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Albert Stewart

Chemist and chemistry professor Albert C. Stewart was born on November 25, 1919. Stewart received his B.S. degree in chemistry from the University of Chicago in 1942. He was drafted into the U.S. Navy in 1945 and was among a select group of African American sea men trained as officers. Following his tour of duty, Stewart returned to the United States and enrolled at the University of Chicago. In 1948, he received his M.S. degree in chemistry; and, in 1949, he was commissioned as a second lieutenant into the U.S. Navy. Stewart earned his Ph.D. degree in chemistry from St. Louis University in 1951.

From 1949 to 1963, Stewart held teaching appointments at St. Louis University, Knoxville College, and John Carroll University where he taught chemistry and physics. In 1951, Stewart began his thirty-three year long career at Union Carbide Corporation as a senior chemist in the nuclear division. In 1960, Stewart became the assistant director of research and held several leadership positions until his departure in 1984. He was appointed as an associate professor and named as the associate dean in the Ancell School of Business at Western Connecticut State University. From 1987 until 1989, Stewart served as the acting dean and remained as an associate professor of marketing. In 1999, he became Professor Emeritus at Western Connecticut State University.

In 1966, Stewart received the University of Chicago Alumni Citation Award. Stewart is a member of a number of professional and academic societies, including the Radiation Research Society, the American Marketing Association, and the American Chemical Society where he is an emeritus member. He was a fellow of the American Institute of Chemists. He has also served as an advisor, consultant and on the Board of Directors of several organizations, including U.S. Department of Commerce, NASA, and the Urban League, respectively.

Albert C. Stewart was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on March 9, 2013.

Stewart passed away on October 13, 2016.

Accession Number

A2013.059

Sex

Male

Interview Date

3/9/2013

Last Name

Stewart

Maker Category
Marital Status

Divorced

Middle Name

C.

Schools

Saint Louis University

University of Chicago

Search Occupation Category
First Name

Albert

Birth City, State, Country

Detroit

HM ID

STE15

Favorite Season

Spring

State

Michigan

Favorite Vacation Destination

Caneel Bay Plantation, U.S. Virgin Islands

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Connecticut

Interview Description
Birth Date

11/25/1919

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

New Haven

Country

USA

Death Date

10/13/2016

Short Description

Chemist and military officer Albert Stewart (1919 - 2016 ) is Professor Emeritus at Western Connecticut State University and a veteran of the U.S. Navy, where he served from 1944-1956.

Employment

St. Louis University

Knoxville College

John Carroll University

Western Connecticut State University

Kanthal Corp.

Executive Register, Inc.

Execom

Foundation for Social Justice in South Africa

Union Carbide Corporation

United States Naval Reserve

Favorite Color

Blue

Timing Pairs
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DAStories

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26708">Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Slating of Albert Stewart's interview</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26709">Tape: 1 Story: 2 - Albert Stewart lists his favorites</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26710">Tape: 1 Story: 3 - Albert Stewart describes his mother's family background</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26711">Tape: 1 Story: 4 - Albert Stewart talks about her mother's growing up in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26712">Tape: 1 Story: 5 - Albert Stewart describes his father's family background</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26713">Tape: 1 Story: 6 - Albert Stewart talks about his father's growing up in Maryland and how his parents met</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26714">Tape: 1 Story: 7 - Albert Stewart talks about how his parents met</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26715">Tape: 1 Story: 8 - Albert Stewart talks about his parents eloping, their life in Detroit, Michigan and their decision to move to Chicago, Illinois</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26716">Tape: 1 Story: 9 - Albert Stewart talks about his father's employment in Chicago, Illinois</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26717">Tape: 1 Story: 10 - Albert Stewart talks about his father's employment at Sherwin-Williams in Chicago, Illinois</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26718">Tape: 1 Story: 11 - Albert Stewart talks about getting a job as a resin researcher at Sherwin-Williams in Chicago, Illinois, and being drafted for World War II</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26719">Tape: 2 Story: 1 - Albert Stewart describes his parents' personalities and who he takes after</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26720">Tape: 2 Story: 2 - Albert Stewart talks about his parents' homes in Chicago, Illinois</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26721">Tape: 2 Story: 3 - Albert Stewart talks about receiving a double promotion in elementary school, and graduating early from high school</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26722">Tape: 2 Story: 4 - Albert Stewart talks about growing up in the West Woodlawn neighborhood of Chicago and White City amusement park</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26723">Tape: 2 Story: 5 - Albert Stewart describes the sights, sounds and smells of growing up in Chicago, Illinois</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26724">Tape: 2 Story: 6 - Albert Stewart talks about the Chicago American Giants baseball team and attending their baseball games on Sundays</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26725">Tape: 2 Story: 7 - Albert Stewart talks about African Americans moving to Chicago from the South, and his father's job as a carpenter who remodeled homes</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26726">Tape: 2 Story: 8 - Albert Stewart talks about attending baseball games in Chicago, and recalls Prohibition in Chicago</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26727">Tape: 2 Story: 9 - Albert Stewart talks about his childhood jobs as a milk delivery boy and as a newspaper delivery boy for the 'Chicago defender'</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26728">Tape: 2 Story: 10 - Albert Stewart describes his experience in elementary school and his interest in math and spelling</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26729">Tape: 3 Story: 1 - Albert Stewart talks about his experience in school</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26730">Tape: 3 Story: 2 - Albert Stewart talks about the racial division in school and in the city of Chicago, Illinois</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26731">Tape: 3 Story: 3 - Albert Stewart talks about his interest in chemistry and the schools for the black students in Chicago</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26732">Tape: 3 Story: 4 - Albert Stewart talks about graduating from high school, attending Wilson Junior College, and working on the railroad</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26733">Tape: 3 Story: 5 - Albert Stewart describes how he decided to attend the University of Chicago</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26734">Tape: 3 Story: 6 - Albert Stewart talks about walking to the University of Chicago every day from his parents' home</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26735">Tape: 3 Story: 7 - Albert Stewart talks about working to support his education at the University of Chicago, and the help that he received from the Rotary Club</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26736">Tape: 4 Story: 1 - Albert Stewart talks about his experience at the University of Chicago</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26737">Tape: 4 Story: 2 - Albert Stewart describes his experience while working at Sherwin-Williams</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26738">Tape: 4 Story: 3 - Albert Stewart talks about his draft to the U.S. Navy during World War II, and attending boot camp at Great Lakes, Illinois</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26739">Tape: 4 Story: 4 - Albert Stewart talks about his mother wanting him to play the saxophone and his parents' skepticism of his prospects as a scientist</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26740">Tape: 4 Story: 5 - Albert Stewart describes how he got commissioned as an ensign in the U.S. Navy in 1945 - part one</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26741">Tape: 4 Story: 6 - Albert Stewart describes how he got commissioned as an ensign in the U.S. Navy in 1945 - part two</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26742">Tape: 4 Story: 7 - Albert Stewart describes his assignment and experience on a U.S. Navy fleet oiler towards the end of World War II</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26743">Tape: 5 Story: 1 - Albert Stewart talks about his experience aboard a U.S. Navy fleet oiler in China and Japan, and going into inactive duty</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26744">Tape: 5 Story: 2 - Albert Stewart talks about how he became a research assistant at St. Louis University</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26745">Tape: 5 Story: 3 - Albert Stewart talks about getting married</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26746">Tape: 5 Story: 4 - Albert Stewart talks about his master's degree research on vacuum systems and getting a job as a research scientist at Oak Ridge National Laboratory</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26747">Tape: 5 Story: 5 - Albert Stewart describes his experience at Oak Ridge National Laboratory</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26748">Tape: 5 Story: 6 - Albert Stewart talks about the racial climate in Oak Ridge, Tennessee in the 1950s, and how it affected him and his wife</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26749">Tape: 5 Story: 7 - Albert Stewart talks about his experience at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the racial politics there, and how he was hired at Union Carbide Company</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26750">Tape: 5 Story: 8 - Albert Stewart talks about his Ph.D. dissertation research in boron chemistry</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26751">Tape: 6 Story: 1 - Albert Stewart talks about his experience at National Carbon Company in the 1950s</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26752">Tape: 6 Story: 2 - Albert Stewart talks about his getting promoted to the marketing department at National Carbon Company</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26753">Tape: 6 Story: 3 - Albert Stewart talks about his patents</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26754">Tape: 6 Story: 4 - Albert Stewart talks about his experience in the marketing department at Union Carbide Company</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26755">Tape: 6 Story: 5 - Albert Stewart talks about his services as a National Sales Manager and director of University Relations for Union Carbide Company in 1980</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26756">Tape: 6 Story: 6 - Albert Stewart talks about teaching at Western Connecticut State University</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26757">Tape: 7 Story: 1 - Albert Stewart talks about serving as the vice president of the Foundation for Social Justice in South Africa, and his international travels</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26758">Tape: 7 Story: 2 - Albert Stewart describes his hopes and concerns for the African American community today</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26759">Tape: 7 Story: 3 - Albert Stewart reflects upon his legacy</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26760">Tape: 7 Story: 4 - Albert Stewart talks about his wife</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26761">Tape: 7 Story: 5 - Albert Stewart talks about how he would like to be remembered</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/26762">Tape: 7 Story: 6 - Albert Stewart describes his photographs</a>

DASession

1$1

DATape

6$3

DAStory

1$2

DATitle
Albert Stewart talks about his experience at National Carbon Company in the 1950s
Albert Stewart talks about the racial division in school and in the city of Chicago, Illinois
Transcript
Okay, all right. So 1956.$$Six, yes.$$You're on your way to Cleveland to--now you're going to Cleveland to work with Union Carbide [Company]?$$National Carbon [Company].$$National Carbon?$$Yeah. And that was--they were connected to Ever Ready Battery Company too.$$Okay. All right, well tell us what happened in Cleveland?$$Hmm?$$Tell us about Cleveland?$$Well I started radiation chemistry there and had, got a radiation source like the one we had down in Oak Ridge and did all sorts of experiments but my main function was to be a group leader. And I hired, got some people from Oak Ridge, I mean from, not Oak Ridge, from St. Louis University and others and did a variety of experiments that were not classified but Union Carbide property. And things were going great there until Carbide decided to split up and split up some things. They sold the Ever Ready Battery Company and gave me a promotion to New York City. Well they promoted me and the laboratory they were going to send me to was in Niagara Falls, but they decided instead to send me to New York City. And when did Kennedy [John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy, 35th President of the United States] get assassinated?$$Nineteen sixty-three.$$Nineteen--?$$--sixty-three.$$--sixty three?$$Yes sir.$$I was in New York trying to decide what sort of research we were going to do and I had just been to the library and was walking down the street in Manhattan and I heard this report. I had an interesting time because, in New York City because they wanted me to, when I was looking for an apartment, the real estate people wanted me to move to Harlem. And--because we're now in a desegregation period, I said uh-uh, served my time there. We're desegregating communities, want to move to Manhattan. So they wanted to send me to a plant that, oh the aluminum--Alcoa was building in, near Harlem and I wouldn't go there. And finally ended up in a place where I could walk to work. So I started walking to work--$$So where was that in New York? Where was, this is--?$$On the west side.$$Okay.$$West 65th Street.$$Okay.$$But that was an adventure in itself because then we ended up deciding that we wanted to buy something and well, I worked in Chicago. I mean, Chicago--worked in Manhattan and they had changes. And I got promoted again to--out of science into a marketing department.$So did you run for a class office or anything like that or--?$$No, I didn't. In fact, we hardly, the black kids hardly talked to the white kids. At the, at Englewood [High School, Chicago, Illinois], remember there was little money around. There was a White Castle on 63rd Street and you got a hamburger--I remember they used to have a hamburger sales thing and you could get five hamburgers for some cheap price, I forget what it was. But I'd do that. But mainly instead of going to the school cafeteria on one side of the school nearest the South--the Wentworth and South Park side, there was a guy who rented a build--apartment that had food for the black students. And there was a guy who made fried pies. He sold fried pies and such stuff to the black kids. Well the black kids didn't go to the--there was another white guy who had also a store and so the kid, white kids who didn't have any money went to that instead of the cafeteria. And only rich kids went to the cafeteria. Pardon me. [Coughing] But there was no real association with the white students in Englewood. The black girls had started school in West, pardon me, in West Woodlawn. The professional people, the doctors, lawyers and so forth their daughters had school--had clubs. And they gave dances and the like at Bacon's Casino. And while the white kids were going to the Stevens Hotel and the blacks were not welcome. Blacks were not welcome in these big hotels and never on the North Side. When what's her name, the celebrated black woman who lived on the North Side, the television person.$$Oh god, you got me.$$You know of recent who bought--$$Oprah?$$Huh?$$Oprah Winfrey?$$Yeah, she was--I was so surprised when it turned out she was living on the north side because I always thought of that as a big division in Chicago. In fact, from, till 12th Street on the South Side, below 12th Street on the, in Chicago that was all white, nothing but.$$Okay.$$When you were growing up could you go past 63rd Street south? Did you go south of 63rd?$$Down 63rd Street?$$Yeah, did--no, did any black people live south of 63rd?$$Down--$$No.$$Below? No, 63rd Street was the dividing line. From 63rd to Washington Park was white between South Park and Cottage Grove. And that didn't turn over for quite a--never while I was growing up. And the big fight with West Woodlawn was the kids that lived at 58th and Calumet and over in there.$$Okay.

William Davis

Research chemist and chemistry professor William C. Davis was born on August 22, 1926 in Waycross Georgia to parents Kenice and Laura Jane Davis. In 1941, Davis moved to New York City to live with his brother, Ossie Davis, and attend college. Following graduation from Dwight High School in 1945, Davis attended City College of New York and New York University before enrolling at Talladega College in Florida. Davis left school and briefly served as second lieutenant of engineers in the Korean War. Returning to Talladega College after the War, Davis earned his B.S. degree in chemistry in 1956. Davis went on to earn his M.S. degree in organic chemistry from Tuskegee Institute in 1958 and his Ph.D. degree in biochemistry from the University of Idaho in 1965.

Upon graduation, Davis was appointed research director at Physicians Medical Laboratories. As director, Davis is credited with discoveries leading to or improving numerous amenities, among them the potato chip, the instant mashed potato, soft serve ice cream, and the organic glue that holds together wood-chip and particle board. Davis’ research has been public in academic journals such as, Journal of Medical Technology and European Journal of Pharmacology. From 1974 to 1975, Davis continued research as a visiting scientist at the George Hyman Research Institute in Washington, D.C.; and again between 1976 and 1982 when he was a research associate at the University of Texas Health Science Center. Davis was named full professor of chemistry at St. Philip's College in 1995. In addition he served as chair of the Natural Sciences Department and director of Renewable Energy. When Davis retired in August 2009, he was named professor emeritus of the natural science department; and, the science building at St. Philip's College was named in his honor.

Davis professional and academic affiliations include the American Chemical Society, the Health Physicist Society, the Society of Nuclear Medicine, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. His is a recipient of Tuskegee Institute’s George Washington Carver Fellowship, the U.S. Armed Force’s Purple Heart Medal, and was inducted to the Texas Hall of Fame in 2000.

Davis and his wife, Ocia, live in San Antonio, Texas. They have two children: Mark Alan and Cheryl Elise.

William C. Davis was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on February 1, 2013.

Accession Number

A2013.029

Sex

Male

Interview Date

1/30/2013

2/1/2013

Last Name

Davis

Maker Category
Marital Status

Divorced

Middle Name

Conan

Schools

Tuskegee University

Talladega College

City College of New York

Dwight High School, Manhattan

Dasher High School

Search Occupation Category
First Name

William

Birth City, State, Country

Waycross

HM ID

DAV28

Favorite Season

Fall

State

Georgia

Favorite Vacation Destination

Waycross, Georgia

Favorite Quote

You never could tell what thoughts and actions would do in bringing you hate or love. For thoughts of things will have wings and they will travel like a carrier dove. Each thing must creates it's kind as it travels over the track to bring back whatever is left out of your mind.

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Texas

Interview Description
Birth Date

8/22/1926

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

San Antonio

Country

USA

Favorite Food

Rice, Chicken, Green Beans

Short Description

Chemist and chemistry professor William Davis (1926 - ) is professor emeritus of the natural science department at St. Philip's College.

Employment

St. Phillips College

Immutech, Inc.

University of Texas Health Science Center

College of Naturopathy

Warner Pacific College

United Medical Laboratories

University of Washington

Favorite Color

Brown

DAStories

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25434">Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Slating of William Davis' interview - part one</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25435">Tape: 1 Story: 2 - William Davis lists his favorites</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25436">Tape: 1 Story: 3 - William Davis talks about his mother's family background, part 1</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25437">Tape: 1 Story: 4 - William Davis talks about his mother's family background, part 2</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25438">Tape: 1 Story: 5 - William Davis talks about his mother's growing up</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25439">Tape: 1 Story: 6 - William Davis talks about his mother's interests and educational aspirations</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25440">Tape: 1 Story: 7 - William Davis talks about his father's family background - part one</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25441">Tape: 1 Story: 8 - William Davis talks about his father's family background - part two</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25442">Tape: 2 Story: 1 - William Davis talks about his father and his business relationship with Alex Sessoms</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25443">Tape: 2 Story: 2 - William Davis talks about his father's education and his grandfather's religious affiliation</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25444">Tape: 2 Story: 3 - William Davis talks about how his parents met</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25445">Tape: 2 Story: 4 - William Davis talks about his parents and his siblings</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25446">Tape: 2 Story: 5 - William Davis talks about his brother and his father's influence, part 1</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25447">Tape: 2 Story: 6 - William Davis talks about his brother and his father's influence, part 2</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25448">Tape: 2 Story: 7 - William Davis talks about his father's social beliefs</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25449">Tape: 2 Story: 8 - William Davis talks about his siblings</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25450">Tape: 3 Story: 1 - William Davis describes his earliest childhood memories</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25451">Tape: 3 Story: 2 - William Davis talks about his childhood home in Georgia and remembers his Ethiopian family's visits</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25452">Tape: 3 Story: 3 - William Davis describes the sights, sounds and smells of growing up</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25453">Tape: 3 Story: 4 - William Davis talks about his father's business and his attitude towards white people</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25454">Tape: 3 Story: 5 - William Davis talks about Fonza Curry's involvement in a plot to kill his father, Kince Davis - part one</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25455">Tape: 3 Story: 6 - William Davis talks about Fonza Curry's involvement in a plot to kill his father, Kince Davis - part two</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25456">Tape: 3 Story: 7 - William Davis talks about the schools that he and his siblings attended</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25457">Tape: 4 Story: 1 - William Davis talks about his grammar school teachers, music, and his principal</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25458">Tape: 4 Story: 2 - William Davis talks about his childhood fascination with his father's profession as an herbalist</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25459">Tape: 4 Story: 3 - William Davis talks about his favorite grade school teachers</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25460">Tape: 4 Story: 4 - William Davis talks about his performance in grade school</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25461">Tape: 4 Story: 5 - William Davis talks about why his high school ended at grade eleven</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25462">Tape: 4 Story: 6 - William Davis talks about visiting the Tuskegee Institute</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25463">Tape: 4 Story: 7 - William Davis talks about meeting George Washington Carver and his father's interests in plants</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25464">Tape: 5 Story: 1 - William Davis talks about his father's cars, Henry Ford, and traveling to Tuskegee, Alabama</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25465">Tape: 5 Story: 2 - William Davis talks about his science instruction at Dasher High School</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25466">Tape: 5 Story: 3 - William Davis talks about his decision to finish high school in New York and his brother, Ossie Davis' interest in the theatre</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25467">Tape: 5 Story: 4 - William Davis talks about his academics and his overall experience at Dwight High School</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25468">Tape: 5 Story: 5 - William Davis talks about his mentor, Jake Fishman, and his interest in the relationship between science, religion and philosophy</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25469">Tape: 6 Story: 1 - William Davis talks about his teachers at the City College of New York and his decision to transfer to Talladega College</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25470">Tape: 6 Story: 2 - William Davis talks about his experience at Talladega College and being drafted into the U.S. Army</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25471">Tape: 6 Story: 3 - William Davis talks about his interest in music, his appreciation of Albert Schweitzer, and his experience in Germany</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25472">Tape: 6 Story: 4 - William Davis talks about his experience in the U.S. Army and his interest in music</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25473">Tape: 6 Story: 5 - William Davis reflects on his experience at Talladega College</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25474">Tape: 7 Story: 1 - William Davis talks about his academics and his professors at Talladega College</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25475">Tape: 7 Story: 2 - William Davis talks about his mentor, Dr. Clarence T. Mason</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25476">Tape: 7 Story: 3 - William Davis talks about one of his peers' views on space colonization</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25477">Tape: 7 Story: 4 - William Davis talks about his research and his decision to continue his graduate studies in Idaho, part 1</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25478">Tape: 7 Story: 5 - William Davis talks about his research and his decision to continue his graduate studies in Idaho, part 2</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25479">Tape: 7 Story: 6 - William Davis talks about his journey from Alabama to Idaho</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25480">Tape: 8 Story: 1 - William Davis talks about traveling through Utah and his attempt to visit the Mormon Tabernacle</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25481">Tape: 8 Story: 2 - William Davis talks about his journey to Washington State University</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25482">Tape: 8 Story: 3 - William Davis talks about his experience in Idaho</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25483">Tape: 8 Story: 4 - William Davis talks about his research at Washington State University - part one</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25484">Tape: 8 Story: 5 - William Davis talks about his research at Washington State University - part two</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25485">Tape: 8 Story: 6 - William Davis talks about the research philosophy of scientists</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25486">Tape: 9 Story: 1 - Slating of William Davis' interview - part two</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25487">Tape: 9 Story: 2 - William Davis talks about the space colonization theory and Dr. Wernher von Braun</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25488">Tape: 9 Story: 3 - William Davis talks about meeting Albert Schweitzer and his interest in playing the organ</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25489">Tape: 9 Story: 4 - William Davis talks about his doctoral research on potatoes</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25490">Tape: 9 Story: 5 - William Davis talks about his clinical research at a mail-order laboratory with Dr. Roy M. Chatters</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25491">Tape: 9 Story: 6 - William Davis talks about how he became a health physicist and nuclear chemist</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25492">Tape: 9 Story: 7 - William Davis talks about his certification in medical technology and his publication on blood tests</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25493">Tape: 10 Story: 1 - William Davis talks about the controversy regarding the clinical research at United Medical Labs</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25494">Tape: 10 Story: 2 - William Davis talks about the establishment of the Albina Healthcare Center, and his work with the Black Panthers</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25495">Tape: 10 Story: 3 - William Davis talks about his professional activities - part one</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25496">Tape: 10 Story: 4 - William Davis talks about health care providers</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25497">Tape: 10 Story: 5 - William Davis talks about his professional activities - part two</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25498">Tape: 11 Story: 1 - William Davis talks about working with Dr. Lehman</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25499">Tape: 11 Story: 2 - William Davis talks about working with Dr. Lehman in the hospital setting</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25500">Tape: 11 Story: 3 - William Davis talks about his interest in teaching and how he was introduced to St. Philips College</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25501">Tape: 11 Story: 4 - William Davis talks about his research on the psychoactive drug, Valium</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25502">Tape: 11 Story: 5 - William Davis talks about his professional activities, part 3</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25503">Tape: 11 Story: 6 - William Davis talks about St. Philips College</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25504">Tape: 11 Story: 7 - William Davis talks about the demographics of St. Philips College</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25505">Tape: 12 Story: 1 - William Davis talks about the Penta Water Company</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25506">Tape: 12 Story: 2 - William Davis talks about the molecular theory and processing of the Penta Water</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25507">Tape: 12 Story: 3 - William Davis talks about the unique chemical properties of kinetic water</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25508">Tape: 12 Story: 4 - William Davis talks about presenting his research to the community</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25509">Tape: 12 Story: 5 - William Davis explains the processes of osmosis, osmotic pressure, and isotonicity</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25510">Tape: 12 Story: 6 - William Davis talks about the benefits of kinetic water and the tendencies of nature</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25511">Tape: 13 Story: 1 - William Davis talks about nature, and considers the implications of Hurricane Sandy not destroying churches</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25512">Tape: 13 Story: 2 - William Davis talks about having a building named in his honor at St. Philips College</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25513">Tape: 13 Story: 3 - William Davis describes his hopes and concerns for the African American community</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25514">Tape: 13 Story: 4 - William Davis reflects upon his legacy</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25515">Tape: 13 Story: 5 - William Davis talks about his family</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25516">Tape: 13 Story: 6 - William Davis reflects upon his life choices and talks about his musical interests</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/25517">Tape: 13 Story: 7 - William Davis talks about how he would like to be remembered</a>

Stephen McGuire

Nuclear physicist and physics professor Stephen C. McGuire was born on September 17, 1948 in New Orleans, Louisiana. McGuire was the first generation of his family to attend high school and college. McGuire’s parents were supportive of his education and inspired him to high achievements. By the time that McGuire graduated as valedictorian of his class at Joseph S. Clark Senior High in New Orleans, Louisiana, he knew that he wanted to pursue a career in physics. McGuire went on to attend Southern University and Agricultural and Mechanical (A&M) College on a four-year academic scholarship. He received his B.S. degree in physics, magna cum laude, in 1970. McGuire then continued his education at the University of Rochester where he studied under Professor Harry W. Fulbright and graduated with his M.S. degree in nuclear physics in 1974. In 1979, McGuire obtained his Ph.D. degree from Cornell University in nuclear science with a focus on low energy neutron physics under the guidance of Professor David D. Clark.

Between 1979 and 1982, McGuire conducted research as a staff scientist at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. In 1982, McGuire joined the faculty at Alabama A&M University in the department of physics and applied physics, and he began research with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). McGuire was honored by NASA in 1987 with its Office of Technology Utilization Research Citation Award. While at Alabama A&M, he also served as a consultant to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the U.S. Department of Energy, and spent time as a physics researcher at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). In 1989, he became the first African American faculty member at the endowed College of Engineering at Cornell University. In 1992, he became a charter fellow of the National Society of Black Physicists (NSBP). With research focusing on experimental nuclear physics and nuclear radiation and microelectronics, McGuire was appointed to be a visiting scientist at the Center for Neutron Research at the National Institute of Standards and Technology in 1998.

Since 1999, McGuire has served as professor and chair of the department of physics at Southern University and A&M College in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. McGuire has pursued his interest in optical materials as part of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO). During his tenure with the university, McGuire has led the establishment of the partnership between LIGO and Southern University and A&M College, and he served as the LIGO Scientific Collaboration Principal Investigator (PI). He considers this his greatest achievement. McGuire is a Fellow of the American Physical Society. He is married to the former Saundra E. Yancy. They have two adult daughters, Carla and Stephanie.

Stephen McGuire was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on August 18, 2012.

Accession Number

A2012.187

Sex

Male

Interview Date

8/18/2012

Last Name

McGuire

Maker Category
Marital Status

Married

Middle Name

Craig

Occupation
Schools

Joseph S. Clark Preparatory High School

Columbia University

University of California, Los Angeles

Southern University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

University of Rochester

Cornell University

Search Occupation Category
First Name

Stephen

Birth City, State, Country

New Orleans

HM ID

MCG04

Favorite Season

Summer

State

Louisiana

Favorite Vacation Destination

Florida Keys

Favorite Quote

It is better to put your trust in God than to put confidence in men.

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Louisiana

Interview Description
Birth Date

9/17/1948

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Baton Rouge

Country

USA

Favorite Food

Tilapia (Grilled), Rice (Brown), Vegetables

Short Description

Nuclear physicist Stephen McGuire (1948 - ) led the establishment of the partnership in materials research and science education between the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory and Southern University. He is a Fellow of the American Physical Society.

Employment

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Stanford Linear Accelerator Center

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Alabama A&M State University

Cornell University

Southern University Baton Rouge

California Institute of Technology

Favorite Color

Gray

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DAStories

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23262">Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Slating of Stephen McGuire's interview</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23263">Tape: 1 Story: 2 - Stephen McGuire lists his favorites</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23264">Tape: 1 Story: 3 - Stephen McGuire describes his mother's family background</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23265">Tape: 1 Story: 4 - Stephen McGuire describes how his parents met, and their early life in New Orleans, Louisiana</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23266">Tape: 1 Story: 5 - Stephen McGuire talks about his mother's life in New Orleans, Louisiana</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23267">Tape: 1 Story: 6 - Stephen McGuire describes his father's family background</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23268">Tape: 1 Story: 7 - Stephen McGuire talks about his father's hard work, and his parents' emphasis on education</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23269">Tape: 1 Story: 8 - Stephen McGuire describes his parents' personalities and who he takes after</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23270">Tape: 1 Story: 9 - Stephen McGuire talks about his siblings and describes his childhood home in New Orleans, Louisiana</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23271">Tape: 2 Story: 1 - Stephen McGuire describes the sights, sounds and smells of growing up</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23272">Tape: 2 Story: 2 - Stephen McGuire talks about attending Mt. Zion Baptist Church as a child in New Orleans, Louisiana</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23273">Tape: 2 Story: 3 - Stephen McGuire talks about his elementary school and the strong African American community in New Orleans</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23274">Tape: 2 Story: 4 - Stephen McGuire talks about the quality of African American teachers found in the segregated schools in New Orleans, Louisiana</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23275">Tape: 2 Story: 5 - Stephen McGuire talks about the teachers who influenced him in school in New Orleans, Louisiana</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23276">Tape: 2 Story: 6 - Stephen McGuire talks about race relations, schools, libraries and how New Orleans differed from other Southern cities in terms of its segregation</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23277">Tape: 2 Story: 7 - Stephen McGuire talks about the desegregation of high school sports in the New Orleans school system in the 1960s</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23278">Tape: 3 Story: 1 - Stephen McGuire describes his childhood interests and how his introduction to NASA and space shuttles encouraged his interest in science and physics</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23279">Tape: 3 Story: 2 - Stephen McGuire talks about his decision to study physics instead of playing college basketball</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23280">Tape: 3 Story: 3 - Stephen McGuire talks about playing basketball in high school</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23281">Tape: 3 Story: 4 - Stephen McGuire talks about how he was influenced by his high school teachers</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23282">Tape: 3 Story: 5 - Stephen McGuire describes why he chose Southern University for college</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23283">Tape: 3 Story: 6 - Stephen McGuire talks about Felton Clark, the president of Southern University</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23284">Tape: 4 Story: 1 - Stephen McGuire describes how he met his wife at Southern University</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23285">Tape: 4 Story: 2 - Stephen McGuire talks about Dr. King's assassination and the moon landing</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23286">Tape: 4 Story: 3 - Stephen McGuire talks about graduating from from Southern University and the prominent academicians and athletes who graduated from there</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23287">Tape: 4 Story: 4 - Stephen McGuire describes his experience at the University of Rochester</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23288">Tape: 4 Story: 5 - Stephen McGuire describes his decision to pursue a Ph.D. degree in nuclear science at Cornell University</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23289">Tape: 4 Story: 6 - Stephen McGuire describes his master's degree research on f-p shell nuclides</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23290">Tape: 4 Story: 7 - Stephen McGuire describes his Ph.D. dissertation research on spin-forbidden isomers in Uranium-236</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23291">Tape: 4 Story: 8 - Stephen McGuire talks about Ithaca, New York, and describes his research at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23292">Tape: 4 Story: 9 - Stephen McGuire describes his experience at Alabama A&M University and at Marshall Space Flight Center</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23293">Tape: 5 Story: 1 - Stephen McGuire describes his research at Cornell University on neutrons and x-rays, to understand the physics of materials</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23294">Tape: 5 Story: 2 - Stephen McGuire describes his involvement in science education and minority education at Cornell University</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23295">Tape: 5 Story: 3 - Stephen McGuire describes his experience as a visiting professor at Wayne State University in Detroit, Michigan</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23296">Tape: 5 Story: 4 - Stephen McGuire describes his decision to return to Southern University in Baton Rouge, Louisiana to chair the physics department - part one</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23297">Tape: 5 Story: 5 - Stephen McGuire describes his decision to return to Southern University in Baton Rouge, Louisiana to chair the physics department - part two</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23298">Tape: 5 Story: 6 - Stephen McGuire describes his decision to leave Cornell University in order to chair the physics department at Southern University</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23299">Tape: 6 Story: 1 - Stephen McGuire explains the significance of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO)</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23300">Tape: 6 Story: 2 - Stephen McGuire describes student involvement with the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO)</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23301">Tape: 6 Story: 3 - Stephen McGuire describes his involvement with the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) and other professional organizations</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23302">Tape: 6 Story: 4 - Stephen McGuire talks about his goals for the future</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23303">Tape: 6 Story: 5 - Stephen McGuire talks about the graduate program in physics at Southern University</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23304">Tape: 6 Story: 6 - Stephen McGuire reflects upon his legacy</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23305">Tape: 6 Story: 7 - Stephen McGuire describes his hopes and concerns for the African American community</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23306">Tape: 6 Story: 8 - Stephen McGuire reflects upon his choices</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23307">Tape: 6 Story: 9 - Stephen McGuire talks about his family</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23308">Tape: 6 Story: 10 - Stephen McGuire describes his earliest childhood memory</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23309">Tape: 6 Story: 11 - Stephen McGuire talks about how he would like to be remembered</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/23310">Tape: 7 Story: 1 - Stephen McGuire describes his photographs</a>

DASession

1$1

DATape

2$6

DAStory

7$1

DATitle
Stephen McGuire talks about the desegregation of high school sports in the New Orleans school system in the 1960s
Stephen McGuire explains the significance of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO)
Transcript
High school [Joseph S. Clark Senior High School, New Orleans, Louisiana]. Now, I don't want to get too far away from what your question is. In high school, I'll just give another example, I played basketball (clears throat). Now, you know, basketball is played out in the open on the playground courts in the city. So after while, you know, we go down to St. Aloysius [school] and we're playing basketball with just, you know, the white guys who were there. We're just playing just to have fun. Somebody saw this. We showed up one day and the basketball goal was taken away, cut off at the concrete and concreted over so we couldn't play basketball there anymore. Let me give you another example of just where we were in time. Today you take for granted interscholastic--interscholastic sports, okay, and Louisiana being integrated, no problem, okay. During that time, there were two schools in New Orleans. One was Jesuit and the other one was St. Augusta. St. Augusta was known for being a very strong school, even to this day, okay, academically and also athletically. Well the principals at these schools decided, "Look, we have to do something to break down this barrier of segregation in our schools. Let's do it by just simply playing a basketball game between our two schools, and making that a demonstration of what can happen without incident." St. Augusta at that time was the number one ranked school in the black league. Jesuit was the number one ranked school in the white league. They played that game behind closed doors successfully. St. Augusta won the game, okay. But they played it successfully--successfully. The parents of the players didn't come in and stage a protest. They had to play it behind closed doors because you couldn't just open it up it up--something like that to the public. But it demonstrated the basic principle, that two groups of kids, you know, with these similar interests, could get together, play a competitive basketball game appropriately refereed, and you not have an incident.$What's the significance of the research with LIGO [Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory, in Livingston, Louisiana]? I mean, what are hoping we will find out about the, you know--I mean, there's a lot--lots of things we don't know or need to find out about, but what's the significance?$$But the idea behind LIGO is that, if we can in fact see this, when we see this gravitational radiation, you will see a new type of radiation. It's not electromagnetic, and it doesn't require its source to be hot and luminous. It can be cold and dark. So given the idea that the vast majority of the matter in the universe, 95 percent of it is cold and dark, then you have a chance of opening up a whole new window on this universe that we live in, if you can--when you make these detections. So you're bound to see, I believe, phenomena that we just don't know about right now. The other aspect of it that's extremely important is that, if you see the stochastic remnants of the big bang in your data, then you will have looked back further towards creation, that's never been done before in the history of mankind, and we anticipate that that in itself will yield valuable information in terms of our understanding of the evolution of the universe, as it turns out. So those two ideas that we're opening up a whole new window on the universe, I think--I think make for a strong or either a very compelling argument for this particular experiment. There's direct evidence that gravitational radiation exists and [Albert] Einstein was right. But we want make routine and direct measurements of this so as to just generate a body of data and knowledge that will help us move toward a deeper understanding of this universe that we live in. Right.