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David Baker Lewis

Attorney David Baker Lewis was born on June 9, 1944 in Detroit, Michigan to Dorothy Florence Baker Lewis and Walton Adams Lewis. Lewis attended St. Peter Claver School, Courville Elementary School, Nolan Junior High School and graduated from John J. Pershing High School in 1962. As a business administration student at Oakland University, Lewis spent the summer of 1964 as an intern with Holderbank Financiere Glarus in Zurich, Switzerland. In 1965, Lewis earned his B.A. degree in business administration from Oakland University and later interned at Chicago’s Northern Trust Bank in 1966. In 1965, Lewis obtained his M.B.A. degree in finance from the University of Chicago Booth School of Business, where he was president of the Business Club. In 1967, Lewis enrolled in University of Michigan Law School earning his J.D. degree from there in 1970.

Lewis worked as a law clerk for the Honorable Theodore Levin of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan while teaching for the University of Michigan’s African American Studies Department. In 1971, Lewis joined the law firm of Patmon, Young and Kirk Professional Corporation. He also served as an associate professor of law for the Detroit College of Law from 1972 to 1978. In 1972, Lewis, along with two other black lawyers, formed Lewis, White and Clay (now Lewis & Munday) – a professional corporation. Lewis served as president of the firm from 1972 to 1982 at which time he became chairman of the board. In 2001, Lewis & Munday ranked sixteenth nationally among all bond counsel and twentieth among all underwriter counsel firms in the country. Lewis served as a member of the State of Michigan Attorney Discipline Board from 1978 to 1983. He has also been a board member of the National Association of Bond Lawyers, the Institute of American Business, the National Association of Securities Professionals, Conrail, Inc., LG&E Corporation, Paradies Metro Ventures, Comerica, Inc., TRW, Inc., M.A. Hanna Company, Fife Electric Co., Lakefront Capitol Advisors, Inc., Lewis and Thompson Agency, Inc., the Detroit Edison Securitization Funding, LLC, Kroger Company, the Police Foundation and H&R Block.

Lewis has been a Fellow of the American Bar Association and a member of the board of trustees of Oakland University, and the Oakland University Foundation. Lewis was awarded honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degrees from both the University of Detroit Mercy in 1991 and Central Michigan University in 2001. In 1995, he received the Learned Hand Award from the American Jewish Committee.

Accession Number

A2007.081

Sex

Male

Interview Date

3/9/2007

10/26/2012

Last Name

Lewis

Maker Category
Marital Status

Widowed

Middle Name

Baker

Occupation
Schools

John J. Pershing High School

St. Peter Claver Elementary School

Courville Elementary School

Nolan Junior High School

Nolan Elementary School

Pershing High School

Oakland University

University of Chicago Booth School of Business

University of Michigan

First Name

David

Birth City, State, Country

Detroit

HM ID

LEW09

Favorite Season

Fall

State

Michigan

Favorite Vacation Destination

Caribbean

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Michigan

Interview Description
Birth Date

6/9/1944

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Detroit

Country

USA

Favorite Food

Cake (Red Velvet)

Short Description

Bond lawyer David Baker Lewis (1944 - ) co-founded the law firm that became Lewis & Munday, LLC.

Employment

Lewis & Munday, A Professional Corporation

Patmon, Young and Kirk Professional Corporation

Detroit College of Law

United States District Court, Eastern District of Michigan

Favorite Color

Orange, Yellow

Timing Pairs
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DAStories

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418642">Tape: 1 Slating of David Baker Lewis' interview</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418643">Tape: 1 David Baker Lewis lists his favorites</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418644">Tape: 1 David Baker Lewis describes his mother's family background</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418645">Tape: 1 David Baker Lewis describes his maternal grandfather</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418646">Tape: 1 David Baker Lewis describes his mother's upbringing</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418647">Tape: 1 David Baker Lewis recalls his maternal family's history of activism</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418648">Tape: 1 David Baker Lewis describes his mother's education</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418649">Tape: 1 David Baker Lewis recalls his maternal grandfather's personal injury lawsuit</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418650">Tape: 1 David Baker Lewis describes his family's vacations to Idlewild, Michigan</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418651">Tape: 1 David Baker Lewis describes his father's family background, pt. 1</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418652">Tape: 1 David Baker Lewis describes his father's family background, pt. 2</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418653">Tape: 2 David Baker Lewis describes his father's educational background</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418654">Tape: 2 David Baker Lewis describes his parents' courtship</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418655">Tape: 2 David Baker Lewis talks about his father's W. A. Lewis Insurance Agency</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418656">Tape: 2 David Baker Lewis describes how he takes after his parents</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418657">Tape: 2 David Baker Lewis remembers his father's entrepreneurialism</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418658">Tape: 2 David Baker Lewis talks about his half-brother, Robert Lewis</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418659">Tape: 2 David Baker Lewis describes his earliest childhood memory</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418660">Tape: 2 David Baker Lewis describes the Conant Gardens neighborhood in Detroit, Michigan</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418661">Tape: 2 David Baker Lewis recalls segregation in Detroit, Michigan</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418662">Tape: 2 David Baker Lewis describes the sights, sounds and smells of his childhood</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418663">Tape: 3 David Baker Lewis describes his early education</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418664">Tape: 3 David Baker Lewis recalls his experiences at integrated schools</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418665">Tape: 3 David Baker Lewis remembers John J. Pershing High School in Detroit, Michigan</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418666">Tape: 3 David Baker Lewis recalls the Civil Rights Movement in Detroit, Michigan</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418667">Tape: 3 David Baker Lewis describes his father's activism in the community</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418668">Tape: 3 David Baker Lewis describes his early experiences of racial discrimination</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418669">Tape: 3 David Baker Lewis talks about the Detroit Red Wings</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418670">Tape: 3 David Baker Lewis recalls the role of religion in his upbringing</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418671">Tape: 3 David Baker Lewis describes his extracurricular activities</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418672">Tape: 3 David Baker Lewis recalls his influential teachers</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418673">Tape: 3 David Baker Lewis remembers his high school prom</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418674">Tape: 3 David Baker Lewis recalls aspiring to play football at the University of Michigan</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418675">Tape: 4 Slating of David Baker Lewis' interview, pt. 2</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418676">Tape: 4 David Baker Lewis describes his decision to attend Michigan State University-Oakland</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418677">Tape: 4 David Baker Lewis remembers his mentors at Michigan State University-Oakland</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418678">Tape: 4 David Baker Lewis recalls his trip to Zurich, Switzerland</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418679">Tape: 4 David Baker Lewis recalls his experiences at Michigan State University-Oakland</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418680">Tape: 4 David Baker Lewis describes his decision to attend the University of Chicago Graduate School of Business</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418681">Tape: 4 David Baker Lewis remembers receiving the Alfred G. Wilson Award</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418682">Tape: 4 David Baker Lewis describes his internship at the Northern Trust Corporation</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418683">Tape: 4 David Baker Lewis talks about his mentors at the University of Chicago</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418684">Tape: 4 David Baker Lewis recalls his experiences in Chicago, Illinois</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418685">Tape: 5 David Baker Lewis recalls his influences at University of Michigan Law School</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418686">Tape: 5 David Baker Lewis recalls playing football with Reverend Jesse L. Jackson and Reverend Dr. Jim Holley, Jr.</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418687">Tape: 5 David Baker Lewis remembers the riots in Detroit, Michigan in 1967</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418688">Tape: 5 David Baker Lewis describes his experience at University of Michigan Law School</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418689">Tape: 5 David Baker Lewis remembers working at W.A. Lewis Insurance Agency</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418690">Tape: 5 David Baker Lewis recalls the assassination of Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr.</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418691">Tape: 5 David Baker Lewis talks about Harold Cruse</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418692">Tape: 5 David Baker Lewis recalls Carl Stokes' mayoral election in Cleveland, Ohio</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418693">Tape: 5 David Baker Lewis recalls his involvement in the Black Action Movement, pt. 1</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418694">Tape: 5 David Baker Lewis recalls his involvement in the Black Action Movement, pt. 2</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418695">Tape: 6 David Baker Lewis recalls his decision to join Patmon, Young and Kirk, PC</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418696">Tape: 6 David Baker Lewis recalls his clerkship for Judge Theodore Levin</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418697">Tape: 6 David Baker Lewis remembers founding the law firm of Lewis, White, and Clay, PC</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418698">Tape: 6 David Baker Lewis talks about Judge Damon J. Keith</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418699">Tape: 6 David Baker Lewis describes his partners at Lewis, White, and Clay, PC</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418700">Tape: 6 David Baker Lewis recalls his role in Coleman Young's mayoral campaign</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418701">Tape: 6 David Baker Lewis recalls his early career at Lewis, White, and Clay, PC, pt. 1</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418702">Tape: 6 David Baker Lewis recalls his early career at Lewis, White, and Clay, PC, pt. 2</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418703">Tape: 6 David Baker Lewis remembers trying employment discrimination cases</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418704">Tape: 6 David Baker Lewis describes his litigation on behalf of the City of Detroit</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418705">Tape: 7 David Baker Lewis describes his involvement in the expansion of Cobo Hall in Detroit, Michigan</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418706">Tape: 7 David Baker Lewis recalls his public finance practice in Washington, D.C.</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418707">Tape: 7 David Baker Lewis describes the growth of his law firm</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418708">Tape: 7 David Baker Lewis describes the role of his M.B.A. degree in his law career</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418709">Tape: 7 David Baker Lewis describes his role on the board of Consolidated Rail Corporation</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418710">Tape: 7 David Baker Lewis talks about his corporate board membership</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418711">Tape: 7 David Baker Lewis talks about joint M.B.A. degree programs</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418712">Tape: 7 David Baker Lewis remembers Coleman Young, pt. 1</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/418713">Tape: 7 David Baker Lewis remembers Coleman Young, pt. 2</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/414373">Tape: 8 David Baker Lewis describes the African American leaders of Detroit, Michigan, pt. 1</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/414374">Tape: 8 David Baker Lewis describes the African American leaders of Detroit, Michigan, pt. 2</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/414375">Tape: 8 David Baker Lewis describes his hopes and concerns for the African American community, pt. 1</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/414376">Tape: 8 David Baker Lewis describes his hopes and concerns for the African American community, pt. 2</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/414377">Tape: 8 David Baker Lewis reflects upon his life</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/414378">Tape: 8 David Baker Lewis reflects upon his legacy</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/414379">Tape: 8 David Baker Lewis explains why he did not seek political office</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/414380">Tape: 8 David Baker Lewis recalls the influence of his family and coworkers</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/414381">Tape: 8 David Baker Lewis describes how he would like to be remembered</a>

DASession

2$2

DATape

6$7

DAStory

4$9

DATitle
David Baker Lewis talks about Judge Damon J. Keith
David Baker Lewis remembers Coleman Young, pt. 2
Transcript
So I just wanted to go back a minute to Judge Keith [HistoryMaker Damon J. Keith] to see if you have any reflections on the services of Judge Keith since he's such an--he's an important figure in Detroit [Michigan].$$Right, right. I can remember while I was clerking for Judge Levin [Theodore Levin], Judge Keith issued one of his famous decisions in the Sinclair [United States v. Sinclair, 1971] case which is a civil rights case that involved a prosecution of radical community organizer. I can remember walking down to Judge Keith's chambers after I heard about or seen the opinion and I said that's a way to ring that liberty bell Judge Keith and he got a big kick out of that. But obviously Judge Keith has been a exemplar of the you know the finest of contributions that a jurist can make to the community. I certainly respect his effort to identify and develop some great talent among the law clerks who work for him, Eric Clay [Eric Lee Clay] was one of them, Jimmy Greiner [D. James Greiner] is a professor at Harvard Law School [Cambridge, Massachusetts]. There's another, there're, there're numerous lawyers here in the community who clerk for Judge Keith and have gone on to you know make their contributions to our community or others over the years and of course the judge himself has been at the, at the forefront and then the vanguard of civil rights practitioners a--from the you know from the, from the bench and bringing the [U.S.] Constitution to a level where it can be said that there is equal justice under law and he's taken some very courageous steps along the way. I can think of the Hamtramck housing decision [Garrett v. City of Hamtramck, 1971], I think it was Hamtramck [Michigan] where he found that there'd been a concerted effort to move African Americans out a particular community for desegregated--desegregating housing in the area to just a numerous decisions including the one involving President Nixon [President Richard Milhous Nixon] and so he has been sort of the beacon in our community for aspirations of civil rights enforcement and civil right vindication under the Constitution.$And he [Coleman Young] was a member of the constitutional convention that redrafted the Michigan Constitution [Constitution of the State of Michigan] in 1963 or '62 [1962] and he knew the Constitution upside down. I mean he had been elected to, to public office by then but he, he was not a casual politician, he was purposeful in everything he did and he was focused on empowerment of his people who had been denied so many ways a place at the table. So he's a great man in my book and working with him you know at a distance initially and closer over the years, it's been a great influence on my life and so its influenced me in a very, very positive way. He had a style about him in terms of empowerment that is almost lost in, in today's world. Of course the world has changed and many of the battles that he fought are no longer the primary battles that have to be fought, but he was very collaborative. He knew how to move on key issues. He wasn't afraid to hear the voice, voices of a number of different people and other leaders and take that cacophonous noise and weave a symphony of of action, positive action to improve the destiny of the city and I think he's certainly to be regarded as a great mayor of the City of Detroit [Michigan] who moved Detroit in the right direction for African Americans although at the same time it created controversy with the greater white community who see him in a very different light. But my, my book he's a great man, a great American.

W. Frank Fountain

Born in Brewton, Alabama, on July 17, 1944, W. Frank Fountain, Jr., was the eldest of Willie Frank and Janie Fountain’s seven children. The Fountain family ran a small farm in Tunnel Springs, Alabama, where Fountain learned the value of “working hard and working smart;” he brought those skills with him to Hampton University, where he earned his B.A. degree in history and political science in 1966.

From 1966 to 1968, Fountain served as a Peace Corps volunteer in West Bengal, India, where he employed the lessons he had learned on his family’s farm to aid in the improvement of agricultural techniques. In India Fountain also worked with craftspeople to extend their base of customers through innovative marketing strategies.

In 1973, Fountain received his M.B.A. from the University of Pennsylvania’s Wharton School of Business and accepted the position of Investment Analyst at Chrysler Corporation. Over the next twenty years, Fountain rose through the ranks, working in the Corporate Controller’s Office, the Treasurer’s Office, and the Government Affairs Office in Washington, D.C.

In 1995, Fountain was appointed vice president for government affairs, and in 1998 he became the senior vice president for government affairs for DaimlerChrysler. In this capacity, Fountain was able to combine his academic training with his business experience while he maintained communication between DaimlerChrsyler and government officials. Fountain’s position also enabled him to exercise his commitment to community service, due to his responsibilities for community relations and educational programs, and his service as president of the DaimlerChrysler Corporation Fund.

Fountain further demonstrated his commitment to service through his activities as chairman of the board for the Corporate Council on Africa, Hampton University, and the Detroit Public Schools Board of Education. Fountain served as vice chairman of the board for the Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies; the Detroit Regional Chamber of Commerce; Citizens Research Council of Michigan; and New Detroit, Inc. Fountain was also a board member of Africare; the Wharton School of Business; the Museum of African American History; and the Hudson-Webber Foundation. For his contributions to society, Fountain was awarded an honorary doctorate of public service from Central Michigan University.

Accession Number

A2005.030

Sex

Male

Interview Date

1/31/2005

5/24/2005

Last Name

Fountain

Maker Category
Middle Name

Frank

Occupation
Schools

Spencer Bibbs Elementary School

Rosenwald Junior High School

J F Shields High School

Hampton University

Antioch Church School

Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania

First Name

W.

Birth City, State, Country

Brewton

HM ID

FOU02

Favorite Season

Spring

State

Alabama

Favorite Vacation Destination

Caribbean

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Michigan

Interview Description
Birth Date

7/17/1944

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Detroit

Country

USA

Favorite Food

Fried Chicken

Short Description

Corporate executive W. Frank Fountain (1944 - ) was the senior vice president for government affairs for DaimlerChrysler.

Employment

Chrysler Corporation

DaimlerChrysler Corporation Fund

Peace Corps

Favorite Color

Blue

Timing Pairs
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DAStories

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269772">Tape: 1 Slating for W. Frank Fountain's interview, session 1</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269773">Tape: 1 W. Frank Fountain lists his favorites</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269774">Tape: 1 W. Frank Fountain describes his father's hometown</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269775">Tape: 1 W. Frank Fountain describes his paternal ancestry</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269776">Tape: 1 W. Frank Fountain describes his father's personality, pt. 1</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269777">Tape: 1 W. Frank Fountain describes his father's personality, pt. 2</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269778">Tape: 1 W. Frank Fountain talks about his father's family history of farming</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269779">Tape: 1 W. Frank Fountain describes his maternal family background</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269780">Tape: 1 W. Frank Fountain talks about his parents' meeting and his family's move to Tunnel Springs, Alabama</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269781">Tape: 1 W. Frank Fountain lists his siblings</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269782">Tape: 1 W. Frank Fountain remembers the woman who cared for him during his childhood</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269699">Tape: 2 W. Frank Fountain talks about his neighbor's impact on his education</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269700">Tape: 2 W. Frank Fountain recalls his early school experiences</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269701">Tape: 2 W. Frank Fountain talks about his relationship with his neighbor and childhood caregiver</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269702">Tape: 2 W. Frank Fountain talks about returning to Pensacola, Florida over the years</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269703">Tape: 2 W. Frank Fountain describes the sights, smells and sounds of his childhood</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269704">Tape: 2 W. Frank Fountain describes his chores and interests growing up</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269705">Tape: 2 W. Frank Fountain describes his transition to life in Tunnel Springs, Alabama</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269706">Tape: 2 W. Frank Fountain describes the house he lived in as a teenager in Tunnel Springs, Alabama</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269745">Tape: 4 Slating of W. Frank Fountain's interview, session 2</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269746">Tape: 4 W. Frank Fountain talks about the schools he attended growing up</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269747">Tape: 4 W. Frank Fountain recalls his school and family responsibilities while growing up</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269748">Tape: 4 W. Frank Fountain describes the social dynamics at Monroe County Training School in Beatrice, Alabama</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269749">Tape: 4 W. Frank Fountain talks about his dating life at Monroe County Training School in Beatrice, Alabama</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269750">Tape: 4 W. Frank Fountain talks about applying and being accepted to Hampton Institute in Hampton, Virginia</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269751">Tape: 4 W. Frank Fountain talks about experiencing classism as a young man</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269752">Tape: 4 W. Frank Fountain reflects on his motivations for overcoming adversity</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269753">Tape: 4 W. Frank Fountain explains his motivation for pursuing a college education</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269754">Tape: 4 W. Frank Fountain shares his initial impressions of Hampton Institute in Hampton, Virginia</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/265806">Tape: 5 W. Frank Fountain describes the atmosphere at Hampton Institute in Hampton, Virginia during the Civil Rights Movement</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/265807">Tape: 5 W. Frank Fountain talks about his social and academic experience at Hampton Institute in Hampton, Virginia</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/265808">Tape: 5 W. Frank Fountain remembers student teaching during his senior year of college</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/265809">Tape: 5 W. Frank Fountain talks about his motivation to become a Foreign Service officer</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/265810">Tape: 5 W. Frank Fountain describes the books that sparked his desire to become a Foreign Service officer</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/265811">Tape: 5 W. Frank Fountain describes his experience in the Fidi Amici social club, pt. 1</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/265812">Tape: 5 W. Frank Fountain remembers his experience in the Fidi Amici social club, pt. 2</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/265813">Tape: 5 W. Frank Fountain talks about the conservative administration at Hampton Institute in Hampton, Virginia</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/265814">Tape: 6 W. Frank Fountain reflects on his years at Hampton Institute in Hampton, Virginia</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/265815">Tape: 6 W. Frank Fountain shares his thoughts about historically black colleges and universities</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/265816">Tape: 6 W. Frank Fountain talks about joining the Peace Corps</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/265817">Tape: 6 W. Frank Fountain explains why he hoped to be assigned to Thailand with the Peace Corps</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/265818">Tape: 6 W. Frank Fountain remembers his time in India with the Peace Corps</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/265819">Tape: 6 W. Frank Fountain describes his work with the Peace Corps in India</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/265820">Tape: 6 W. Frank Fountain compares growing up on a farm with his Peace Corps work in India</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/265821">Tape: 6 W. Frank Fountain recounts his achievements with the Peace Corps in India</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269783">Tape: 7 W. Frank Fountain describes his impressions of India's government and society</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269784">Tape: 7 W. Frank Fountain explains why he turned down a job with USAID</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269785">Tape: 7 W. Frank Fountain describes his transition into business</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269786">Tape: 7 W. Frank Fountain remembers his initial experiences in business</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269787">Tape: 7 W. Frank Fountain explains his decision to attend Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269788">Tape: 7 W. Frank Fountain describes his experiences at Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269789">Tape: 7 W. Frank Fountain explains his interest in working with Chrysler Corporation</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269790">Tape: 7 W. Frank Fountain reflects on the trajectory of African Americans in business</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/265830">Tape: 8 W. Frank Fountain speaks about notable black alumnae from the Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/265831">Tape: 8 W. Frank Fountain talks about African Americans entering the business world</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/265832">Tape: 8 W. Frank Fountain shares his thoughts on how African American business leaders can gain economic power</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/265833">Tape: 8 W. Frank Fountain reflects on his black empowerment efforts within the business world</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/265834">Tape: 8 W. Frank Fountain remembers forming his middle-management executive mentorship group</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/265835">Tape: 8 W. Frank Fountain talks about his middle-management executive mentorship group</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/265836">Tape: 8 W. Frank Fountain describes the composition of his middle-management executive mentorship group</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/265837">Tape: 8 W. Frank Fountain explains how he succeeded in business without a traditional mentor</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/265838">Tape: 8 W. Frank Fountain shares his thoughts about advancing in a business career</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269763">Tape: 9 W. Frank Fountain remembers the economic downturn of 1974</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269764">Tape: 9 W. Frank Fountain recalls surviving the economic slump at the Chrysler Corporation</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269765">Tape: 9 W. Frank Fountain talks about working on a business plan assessment for Chrysler Corporation</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269766">Tape: 9 W. Frank Fountain remembers the lead-up to the Chrysler Corporation's 1979 government bailout, pt. 1</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269767">Tape: 9 W. Frank Fountain remembers the lead-up to the Chrysler Corporation's 1979 government bailout, pt. 2</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269768">Tape: 9 W. Frank Fountain talks about the significance of the Chrysler Corporation bailout in 1979</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269769">Tape: 9 W. Frank Fountain talks about the first minivans developed by the Chrysler Corporation</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269770">Tape: 9 W. Frank Fountain explains the timeline for producing a new line of cars</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/269771">Tape: 9 W. Frank Fountain talks about the Chrysler Corporation in the 1980s and early 1990s</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/265848">Tape: 10 W. Frank Fountain recalls his appointment to the Washington government affairs office of DaimlerChrysler</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/265849">Tape: 10 W. Frank Fountain describes his tenure as executive director of government affairs at DaimlerChrysler</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/265850">Tape: 10 W. Frank Fountain explains how he was elected vice president of government affairs for DaimlerChrysler</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/265851">Tape: 10 W. Frank Fountain talks about his philanthropic responsibilities as vice president for government affairs of DaimlerChrysler</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/265852">Tape: 10 W. Frank Fountain reflects on his achievements as senior vice president for government affairs with DaimlerChrysler</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/265853">Tape: 10 W. Frank Fountain talks about successfully surviving the Daimler-Chrysler merger</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/265854">Tape: 10 W. Frank Fountain talks about serving as chair on the board of Corporate Council on Africa</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/265855">Tape: 10 W. Frank Fountain talks about his philanthropic work with the Detroit Public Schools system</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/265856">Tape: 10 W. Frank Fountain shares his vision for economic empowerment of the black community</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/265857">Tape: 11 W. Frank Fountain talks about the Executive Leadership Council, pt.1</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/265858">Tape: 11 W. Frank Fountain talks about the Executive Leadership Council, pt. 2</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/265859">Tape: 11 W. Frank Fountain reflects upon his legacy</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/265860">Tape: 11 W. Frank Fountain describes how he would like to be remembered</a>

DASession

2$2

DATape

10$6

DAStory

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DATitle
W. Frank Fountain describes his tenure as executive director of government affairs at DaimlerChrysler
W. Frank Fountain recounts his achievements with the Peace Corps in India
Transcript
But this was totally different in many ways because (simultaneous)--$$(Simultaneous) Oh, totally.$$Totally.$$Yeah, this is about lobbying; it's about public policy; it's government relations. It's completely different than what I left, what I was doing.$$But it was (simultaneous)--$$(Simultaneous) Completely in a sense that we had done in my, in my finance days, I had gotten involved in conducting public policy analysis, understanding what [Lee] Iacocca's issues were, and how he wanted to promote those issues. My group, I had a group called competitive analysis at one time, was a part of my responsibility. And we knew how to package what Lee was looking for better than the people in Washington [D.C.], and even though they had consultants and things like that. But we knew the, we could mold and shape the data in a way that, that Lee says well, this is what I've been looking for. And so I had some sense of what public policy analysis was all about and had supported the, with analysis and its--provided analytical support to the Washington [government affairs] office on certain issues. And so it wasn't completely foreign from that--(unclear)--but, but the, the, the art of lobbying and government relations were always new stuff for me.$$So how--did you find that you were good at it? 'Cause I mean that, I mean--$$Well, I, I, my strengths was understanding, were understanding what was important to Detroit [Michigan], understanding what was important back here, and my knowledge of back here versus my colleagues in the Washington office at the time. And so--and my ability to organize, and analyze, and package, and present and all of those things. So, using all of that helped me add value from day one, to some extent, even though I didn't--I, I knew where the White House [Washington, D.C.] was and had some idea where the [Capitol] Hill [Washington, D.C.] was, but I didn't know how to get inside. But that was only part of the job [executive director of government affairs], and we had people who understood the lobbying beat and could do that. I didn't necessarily have to do that at my level.$But I was operating in a different culture. This is my first job out, after college [Hampton Institute; Hampton University, Hampton, Virginia], and I was trying to get things done, whether it was negotiating with the Indian government for fertilizer or dealing with the bureaucratic maze. I was a young black kid who was, or strange-looking kid that, that was trying to tell the elders what to do with their livelihood. And so I, as a volunteer following the program, I probably was the most successful volunteer of the sixty-six [Peace Corps volunteers]. There was one other volunteer who succeeded in convincing farmers to grow rice according to the plan, but none, no one came near the yields that I got. I got the yields that we were supposed to get. And I did that I guess by establishing the relationship with the farmers in a way that, for whatever reason, they listened to me and, and, and agreed to risk growing this crop. They didn't really like the, the, the crop because it, they used thatch. The taller the thatch, the stem, they used that for thatching roofs. So the short stuff was not (laughter) saying much there. And the culture said that they like fine rice; you know, that's the, that's what they serve at weddings. Me, I, I convinced them that they should sell the rice to the government because they had to sell a certain percentage of their per, per, produced to the government. They couldn't sell it all on the black market, which is, which is outside of government-controlled pricing. The gov- government theoretically controlled the pricing of all of the rice and food stuff. But I said sell them that. It's heavy. You get the same price for heavy, thick rice as you get for fine rice. Or, it turned out that the, the tribal people, who worked the fields liked it because they thought it stayed with them longer, so you use it to feed them, but grow some of my rice (laughter). And so they did, and they were quite proud of the yield that they'd got. 'Cause I actually got out in the, in the field, and, and I could plow a bullock just as well as I could plow a, a horse, once you get the, the sounds, once you get the--you can tell 'em to go right, and left, and slow, and start, and all that stuff, and the turn, but there weren't many volunteers who could do that or would do that. So, I, as a result of that, was one of two volunteers selected to stay behind after the group headed off on the train to New Delhi [Delhi, India] and then back to the U.S. at the end of the two years to select sites for the volunteers coming in, the, the succeeding group. And my friend and I, we put together a plan that said that we claimed we could produ- reduce the attrition by half. This government spent ten thousand dollars training volunteers. So we thought, you know, what a waste if the volunteers don't serve the full term. So we could cut that in half if you sent us to train volunteers in the training program, and come back to India with them for three months, and we could--and the Peace Corps bought it, at least they bought for a time. And I did the training in California. And while we were in training, they first said well, we'll only let one of you guys go back. So we went to a bar and flipped a coin, and I lost. And then a week or so later, they came back and says "Well, we're gonna cut the whole thing out."