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Toni Fay

Communications executive Toni Fay was born on April 25, 1947 to George E. and Allie C. (Smith) Fay. Fay received her B.A. degree from Duquesne University in 1968. She obtained her M.S.W. degree, four years later, from the University of Pittsburgh. She also received her M.Ed. degree from the University of Pittsburgh in 1973. Fay began her professional career in 1968 when she was hired as a caseworker for the New York City Department of Welfare. She was then named the director of social services for the Pittsburgh Drug Abuse Center in 1972. Fay was also appointed regional commissioner of the Governor's Council on Drugs & Alcohol for the state of Pennsylvania, serving in that capacity from 1973 to 1976. In 1977, she was named director of planning and development for the National Council of Negro Women. She was then hired as an executive vice president of D. Parke Gibson Associates, a public relations firm.

In 1982, Fay was named manager of community relations for Time-Warner, Inc. in New York. After only a year with the media conglomerate, she was promoted to the position of director of corporate community relations and affirmative action. She would go on to serve in that role for ten years before being appointed Time Warner’s vice president and corporation officer. After eight years as vice president, Fay launched her own management consultant firm TGF Associates in Englewood, New Jersey.

In addition to her corporate career, Fay was a member of the transition team for former U.S. President William Clinton in 1992. She was also appointed by President Clinton to the boards of the National Institute for Literacy and the Corporation for National and Community Service.

Fay has served on a number of boards for civic, social and educational entities, including that of the Congressional Black Caucus Foundation, UNICEF, the Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt Institute and Library, the Apollo Theatre Foundation, the NAACP Legal Defense and Education Fund, Bethune Cookman College, the Coro Foundation, the Federation of Protestant Welfare Agencies, the U.S. Capitol Historical Society and the Quincy Jones Listen Up Foundation, among many others.

Toni Fay was interviewed by the The HistoryMakers on August 1, 2012.

Accession Number

A2012.162

Sex

Female

Interview Date

8/1/2012

Last Name

Fay

Maker Category
Middle Name

Georgette

Schools

Duquesne University

University of Pittsburgh

A Whizz Kids Preschool Inc Ii

A-Karrasel Primary Grade Center

Benjamin Franklin Junior High School

Teaneck Senior High School

P.S. 169 Robert F Kennedy School

First Name

Toni

Birth City, State, Country

New York

HM ID

FAY01

Favorite Season

Fall

State

New York

Favorite Vacation Destination

Paris, France, Morocco

Favorite Quote

None

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

New Jersey

Birth Date

4/25/1947

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Englewood

Country

United States

Favorite Food

Fish

Short Description

Communications executive Toni Fay (1947 - ) was vice president of Time Warner, Inc.

Employment

New York City Department of Welfare

Pittsburgh Drug Abuse Center

Commonwealth of Pennsylvania

National Council of Negro Women (NCNW)

D. Parke Gibson Association

Time Warner, Inc.

TGF Associates

Favorite Color

Earth Tones

Timing Pairs
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DAStories

Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Slating of Toni Fay's interview

Tape: 1 Story: 2 - Toni Fay lists her favorites

Tape: 1 Story: 3 - Toni Fay describes her maternal family background

Tape: 1 Story: 4 - Toni Fay describes how her maternal grandparents met

Tape: 1 Story: 5 - Toni Fay describes her maternal grandfather and great uncle's occupations

Tape: 1 Story: 6 - Toni Fay remembers visiting her grandfather in New Jersey after the 1967 Newark riots

Tape: 1 Story: 7 - Toni Fay describes her maternal grandmother

Tape: 1 Story: 8 - Toni Fay talks about her family's relationship to the Presbyterian Church

Tape: 1 Story: 9 - Toni Fay recaps her maternal family history

Tape: 1 Story: 10 - Toni Fay describes her mother's childhood in Harlem, New York

Tape: 1 Story: 11 - Toni Fay talks about her father and paternal family background, pt. 1

Tape: 1 Story: 12 - Toni Fay talks about her father and paternal family background, pt. 2

Tape: 1 Story: 13 - Toni Fay describes her father's personality

Tape: 2 Story: 1 - Toni Fay talks about her father's start of an African American high school football league

Tape: 2 Story: 2 - Toni Fay talks about her father's draft into the U.S. Army

Tape: 2 Story: 3 - Toni Fay describes her family's perspective toward the draft

Tape: 2 Story: 4 - Toni Fay explains how her parent met and fell in love

Tape: 2 Story: 5 - Toni Fay describes her childhood home in Harlem, New York

Tape: 2 Story: 6 - Toni Fay describes her parents' dispositions and considers her likeness to them

Tape: 2 Story: 7 - Toni Fay describes experiencing discrimination in the Teaneck, New Jersey schools

Tape: 2 Story: 8 - Toni Fay recalls her earliest childhood memory

Tape: 2 Story: 9 - Toni Fay describes her childhood activities in Harlem, New York

Tape: 2 Story: 10 - Toni Fay describes the sights, sounds, and smells of her childhood in Harlem, New York

Tape: 2 Story: 11 - Toni Fay remembers beating Roosevelt "Rosey" Brown in ping pong

Tape: 2 Story: 12 - Toni Fay talks about the distinction between Harlem and Washington Heights

Tape: 2 Story: 13 - Toni Fay describes her experience at P.S. 169 elementary school in New York City

Tape: 2 Story: 14 - Toni Fay describes her experience at Stitt Junior High School and moving to Teaneck, New Jersey

Tape: 3 Story: 1 - Toni Fay describes playing in the band at Stitt Junior High School in New York City

Tape: 3 Story: 2 - Toni Fay describes leaving New York City for Teaneck, New Jersey

Tape: 3 Story: 3 - Toni Fay describes how she avoided being held back from the eighth grade

Tape: 3 Story: 4 - Toni Fay talks about her neighbors in Teaneck, Jersey, including the Isley family, and northern migration to the suburbs

Tape: 3 Story: 5 - Toni Fay describes attending summer camp and other structured activities

Tape: 3 Story: 6 - Toni Fay describes the racial discrimination she experienced in Teaneck, New Jersey

Tape: 3 Story: 7 - Toni Fay talks about entertaining her parents' friends

Tape: 3 Story: 8 - Toni Fay talks about her father's establishment of a football team in Teaneck, New Jersey

Tape: 3 Story: 9 - Toni Fay recalls attending the March on Washington in 1963 and boycotting companies that were segregationist

Tape: 3 Story: 10 - Toni Fay talks about Malcolm X and remembers visiting "Southern" cousins in Washington, D.C.

Tape: 3 Story: 11 - Toni Fay talks about her decision to attend Duquesne University in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Tape: 3 Story: 12 - Toni Fay explains why she elected not to attend Howard University in Washington, D.C.

Tape: 4 Story: 1 - Toni Fay describes her undergraduate experience at Duquesne University in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Tape: 4 Story: 2 - Toni Fay talks about HistoryMaker Ronald Davenport, then-professor in the Duquesne University School of Law

Tape: 4 Story: 3 - Toni Fay describes being accepted into graduate school at the University of Pittsburgh

Tape: 4 Story: 4 - Toni Fay talks about her graduate studies at the University of Pittsburgh, pt. 1

Tape: 4 Story: 5 - Toni Fay talks about her graduate studies at the University of Pittsburgh, pt. 2

Tape: 4 Story: 6 - Toni Fay talks about heading the Governor's Council on Drug and Alcohol Abuse in Pennsylvania

Tape: 4 Story: 7 - Toni Fay talks about her parents' mentorship

Tape: 4 Story: 8 - Toni Fay talks about C. Delores Tucker, pt. 1

Tape: 4 Story: 9 - Toni Fay describes moving to San Francisco, California briefly after leaving her job in Pennsylvania

Tape: 4 Story: 10 - Toni Fay talks about C. Delores Tucker, pt. 2

Tape: 5 Story: 1 - Toni Fay talks about moving back home after spending one year in San Francisco, California

Tape: 5 Story: 2 - Toni Fay describes interviewing with and being hired by HistoryMaker Dorothy Height

Tape: 5 Story: 3 - Toni Fay describes initiatives she oversaw at the National Council of Negro Women

Tape: 5 Story: 4 - Toni Fay describes being hired by the D. Parke Gibson Association public relations firm

Tape: 5 Story: 5 - Toni Fay describes being hired at Time Inc.

Tape: 5 Story: 6 - Toni Fay describes her experience at Time Inc. and relationship with executive William J. Trent, Jr.

Tape: 5 Story: 7 - Toni Fay describes making connections with Betty Shabazz, Coretta Scott King, and others through the Black Leadership Family

Tape: 5 Story: 8 - Toni Fay talks about the members, requirements and objectives at the Black Leadership Academy

Tape: 5 Story: 9 - Toni Fay describes the development of her literacy program at Time Inc.

Tape: 6 Story: 1 - Toni Fay describes the literacy program she developed at Time Inc.

Tape: 6 Story: 2 - Toni Fay talks about Time Inc.'s merger with Warner Communications Inc. in 1990

Tape: 6 Story: 3 - Toni Fay describes working on 'Songs of My People' photography book

Tape: 6 Story: 4 - Toni Fay describes meeting HistoryMaker Quincy Jones and her involvement in the Listen Up Foundation

Tape: 6 Story: 5 - Toni Fay talks about becoming Time Warner's first African American officer

Tape: 6 Story: 6 - Toni Fay describes working on 'Americanos: Latino Life in the United States' and Gordon Parks' 'Half Past Autumn' at Time Warner

Tape: 6 Story: 7 - Toni Fay talks about the external projects she worked on, including the Business Policy Review Council

Tape: 6 Story: 8 - Toni Fay explains why the Business Policy Review Council stopped operating

Tape: 6 Story: 9 - Toni Fay talks about her retirement from Time Warner

Tape: 6 Story: 10 - Toni Fay talks about challenges surrounding the preservation of the Apollo Theater

Tape: 7 Story: 1 - Toni Fay talks about her role in the revitalization of the Apollo Theatre in Harlem, New York

Tape: 7 Story: 2 - Toni Fay remembers HistoryMaker Ossie Davis

Tape: 7 Story: 3 - Toni Fay describes her role on President Bill Clinton's transition team

Tape: 7 Story: 4 - Toni Fay describes her literacy work with the Clinton Administration and Time Warner Inc.

Tape: 7 Story: 5 - Toni Fay lists various boards she has served on over the years

Tape: 7 Story: 6 - Toni Fay describes her hopes and concerns for the African American community

Tape: 7 Story: 7 - Toni Fay reflects considers what she might have done differently

Tape: 7 Story: 8 - Toni Fay considers her legacy

Tape: 7 Story: 9 - Toni Fay talks about her family

Tape: 7 Story: 10 - Toni Fay shares her advice to young professionals

Tape: 7 Story: 11 - Toni Fay describes how she would like to be remembered

Tape: 7 Story: 12 - Toni Fay narrates her photographs, pt. 1

Tape: 8 Story: 1 - Toni Fay narrates her photographs, pt. 2

DASession

1$1

DATape

4$6

DAStory

6$3

DATitle
Toni Fay talks about heading the Governor's Council on Drug and Alcohol Abuse in Pennsylvania
Toni Fay describes working on 'Songs of My People' photography book
Transcript
And I got--as I said, I think I've been blessed my whole career. All of a sudden, there was a brand new agency being started by Governor Milton Shapp in Pennsylvania. And it was to be the single-state agency for drug and alcohol abuse. Again, this was a whole new wave in the whole health and mental health arena nationally. So he started it, and the single-state agency was called the Governor's Council on Drug and Alcohol Abuse. And for some reason, I was hired to be head of the whole region, which put me in charge of twenty-four counties in western Pennsylvania in allocating their drug and alcohol money for their county programs and other things. It's the first time I'm managing a staff, first time I was traveling statewide to look at programs. So I learned so much, and the first time I had to deal with administration, with panels. So I was taken from a community-based activity, thinking about, you know, we're just gonna improve the lot of people, to an administrative position dealing with budgets and money and plans and, and more racism, which was easier because outside of Pittsburgh [Pennsylvania], if you know western Pennsylvania and you should coming from Dayton [Ohio], I mean it's Appalachia in some places. I remember going to one of my counties and the, the county commissioner was blind. And I'm walking in to introduce myself, and he said, "Oh, yeah, I heard this, this colored gal got that job." I said, yes, and she's right here in front of you, you know (laughter). And what, and, and you have a request before me, you know. So, you know, I learned those--it was like the sum total of the things I had learned from Teaneck [New Jersey] (laughter), that I had to bring to that experience too. But it was a great job. I mean it propelled me totally out of traditional social work into now looking at this whole understanding of public health systems and administration and managing people.$There were two things going on that propelled me in getting my officer's stripe, which was unbelievable. First, I had this, "what the hell" attitude. I'm just gonna keep my head down and not stay in the gossip, rumor mill about who's on first, who's on second. My boss, who was then Jerry Levin [Gerald Levin], who became the chairman of Time Warner later on and did the AOL deal to our, our chagrin, Jerry said, call me only if you need me 'cause he was in his own political battle. So, you know, we were all just holding on. None of us were gonna put our hands up to say, "I'm leaving" 'cause they said, "Oh, at least let's get a package if we're gonna leave." So that's when I was approached to take on this project called 'Songs of My People.' I had gotten a call from a couple of the photographers that were looking at some way--quite frankly, they were a little outraged that this project around black women had traveled all around the United States and gotten such notoriety and there weren't any black photographers engaged in it. So many of them had gotten together, who were the top photographers in many of the newspapers around the country to say, let's do a day-in-the-life kind of concept. They brought it to me. I said, this is fabulous. Now, how am I gonna talk this company into it? I went to our book company and said, you all got to do this. They said, it sounds good. I said, I want us to get into the exhibition thing. We could travel this to all of our markets because in the newspaper--I'll never forget, when I went to the chairman, I said, "Look, Jerry, every paper is talking about records and synergy and movies and synergy. Not one is mentioning books, not one is mentioning magazines, not one is mentioning--it's all about now, this new entertainment complex. I have a book project that I wanna get all of our businesses engaged in." And it's gonna propel our agenda in terms of saying to the black community, we are here and the white community too. And think about all these museums. You like culture. Well, I sold it to Jerry to say--he said, "Toni, I like your thought." He said, but I don't even know how we're gonna pay for this. If we have to commit to fund an exhibition, all our money's tied up in this deal. Do you know how I got the exhibition funded? There was a line that the banks had not attached that was the retirement gift for Dick Munro, who was the outgoing CEO. That was the only line not attached in the deal we're paying for this merger (laughter). So if you ever see any literature from 'Songs of My People,' 'cause it traveled in over a hundred countries, you know, through the State Department [U.S. Department of State]. I mean it's just great. It always says, and "Is dedicated to Dick Munro through his retired," (laughter). It went on for five years. It was a major book, gangbusters exhibition. And what I liked most about it, and I think why people remember me and always come up to me and all of our executives in the company and said, "I'm one of the 'Songs of My People' photographers. They all got better jobs. Some became the press secretaries for Clinton [President William "Bill" Clinton] and everybody got promoted at their newspapers. And that's also how we got so much press 'cause when we would hit town, all of a sudden they could go to their publisher and say, look, I'm in this exhibition, and this is in our town. So you're gonna get some play. I mean it was just gangbusters. It was a landmark thing for the craft of photography. So that was one--

Rosetta Miller-Perry

Multi-talented Tennessee Tribune publisher and civil rights activist, Rosetta Miller-Perry was born Rosetta Irvin on July 7, 1934 in Coraopolis, Pennsylvania. The steel mills attracted her parents, Anderson Irvin and Mary Hall Irvin to Coraopolis from New Orleans, Louisiana. Miller-Perry grew up near the Allegheny River where she spent her first four years on her aunt’s house boat. She attended McKinley Elementary School and Coraopolis Junior High School. A good student, who read the Pittsburgh Courier and played the organ for her church, Miller-Perry graduated from Coraopolis Senior High School in 1952. Accepted by Howard University, Miller-Perry was disappointed when a close relative spent her tuition money. Moving to Chicago, she attended Herzl Community College and Cortes Peters Typing School while working for Spiegel’s. Perry joined the United States Navy in 1954, where she worked for Adam Bush in the Pentagon and for the Adjutant General’s Office in Germany.

Miller-Perry completed her B.S. degree in chemistry from the University of Memphis in 1956 and her D.M.S. from the John A. Gumpton School of Mortuary Science in 1957. In 1958, she attended Tennessee State University and then Meharry Medical College for nurses training as she worked for Southern Funeral Home. Actively involved in the civil rights struggle, Miller-Perry worked closely with Z. Alexander Looby, Curley McGruder, Reverend Kelly Miller Smith and other leaders. When Looby’s home was bombed by the Ku Klux Klan in 1960, Miller-Perry moved to Memphis. She worked closely with SCLC and Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. She was brought into the United States Civil Rights Commission (USCRC) in 1960 as a clerk typist, then as a field representative. Assigned to cover the Memphis Garbage Strike in 1968, Miller-Perry witnessed the suspicious activities of the FBI, “The Invaders” and the chaos after the murder of Dr. King. Assigned to the United States Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) in 1975, Perry became Nashville Area Director of the EEOC. She retired from government service in 1990.

Miller-Perry founded Perry and Perry Associates in 1990 and published Contempora, a Tennessee-focused African American magazine. In 1992, Perry founded the community-oriented Tennessee Tribune in order to focus on issues like health, education, and voter registration. She established the Greater Nashville Black Chamber of Commerce (GNBCC) in 1998. That same year, Miller-Perry created the Anthony J. Cebrun Journalism Center in partnership with Dell Computers to prepare young people for careers in journalism. In 2006, she published the names of registered voters in the predominantly black districts, who did not vote and increased voter turnout from 35% to 65%. A civic dynamo, Miller-Perry serves on numerous boards. The Rosetta I. Miller Scholarship at Memphis State University was created in her honor and the annual $1,000 Rosetta Miller-Perry Award for Best Film by a Black Filmmaker is presented at the Nashville Film Festival.

Miller-Perry was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on March 18, 2007.

Accession Number

A2007.096

Sex

Female

Interview Date

3/18/2007

Last Name

Miller-Perry

Maker Category
Schools

Coraopolis High School

McKinley Elementary School

Coraopolis Junior High School

Tennessee State University

Meharry Medical College

John A. Gumpton School of Mortuary Science

University of Memphis

Search Occupation Category
First Name

Rosetta

Birth City, State, Country

Coraopolis

HM ID

MIL05

Favorite Season

Christmas

State

Pennsylvania

Favorite Vacation Destination

Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts

Favorite Quote

Things Get Better With Time.

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Tennessee

Birth Date

7/7/1934

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Nashville

Country

United States

Favorite Food

Chicken

Short Description

Civil rights activist, magazine publishing entrepreneur, and newspaper publishing chief executive Rosetta Miller-Perry (1934 - ) served as a clerk typist, then as a field representative for the U.S. Civil Rights Commission. She was also Nashville Director of the United States Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. She went on to become publisher of the Tennessee Tribune.

Employment

U.S. Commission on Civil Rights

Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

Favorite Color

Red

Timing Pairs
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DAStories

Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Slating of Rosetta Miller-Perry's interview

Tape: 1 Story: 2 - Rosetta Miller-Perry lists her favorites

Tape: 1 Story: 3 - Rosetta Miller-Perry describes her mother's family background

Tape: 1 Story: 4 - Rosetta Miller-Perry describes her mother's upbringing

Tape: 1 Story: 5 - Rosetta Miller-Perry describes her father's family background

Tape: 1 Story: 6 - Rosetta Miller-Perry describes her father's first wife and remarriage

Tape: 1 Story: 7 - Rosetta Miller-Perry describes her parents' move to Coraopolis, Pennsylvania

Tape: 1 Story: 8 - Rosetta Miller-Perry describes her father and her likeness to him

Tape: 1 Story: 9 - Rosetta Miller-Perry lists some of her siblings

Tape: 1 Story: 10 - Rosetta Miller-Perry describes her earliest childhood memory

Tape: 1 Story: 11 - Rosetta Miller-Perry remembers living with her maternal aunt

Tape: 1 Story: 12 - Rosetta Miller-Perry describes her childhood pastimes

Tape: 1 Story: 13 - Rosetta Miller-Perry describes her early experiences of racial discrimination

Tape: 1 Story: 14 - Rosetta Miller-Perry recalls working as a domestic for her white peer's family

Tape: 1 Story: 15 - Rosetta Miller-Perry remembers Coraopolis High School in Coraopolis, Pennsylvania

Tape: 2 Story: 1 - Rosetta Miller-Perry remembers the draft during World War II

Tape: 2 Story: 2 - Rosetta Miller-Perry describes the sights and smells of her childhood

Tape: 2 Story: 3 - Rosetta Miller-Perry describes her father's career

Tape: 2 Story: 4 - Rosetta Miller-Perry remembers her early aspirations

Tape: 2 Story: 5 - Rosetta Miller-Perry remembers the newspapers in Coraopolis, Pennsylvania

Tape: 2 Story: 6 - Rosetta Miller-Perry recalls her activities at Coraopolis High School in Coraopolis, Pennsylvania

Tape: 2 Story: 7 - Rosetta Miller-Perry remembers Mount Olive Baptist Church in Coraopolis, Pennsylvania

Tape: 2 Story: 8 - Rosetta Miller-Perry recalls being prevented from attending Howard University

Tape: 2 Story: 9 - Rosetta Miller-Perry remembers moving to Chicago, Illinois

Tape: 2 Story: 10 - Rosetta Miller-Perry remembers working at the Pentagon

Tape: 2 Story: 11 - Rosetta Miller-Perry remembers meeting her husband

Tape: 2 Story: 12 - Rosetta Miller-Perry describes her ex-husband's family background

Tape: 2 Story: 13 - Rosetta Miller-Perry remembers her time in Germany

Tape: 3 Story: 1 - Rosetta Miller-Perry recalls the start of her involvement in the Civil Rights Movement

Tape: 3 Story: 2 - Rosetta Miller-Perry remembers her experiences of segregation

Tape: 3 Story: 3 - Rosetta Miller-Perry remembers learning about nonviolent direct action

Tape: 3 Story: 4 - Rosetta Miller-Perry talks about the civil rights marches

Tape: 3 Story: 5 - Rosetta Miller-Perry describes the residents of Nashville, Tennessee

Tape: 3 Story: 6 - Rosetta Miller-Perry recalls the John A. Gupton School of Mortuary Science in Nashville, Tennessee

Tape: 3 Story: 7 - Rosetta Miller-Perry remembers working at the Southern Funeral Home in Memphis, Tennessee

Tape: 3 Story: 8 - Rosetta Miller-Perry remembers Memphis State University in Memphis, Tennessee

Tape: 3 Story: 9 - Rosetta Miller-Perry describes the Rosetta I. Miller Award Fund

Tape: 3 Story: 10 - Rosetta Miller-Perry describes her civil rights activities in Memphis, Tennessee

Tape: 4 Story: 1 - Rosetta Miller-Perry recalls the leadership of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights

Tape: 4 Story: 2 - Rosetta Miller-Perry recalls her early civil rights activities in Memphis, Tennessee

Tape: 4 Story: 3 - Rosetta Miller-Perry remembers joining the U.S. Civil Rights Commission

Tape: 4 Story: 4 - Rosetta Miller-Perry remembers being targeted in a federal investigation

Tape: 4 Story: 5 - Rosetta Miller-Perry recalls staying at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee

Tape: 4 Story: 6 - Rosetta Miller-Perry talks about the Invaders

Tape: 4 Story: 7 - Rosetta Miller-Perry recalls the rumors about Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

Tape: 4 Story: 8 - Rosetta Miller-Perry recalls an incident with N.J. Ford

Tape: 4 Story: 9 - Rosetta Miller-Perry remembers Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

Tape: 4 Story: 10 - Rosetta Miller-Perry recalls Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s assassination

Tape: 4 Story: 11 - Rosetta Miller-Perry describes Civil Rights Movement leaders' illicit activities

Tape: 4 Story: 12 - Rosetta Miller-Perry talks about the tactics of the Civil Rights Movement

Tape: 5 Story: 1 - Rosetta Miller-Perry remembers the Poor People's Campaign

Tape: 5 Story: 2 - Rosetta Miller-Perry describes the impact of civil rights groups on black newspapers

Tape: 5 Story: 3 - Rosetta Miller-Perry recalls working at the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

Tape: 5 Story: 4 - Rosetta Miller-Perry describes changes in the Equal Employment Opportunities Commission

Tape: 5 Story: 5 - Rosetta Miller-Perry remembers Clarence Thomas

Tape: 5 Story: 6 - Rosetta Miller-Perry recalls founding Contempora magazine

Tape: 5 Story: 7 - Rosetta Miller-Perry remembers founding The Tennessee Tribune

Tape: 5 Story: 8 - Rosetta Miller-Perry recalls her newspaper's impact on voter turnout

Tape: 5 Story: 9 - Rosetta Miller-Perry recalls the criticisms of her newspaper

Tape: 6 Story: 1 - Rosetta Miller-Perry describes The Tennessee Tribune newspaper

Tape: 6 Story: 2 - Rosetta Miller-Perry remembers Anthony J. Cebrun

Tape: 6 Story: 3 - Rosetta Miller-Perry describes the racial tensions in Nashville, Tennessee

Tape: 6 Story: 4 - Rosetta Miller-Perry describes her publishing philosophy

Tape: 6 Story: 5 - Rosetta Miller-Perry talks about megachurches

Tape: 6 Story: 6 - Rosetta Miller-Perry describes the challenges facing The Tennessee Tribune

Tape: 6 Story: 7 - Rosetta Miller-Perry describes the staff of The Tennessee Tribune

Tape: 6 Story: 8 - Rosetta Miller-Perry describes her advertisers' partners

Tape: 6 Story: 9 - Rosetta Miller-Perry describes her plans for the future

Tape: 6 Story: 10 - Rosetta Miller-Perry describes the leadership of The Tennessee Tribune

Tape: 6 Story: 11 - Rosetta Miller-Perry describes her concerns for the African American community

Tape: 6 Story: 12 - Rosetta Miller-Perry describes the mission of The Tennessee Tribune

Tape: 6 Story: 13 - Rosetta Miller-Perry describes the Rosetta Miller-Perry Award for Best Black Filmmaker

Tape: 6 Story: 14 - Rosetta Miller-Perry reflects upon her life

Tape: 7 Story: 1 - Rosetta Miller-Perry talks about the media's portrayal of the black community

Tape: 7 Story: 2 - Rosetta Miller-Perry describes the influence of Christianity in the South

Tape: 7 Story: 3 - Rosetta Miller-Perry reflects upon her legacy

Tape: 7 Story: 4 - Rosetta Miller-Perry describes her family

Tape: 7 Story: 5 - Rosetta Miller-Perry describes how she would like to be remembered

Tape: 7 Story: 6 - Rosetta Miller-Perry narrates her photographs

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Rosetta Miller-Perry recalls her early civil rights activities in Memphis, Tennessee
Rosetta Miller-Perry describes her publishing philosophy
Transcript
So how did you get involved in civil rights?$$Well, you know, at that time I didn't do bridge, I didn't only--I was in the sorority, and Memphis [Tennessee] was hot, you know. And when they started marching, I just got involved, started marching and getting angry. And you go to the movement. I mean, you went to, to, to all the meetings and you get stirred up. And then I lived in Lakeview Gardens [sic. Lakeview Garden, Memphis, Tennessee] and well, they were talking about other people, we are consumers, we are spending our money with other people. And then we had this Chinese store out there and the people weren't nice to us, but we spent our money there. So, it started making me angry and I just got involved 'cause I want--I used to put my kids in front of that store and marched, just the four of us (laughter) telling people not to shop there. So you just keep getting yourself involved, one more thing and then the bigger thing and so forth. I talked my sorority into participating in the marches, you know. They didn't wanna do it, but we, you know, eventually everybody in town, basically.$$So what sorority were, were you in?$$Alpha Kappa Alpha [Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority].$$Okay, AKA.$We were noticing the layout of the paper [The Tennessee Tribune], you have a lot of nice big pictures in the newspaper. Do you have a philosophy about how newspapers should be laid out, the visual side of it?$$Well, personally I feel like my people won't pick up a newspaper if they don't see a picture. You know, they don't wanna read all that, whatever it is. But what--and people have told me this, tha- when they get my paper, they go to the social section and they read, 'cause they see the pictures. And then, they're relaxed they read the news, you know. But basically in black papers, you know, our news is old news, so we have to do other things like say who's who in business or you know, what things are happening in the community because we're weekly, you know.$$Yeah, a weekly paper, I guess any weekly paper now would not be news oriented, because you--everything is already over with by then?$$But we do a lot of national black news that these folks would never see. And that's what people like about my paper. They would never even know what's happening in New York [New York] or Chicago [Illinois] unless they read my paper, because they're not gonna read it in the white paper.$$Yeah, I just was reading an extensive article on the res- resignation of the director of the NAACP [National Association for the Advancement of Colored People] just now that I didn't know anything about. That happened on Ma- March the 4th and it's the first I've read about it.$$Right. So those are the types of things, you know, the people need to know. And then people are doing creative things in other communities. And pe- excuse me, people can get ideas from what's somebody's doing in New York, you know, instead of us doing the same old thing over and over again.