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CivicMakers have contributed substantially to their communities either by working for local governments, leading nonprofit organizations, or through activism and other forms of civic leadership and engagement. HistoryMakers in this category include civil rights activists, community volunteers, civil service workers, firefighters, social workers, and nonprofit leaders and emloyees, among many others.

Andrea Frazier

Civic leader Andrea Frazier was born on September 21, 1956, in Harlem, New York to Wilhelmina Young and James Wilkerson. Frazier attended John H. Finley Elementary School and Manhattanville Junior High School before graduating from Fiorello H. LaGuardia High School of Music & Art and Performing Arts in 1974, where she participated in the youth symphony orchestra. She then attended Tufts University and graduated from there in 1978 with her B.A. degree in political science with a concentration in international studies. Frazier subsequently received her M.A. degree from The City University of New York in 1980.

In 1978, Frazier was hired as a researcher at the Ralph Bunche Institute before attending graduate school. After graduation, Frazier briefly worked in the human resources department at the Bronx Lebanon Hospital recruiting and hiring various personnel. She was subsequently employed at New York University School of Law from 1981 to 1985, first as a coordinator of recruitment, pairing students with various law firms and offices, before being promoted to placement director in 1983. In 1986, Frazier was briefly employed with the law firm of Fox Rothschild as a recruitment administrator for new hires, and was later hired by Cigna Insurance to work as a program manager. In 1988, she and her husband, Kenneth Frazier, partnered with Jim Sweet to found the Cornerstone Christian Academy in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where she also served on the board of directors. In 1991, Frazier started her own interior design firm called “Frazier Design,” where she specialized in custom made pieces for local historical houses, including the home of Betsy Ross.

In 2012, Frazier joined the board of directors of the Vickie and Jack Farber Institute for Neuroscience at Jefferson Hospital in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; and, the following year, she joined the board of directors of the American Heart Association to bring awareness to prevalent heart conditions in women. Frazier has also served on the advisory board for the Ellis Marsalis Center for Music located in the Musician’s Village in New Orleans, Louisiana.

Frazier and her husband have two children, Lauren and James, and reside in Newton, Pennsylvania.

Andrea Frazier was interviewed by The History Makers on June 20, 2019.

Accession Number

A2019.042

Sex

Female

Interview Date

6/20/2019

Last Name

Frazier

Maker Category
Marital Status

Married

Occupation
Schools

P.S. 129 John H. Finley School

Fiorello H. LaGuardia High School of Music & Art and Performing Arts

The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy

City University of New York

Manhattanville Junior High School 43

First Name

Andrea

Birth City, State, Country

New York City

HM ID

FRA19

Favorite Season

Christmas

State

New York

Favorite Vacation Destination

Nice, France

Favorite Quote

Never give up.

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

New Jersey

Birth Date

9/21/1956

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Whitehouse Station

Favorite Food

Lasagna

Short Description

Civic leader Andrea Frazier (1956- ) co-founded Cornerstone Christian Academy in Philadelphia in 1988 and launched an interior design firm called Frazier Designs in 1991.

Employment

Saks Fifth Avenue

St. Luke's Hospital

New York University Law School

Fox, Rothschild

Cigna Insurance

Frazier Design

Favorite Color

Red

Wendy Van Amson

Nonprofit executive and dietitian Wendy Van Amson was born on July 18, 1955 in Brooklyn, New York to Carlton and Shirley Tempro. Van Amson attended P.S. 262, Meyer Levin Junior High School, and Midwood High School. She received a full scholarship to attend Clark University in Worcester, Massachusetts in 1972; and, in 1973, she transferred to New York University, where she received her B.S. degree in nutrition in 1976. Van Amson then received her M.P.H. degree in public health education from the Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health in 1983.

In 1976, Van Amson completed a year-long dietetic internship at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston before working at Queens Hospital Center in New York until 1981. During graduate school, she worked for Project Return, a drug rehabilitation facility. In 1983, Van Amson launched her own private nutritional advising firm, Tempro and Associates, and worked as a registered dietitian and certified nutritionist, providing consultations to individuals, schools, therapeutic communities, and corporate nutrition education programs with a focus on preventative measures and public health. In 2003, Van Amson co-founded and became director of Independent School Diversity Network (ISDN) with retired actress Ester Moses Hatch, creating safe spaces for communication between parents and educators and acting as a support system for parents with African American students in private schools. Van Amson has also worked with the Anti-Racist Alliance movement for racial equity in New York, coordinating parent group meetings during the school year, educating parents on independent schools, and providing assistance with the college application process.

In 2005, Van Amson joined the board of directors of the Federation of Protestant Welfare Agencies and the board of directors for the student-run organization Diversity Awareness Initiative for Students in 2007. Van Amson was also a board member of the Nightingale Bamford School in New York and served on the board of trustees at the Bank Street College of Education.

Van Amson married George Van Amson in 1986, and the two reside in New York City. They have three children: Alexandra, Victoria, and Schuyler.

Wendy Van Amson was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on August 15, 2019.

Accession Number

A2019.071

Sex

Female

Interview Date

8/15/2019

Last Name

Tempro Van Amson

Maker Category
Marital Status

Married

Middle Name

Alicia

Schools

New York University

Columbia University

Midwood High School

Clark University

Holy Rosary School

P.S. 262 El Hajj Malik El Shabazz Elementary School

P.S. 208 Elsa Ebeling School

J.H.S. 218 James P. Sinnott

First Name

Wendy

HM ID

VAN08

Favorite Season

Thanksgiving

State

New York

Favorite Vacation Destination

Martha's Vineyard

Favorite Quote

A concept -- The tyranny of niceness

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

New York

Birth Date

7/18/1955

Speakers Bureau Region City

New York

Favorite Food

Cherries

Short Description

Nonprofit executive and dietician Wendy Van Amson (1955- ) founded a private nutritional advising firm, before establishing and directing the Independent School Diversity Network.

Employment

Self Employed

Maternity Infant Care Family Planning Project

Northside Center for Child Development

Puerto Rican Family Institute

7th Avenue Center for Families

Educational Alliance

Union Settlement

Peter Bent Brigham Hospital

Favorite Color

Green

Lyn Hughes

Museum director and cultural activist Lyn Hughes was born on March 1, 1945 in Cincinnati, Ohio to Otis and Alberta Cooper. She graduated from Spertus College in Chicago, Illinois before receiving her Ph.D. degree in education with a minor in museum studies from Northern Illinois University, in DeKalb, Illinois.

Hughes was a professional entertainer, singing in a girl’s group beginning in high school. She left the music business and began working in real estate and cultural economic development in Chicago. Hughes did this so more than a decade before founding the National A. Philip Randolph Pullman Porter Museum in 1995. The National A. Philip Randolph Pullman Porter Museum is the first Black labor history museum in the United States focused on the story of the Pullman Porters, the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters labor union, and its founder A. Philip Randolph. Since then, she served as a subject matter specialist on the Pullman Porters, and has been a consultant on numerous documentary films on the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, including the 2003 Showtime docudrama 10,000 Black Men Named George. Her work with the museum has been featured on ABC's Good Morning America, and in publications like USA Today, Essence, AARP, and the Chicago Tribune. She authored the book, An Anthology of Respect: The Pullman Porters National Historic Registry Of African American Railroad Employees in 2007, and created the companion national traveling exhibition, "From Servitude to Civil Rights.” In 2010, Hughes was elected museum president emeritus, and subsequently served as a consultant for Cultural Edutainment, LLC. In 2012, Hughes was the founding director of the Center For Black Labor Research, in Chicago; and, in 2016, she became the creator and host of Live From Pullman National Monument, a talk radio show focused on cultural economic development tourism.

Hughes received the Living Legacy Award from the Association for the Study of African American Life and History (ASALH), a Phi Beta Delta Honor Society for International Scholars 2006 honor, the 2007 Distinguished Service Award from the Amistad Research Center, is listed in the Who's Who Registry Among Executive and Professional Women 2008, and received The Purpose Prize from Encore.org in 2013.

Lyn Hughes was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on July 11, 2019.

Accession Number

A2019.052

Sex

Female

Interview Date

7/11/2019

Last Name

Hughes

Maker Category
Marital Status

Divorced

Schools

University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Chicago State University

Spertus Institute for Jewish Learning and Leadership

Northern Illinois University

First Name

Lyn

Birth City, State, Country

Cincinnati

HM ID

HUG08

Favorite Season

Spring

State

Ohio

Favorite Vacation Destination

Hawaii and Bermuda

Favorite Quote

None

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Illinois

Birth Date

3/1/1945

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Chicago

Favorite Food

Crab Legs

Short Description

Museum director and cultural activist Lyn Hughes (1945 - ) founded the National A. Philip Randolph Pullman Porter Museum in 1995, and is the author of An Anthology of Respect: The Pullman Porters National Historic Registry Of African American Railroad Employees.

Employment

National A. Philip Randolph Pullman Porter Museum

Cultural Edutainment LLC

Center for Black Labor Research

Live From Pullman National Monument

Favorite Color

Turquoise

Harold Bailey

Nonprofit executive Harold Bailey was born on October 15, 1946 in McKinney, Texas to Dorothy L. and John Curtis Bailey, Sr., and was raised by his mother and Ray E. Landrum. In 1948, he moved with his family to Albuquerque, New Mexico, where he attended Lowell Elementary School, John Marshall Elementary School, and Lincoln Junior High School, before graduating from “the old” Albuquerque High School in 1964. He received a track scholarship to attend the University of New Mexico, where he received his B.S. degree in health and physical education in 1969. Bailey went on to receive his M.A. degree in special education in 1971, and his Ph.D. degree in American studies in 1975, both from the University of New Mexico.

In 1972, Bailey served as director of the Institute for Social Research and Development’s Child Development Program at the University of New Mexico. The same year, he joined the University’s Afro-American Studies Program as the assistant director. From 1975 to 1980, Bailey served as director of the Afro-American Studies Program. In 1976, he was appointed chairman of the Equal Employment Opportunity Committee at the University of New Mexico. Bailey later served as a homebound teacher, a special education teacher, a community liaison, and a certified diversity trainer in Albuquerque Public Schools. From 2000 to 2004, he served as president of the Albuquerque branch of the NAACP. In 2003, Bailey was appointed executive director of the New Mexico Office of African American Affairs. He held the position until 2012, when he was once again elected president of the Albuquerque branch of the NAACP.

Bailey has served as a national executive board member of the National Council for Black Studies, state chairman of the New Mexico Black Studies Consortium, state education chairman of the New Mexico Advisory Committee to the United States Commission on Civil Rights, and state chairman of the New Mexico Dr. Martin Luther King Federal Holiday Commission. He was a member of the School Restructuring Council at Lavaland Elementary School and Hayes Middle School, and is a certified diversity trainer.

Bailey has received many awards for his commitment to education and community service. In 2007, he received the Grant Chapel AME Community Service Award. In 2008, he received both the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission Legacy of Service Award and the AKA Albuquerque Legacy of Leaders Community Affairs Award. Bailey also received the FBI Director’s Community Leadership Award in 2013.

Harold Bailey was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on July 24, 2019.

Accession Number

A2019.055

Sex

Male

Interview Date

7/24/2019

Last Name

Bailey

Maker Category
Marital Status

Married

Occupation
Schools

Lowell Elementary School

John Marshall Elementary School

Lincoln Junior High School

Albuquerque High School

University of New Mexico

First Name

Harold

Birth City, State, Country

McKinney

HM ID

BAI11

Favorite Season

Spring

State

Texas

Favorite Vacation Destination

New Mexico

Favorite Quote

We weren't put here to stay.

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

New Mexico

Birth Date

10/15/1946

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Albuquerque

Country

USA

Favorite Food

Chicken

Short Description

Nonprofit executive Harold Bailey (1946- ) served as executive director of the New Mexico Office of African American Affairs and president of the Albuquerque branch of the NAACP.

Employment

Old Town Elementary School

University of New Mexico Institute for Social Research and Development

University of New Mexico Afro-American Studies Program

University of New Mexico

Hayes Middle School

United States Department of Agriculture

University of New Mexico, African American Peer Study Group/Tutorial Program

Albuquerque Public Schools

New Mexico Office of African American Affairs

Favorite Color

Brown

Cecilia A. Conrad

Foundation executive and academic administrator Cecilia Conrad was born on January 4, 1955 in St. Louis, Missouri to Dr. Emmett James Conrad and Eleanor Nelson Conrad. She moved with her family to Dallas, Texas after her father was hired at St. Paul’s Hospital. Conrad went on to receive her B.A. degree in economics from Wellesley College in 1976 and her Ph.D. degree in economics from Stanford University in 1982.

Conrad began her career in academia in 1981 when she was hired as an assistant professor of economics at Duke University. From there, she taught at Barnard College and then Pomona College as a Stedman-Sumner professor of economics. In 2002, Conrad was named California’s Carnegie Professor of the Year. Two years later, she became associate dean of Pomona College. During her time as a college administrator, Conrad continued to publish on the issue of race and gender on economic status. After taking a two year hiatus to serve as interim vice president and dean of the faculty at Scripps College, Conrad returned to Pomona College as vice president for academic affairs and dean of the college. In 2013, Conrad left Pomona to join the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation as the vice president of the MacArthur Fellows Program. After two years at the foundation, Conrad became the managing director of both the MacArthur Fellows Program and 100&Change. In 2019, Conrad became chief executive officer of Lever for Change, an affiliate of the MacArthur Foundation focused on high impact philanthropic opportunities.

Conrad served as editor of The Review of Black Political Economy and an associate editor of Feminist Economics. She has published articles on economics, liberal arts education, and philanthropy in peer-reviewed journals and popular media. While working at Pomona College, Conrad also directed the American Economic Association’s “Pipeline Mentoring Program,” matching students enrolled in a Ph.D. program in economics with mentors in the field. In 2007, Conrad became the president of the International Association for Feminist Economics. She is on the board of trustees at Muhlenberg College, Bryn Mawr College, the Poetry Foundation, and the National Academy of Social Insurance.

Conrad has received numerous awards for her work. Her co-edited collection of essays, African Americans in the US Economy, was named a CHOICE Outstanding Academic Title of 2005. Three years later, she received the National Urban League’s 2008 Woman of Power Award. She has also received honorary doctorates from Claremont Graduate University and the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth.

Conrad and her husband, Llewellyn Miller, have one child: Conrad Miller.

Cecilia Conrad was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on July 12, 2019.

Accession Number

A2019.049

Sex

Female

Interview Date

7/12/2019

Last Name

Conrad

Maker Category
Marital Status

Married

Middle Name

A

Schools

Wellesley College

Stanford Graduate School of Business

First Name

Cecilia

Birth City, State, Country

St. Louis

HM ID

CON08

Favorite Season

Summer

State

Missouri

Favorite Vacation Destination

Paris

Favorite Quote

None

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Illinois

Birth Date

1/4/1955

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Chicago

Favorite Food

Fried Chicken

Short Description

Foundation executive and academic administrator Cecilia Conrad (1955 - ) served as managing director of the MacArthur Fellows Program and 100&Change before becoming chief executive officer of Lever for Change.

Employment

Pomona College

Scripps College

American Economic Association

Barnard College, Columbia University

Duke University

The Review of Black Political Economy

Feminist Economics

MacArthur Foundation

Favorite Color

Red

Argelia Rodriguez

Nonprofit executive Argelia Rodriguez was born on May 12, 1959 in Havana, Cuba to Argelia Velez-Rodriguez and Raul Rodriguez. In 1962, Rodriguez immigrated to the United States with her mother and brother, Raul Rodriguez, Jr. After graduating from the Ursuline Sisters Academy in Dallas, Texas in 1976, Rodriguez went on to receive her B.S. degree from Stanford University in 1980, and her M.B.A. degree from the Harvard Business School in 1984.

In 1980, Rodriguez worked for the International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) as an engineer and later for Texas Instruments, Inc. She then was hired by Booz Allen Hamilton, Inc. in New York City, where she worked on strategic planning technology and mergers and acquisitions. After Rodriguez received her M.B.A. degree in 1984, she returned to Booz Allen Hamilton, before starting her own independent consulting firm in Washington, D.C. There, she worked for the District of Columbia Public Schools to increase STEM education among minority students. In 1997, Rodriguez served as the deputy director of product marketing and educational outreach for President Bill Clinton for the 1997 Presidential Inauguration. Then, in 1999, Rodriguez was appointed president of the D.C. College Access Program (DC-CAP), which partnered with D.C. schools to provide counseling and financial assistance to underserved students in the D.C. area. In 2007, Rodriguez launched the Alpha Leadership Program (ALP) for DC-CAP, an initiative that relies on community volunteers who serve as mentors to young men in five D.C. public and charter high schools. The following year, DC-CAP held their first annual DC-Capital Stars Gala Competition which showcased the artistic abilities of college-bound students from the D.C. area.

Rodriguez served on the board of trustees at Trinity Washington University and was elected to the Harvard University Board of Overseers in 2013. In 2010, she delivered the commencement address at Trinity Washington University and received an honorary degree. That same year, she received the Bert King Award for Service from Harvard Business School and was named a Murdoch Community Hero by News Corp in 2014.

Rodriguez resides in Bethesda, Maryland.

Argelia Rodriguez was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on January 21, 2019.

Accession Number

A2019.002

Sex

Female

Interview Date

1/21/2019

Last Name

Rodriguez

Maker Category
Occupation
Schools

Ursuline Sisters Academy

Stanford University

Harvard Business School

First Name

Argelia

Birth City, State, Country

Havana

HM ID

ROD07

Favorite Season

Spring

State

Cuba

Favorite Vacation Destination

London, England

Favorite Quote

Results Without The Drama

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

District of Columbia

Birth Date

5/12/1959

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Washington

Favorite Food

Roasted Pork

Short Description

Nonprofit executive Argelia Rodriguez (1959 - ) served as president of the D.C. College Access Program (DC-CAP).

Employment

International Business Machines (IBM)

Texas Instruments, Inc.

Booz Allen Hamilton, Inc

D.C. College Access Program

Favorite Color

Red

Patrisse Cullors

Community activist Patrisse Cullors was born on June 20, 1983 in Van Nuys, California to Cherisse Foley. She graduated from Grover Cleveland High School in Reseda, California and received her B.A. degree in religion and philosophy in 2012 from the University of California, Los Angeles. Cullors also attended the Roski School of Fine Arts and Design at the University of Southern California.

In 2001, Cullors joined the Bus Riders Union, a Los Angeles-based advocacy group. She later launched Dignity and Power Now, a coalition designed to fight police brutality. In 2012, Cullors curated her first performance art piece addressing the violence of mass incarceration, STAINED: An Intimate Portrayal of State Violence. Then, she co-founded the #BlackLivesMatter movement in 2013; and, the following year, Cullors completed an Arcus Center for Social Justice Leadership fellowship, and prepared and led a think tank on state and vigilante violence for the Without Borders Conference. She also produced and directed POWER: From the Mouths of the Occupied, the first in a series of theatrical pieces. In 2016, Cullors delivered the keynote address at over a dozen colleges and universities including American University, The University of Notre Dame, the University of Pennsylvania, and Cornell. In 2018, she coauthored her New York Times bestselling memoir, When They Call You a Terrorist: A Black Lives Matter Memoir, and expanded her Los Angeles based coalition work with the advocacy groups Justice L.A. and Reform L.A. Jails. In 2018, Cullors became an adjunct professor at Prescott College in the Social Justice & Community Organizing program.

In 2006, she was honored by receiving the Mario Savio Young Activist Award. In 2015, Google awarded Cullors with the Racial Justice Grant, the Justice Teams for Truth and Reinvestment. Cullors was also named by the Los Angeles Times as a Civil Rights Leader for the 21st Century, and she received the Sydney Peace Prize for her #BlackLivesMatter work. In 2016, Cullors was named a Leading Edge Fund Fellow by The Rosenberg Foundation, a Senior Fellow for Maternal Mortality by MomsRising, a Kick-Ass Woman of Color by DLG Media, and received the Defender of the Dream Award from the AFL-CIO Executive Council Committee on Civil and Human Rights. Her other awards include the Revolution Award for Freedom from ImageNation Cinema Foundation, the Justice Award from National Center for Lesbian Rights, the Community Change Agent Award from BLACK GIRLS ROCK! Inc., and the Glamour Women of the Year Award for The Justice Seekers. Cullors also received honorary doctorate degrees from Chicago’s South Shore International College Preparatory High School and Clarkson University.

Patrisse Cullors was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on December 10, 2018.

Accession Number

A2018.222

Sex

Female

Interview Date

12/10/2018

Last Name

Cullors

Maker Category
Organizations
First Name

Patrisse

Birth City, State, Country

Van Nuys

HM ID

CUL02

Favorite Season

Spring

State

California

Favorite Vacation Destination

Someplace Warm and Tropical/Miami

Favorite Quote

Black Lives Matter

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

California

Birth Date

6/20/1983

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Los Angeles

Favorite Food

Indian

Short Description

Community activist Patrisse Cullors (1983- ) was a cofounder of the Black Lives Matter movement and coauthored her New York Times Bestselling memoir, When They Call You a Terrorist: A Black Lives Matter Memoir.

Favorite Color

Purple

Anita DeFrantz

Nonprofit executive and Olympic athlete Anita DeFrantz was born on October 4, 1952 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to Robert David and Anita Page DeFrantz. In 1970, she graduated from Shortridge High School in Indianapolis, Indiana. DeFrantz received her B.A. degree in political philosophy in 1974 from Connecticut College, and her J.D. degree in 1977 from the University of Pennsylvania Law School in Philadelphia.

DeFrantz captained the U.S. women’s rowing team and rowed in the eight boat that won a bronze medal at the 1976 Montreal Olympic Games. In 1977, she started her career as a staff attorney at the Juvenile Law Center of Philadelphia, and was admitted to the Pennsylvania Bar. In 1980, she led the athletes’ fight for the right to compete at the Moscow Olympic Games, including suing the United States Olympic Committee. The International Olympic Committee honored her with the bronze medal of the Olympic Order. DeFrantz served as vice president of the 1984 Los Angeles Olympic Organizing Committee and was elected to International Olympic Committee membership in 1986, the first African American and the first American woman to serve on the committee. In 1987, DeFrantz was named president of the LA84 Foundation. From 1989 to 1994, she served on the IOC’s Program Commission and is credited with the acceptance of women’s soccer and softball onto the Olympic program. DeFrantz also helped increase the number of women’s competition opportunities on the Olympic program. She was elected to the IOC Executive Board in 1992 and appointed to the IOC’s Olympic Program Commission. In 1995, she was appointed chair of the Women and Sport Working Group; and, in 1997, DeFrantz was the first woman elected to a four-year term as vice president. DeFrantz established the Tubman Truth Corporation in 2016 and served as president. She also served on LA 2028, the Los Angeles organizing committee for the 2028 summer Olympic Games, and was a member of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) where she was elected for a second term as a vice president in 2018.

From 1991 to 1999, The Sporting News named DeFrantz one of the 100 most powerful people in sports. In 2003, Sports Illustrated named her one of the 101 most influential minorities in sports; and, in 2006, the NCAA named her one of NCAA’s Most 100 Influential Student Athletes. The French magazine L’Equipe named DeFrantz one of the 10 Women Who Changed Sport in 2010; and, the following year, Newsweek named her one of 150 Women Who Shake the World, and Los Angeles magazine named her one of 10 Women Making a Difference in Los Angeles. In 2016, she received the Olympic Truce Award at the Rio Olympic Games. DeFrantz has also received honorary doctorate degrees from Pepperdine University, Mount Holyoke College and Pomona College. She received the Distinguished Leadership Award from the Center for Sociocultural Sport and Olympic Research (CSSOR) at California State University, Fullerton.

Anita DeFrantz was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on December 12, 2018.

Accession Number

A2018.225

Sex

Female

Interview Date

12/12/2018

Last Name

Defrantz

Maker Category
Middle Name

L.

Organizations
First Name

Anita

Birth City, State, Country

Philadelphia

HM ID

DEF01

Favorite Season

Seasonal Changes

State

Pennsylvania

Favorite Vacation Destination

Puako, Hawaii

Favorite Quote

N/A

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

California

Birth Date

10/4/1952

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Los Angeles

Favorite Food

Chocolate

Short Description

Nonprofit executive and Olympics athlete Anita DeFrantz (1952- ) was captain of the American rowing team at the 1976 Summer Olympics, winning the bronze medal. She also serves as presidency of the LA84 Foundation and senior adviser for Legacy at the Los Angeles organizing committee for the 2028 summer Olympic Games.

Favorite Color

Purple

Robert Parris Moses

Civic leader and educator Robert Parris Moses was born on January 23, 1935 in New York City to Louise Parris and Gregory Moses. He graduated from Stuyvesant High School in 1952, and enrolled at Hamilton College in Clinton, New York, where he received a Rhodes scholarship. Moses received his B.A. degree from Hamilton College in 1956, and his M.A. degree from Harvard University in 1957.

Moses began teaching mathematics at the Horace Mann School in the Bronx, New York in 1958. In 1960, he became active in the Civil Rights Movement, joining the Southern Christian Leadership Council (SCLC) branch in Harlem. The following summer, Moses traveled to Atlanta where he worked for SCLC and registered members for the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee’s (SNCC) fall conference. In 1961, Moses resigned from his teaching position at the Horace Mann School and returned to the South, where he worked to register Black voters in McComb, Mississippi. Moses then became the co-director of the Council of Federated Organizations (COFO), and helped to launch the freedom vote, a mock gubernatorial election to register black voters in Mississippi. In 1964, Moses co-organized the Freedom Summer campaign, recruiting hundreds of student volunteers to conduct a Black voter registration drive in Mississippi. That summer, Moses and others organized the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP) to challenge the all-white representation of the state at the 1964 Democratic National Convention in Atlantic City, New Jersey. Shortly after, Moses was actively recruited by the Vietnam draft board, but moved to Canada to avoid the draft. He spent two years in Canada before moving to Tanzania and working for the Ministry of Education. There, he served as chairperson for the mathematics department at the Same Secondary School. Moses returned to the United States in 1976, under President Jimmy Carter’s amnesty program for draft resisters. Moses settled in Cambridge, Massachusetts, where he resumed his doctoral studies at Harvard University and taught mathematics at a local high school.

In 1982, Moses received a MacArthur Fellowship, and launched the Algebra Project to improve mathematics competency for low-income students and children of color. By 1985, the Algebra Project was officially recognized by the Cambridge School Committee, and was incorporated in 1990. Two years later, Moses launched the Delta Algebra Project in Mississippi. Moses published his book entitled Radical Equations in 2001. In 2006, Moses was named a Frank H.T. Rhodes Class of ’56 Professor at Cornell University. That same year, he was awarded an honorary doctor of science degree from Harvard University.

Moses and his wife, Janet Jemmott, have four children: Maisha, Omowale, Tabasuri and Malaika.

Robert Parris Moses was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on November 16, 2018.

Accession Number

A2018.215

Sex

Male

Interview Date

11/16/2018 |and| 11/18/2018

Last Name

Moses

Maker Category
Middle Name

P.

Organizations
First Name

Robert

HM ID

MOS08

Favorite Season

In Boston, Fall.

Favorite Vacation Destination

Friend's island in middle of a lake in Maine.

Favorite Quote

Take Care.

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Massachusetts

Birth Date

12/23/1935

Speakers Bureau Region City

Boston

Favorite Food

Cereal, his home baked biscuits. Beans, rice. Ugali (Tanzanian dish)

Short Description

Civic leader and educator Robert Parris Moses (1935 - ) served as co-director of the Council of Federated Organizations (COFO) and was the recipient of the MacArthur Fellowship and founded the Algebra Project.

Favorite Color

Blue

Esther Jackson

Civic activist Esther Jackson was born on August 21, 1917 in Arlington, Virginia to Esther Irving and George Cooper. She graduated from Paul Laurence Dunbar High School in Washington, D.C. in 1934, and enrolled at Oberlin College in Oberlin, Ohio, where she earned her B.A. degree in social work. Jackson went on to earn her M.A. degree in sociology at Fisk University in Nashville, Tennessee in 1940. Her thesis, The Negro Woman Domestic Worker in Relation to Trade Unionism, examined the issues faced by African American domestic workers, and the benefits of labor unions.

Jackson joined the Southern Negro Youth Congress (SNYC) in 1940 and became a member of the voter registration project in Birmingham, Alabama. From 1942 to 1946, she worked as the organization’s executive secretary. In 1947, Jackson and her family moved to Detroit, Michigan, where she became active with the local branches of the Progressive Party and the Civil Rights Congress. During the 1950s, Jackson worked for the National Committee to Defend Negro Leadership and the Families of Smith Act Victims. In 1961, Jackson became the managing editor of Freedomways, a globally distributed journal that featured the work of Derek Walcott, C. L. R. James, Julius K. Nyerere, Alice Walker and Nikki Giovanni. Jackson also co-edited the books Black Titan: W. E. B. DuBois, published in 1970, and Paul Robeson: The Great Forerunner, published in 1978. Jackson remained the managing editor of Freedomways until it ceased production in 1985. In 2015, Sara Rzezutek Haviland published, James and Esther Cooper Jackson: Love and Courage in the Black Freedom Movement, a biography detailing Jackson and her husband’s activism.

Jackson was the recipient of several awards including the 1987 Community Contribution Award from the Harlem School of Arts, the 1989 Lifetime Achievement Award from the New York Association of Black Journalists, and the 1990 Mary Church Terrell Award from Clara Barton High School. In 2003, Jackson was awarded an honorary doctorate degree of Humane Letters from the Brooklyn campus of Long Island University.

Jackson and her late husband, James Jackson, had two daughters.

Esther Jackson was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on November 15, 2018.

Accession Number

A2018.213

Sex

Female

Interview Date

11/15/2018

Last Name

Jackson

Maker Category
Organizations
First Name

Esther

Birth City, State, Country

Arlington

HM ID

JAC48

Favorite Season

Spring and Summer

State

Virginia

Favorite Vacation Destination

Paris, France

Favorite Quote

N/A

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Massachusetts

Birth Date

8/21/1917

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Boston

Favorite Food

N/A

Short Description

Civic activist Esther Jackson (1917 - ) worked for social reform organizations like the Southern Negro Youth Congress (SNYC), the Progressive Party, and the Civil Rights Congress before serving as managing editor for Freedomways journal from 1961 to 1985.

Favorite Color

N/A