played a role in her life

Tape: 2 Story: 6 - Jacqueline Sales talks about the Civil Rights Movement

Tape: 2 Story: 7 - Jacqueline Sales talks about her father's key to the Playboy Club

Tape: 2 Story: 8 - Jacqueline Sales talks about high school

Tape: 2 Story: 9 - Jacqueline Sales talks about her decision to attend Howard University

Tape: 2 Story: 10 - Jacqueline Sales talks about her time at Howard University

Tape: 3 Story: 1 - Jacqueline Sales talks about being on the pre-medical track at Howard University

Tape: 3 Story: 2 - Jacqueline Sales talks about Stokely Carmichael and his assassination

Tape: 3 Story: 3 - Jacqueline Sales talks about her first marriage

Tape: 3 Story: 4 - Jacqueline Sales talks about the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

Tape: 3 Story: 5 - Jacqueline Sales talks about her father's death in 1966

Tape: 3 Story: 6 - Jacqueline Sales describes her decision to attend Howard University for graduate school

Tape: 3 Story: 7 - Jacqueline Sales talks about studying environmental engineering at Howard University in graduate school

Tape: 3 Story: 8 - Jacqueline Sales talks about the Environmental Protection Agency

Tape: 3 Story: 9 - Jacqueline Sales describes being hired at the Environmental Protection Agency

Tape: 4 Story: 1 - Jacqueline Sales describes working for the Environmental Protection Agency

Tape: 4 Story: 2 - Jacqueline Sales talks about changes in the Environmental Protection Agency changed under different administrations

Tape: 4 Story: 3 - Jacqueline Sales describes writing hazardous waste regulations for the Environmental Protection Agency

Tape: 4 Story: 4 - Jacqueline Sales talks about her time at the Department of Energy

Tape: 4 Story: 5 - Jacqueline Sales describes starting HAZMED

Tape: 4 Story: 6 - Jacqueline Sales talks about the difficulties of running a STEM-oriented business

Tape: 4 Story: 7 - Jacqueline Sales describes the early years of HAZMED

Tape: 4 Story: 8 - Jacqueline Sales talks about the Anne Burford scandal during the Reagan administration

Tape: 5 Story: 1 - Jacqueline Sales talks about some of HAZMED's consulting projects

Tape: 5 Story: 2 - Jacqueline Sales talks about the 1993 National Security Seminar

Tape: 5 Story: 3 - Jacqueline Sales talks about past HAZMED projects

Tape: 5 Story: 4 - Jacqueline Sales describes HAZMED's expansion into national defense

Tape: 5 Story: 5 - Jacqueline Sales describes HAZMED's records management service

Tape: 5 Story: 6 - Jacqueline Sales talks about being on the board of Bowie State University

Tape: 5 Story: 7 - Jacqueline Sales talks about her favorite HAZMED project

Tape: 6 Story: 1 - Jacqueline Sales talks about HAZMED's facilities

Tape: 6 Story: 2 - Jacqueline Sales talks about HAZMED's partnerships

Tape: 6 Story: 3 - Jacqueline Sales describes her volunteer activities

Tape: 6 Story: 4 - Jacqueline Sales talks about her family

Tape: 6 Story: 5 - Jacqueline Sales describes her hopes and concerns for the African American community

Tape: 6 Story: 6 - Jacqueline Sales reflects on her life

Tape: 6 Story: 7 - Jacqueline Sales offers advice to people interested in STEM fields

Tape: 6 Story: 8 - Jacqueline Sales reflects upon her legacy

Tape: 6 Story: 9 - Jacqueline Sales describes her management philosophy

Tape: 6 Story: 10 - Jacqueline Sales talks about her legacy

Tape: 6 Story: 11 - Jacqueline Sales describes her photographs

DASession

1$1

DATape

4$4

DAStory

1$5

DATitle
Jacqueline Sales describes working for the Environmental Protection Agency
Jacqueline Sales describes starting HAZMED
Transcript
As an environmental engineer with EPA [Environmental Protection Agency], 1979, what projects were you working on in--$$Well, let's fast forward a little bit to 1980 'cause I have a better sense of that 'cause '79 [1979], I was in a group in the Office of Toxic Substances and they weren't quite sure where they were going. It was very clear to me. And so I transferred over to the Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response. And I was working in the hazardous waste. It was called RCRA, the RCRA division. And we were writing regulations for the management of hazardous waste. And hazardous wastes are basically wastes that come from industry, that are industry generated. So your manufacturing paint--and at that time, paint had solvents in it. Now, paints are water based, thanks to our regulations. But paints had solvents in it, and then they were taking paint, the unused paint, the waste paint and throwing it out in the landfills, just throwing it anywhere. And all those chemicals were leaking into the ground and contaminating groundwater. And then the plants, the plants that manufactured the paints, you know, you can imagine the byproducts from that production and the chemicals, the waste chemicals were being disposed of the best way they knew how, but not in a way that would protect the environment. So I wrote a reg [regulation] that addressed the disposal of solvents, and I had to do all these studies. I had to go out to all these facilities--I did a lot of traveling, a lot, and go out to these facilities and do studies. And you can't regulate something you don't know anything about. And then we had to come up with concentrations that weren't gonna be safe, and then we had, you know, contractors doing studies for us. And so the result was, we wrote--I wrote a listing that said these chemicals are listed and they have to be disposed of according to the hazardous waste regulations. And the regulations lay out how you manage it. So you just can't take it and just throw it in a landfill. You have to put it in a certain pack, and it has to go to a hazardous waste facility, and then we worked on how that facility has to be designed, right, so that the waste can be contained. So that's the land disposal restrictions, and I also worked on that. So, it was, I mean it was extremely interesting. I learned so much, and I had so much autonomy. I mean I could just do, go in and do stuff, you know, and it was--I don't know that people get that kind of autonomy anymore. But I was like a GS-9, and [GS-]11 [General Schedules, government job levels], you know, meeting with attorneys from major corporations 'cause all the major corporations, the DuPont's, Dow's, they all came to EPA and walked the halls because they wanted to make sure that we knew what we were doing. We were writing these regs, so they wanted to have input. And there was no formal process for them to have input in those days. Now, there is, but back then, there wasn't. They just walked the halls. They'd walk into our--$$They could come over to EPA and just haunt EPA?$$Yeah, they walked, they would come in my office, and they would say, what are you working on? And what are you doing? And then, you know, tell them, and they would say, okay, well, we have some data. We'll send this data. So most of our data came from industry, like it or not. That's the way--who had the data. Same thing with the pharmaceutical companies.$$Did EPA do any of its own research to provide its own data?$$Some, some, yeah. We had a research arm, but they couldn't do the research like the industry was doing. So, because the research arm had to do research for the entirety of EPA where, you know, the big Dow's and DuPont's and all that, I mean they had the resources.$But medical wastes, which I was doing at EPA [Environmental Protection Agency], I was the medical waste person for EPA, and I put together the 'EPA Guide for Infectious Waste Management.' And that was my project. And when I went over to DOE [Department of Energy], I kind of took medical waste with me because I was still the person everybody was calling. So I was kind of working it out of my hip pocket. Well, what happened, medical waste washed up on the shores of New Jersey, and they were start--$$And those are the stories where bags of syringes and--$$I have all the newspaper articles where I'm--$$--pills.$$--I'm cited and quoted, and they're in the information I gave you.$$I remember that scare.$$Everybody was coming to me, you know, "What do we do? What do we do?" And I think one of the articles even says that I was at DOE, and I was, had left EPA, but they still come to me for advice. Well, when the big consulting firms realized that they were gonna be able to make money now off of medical wastes. It was no longer gonna be my hip pocket project, they started coming to me at DOE and asking me to come to work for them. And I shook hands with a lady from SAIC [Science Applications International Corporation], and I said, I will work for you but under my own company name. And I shook hands with her over a cocktail and quit my good GS-15 [General Schedule level 15] government job and started HAZMED.$$Now, this is 1988?$$As a subcontractor to SAIC.$$Okay, HAZMED originally stood for, I think--$$Hazardous and Medical Waste Services. And I saw where the medical waste part of it would be about a two-year ride. I figured I could get two years out of that. And then everybody would know what they needed to do. And then I would just go right into what I knew best, the hazardous waste regulations and help, you know, industry and other federal agencies 'cause, believe it or not, the government is the biggest polluter, still is. So that's how I started HAZMED.$$Okay, now, I read out in the lobby that you started with five thousand dollars of your own money because you couldn't get any backing from the banks.$$Oh, there was no bank, money from any bank. No, that was, that was pre-banks. I got an American Express Gold card 'cause it had a ten thousand dollars line of credit on it. Also, I needed some money to, for whatever I needed it for, for business. I went to Household Finance, and I borrowed some money to go on vacation.$$And I read that you couldn't get money to start a business, but you could get ten grand to go on vacation?$$Go on vacation. Yeah. I knew if I would--'cause I always had good credit. I knew if I went in there and told that lady that I wanted some money to put in some company, that lady was gonna look at me and say, "Ms., you have lost your mind." But I know that folks understand about going on vacation. And I knew I had good credit. So I said, "I need some money to go on vacation, going to Hawaii." And she said, "Well, we'll check and you come back tomorrow." And I came back tomorrow, and she gave me the money, and I paid my little loan off.$$Did this have anything to do with racism at all or just bank policy as a--$$Ah--$$--or a loan company (simultaneous)--$$I think there might have been some people who could have gotten money for their business, but I didn't expect that I was gonna be able to get money for my business. And I want to tell you that when I did get money for my business, it was through my husband's Republican connections 'cause, you know, it's all who you know.$$And I've heard it said, you know, that you can get a bank to loan you--if you're black, you can get a bank to loan you enough money to buy a Cadillac, but if you try to buy a truck with the same money, to do some work, you would, you know, they would really scrutinize you a lot harder.$$Oh, yeah, yeah, 'cause I now, people understand vacations. See, when I was at EPA, they were--EPA was a young agency, it had a lot of young people working there. And they were single, and they were all into the environment. And they would tell me, oh, you know, we're going--they would go on these big vacations for two weeks. And they'd go trekking around the mountains and stuff like that, and they would borrow money. And that's when I found out, I said, these kids are borrowing money to go on vacation. And that's when I knew that the banks understood that. And this was Household Finance.

Dr. Jayfus Doswell

Entrepreneur Jayfus Tucker Doswell was born in Baltimore, Maryland in 1979. His mother, Brenda Tucker Doswell, was an educator and entrepreneur; his father, Ronald Jayfus Doswell, a social worker and historian. As a child, Doswell attended Baltimore City Public schools and enjoyed playing classical piano and violin in the Baltimore Youth Orchestra and competing in Tae-Kwon-Do and Kung-Fu tournaments. In 1995, Doswell graduated from Oberlin College with his B.A. degrees in psychology and computer science. His B.A. thesis was presented at Williams College in Massachusetts. He went on to earn his M.S. degree in systems and computer management from Howard University in 1998, and his Ph.D. degree in information technology from George Mason University. Doswell contributed his dissertation to to the creation of the IEEE Virtual Instructor Pilot Research Group (VIPRG), where he is co-director.

As early as 1997, Doswell discussed the implications of virtual reality learning technology in Black Issues In Higher Education. While earning his Ph.D. degree at George Mason University, Doswell conceived of Juxtopia, LLC and the Juxtopia Group, Inc., which develop products to integrate into a human’s daily routine and provide services to improve human health and learning. Doswell’s findings have been published in various scientific journals. Doswell has also consulted with different companies and organizations, including Maryland Medical Systems, CompuServe, Lockheed Martin, BearingPoint, Scientific Applications International Corporation, Virtual Logic, TRW and the National Cancer Institute Center for Bioinformatics. He was appointed as the chair of Biotechnology at Sojourner Douglass College, while also developing the biotechnology curriculum for Baltimore City Public Schools. In 2010, Doswell was named distinguished professor at Elizabeth City State University.

Doswell has served as a board member for several organizations such as, the American Public Health Association Health Informatics and Information Technology special interest group and American Telemedicine Association. He is also active in many professional organizations, including the Association of Computing Machinery, the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, and the National Society of Black Engineers. Doswell has several inventions that are patent pending at the U.S. Patent Office.

Jayfus T. Doswell was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on January 17, 2013.

Accession Number

A2013.011

Sex

Male

Interview Date

1/17/2013

Last Name

Doswell

Maker Category
Occupation
Schools

Baltimore City College

Oberlin College

George Mason University

School No. 66, Mount Royal Elementary and Middle School

Fallstaff Elementary

Calvert Hall College High School

Howard University

First Name

Jayfus

Birth City, State, Country

Baltimore

HM ID

DOS02

Favorite Season

Christmas

State

Maryland

Favorite Vacation Destination

Kerkade, Netherlands

Favorite Quote

The Propensity For Perfection.

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Maryland

Interview Description
Birth Date

2/24/1972

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Baltimore

Country

USA

Favorite Food

Salmon, Rice, Broccoli

Short Description

Entrepreneur Dr. Jayfus Doswell (1972 - ) is the founder of Juxtopia, LLC, and Juxtopia Group, Inc., where he has served as president and chief executive officer.

Employment

Juxtopia LLC

Sojourner Douglass College

Phezu Space, LLC

Elizabeth City State University

KPMG

Favorite Color

Blue

Timing Pairs
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DAStories

Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Jayfus Doswell shares the stories behind his first and middle names

Tape: 1 Story: 2 - Slating of Jayfus Doswell's interview

Tape: 1 Story: 3 - Jayfus Doswell lists his favorites

Tape: 1 Story: 4 - Jayfus Doswell talks about his maternal family history

Tape: 1 Story: 5 - Jayfus Doswell describes his mother's upbringing and education

Tape: 1 Story: 6 - Jayfus Doswell describes his mother's experience in the Morgan State Choir under the direction of Dr. Nathan Carter

Tape: 1 Story: 7 - Jayfus Doswell talks about his paternal family history

Tape: 2 Story: 1 - Jayfus Doswell describe enslavement in his paternal family history

Tape: 2 Story: 2 - Jayfus Doswell talks about his father's upbringing in Baltimore, Maryland where he attended Dunbar High School

Tape: 2 Story: 3 - Jayfus Doswell talks about the history of higher education among his paternal relatives

Tape: 2 Story: 4 - Jayfus Doswell talks about how his father exposed him to black history as well as leaders in Baltimore, Maryland's black community, pt.1

Tape: 2 Story: 5 - 02:19:31:16 Jayfus Doswell describes his father's service in the Vietnam War as a sergeant medic

Tape: 2 Story: 6 - Jayfus Doswell talks about how his father exposed him to black history as well as leaders in Baltimore, Maryland's black community, pt. 2

Tape: 2 Story: 7 - Jayfus Doswell describes how his parents met

Tape: 2 Story: 8 - Jayfus Doswell talks about his father's education and career

Tape: 2 Story: 9 - Jayfus Doswell describes his parents' personalities

Tape: 3 Story: 1 - Jayfus Doswell describes his earliest childhood memories

Tape: 3 Story: 2 - Jayfus Doswell describes the sights, sounds, and smells of his childhood in Baltimore, Maryland

Tape: 3 Story: 3 - Jayfus Doswell talks about street divisions among boys in his childhood neighborhood in Baltimore, Maryland

Tape: 3 Story: 4 - Jayfus Doswell talks about his educational background

Tape: 3 Story: 5 - Jayfus Doswell talks about his parents' separation and his first major argument with his father

Tape: 3 Story: 6 - Jayfus Doswell remembers starring in a Parks Sausages commercial and purchasing his first computer

Tape: 3 Story: 7 - Jayfus Doswell talks about learning computer programming at the age of twelve

Tape: 3 Story: 8 - Jayfus Doswell describes the racism he experienced at Calvert Hall College High School in Baltimore, Maryland

Tape: 3 Story: 9 - Jayfus Doswell describes his experience at Baltimore City College

Tape: 4 Story: 1 - Jayfus Doswell describes the lack of computer programming courses at Baltimore City College when he was a student

Tape: 4 Story: 2 - Jayfus Doswell describes his self-discipline as a youth

Tape: 4 Story: 3 - Jayfus Doswell describes his experience at Baltimore City College in Baltimore, Maryland and his emerging interest in neuroscience

Tape: 4 Story: 4 - Jayfus Doswell describes competing in 'Amateur Night at the Apollo'

Tape: 4 Story: 5 - Jayfus Doswell talks about his musical activities as a high school student

Tape: 4 Story: 6 - Jayfus Doswell describes his extracurricular activities as a high school student at Baltimore City College in Baltimore, Maryland

Tape: 4 Story: 7 - Jayfus Doswell talks about his decision to attend Oberlin College in Oberlin, Ohio

Tape: 4 Story: 8 - Jayfus Doswell remembers Yolanda Cruz, a mentor at Oberlin College in Oberlin, Ohio and his undergraduate research on virtual reality

Tape: 4 Story: 9 - Jayfus Doswell describes the research he conducted as a Ford-Mellon Research Scholar at Oberlin College in Oberlin, Ohio

Tape: 4 Story: 10 - Jayfus Doswell remembers his first job offer in 1994

Tape: 5 Story: 1 - Jayfus Doswell talks about his first job as a computer programmer at CompuServe and his mentor there, Michael Johnson

Tape: 5 Story: 2 - Jayfus Doswell describes applying the skills he learned at CompuServe for a consultancy project at Oberlin College

Tape: 5 Story: 3 - Jayfus Doswell talks about how he applies his organizational training at CompuServe to train his interns at his company, Juxtopia

Tape: 5 Story: 4 - Jayfus Doswell talks about Greek life as a student at Oberlin College in Oberlin, Ohio

Tape: 5 Story: 5 - Jayfus Doswell describes training his interns at his company, Juxtopia

Tape: 5 Story: 6 - Jayfus Doswell talks about his graduate studies at Howard University in Washington, D.C.

Tape: 5 Story: 7 - Jayfus Doswell describes his advisor and his doctoral research at George Mason University in Fairfax, Virginia

Tape: 5 Story: 8 - Jayfus Doswell talks about the founding of Juxtopia, LLC

Tape: 5 Story: 9 - Jayfus Doswell describes Juxtopia's first conceptual product

Tape: 5 Story: 10 - Jayfus Doswell talks about two of Juxtopia's major products in augmented reality

Tape: 5 Story: 11 - Jayfus Doswell talks about the R&D at Juxtopia and Google Glass

Tape: 6 Story: 1 - Jayfus Doswell distinguishes between two forms of augmented reality

Tape: 6 Story: 2 - Jayfus Doswell talks about the sources of funding for his company, Juxtopia

Tape: 6 Story: 3 - Jayfus Doswell talks about intellectual property and patents for augmented reality goggles

Tape: 6 Story: 4 - Jayfus Doswell talks about the launch of his nonprofit organization, the JUICE Lab

Tape: 6 Story: 5 - Jayfus Doswell describes a recent honor from the Economic Alliance of Greater Baltimore

Tape: 6 Story: 6 - Jayfus Doswell comments on the general public's lack of knowledge about software engineering

Tape: 6 Story: 7 - Jayfus Doswell comments on the interns at his nonprofit, the JUICE Lab

Tape: 6 Story: 8 - Jayfus Doswell talks about Juxtopia's connection to Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland

Tape: 6 Story: 9 - Jayfus Doswell describes his hopes and concerns for the African American community

Tape: 6 Story: 10 - Jayfus Doswell talks about what he would do differently

Tape: 6 Story: 11 - Jayfus Doswell reflects upon his legacy

Tape: 6 Story: 12 - Jayfus Doswell describes his hobbies and other business ventures

Tape: 6 Story: 13 - Jayfus Doswell talks about his parents and their pride in his success

Tape: 6 Story: 14 - Jayfus Doswell comments on how he would like to be remembered

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Jayfus Doswell talks about learning computer programming at the age of twelve
Jayfus Doswell talks about the launch of his nonprofit organization, the JUICE Lab
Transcript
Okay, so what, what kind of computer did you get?$$A Texas Instrument.$$Okay.$$It was called a TI-99, a gray computer, speak-synthesizer module, you have to buy it separately and hook to the side of it. So I was actually doing speech recognition programming back in 1985 on my own. And then one of my friends, over here, Paul Buchanan also had a computer and we used to try to program games together back in 1985, during just--that was part of the play time, okay let's program. We want to have our own business at twelve, but we didn't have any direction we just self-directed.$$Now how did you, how did you even like know what to do in terms of programming a computer? I mean, who, who--where did--(simultaneous)--$$Well first, well first started when--like play. The computers used to come with books, we could buy like books on how to program, I don't know where the real interest was, but I remember my mother [Brenda Tucker Doswell] took me to a class--a programming--an introductory programming class which was the most boring thing in the world, but because my friend also had a computer we thought well we can play games with the computer right, but what else could we do with the computer. Now there, there were game systems like the Atari, and the Texas Instruments where you can actually program and build your own systems. So I was--I had an Atari, but I also liked to build my own things, right, I'm a--you know, with software. So that was the interest and Paul Buchanan, we're the same age and he liked to do that as well. So, it, it first started off when we would go to different stores and type in some phrase, right, and then loop--make it loop on the computer so we'd type up a small program and we knew how to do it so we'd go in like shopping malls, type some crazy phrase and it would show on the screen, this looping, over and over and over and over again, we thought it was the funniest thing.$$'Cause the people didn't know how to get it off of there or what?$$We probably did but, when people walked by they would say this crazy--see this crazy phrase. It may have been our name, be something else, we don't, we don't know. And that sparked the interest because it was almost like, like for laughs for us and then it got more sophisticated after that in terms of, you know programs, trying to program things for real. Like game characters, scenarios, but everything was--$$Yeah, I know they used to publish those codes, game codes of how to cheat different games, different levels and all, did you all, was that, that part--(simultaneous)--$$We didn't do that, we liked to build the stuff from scratch, you know.$$Okay.$$So we studied programming languages, and at that time too we were saving things on cass-we were saving data on cassette tapes so there was a connector from a cassette tape to the computer and we used to save the data there then floppy disk came out so that's when we said, okay, this the greatest thing and then 3.5" disk came out after that, yep. So that was like, that was like every weekend we're gonna build upon a program, yeah so that was pretty cool back there.$$Okay, okay, so were, were you gettin' any support from school in terms of how to do these things?$$Not at all.$$So.$$The schools didn't even have computers like that. I mean, typing sure, programming, absolutely not.$$Okay.$$So all that was like, self-directed learning if you will. But to us it wasn't even learning, it was like a project, like building a, building a model airplane or model rocket, same type of concept growing up.$Now do you have a dream project you can talk about now that you're working on that you--?$$Oh, I, sure, so, under my not-for-profit organization that's where we do some really fancy stuff and they govern--the nice--the great technology I, now I train on how to become an entrepreneur, how to become an inventor. So under my not-for-profit organization, we have a program called JUICE, the Juxtopia Urban Innovation and Cooperative Entrepreneurship Network, an in that network we have a--a one--a young lady who's an undergraduate student that actually had a dream about interacting with information without a display. Now, the Star Trek fans with--you would call this holographic experience, right and then new technology you'll see like interactive holographic experiences. That's one project that one of my mentees, my apprentices is, is working on. How can you create an independent interactive holograph experience without, you know, outside cameras or display systems using potentially smart materials and also applications of biotechnology, so that's one (clears throat).$$Now, the governor [Governor of Maryland, Martin O'Malley] was present for the opening of JUICE [in 2012].$$Of the JUICE Lab, right. So right here in this building in my lab, the governor, Governor O'Malley had a ribbon cutting ceremony to re--to celebrate the opening of the JUICE Lab and also the Maryland, (cough) excuse me, the Maryland Innovation Initiative [MII], which is an initiative legislated in Maryland to really spark innovations and technology transfer from universities. Juxtopia's even during, you know, its initial inception it's always been tied to a university at some point. An academic institution with a preference towards (clears throat) underserved and disadvantaged institutions like HBCU's, Historically black colleges [and] universities and minority serving institutions. Giving internships to populations who are underserved in the sciences an math, right so I think the governor, Governor O'Malley and Maryland legislation recognized that and celebrated the JUICE lab and celebrated Juxtopia for what it's doing not only in product development and manufacturing here in America, in Baltimore [Maryland] but also (clears throat) improving the efficiency of underserved and disadvantaged youth.$$Okay, now you have a--how, how many people you have on staff here, yeah?$$Here in this building we have thirteen, yep and then we have management that are not in here, scattered, so five core management including legal counsel, vice president, Dr. Edward Hill, Diane, Doctor Diane Adams, who's president of Juxtopia Life, John Johnson, Chief Operating Officer, so, yeah. But all the technical staff--the technical staff specifically for the goggles are here in our secret Juice Lab (laughter).$$Okay. All right.$$Yeah.