The Nation’s Largest African American Video Oral History Collection Mobile search icon Mobile close search icon
Advanced Biography Search
Mobile navigation icon Close mobile navigation icon

city

Carolyn L. Mosby

Educator Carolyn L. Mosby was born on March 6, 1937 in Lynchburg, Virginia to Wilbert Lewis Sr. and Nannie Jackson Lewis. Mosby graduated from Dunbar High School in 1954, and received her B.S. degree in mathematics from Virginia Union University in 1958. She later earned her M.A. degree in mathematics from Morgan State College in Baltimore, Maryland in 1971, and her Ed.D. degree in higher education administration from The College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia in 1983.

Mosby began her career as an English and Special Education teacher at East High School in Buffalo, New York in 1959. In 1961, she was hired as a mathematics teacher at Blackwell Junior High School in Richmond. Mosby went on to become the first African American teacher at John Marshall High School in 1965, where she taught mathematics and later served as the assistant principal from 1971 to 1973. During that time, she became an Upward Bound mathematics instructor at her alma mater, Virginia Union University. In 1974, she joined the university as an assistant professor of mathematics and director of the learning skills center; and in 1975, she served as the acting director of the general studies department. Mosby became the first academic African American Administrator at John Tyler Community College in 1979, when she was hired to head the Developmental Studies Division and then became Division Chair Mathematics, Science and Allied Health. After eleven years, Mosby retired in 1990; and went on to help start the Community Emergency Response program for the City of Richmond.

Mosby received several awards for her career in academia, including the Excellence in Teaching Award from the math department at Virginia State University in 1999 and the Distinguished Alumni Award from Virginia Union University. She was also honored as a community activist and school supporter by Richmond Public Schools, and named Outstanding Teacher of the Year in 1970, by the Kiwanis of North Richmond. During the 1970s, Mosby served as a public member of the state health regulatory board, appointed by Governor Linwood Holton. She was a member of the Kappa Mu Epsilon Mathematics Honor Society, and a longtime member of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority.

Carolyn L. Mosby was interviewed by The History Makers on January 18, 2018.

Accession Number

A2018.013

Sex

Female

Interview Date

1/18/2018

Last Name

Mosby

Maker Category
Middle Name

L.

Organizations
Schools

Dunbar High School

Robert S. Payne Elementary School

Virginia Union University

Morgan State University

College of William and Mary

Speakers Bureau

Yes

Speakers Bureau Availability

Any

First Name

Carolyn

Birth City, State, Country

Lynchburg

HM ID

MOS07

Speakers Bureau Preferred Audience

Any

Speakers Bureau Honorarium

Yes - $1,000 - $5,000

Favorite Season

Spring

State

Virginia

Favorite Vacation Destination

Miami, Florida

Favorite Quote

God Knew Every Hair on Your Head Before You Got Here and He's Holding You In the Palm of His Hands Watching To See How You Handle Things

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Virginia

Birth Date

3/6/1937

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Richmond

Favorite Food

Shrimp

Short Description

Educator Carolyn L. Mosby (1937 - ) was the first African American teacher at John Marshall High School in Richmond, Virginia, and was later hired as the first African American administrator at John Tyler Community College.

Employment

East High School

Blackwell Junior High School

John Marshall High School

Virginia Union University

Favorite Color

Black

Brenda H. Andrews

Newspaper publisher Brenda H. Andrews was born on August 13 in Lynchburg, Virginia to Mabel Hughes and Earl Hughes. In 1962, Andrews and three other African American students Cee Cee Jackson, Lynda Woodruff, and Owen Cardwell integrated Lynchburg’s E.C. Glass High School. One year later, Andrews attended the March on Washington in Washington, D.C. Andrews graduated from E.C. Glass in 1965, and briefly attended Virginia Commonwealth University in Richmond, before marrying and moving to California. Andrews graduated with her B.A. degree in English and psychology from California State University, Sacramento in 1970.

From 1970 to 1973, Andrews worked as a teacher in Rancho Cordova, California. In 1977, she joined the U.S. Army, where she edited a military community paper in Nuremburg, West Germany, and worked as an associate editor of the Army’s Newswire Service at the Pentagon. After leaving the Army in 1982, Andrews began working as the assistant to the publisher at Journal and Guide, a prominent black newspaper in Norfolk, Virginia. In 1987, she became the newspaper’s publisher and president, and owner in 1991, at a critical time in the paper’s existence, changing its name to New Journal and Guide.

Under Andrews’ leadership, the Guide celebrated its one hundred eighteenth year anniversary in 2018, as one of the nation’s oldest members of the Black Press. She established a website and other digital and social media to meet the changing news industry. In 2014, she incorporated the Guide Historical Society as a 501-c-3 nonprofit arm of the business to preserve the paper’s historic archives and award journalism internships.

Andrews has been the recipient of various honors including the 2013 MLK Memorial Award from Old Dominion University and the Tidewater Humanitarian Award from the Virginia Center for Inclusive Communities in 2016. In 2015, Andrews was named one of the 25 Women in Arts by the Southeastern Virginia Arts Association and one of the top 25 businesswomen in Inside Business, The Hampton Roads Business Journal. In 2017, Andrews was a Journey for Success “Legendary Pearl” honoree. She is a member of the National Newspaper Publishers Association, and serves as an honors fellow and foundation board member at Norfolk State University as well as on the board of the National Newspaper Publishers Association.

Brenda H. Andrews was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on January 16, 2018.

Accession Number

A2018.001

Sex

Female

Interview Date

01/16/2018

Last Name

Andrews

Maker Category
Schools

Robert S. Payne Elementary School

E.C. Glass High School

California State University, Sacramento

First Name

Brenda

Birth City, State, Country

Lynchburg

HM ID

AND16

Favorite Season

Spring

State

Virginia

Favorite Vacation Destination

Tropical Places

Favorite Quote

All Things Happen For The Good of Those Who Love the Lord And Are Called According to His Purpose.

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Virginia

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Norfolk

Country

United States

Favorite Food

Shrimp

Short Description

Newspaper publisher Brenda H. Andrews ( - ) was the president and chief executive officer of the New Journal and Guide in Norfolk, Virginia.

Employment

New Journal and Guide

U.S. Army

Folsom Cordova Unified School District

Favorite Color

Red

Leland Melvin

Aerospace engineer Leland D. Melvin was born in Lynchburg, Virginia on February 15, 1964 to Deems and Grace Melvin. Upon graduating from Heritage High School in 1982, Melvin was awarded a football scholarship to attend the University of Richmond. He earned his B.A. degree in chemistry from the University of Richmond in 1986, and his M.S. degree in materials science engineering from the University of Virginia in 1991.

From 1982 to 1985, Melvin was a wide receiver on the University of Richmond football team, where he became the all-time reception leader and was an Associated Press All-America selection in 1984 and 1985. The Detroit Lions selected Melvin in the eleventh round of the 1986 National Football League player draft. Several months later, he suffered a hamstring injury and was unable to fully recover. Melvin’s NASA career began in 1989 in the Fiber Optic Sensors group of the Nondestructive Evaluation Sciences Branch at NASA Langley Research Center, where he conducted research in the area of physical measurements for the development of advanced instrumentation for nondestructive evaluation. In 1994, Melvin was selected to lead the vehicle health monitoring team for the cooperative Lockheed/NASA X-33 Reusable Launch Vehicle program.

In 1998, Melvin was selected into the NASA Astronaut Corps. He flew into space twice on the
STS-122 in 2008 and STS-129 in 2009. Both missions were aboard the orbiter Atlantis. Melvin has logged more than 565 hours in space. Additionally, Melvin has served the Astronaut Office Space Station Operations Branch and the Robotics Branch of the Astronaut Office. In 2010, NASA Administrator Charles Bolden selected Melvin as the associate administrator for education. In this position, Melvin travels throughout the U.S. engaging thousands of students and teachers in the excitement of space exploration and inspiring them to pursue careers in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM). Melvin was also selected to serve on the White House National Science and Technology Council’s Committee on Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics Education and is the U.S. representative on the International Space Education Board.

Melvin is a member of the American Chemical Society and the Society for Experimental Mechanics. He also holds honorary doctorates from Centre College, St Paul's College and Campbellsville University.

Leland D. Melvin was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on January 15, 2013.

Accession Number

A2013.018

Sex

Male

Interview Date

1/15/2013

Last Name

Melvin

Maker Category
Marital Status

Single

Occupation
Schools

Heritage High School

University of Richmond

University of Virginia

Search Occupation Category
First Name

Leland

Birth City, State, Country

Lynchburg

HM ID

MEL03

Favorite Season

Spring

State

Virginia

Favorite Vacation Destination

Zihuatanejo, Mexico

Favorite Quote

Believe in yourself. Don't limit yourself. The sky is the limit.

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

District of Columbia

Birth Date

2/15/1964

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Washington

Country

United States

Favorite Food

None

Short Description

Astronaut Leland Melvin (1964 - ) , former astronaut serving twice as mission specialist on board the Space Shuttle Atlantis, is NASA Associate Administrator of Education.

Employment

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Johnson Space Center

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Langley Research Center

Favorite Color

Blue

Timing Pairs
0,0:4758,37:5437,46:10869,109:12906,158:20340,218:21060,229:21380,282:22420,300:22820,306:24660,335:25620,350:28340,391:28740,399:29380,408:31460,444:32100,453:39297,524:39881,533:41487,545:41925,552:44220,567:44572,572:45892,596:48708,665:49764,677:50204,683:50732,691:51172,697:62404,846:62692,851:63700,867:64204,876:64924,887:68308,961:68956,971:74066,998:75026,1016:75474,1025:79450,1078:79999,1088:80731,1106:81097,1111:84840,1154:89480,1235:91960,1279:92840,1299:93160,1304:93560,1310:93880,1315:94680,1324:98106,1343:98598,1350:99090,1362:99992,1374:102452,1435:103518,1450:104174,1459:104748,1468:105322,1476:106880,1505:111130,1547:113510,1587:114000,1595:115680,1624:117500,1663:124080,1740:126704,1789:127088,1801:127600,1811:129840,1860:130096,1865:130352,1870:131056,1886:131312,1891:132400,1911:133424,1928:133936,1938:134512,1948:140376,2012:140934,2019:143362,2046:143894,2060:146326,2125:150734,2192:151342,2201:152026,2212:159390,2277:162480,2308:166143,2356:171093,2422:172083,2434:173370,2449:179340,2505:182724,2583:186694,2612:190828,2678:199524,2846:199889,2852:202517,2904:202809,2909:208220,2952$0,0:7153,42:7421,47:8493,65:11034,85:12594,102:12984,108:14232,126:15714,153:16728,172:22973,239:24214,259:24579,265:27426,323:28156,335:28813,345:29397,354:30711,381:32317,415:33047,426:33777,437:34580,450:34945,456:39819,474:44882,552:47824,582:50780,644:51176,651:51836,663:52364,672:53750,701:54278,711:54674,719:55598,738:56126,747:56720,763:58106,792:58370,798:58634,803:58898,808:61472,868:62264,891:62594,897:68682,957:71742,1038:73480,1044:73795,1050:74047,1055:74677,1067:74992,1074:75307,1081:77365,1107:77885,1116:78600,1135:78860,1140:81005,1200:81330,1206:81785,1222:82305,1231:84125,1268:85100,1287:85555,1297:86075,1306:87245,1336:95922,1456:98901,1518:99923,1534:100434,1543:101164,1556:102989,1594:103719,1605:106639,1640:107296,1650:108464,1672:109486,1689:116496,1747:116912,1752:120760,1804:123705,1856:124119,1864:124533,1871:124947,1879:127569,1931:131157,1995:131571,2005:131847,2010:132261,2021:132675,2028:133296,2040:133848,2051:134124,2056:140388,2101:140718,2107:141444,2116:141774,2122:142236,2130:143490,2157:144282,2172:145008,2196:145800,2216:146064,2230:147120,2248:147516,2255:147912,2262:150222,2322:150486,2328:153522,2394:153852,2400:158292,2415:158788,2420:160480,2427:161628,2443:162366,2460:164006,2488:167242,2518:167686,2525:168278,2534:169980,2570:178582,2667:179542,2682:180054,2692:180502,2704:184751,2745:186959,2780:187649,2792:188270,2812:188615,2818:190202,2863:191099,2879:191375,2884:191651,2889:199724,2983:200056,2988:200388,2993:200969,3002:201467,3012:202712,3034:205036,3077:208548,3110:209352,3123:210290,3135:211027,3148:212568,3185:212836,3194:224821,3318:225370,3328:226102,3343:226468,3350:226773,3356:228298,3386:228847,3399:229335,3410:229701,3419:230006,3425:230494,3434:231348,3449:232141,3466:232751,3480:233422,3492:234886,3521:236228,3543:236960,3553:237448,3564:241758,3586:243433,3621:243969,3631:244572,3643:244907,3649:246448,3680:246850,3687:247654,3704:247989,3710:248659,3723:249932,3747:250736,3760:251339,3771:252076,3784:252746,3797:253014,3802:257040,3818:257260,3824:257480,3829:258305,3847:258800,3860:259130,3868:259735,3873:259955,3878:260285,3885:264139,3929:264776,3937:267506,3970:272544,4042:278941,4089:285454,4153:285830,4158:288650,4202:289308,4207:301716,4323:302220,4328:306820,4350:307228,4357:307908,4368:310418,4397:311111,4409:311650,4417:312035,4423:313036,4443:313652,4453:316270,4466:317230,4481:318350,4505:318830,4512:320910,4550:321470,4558:322110,4567:327752,4615:328137,4621:328907,4632:329600,4643:332680,4699:333065,4705:334836,4748:335606,4761:335914,4766:336530,4779:337377,4792:345360,4867:346080,4878:346710,4886:350657,4932:351260,4943:351930,4955:353203,4983:353605,4990:353873,4995:354744,5014:355414,5030:355950,5040:358295,5106:360238,5163:360774,5172:361444,5184:365720,5206:366360,5216:366680,5221:371560,5304:372040,5312:372360,5317:373720,5343:374280,5354:377474,5366:377992,5377:381770,5422:382086,5427:384377,5453:385325,5463:388327,5506:388880,5512:389828,5528:392160,5555:395460,5568:395720,5573:396630,5590:398385,5631:398775,5638:399815,5665:400530,5684:401050,5693:401375,5699:403065,5728:404300,5756:413214,5854:413486,5859:418592,5896:418997,5902:419564,5911:420536,5923:421103,5931:421832,5941:422156,5946:427046,5957:427574,5974:427904,5980:428366,5989:429686,6012:433672,6064:434736,6091:435268,6098:435800,6106:436484,6123:437092,6134:441199,6185:441443,6190:441870,6198:442114,6203:443029,6241:444310,6262:444981,6275:445957,6294:446201,6299:453515,6365:453855,6370:454875,6384:457434,6407:460320,6468:460632,6473:461334,6486:461880,6494:464064,6524:470904,6609:471224,6615:474811,6661:475143,6669:484930,6766:485336,6775:485626,6781:487540,6811:488352,6823:490556,6873:494630,6908
DAStories

Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Slating of Leland Melvin's interview

Tape: 1 Story: 2 - Leland Melvin lists his favorites

Tape: 1 Story: 3 - Leland Melvin describes his mother's family background

Tape: 1 Story: 4 - Leland Melvin describes his mother's educational background

Tape: 1 Story: 5 - Leland Melvin describes his father's family background

Tape: 1 Story: 6 - Leland Melvin talks about his aunt

Tape: 1 Story: 7 - Leland Melvin talks about his father's upbringing

Tape: 1 Story: 8 - Leland Melvin talks about his father's service in World War II

Tape: 1 Story: 9 - Leland Melvin describes his father's educational background and involvement in sports

Tape: 1 Story: 10 - Leland Melvin talks about his father's teaching experience

Tape: 2 Story: 1 - Leland Melvin describes how his parents met

Tape: 2 Story: 2 - Leland Melvin describes his parents' personalities

Tape: 2 Story: 3 - Leland Melvin describes his family growing up

Tape: 2 Story: 4 - Leland Melvin describes his earliest childhood memories

Tape: 2 Story: 5 - Leland Melvin talks about the origin of his name

Tape: 2 Story: 6 - Leland Melvin describes his childhood neighborhood

Tape: 2 Story: 7 - Leland Melvin describes the sights, sounds and smells of growing up

Tape: 2 Story: 8 - Leland Melvin describes himself as a child

Tape: 2 Story: 9 - Leland Melvin talks about his early interest in science, space, and photography

Tape: 2 Story: 10 - Leland Melvin describes his family camping trips

Tape: 2 Story: 11 - Leland Melvin describes his early education

Tape: 3 Story: 1 - Leland Melvin describes a lesson learned on the football field

Tape: 3 Story: 2 - Leland Melvin talks about studying math in high school

Tape: 3 Story: 3 - Leland Melvin describes his decision to study chemistry at the University of Richmond

Tape: 3 Story: 4 - Leland Melvin describes his college research

Tape: 3 Story: 5 - Leland Melvin talks about being drafted by the Detroit Lions

Tape: 3 Story: 6 - Leland Melvin talks about training with the Detroit Lions

Tape: 3 Story: 7 - Leland Melvin talks about the Dallas Cowboys and the University of Virginia

Tape: 4 Story: 1 - Leland Melvin talks about his musical background

Tape: 4 Story: 2 - Leland Melvin talks about football and head trauma

Tape: 4 Story: 3 - Leland Melvin talks about his transition to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Tape: 4 Story: 4 - Leland Melvin describes his graduate research

Tape: 4 Story: 5 - Leland Melvin describes his work at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Tape: 4 Story: 6 - Leland Melvin talks about becoming an astronaut

Tape: 4 Story: 7 - Leland Melvin describes his experience in Russia

Tape: 4 Story: 8 - Leland Melvin talks about the International Space Station

Tape: 5 Story: 1 - Leland Melvin talks about his hearing and his work with the Educator Astronaut Program

Tape: 5 Story: 2 - Leland Melvin describes his astronaut training

Tape: 5 Story: 3 - Leland Melvin describes his space flights - part one

Tape: 5 Story: 4 - Leland Melvin describes his space flights - part two

Tape: 5 Story: 5 - Leland Melvin talks about the effects of space travel on the body

Tape: 5 Story: 6 - Leland Melvin talks about other crew members during his space flights

Tape: 6 Story: 1 - Leland Melvin talks about what he has learned from his space flights

Tape: 6 Story: 2 - Leland Melvin describes his work in the Office of Education

Tape: 6 Story: 3 - Leland Melvin discusses his hopes and concerns for the African American community

Tape: 6 Story: 4 - Leland Melvin reflects upon his career

Tape: 6 Story: 5 - Leland Melvin talks about his aspirations to have a family

Tape: 6 Story: 6 - Leland Melvin talks about his legacy and how he would like to be remembered

DASession

1$1

DATape

4$5

DAStory

5$3

DATitle
Leland Melvin describes his work at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Leland Melvin describes his space flights - part one
Transcript
Okay. NASA, now, I have a note here that you worked on the Fiber Optics Sensors Group of the Nondestructive Evaluation Science Branch, right?$$Uh-huh.$$Now, what is Nondestructive Evaluation?$$So, the branch that are working at NASA [National Aeronautics and Space Administration] Langley looked at using different types of energy to assess damaged states in aerospace vehicles. So if you have an airplane that has lab joints that are bonded together with adhesive and also have rivets going along the top of them, we had problems with rivets coming apart, and the only thing holding that wing together would be the adhesive below it. So we would actually take, using Xray, using lasers, using different types of ultrasonics, using different types of energy and nondestructively or in a non-contacting way, we would put the energy in and then make measurements of what the subsurface damage was underneath that wing, or in the case of the space shuttle, how much is a tile damaged. Is the tile about to dis-bond from the surface of the shuttle, you know, so you could use a technique that you wouldn't have destroy it none destructive to see how the damage state was subsurface. And so whatever type of energy you could use to do that none contacting or none intrusively we could use, and then that would save time and money in having to repair things that necessarily didn't need to be prepared. So I would take and use optical techniques for this but also use optical fibers that you could take a fiber and use it to interrogate a damaged state of a structure so the fiber could measure strain if you bond it to the surface of something. As the fiber is pulled, the laser light that goes through it actually changes wave length at these seams called (unclear)or sensors, and that wave length change is proportional to the change in strain. So if you have this vehicle wrapped with sensors and you see different strain states at different locations then you can detect that there's maybe a damaged area around this none uniformed strain state, and we also use them for measuring hydrogen, that we have vehicles that have hydrogen tanks, so you could sniff, use a sensor to sniff for hydrogen instead of having to--and actually be able to locate where that leak is, as well as temperature also. So, multiple measurements, we call it, and out of a very lightweight installable bondable sensors. So, my job was to develop the laboratory; we built an optical fiber drawn for making our own optical fiber. And as we drew the fiber, we had a laser, an excellent laser that was actually etching the sensors into the glass before a coating cup that allowed it to coat it to make the fiber more durable. And so these were high--pretty high-tech sensors that we were making. And the day that we made our first sensor was the day that I got a phone call to come into the astronaut corp, so that was a very fortuitous day for me in a number of areas.$Okay. Now, describe the mission in 2008, what were you to do in space and the steps approaching?$$My first mission, I was in charge of all the robotics activities and the transfer activities. So, I was the lead robotic operator for the, both the arm on the space shuttle and the arm on the space station. Our job was to install the Europeans Columbus laboratory, it's a ESA(sp) laboratory for different material science in biological sciences and other things. I was to grab the--basically grab--use the arm and grab the Columbus module out of the payload bay and attach to the station, and all of our German flight controllers, all of our German friends and European friends had been waiting ten years for this to happen. And so, I remember coming out of a meeting, and one of our, you know, they were celebrating me, you know, are you going to help install our module to get us up on space station. I remember one German flight controller, as I was about to walk out of the room, he said, "Leland, you know, congratulations, high five, we've been waiting ten years, don't' screw it up." And so, no pressure when you're seeing this vehicle getting, you know, this model getting docked to the space station, you're thinking about messing something up, screwing something, but you know, the training kicked in, and it was aligned perfectly, and you know, I can go back to that German flight controller today and say, "I didn't screw it up; you still have your job, things are going well." But, a great sense of accomplishment; that was early in the mission. The rest of the mission was supporting some space walks, attaching--doing different things on the module, itself. And so, that was primarily my role for 2008. And then in 2009--$$What would have happened had you screwed that up and the modules didn't connect the first time? I mean, was there a second chance, like in the in-zone, you know, to catch--$$Well, it depends on how bad you screw up. I mean, if your bringing--you have this seal around the module that if you damage the seal when you're trying to birth this module, you would make the whole vehicle inoperable, because if you were to damage that, and you do a leak check on it, and if it's leaking, leaking air, then that's pretty much an appendage that's sitting there, it's trash, it's no good, because it can't hold a seal and would compromise the rest of the space station. So a very slight misalignment or scraping of that seal could have rendered it useless. And a multi-billion dollar element, peoples' livelihood, their jobs, at these control centers monitoring the Columbus module, I wouldn't have been a--$$--Popular--$$--A popular guy in Europe or even in the U.S. if I had done that. But again, the training is very good, and had the confidence, even though it's my first time flying the robotic arm, and I had other people that had done that behind me, saying you're doing great, you know, pull this in here; it was fantastic.$$So, the very idea that you have that assignment, you know, speaks to the confidence of a whole lot of people in you, right?$$Right. I demonstrated that in the training and then working in the robotics branch, also. I think they saw the skill set that I brought to the table. It was evident that I could do the job. But you never know, on a simulator getting to the actual space environment and nerves and so forth, and I think, you know, me being selected into the corp, because I didn't have a lot of operational skills, I never did a lot of flying of air planes, where you have to be exact or your die, or diving or doing mountain climbing, those are some of the skill sets that we looked at for new people coming in, but I think they saw the operational bent of the professional athlete or training and working as a team member was, you know, some confidence to say that you can work in this high stress environment and do a job without, you know, getting rattled or kind of freaked about doing it.$$Okay. So, just for the record, in 2008, you were a missions specialist on board the STS-122 Atlantis, that February of 7th through the 20th, 2008?$$Right.$$Okay. So, you went back after 2009--$$Uh-huh.$$--It was on the same shuttle?$$Same orbiter. I guess I only fly Atlantis, right? I was assigned in I think it was July of 2008 for the next mission, and it was a pretty incredible mission. We had the--my job here was to install spare parts; so again, in charge of robotics and transfer. But also, I was going to be flying around on the end of the arm, another African American astronaut, Dr. Bobby Satcher, who was to do the first orthopedic surgeon to operate on the robotic arm in space. And so it was the first time that two African American men were in space at the same time. And I remember Tom Joyner interviewing us in space; he was calling us the afronauts. And his show has a million person listernership, and there were kids all around the country and people listening, you know, seeing this first, two African American men in space and even to this day, you know, moms seek me out to tell me, "I heard that interview, my son wants to be an astronaut and he's studying physics and science now". So the impact of that mission had on our young African American male men as to seeing some of those like them in that environment, floating and working in space, that they could also do it one day too.$$That's great. Now, this launch was in 2009? What month was this?$$This was in November of 2009. So I spent Thanksgiving in space, eating a rehydrated turkey. And very thankful for the people that were there; thankful for the people that were on the ground in Mission (unclear), spending their thanksgivings monitoring our mission and thankful to our families, you know, who helped us do all that.$$Now, was there anything--did anything go wrong on this mission?$$Yeah, we had--on ascent to space station, there was a medical situation that happened. Actually, on the first mission, there was a--something that happened medically, and I was the crew medical officer, because we didn't have a trained physician on the flight. I volunteered to be the crew medical officer. So, I went through some training, emergency room training and some other different training and actually had to do some things on that mission to help some of our crew mates, but it was very empowering to know that we had to do this, because it was during the docking phase; we had to get this done, or the mission would not be successful; we'd have to come home. And so that was something I felt really comfortable, really good about helping save that mission like that.$$Can you tell us exactly what happened?$$No, I can't tell.$$Okay. I thought so, or else you would have told us. When you think back on these missions--well, there was a second crisis, you said in 2009, a medical--$$No, there wasn't. That was 2008. Okay.

Freddie Lucas

Freddie Hill Lucas was born on January 4, 1936, in Lynchburg, Virginia. Lucas spent most of her childhood years growing up on the campus of Morgan State University in Baltimore, Maryland, where both of her parents were professors. Her father, Talmadge Hill, was the coach of Morgan's basketball team and a health instructor and her mother, Frances Hill, was a music professor. In 1952, she earned her high school diploma from Frederick Douglas High School, where she was a member of the volleyball and basketball teams and a member of the National Honor Society.

Lucas earned a bachelor's of science degree from Morgan State College in 1956. Upon graduation she was awarded a Fulbright Scholarship and studied at the University of Oslo in Norway, where she earned a diploma in physical education. In 1958, she received her MS degree from Pennsylvania State University and later went on to earn her Ph.D. from the University of Iowa in 1964.

From 1958 to 1962, she worked as a physical education teacher at Maryland State College, now known as the University of Maryland Eastern Shore, where she met her husband, Africare co-founder, C. Payne Lucas. She also worked as an assistant professor at Southern University in 1964. From 1968 until 1976, Lucas worked for J.C. Penny Company where she began her career in the public relations department. She later went on to work in the company's urban affairs section and eventually became the company's first female and African American lobbyist.

In 1976, Lucas joined the staff of General Motors Corporation as its senior Washington representative. After working at GM for nearly twenty years, she and her husband started their own consulting firm, Lodestar, LLC. Lucas is a member of the NAACP, the Industrial Relations Research Association, American League of Lobbyists, National Association of Manufacturers, the Consumer Credit Council and the Women's Advertising Club of America.

She and her husband, C. Payne Lucas, have three grown children and one grandchild.

Accession Number

A2004.058

Sex

Female

Interview Date

5/25/2004

Last Name

Lucas

Maker Category
Marital Status

Married

Organizations
Schools

Frederick Douglass High School

First Name

Freddie

Birth City, State, Country

Lynchburg

HM ID

LUC02

Favorite Season

Christmas

State

Virginia

Favorite Vacation Destination

Bahamas, Las Vegas, Nevada

Favorite Quote

My Point Is...

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

North Carolina

Birth Date

1/4/1936

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Louisburg

Country

United States

Favorite Food

Fried Chicken

Short Description

Business consultant and lobbyist Freddie Lucas (1936 - ) was the first African American lobbyist at J.C. Penney Corporation, and then worked as a consultant for General Motors. After working at GM for nearly twenty years, she and her husband started their own consulting firm, Lodestar, LLC.

Employment

Maryland State College

Southern University

J.C. Penny Company

General Motors

Lodestar LLC

Favorite Color

Red

DAStories

Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Slating of Freddie Lucas interview

Tape: 1 Story: 2 - Freddie Lucas lists her favorites

Tape: 1 Story: 3 - Freddie Lucas recalls her mother

Tape: 1 Story: 4 - Freddie Lucas remembers her parents

Tape: 1 Story: 5 - Freddie Lucas shares childhood memories

Tape: 1 Story: 6 - Freddie Lucas describes holidays as a child

Tape: 2 Story: 1 - Freddie Lucas describes her childhood community

Tape: 2 Story: 2 - Freddie Lucas shares childhood memories of her community

Tape: 2 Story: 3 - Freddie Lucas recalls her elementary school years

Tape: 2 Story: 4 - Freddie Lucas remembers her church activities

Tape: 2 Story: 5 - Freddie Lucas recounts her middle school experiences

Tape: 2 Story: 6 - Freddie Lucas discusses her high school years

Tape: 2 Story: 7 - Freddie Lucas explains how she chose Maryland Eastern Shore for college

Tape: 3 Story: 1 - Freddie Lucas recalls winning a Fulbright scholarship to study in Norway

Tape: 3 Story: 2 - Freddie Lucas describes her experiences in Norway

Tape: 3 Story: 3 - Freddie Lucas recounts her marriage and early career at Maryland Eastern Shore

Tape: 3 Story: 4 - Freddie Lucas describes leaving Maryland Eastern Shore to teach at Southern University

Tape: 3 Story: 5 - Freddie Lucas describes her trip to Africa

Tape: 3 Story: 6 - Freddie Lucas explains how she got into public relations at JC Penny Company

Tape: 3 Story: 7 - Freddie Lucas describes the corporate culture at JC Penny's in the late 1960s and early 1970s

Tape: 3 Story: 8 - Freddie Lucas recounts becoming the first black female corporate lobbyist

Tape: 4 Story: 1 - Freddie Lucas details her transition from Penny's to GM

Tape: 4 Story: 2 - Freddie Lucas describes her work as a lobbyist on Capitol Hill

Tape: 4 Story: 3 - Freddie Lucas discusses changes on Capitol Hill since the 1980s

Tape: 4 Story: 4 - Freddie Lucas recounts balancing work and family life

Tape: 4 Story: 5 - Freddie Lucas shares how she'd like to be remembered

Tape: 4 Story: 6 - Freddie Lucas discusses her husband's work with Africare

Tape: 4 Story: 7 - Freddie Lucas reflects on her best accomplishments