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Regina Williams

Healthcare provider and educator Regina Sallee Williams was born in Sandusky, Ohio on April 20, 1931, to Cora Nell Collier Sallee and Charles Louis Sallee. She attended the public schools of Sandusky and graduated from Sandusky High School in 1949. Williams graduated from Ohio’s Mount Carmel School of Nursing in 1952, and received a bachelor’s of science degree in nursing from The Ohio State University in 1955. She later earned a master’s of science in nursing from Wayne State University and a Ph.D. in higher education administration from the University of Michigan.

Williams served as a first lieutenant in the United States Army Nurse Corps (ANC) stationed at El Paso, Texas. After returning to Columbus from the ANC, she taught at The Grant Hospital School of Nursing. She moved to Detroit, Michigan in 1966, and taught at Mercy School of Nursing from 1966 until 1973. In 1974, she became an assistant administrator in the Department of Health Careers at Schoolcraft College of Livonia, Michigan. In 1977, Williams was recruited to Wayne State University, College of Nursing, where she held teaching and administration posts and developed an innovative program (Outreach BSN) for employed associate degree registered nurses interested in baccalaureate education. She was serving as interim assistant dean when she left Wayne State University in August 1990 to accept an appointment as the head of the department of nursing at Eastern Michigan University in Ypsilanti, Michigan, where she served until her retirement in 2001.

Williams has worked with and held numerous leadership positions in professional organizations, including Michigan Nurses Association. She served as President of the Michigan Association of Colleges of Nursing (MACN) Dean’s group, as a member and eventually chair of the Michigan Board of Nursing. Williams has done research and has published on the subject of mentoring and on nursing education.

Williams lives in Detroit, Michigan. She remains active in nursing as a consultant through writing, attendance at conferences and by sitting on several community advisory boards.

Accession Number

A2004.031

Sex

Female

Interview Date

3/20/2004

Last Name

Williams

Maker Category
Schools

Sandusky High School

Campbell Elementary School

Mount Carmel College of Nursing

The Ohio State University

Speakers Bureau

Yes

Speakers Bureau Availability

Any

First Name

Regina

Birth City, State, Country

Sandusky

HM ID

WIL15

Speakers Bureau Honorarium

Yes - $1,000 - $5,000

Favorite Season

Spring, Summer

State

Ohio

Favorite Vacation Destination

Rhode Island

Favorite Quote

This Too Shall Pass.

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Michigan

Interview Description
Birth Date

4/20/1931

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Detroit

Country

USA

Favorite Food

Turkey, Dressing

Short Description

Academic administrator and nursing professor Regina Williams (1931 - ) taught at several nursing schools, and was an assistant administrator in the Department of Health Careers at Schoolcraft College. She also held teaching and administrative posts at Wayne State University and was head of the department of nursing at Eastern Michigan University in Ypsilanti, Michigan.

Employment

United States Army Nurse Corps

Grant Hospital School of Nursing

Mercy School of Nursing

Schoolcraft College

Wayne State University

Eastern Michigan University

Timing Pairs
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DAStories

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217664">Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Slating of Regina Williams's interview</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217665">Tape: 1 Story: 2 - Regina Williams lists her favorites</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217666">Tape: 1 Story: 3 - Regina Williams describes her mother's personality</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217667">Tape: 1 Story: 4 - Regina Williams describes her father's personality</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217668">Tape: 1 Story: 5 - Regina Williams talks about how her parents met</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217669">Tape: 1 Story: 6 - Regina Williams remembers her father's work as the premier plastering contractor in Sandusky, Ohio in the early twentieth century</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217670">Tape: 1 Story: 7 - Regina Williams lists her siblings</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217671">Tape: 1 Story: 8 - Regina Williams describes about her childhood home life in Sandusky, Ohio</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217672">Tape: 1 Story: 9 - Regina Williams remembers her experience at Campbell Elementary School in Sandusky, Ohio</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217673">Tape: 1 Story: 10 - Regina Williams recalls how her parents protected her from discrimination as a child in Sandusky, Ohio</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217674">Tape: 1 Story: 11 - Regina Williams remembers Second Baptist Church in Sandusky, Ohio</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217675">Tape: 1 Story: 12 - Regina Williams talks about a lesson from her father</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217676">Tape: 1 Story: 13 - Regina Williams describes the sights, sounds and smells of her childhood</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217677">Tape: 2 Story: 1 - Regina Williams talks about Sandusky, Ohio and its environs</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217678">Tape: 2 Story: 2 - Regina Williams remembers the impact of World War II during her childhood in Sandusky, Ohio</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217679">Tape: 2 Story: 3 - Regina Williams describes Cedar Point in the 1930s in Sandusky, Ohio</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217680">Tape: 2 Story: 4 - Regina Williams talks about reactions to Japan's surrender of World War II in 1945</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217681">Tape: 2 Story: 5 - Regina Williams remembers relatives who fought in World War II</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217682">Tape: 2 Story: 6 - Regina Williams recalls the growth of Sandusky, Ohio's African American population during World War II</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217683">Tape: 2 Story: 7 - Regina Williams remembers her decision to attend Mount Carmel School of Nursing in Columbus, Ohio as one of its first African American students</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217684">Tape: 2 Story: 8 - Regina Williams describes her experience at Mount Carmel School of Nursing in Columbus, Ohio</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217685">Tape: 2 Story: 9 - Regina Williams talks about racial discrimination in medical settings during the mid-twentieth century</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217686">Tape: 2 Story: 10 - Regina Williams remembers her first nursing positions and joining a U.S. military program that funded nurses' education</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217687">Tape: 3 Story: 1 - Regina Williams describes her scholarship from fifth grade teacher Betty Rinderle</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217688">Tape: 3 Story: 2 - Regina Williams explains the Nurse Corps Scholarship Program</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217689">Tape: 3 Story: 3 - Regina Williams remembers obtaining a teaching post at Grant Hospital School of Nursing in Columbus, Ohio after her military service</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217690">Tape: 3 Story: 4 - Regina Williams recalls meeting her husband, Robert Williams</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217691">Tape: 3 Story: 5 - Regina Williams describes her experience on the faculty of Grant Hospital School of Nursing in Columbus, Ohio</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217692">Tape: 3 Story: 6 - Regina Williams remembers changes in the nursing profession since the 1940s, pt. 1</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217693">Tape: 3 Story: 7 - Regina Williams remembers changes in the nursing profession since the 1940s, pt. 2</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217694">Tape: 3 Story: 8 - Regina Williams talks about the academic discipline of nursing, pt. 1</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217695">Tape: 3 Story: 9 - Regina Williams talks about the academic discipline of nursing, pt. 2</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217696">Tape: 3 Story: 10 - Regina Williams describes career options for those with advanced degrees in nursing</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217697">Tape: 3 Story: 11 - Regina Williams narrates her photographs, pt. 1</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217698">Tape: 4 Story: 1 - Regina Williams recalls her paternal grandmother, Rebecca Sallee, whose work as a midwife influenced Williams' interest in nursing</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217699">Tape: 4 Story: 2 - Regina Williams talks about obtaining her Ph.D. in higher education from University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, Michigan to pursue an administrative career in nursing<…

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217700">Tape: 4 Story: 3 - Regina Williams lists some of her publications</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217701">Tape: 4 Story: 4 - Regina Williams describes the balance of research and teaching in academia</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217702">Tape: 4 Story: 5 - Regina Williams talks about her responsibilities as head of the nursing department at Eastern Michigan University in Ypsilanti, Michigan</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217703">Tape: 4 Story: 6 - Regina Williams recalls her involvement in professional nursing organizations</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217704">Tape: 4 Story: 7 - Regina Williams remembers developing a substance abuse treatment support program for nurses while serving on the Michigan Board of Nursing</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217705">Tape: 4 Story: 8 - Regina Williams remembers holding family meetings with her husband and children</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217706">Tape: 4 Story: 9 - Regina Williams lists her children</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217707">Tape: 4 Story: 10 - Regina Williams lists her children's schools in Detroit, Michigan</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217708">Tape: 4 Story: 11 - Regina Williams talks about converting to Catholicism after her graduation from Mount Carmel School of Nursing in Columbus, Ohio</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217709">Tape: 4 Story: 12 - Regina Williams remembers how responsibilities were shared among family members in her household</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217710">Tape: 5 Story: 1 - Regina Williams describes her husband's service in the U.S. Marines service and his parenting style</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217711">Tape: 5 Story: 2 - Regina Williams remembers her family's involvement in Catholic mass after Vatican II</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217712">Tape: 5 Story: 3 - Regina Williams talks about her organizational participation outside of her professional work</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217713">Tape: 5 Story: 4 - Regina Williams explains the importance of public service</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217714">Tape: 5 Story: 5 - Regina Williams remembers an advisor who discouraged her from pursuing a bachelor's degree</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217715">Tape: 5 Story: 6 - Regina Williams remembers those who supported her nursing career</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217716">Tape: 5 Story: 7 - Regina Williams narrates her photographs, pt. 2</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/217717">Tape: 5 Story: 8 - Regina Williams narrates her photographs, pt. 3</a>

DASession

1$1

DATape

4$3

DAStory

1$3

DATitle
Regina Williams recalls her paternal grandmother, Rebecca Sallee, whose work as a midwife influenced Williams' interest in nursing
Regina Williams remembers obtaining a teaching post at Grant Hospital School of Nursing in Columbus, Ohio after her military service
Transcript
Yes, my grandmother was a nurse. Of course, she was a practical nurse and was become quite skilled as a midwife and delivered babies. And she was in Kentucky. I'm told that she would--when they called for Ms. Becky, her name was Rebecca [Sallee]--and they'd call for Ms. Becky to come and deliver a child, particular if the delivery looked as though it was going to be a bad one. And she had a horse. She rode her horse to the home and to help them to do--and delivered the child. So she performed as a midwife during that time.$$And when did you learn about her work as a--$$I remember when she--and I don't remember how old I was, but I remember her visiting us in Sandusky, Ohio. And my brother injured himself, Henry [Sallee], and--his leg, and I remember grandma taking care of him and doing the kinds of things that we would do now: make sure that his, the pressure on the wound, elevating it, putting ice on it and those kinds of things. So, that was quite an influencing factor I am sure, that, you know, you see that kind of, that action. I think another thing that also influenced me, I remember when we were I think in junior high, a friend had been hospitalized. And because they were from out of town, we would go and visit. And I saw the nurses walking around in the starched white uniforms and caps and that kind of thing.$$Okay, now the midwife, the nurse midwife you, whose work you described, that's your paternal grandmother?$$That was my, yes, my father's [Charles Sallee] grandmother.$$Okay.$$My father's mother. It was our grandmother.$$So her name would have been Rebecca--$$Her name was Rebecca Sallee.$$Sallee, okay. Now if we can--$$And she was, of course, lived in Kentucky.$And so how long did you serve in the [U.S.] Army, around?$$I was just in for one tour of duty.$$Is that two years?$$Three years.$$Okay, and what happens after that? After the three years of [U.S.] military service?$$I was out of military service. I came back to Ohio. I was married, and I applied for a job. My husband [Robert Williams] was still at [The] Ohio State [University, Columbus, Ohio]. And I applied for a job, and I went for a job interview. I was, I was accepted, and the job was teaching nursing at the Grant Hospital School of Nursing in Columbus, Ohio. That's an interesting story (laughter), if you want--$$I would love to hear it.$$I had sent in my information. I was responding to an ad in the newspaper, and so I sent the information. And I didn't hear anything, and my husband and I--I think it was probably a school break, and we went to Sandusky [Ohio] for a few days visit with my parents [Coranell Collier Sallee and Charles Sallee]. When I came back I had a letter asking me to come into for an interview. So I went to the Grant Hospital School of Nursing for the interview. And I was sitting in an area, sort of like a corridor. There were seats. And I was early, about, say ten minutes, ten, fifteen minutes early. And at about, oh, about five minutes of the time, to the time I was supposed to be there, a woman came out. And she looked up and down the hall, and then she turned around went back into an office. And within three or four minutes she came out again, and she looked up and down the hall, and she turned around and went back into the office. The third time she came out she looked up and down the hall. She started back into the office, and she turned around and she said to me, "What is your name?" And I told her my name. And she had a look of surprise, but it was sort of reserved surprise, and she went back into the office. And so she came, and then she came back out. Now it was, by this time it was after the time I was supposed to be there becau- she came back out and she said, "Well, would you follow me please?" And I went in, and they were waiting for me for the interview. So that really what had happened was she came out, she saw me sitting there, but she did not, it didn't occur to her that I was the person applying for the job. They had never had a black faculty member before. They did not expect one to come (laughter). But they had invited me to come for an interview, so there I was. So, I went in, and I talked to the director of the hospital and the director of the school of nursing, and we had quite a conversation. And subsequently they sent me a letter inviting me to join the faculty.$$And what year is this, please? The year?$$That would have been in 1957. Yeah, 1957.

June Sallee Antoine

Educator and nonprofit executive June Sallee Antoine was born on March 3, 1929 in Sandusky, Ohio, to Cora Nell Collier Sallee and Charles Louis Sallee. She received her elementary and secondary education in the public schools of Sandusky. She earned a B.A. degree from Ohio State University in 1951 and a master's degree from Case Western Reserve University in 1956. She also completed additional graduate work at John Carroll University and Cleveland State University.

From 1955 until 1966, Antoine was a classroom teacher in the Cleveland Public Schools, and in 1969 she took a position as a guidance counselor at the Adult Education Center of the Cleveland Public Schools. In 1979, she became the assistant principal at Shaker Heights High School. Following her retirement from the public schools in 1986, she served as the director of the Harvard-East Branch of the Cleveland Music School Settlement, where she remained until 1995. In 1993, Antoine, along with Louise Kent Hope, became a co-founder of The Adrienne Kennedy Society, a non-profit arts organization dedicated to increasing public awareness and appreciation of the works of this great African American literary artist. The organization was later renamed Creative Writing Workshop Projects, and Antoine served as the executive director.

Antoine worked with numerous arts, cultural, and civic organizations, including The Cleveland Museum of Art, Ohio Citizens for the Arts, The Cleveland Art Prize, The Women's City Club Foundation, and the Cleveland International Program. In 2002, she received an Arts Educator Award from Young Audiences of Greater Cleveland and The Northern Ohio Live Award of Achievement for Community Events for Creative Writing Workshop Projects' participation in the Langston Hughes Centennial Celebration.

In addition to her administrative work, Antoine performed with the Cleveland Orchestra Chorus and the Heritage Chorale in the United States and Europe. She was also a member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People and Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Inc.

Antoine passed away on November 15, 2016 at age 87.

Accession Number

A2004.027

Sex

Female

Archival Photo 1
Interview Date

3/18/2004

Last Name

Antoine

Maker Category
Marital Status

Married

Middle Name

S.

Schools

The Ohio State University

Case Western Reserve University

Sandusky High School

Campbell Elementary School

Archival Photo 2
First Name

June

Birth City, State, Country

Sandusky

HM ID

ANT01

Favorite Season

Winter

State

Ohio

Favorite Vacation Destination

Rhode Island, Alaska, Caribbean

Favorite Quote

Lifting As We Climb.

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Ohio

Interview Description
Birth Date

3/3/1929

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Cleveland

Country

USA

Favorite Food

Ethnic Food, Spinach, Roast Turkey, Pies

Death Date

11/15/2016

Short Description

Educator and nonprofit executive June Sallee Antoine (1929 - 2016 ) co-founded The Adrienne Kennedy Society, a nonprofit arts organization dedicated to increasing public awareness and appreciation of African American literary artists. She worked for numerous arts, cultural, and civic organizations in Ohio.

Employment

Cleveland Public Schools

Shaker Heights High School

Cleveland Music School Settlement

Adrienne Kennedy Society

Favorite Color

Red

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DAStories

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238933">Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Slating of June Sallee Antoine's interview</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238934">Tape: 1 Story: 2 - June Sallee Antoine lists her favorites</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238935">Tape: 1 Story: 3 - June Sallee Antoine describes her mother's family background</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238936">Tape: 1 Story: 4 - June Sallee Antoine describes her father's family background</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238937">Tape: 1 Story: 5 - June Sallee Antoine describes her paternal grandparents</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238938">Tape: 1 Story: 6 - June Sallee Antoine talks about her maternal grandparents</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238939">Tape: 1 Story: 7 - June Sallee Antoine narrates how her family came to move from Kentucky to Ohio</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238940">Tape: 1 Story: 8 - June Sallee Antoine describes her earliest childhood memory</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238941">Tape: 1 Story: 9 - June Sallee Antoine describes her experiences at Campbell Street Elementary School in Sandusky, Ohio during the 1930s</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238942">Tape: 2 Story: 1 - June Sallee Antoine describes her family life growing up in Sandusky, Ohio</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238943">Tape: 2 Story: 2 - June Sallee Antoine describes the role of music in her childhood in Sandusky, Ohio</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238944">Tape: 2 Story: 3 - June Sallee Antoine relates the history of her family's parish, Second Baptist Church, in Sandusky, Ohio</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238945">Tape: 2 Story: 4 - June Sallee Antoine talks about the diverse community in which she was raised in Sandusky, Ohio</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238946">Tape: 2 Story: 5 - June Sallee Antoine talks about her time at Campbell Elementary School in Sandusky, Ohio</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238947">Tape: 2 Story: 6 - June Sallee Antoine recalls the presence of the color line while she was growing up in Sandusky, Ohio</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238948">Tape: 2 Story: 7 - June Sallee Antoine talks about the impact of the Great Depression on her family and community in Sandusky, Ohio</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238949">Tape: 2 Story: 8 - June Sallee Antoine recalls how her mother prioritized education for her and her siblings</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238950">Tape: 3 Story: 1 - June Sallee Antoine talks about her family's views on President Franklin Delano Roosevelt and his Works Progress Administration</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238951">Tape: 3 Story: 2 - June Sallee Antoine talks about her family's appreciation for the arts</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238952">Tape: 3 Story: 3 - June Sallee Antoine talks about her sisters' careers</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238953">Tape: 3 Story: 4 - June Sallee Antoine recalls her academic achievements at Sandusky High School in Sandusky, Ohio</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238954">Tape: 3 Story: 5 - June Sallee Antoine recalls her decision to attend The Ohio State University in Columbus, Ohio</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238955">Tape: 3 Story: 6 - June Sallee Antoine remembers her family's involvement in World War II</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238956">Tape: 3 Story: 7 - June Sallee Antoine describes her experiences at The Ohio State University in Columbus, Ohio</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238957">Tape: 4 Story: 1 - June Sallee Antoine recalls hearing a speech by Paul Robeson in Columbus, Ohio</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238958">Tape: 4 Story: 2 - June Sallee Antoine describes meeting her husband, HistoryMaker Albert Antoine, at The Ohio State University in Columbus, Ohio</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238959">Tape: 4 Story: 3 - June Sallee Antoine describes her and her husband's graduate education and early careers during the mid-1950s</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238960">Tape: 4 Story: 4 - June Sallee Antoine talks about her experiences with de facto segregation in Ohio during the 1950s</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238961">Tape: 4 Story: 5 - June Sallee Antoine recounts her career as an educator in public schools in Cleveland, Ohio metropolitan area</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238962">Tape: 4 Story: 6 - June Sallee Antoine talks about the history of segregation in Cleveland, Ohio Public Schools</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238963">Tape: 5 Story: 1 - June Sallee Antoine talks about her work as an educational administrator in Cleveland Municipal School District and Shaker Heights City School District</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238964">Tape: 5 Story: 2 - June Sallee Antoine details how she chose to educate her four children in public and private schools</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238965">Tape: 5 Story: 3 - June Sallee Antoine describes her children's success in pursuing advanced degrees</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238966">Tape: 5 Story: 4 - June Sallee Antoine recalls roadblocks that her daughter, Janice Antoine Lumpkin, faced during her education</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238967">Tape: 5 Story: 5 - June Sallee Antoine talks about her grandchildren</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238968">Tape: 5 Story: 6 - June Sallee Antoine talks about her work in music and arts administration after retiring as an educator</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238969">Tape: 6 Story: 1 - June Sallee Antoine details the programs she heads within Creative Writing Workshop Projects in Cleveland, Ohio</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238970">Tape: 6 Story: 2 - June Sallee Antoine talks about her fundraising to support Creative Writing Workshop Projects in Cleveland, Ohio</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238971">Tape: 6 Story: 3 - June Sallee Antoine describes the life and work of Adrienne Kennedy</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238972">Tape: 6 Story: 4 - June Sallee Antoine describes the roster of artists and administrators involved with Creative Writing Workshop Projects</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238973">Tape: 6 Story: 5 - June Sallee Antoine details the community and governmental support she has received for Creative Writing Workshop Projects</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238974">Tape: 6 Story: 6 - June Sallee Antoine explains Creative Writing Workshop Projects' focus on African American heritage</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238975">Tape: 6 Story: 7 - June Sallee Antoine talks about her membership in the Heritage Chorale of Cleveland</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238976">Tape: 6 Story: 8 - June Sallee Antoine reflects upon her achievements in promoting the arts and education in Cleveland, Ohio</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238977">Tape: 7 Story: 1 - June Sallee Antoine narrates her photographs, pt. 1</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238978">Tape: 7 Story: 2 - June Sallee Antoine narrates her photographs, pt. 2</a>

<a href="https://da.thehistorymakers.org/story/238979">Tape: 7 Story: 3 - June Sallee Antoine narrates her photographs, pt. 3</a>

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DATitle
June Sallee Antoine details the programs she heads within Creative Writing Workshop Projects in Cleveland, Ohio
June Sallee Antoine recalls the presence of the color line while she was growing up in Sandusky, Ohio
Transcript
[HistoryMaker] Mrs. [June Sallee] Antoine, you just started to tell me about CWWP, Creative Writing Workshop Projects [Cleveland, Ohio] the outgrowth of the initial Adrienne Kennedy support group [Adrienne Kennedy Society]. And you keep saying we, we have been active during these things, but can you tell me about some of the other people who are working with you on that initiative, and what kinds of things you've been able to do in working with the schools?$$We, the Creative Writing Workshop Projects, is a non-profit arts organization, and it's a charitable and educational organization that is a 501(c)(3). We collaborate with a number of institutions and agencies and artists in the city [Cleveland, Ohio]. And we are really pleased because we're not an organization that had a large amount of funding, so it was really important that we collaborate with people. And so it is important to share with you these various organizations: The Cleveland Music School Settlement [The Music Settlement, Cleveland, Ohio], the Cleveland Museum of Art [Cleveland, Ohio], the Cleveland Municipal School District [Cleveland Metropolitan School District], Cleveland State University [Cleveland, Ohio], Cleveland Art Theatre [Cleveland Heights, Ohio], and individual artists of various disciplines.$$Okay. Okay. Mrs. Antoine, you were mentioning some of the partnerships that Creative Writing Workshop Projects developed over the years with area organizations but you said all of that came from this initial suggestion made by Adrienne Kennedy that you pursue funding to support outreach to the schools.$$And to support her requirement to do a community project, that was part of her grant stipulation. She got a large grant over three years from Lila Wallace. And although she lived in New York [New York], she really loved Cleveland [Ohio]. She was raised in Cleveland. She had great respect for Cleveland public schools at the time she was coming through. And she had attended and graduated from The Ohio State University [Columbus, Ohio]. And actually was there at, when I was there. I probably was about two years ahead of her. And so I was very pleased to be of support for her literary work. And so, so we actually did a project at her elementary school, Lafayette Contemporary [Educational] Academy [Cleveland, Ohio]. And we started with the young children there with storytellers, and we, once we got funds, we were able to bring in people for different projects. We took them on field trips to the theater, to the rain forest. We brought Karamu Theatre [Karamu House, Cleveland, Ohio] for the young people into the school. And then, of course, Adrienne Kennedy herself came from New York to have some workshops with the children. So it was a wonderful, delightful experience. Then we extended it to the middle schools. And we did, in addition to the creative writing and poetry clubs that we had with the elementary children, we introduced playwriting, improvisation, and all with the middle school students. And did what I think was a rather unique thing by partnering with the Cleveland School of the Arts [Cleveland, Ohio], and the drama teacher came with his double period class. We provided transportation for them, and they as peer mentors worked with some middle school students in developing plays, improvising and then writing a play and also in performing a play.$--Then of course, in high school [Sandusky High School, Sandusky, Ohio]--the only really negative thing was that at the time in junior high, we didn't swim in the pool. For some reason, I think people thought the brown would rub off (laughter). But, no, that's, so, but at any rate, I know my mother [Cornell Collier Sallee] went up and talked to the principal about that and he said, "Well, your children could swim." And she said "No, I said I mean all." And she would not say okay for my children, she said all of the colored children should be able to swim. My, one of my older brothers, (laughter), Leroy [ph.], the family, a tale is that Leroy just ran and jumped in the pool (laughter). So he was the defiant one, at that time, for that regard. But then a lot of the clubs, which some people said were exclusive, but that wasn't completely true because my brother, Henry [ph.], was in the dramatic club. He even directed a play at the high school, and he acted in plays. And so it really, it was really what you, I guess, I don't know, whether he was, he played basketball and so he was on the team and, and he was well liked in the school. Plus he taught all his friends how to dance. And he'd have the basketball team over to our house and I know my, I remember my mother making a big spaghetti dinner for all the basketball players and then they danced and, you know. So there were always, we always had a mix of interactions. But another interesting thing that our next door neighbor, we spoke every day but we were not in and out of each other's houses. It was just a general respect and there was no real desire or effort to be integrated any place where, you know, it wasn't just welcome. I had friends from elementary school that we still meet every five years. Our high school, from 1947 every five years we've had a reunion. And the last reunion, we decided it was gonna be too long to wait to five years, so there's gonna be one this year which is midway. Unfortunately, I'm going to be in Italy with a choir singing other and, you know, that is how much, all important that is to me that I had this ambiguous feeling even about that trip. I said, "Isn't there some way I can come home early so I can go to my reunion?" But, we have a large number that come from Florida, from Texas, from California, from the Midwest, from the East. And so there was something special around that time about school. And we, we would always have almost like a second little reunion of our--of the Campbell Street School [Campbell Elementary School, Sandusky, Ohio] (laughter). So it was kind of interesting.$$Well, it seems then that, perhaps there was a color line--$$Yes.$$--even here in the North but not rigidly drawn.$$Well, you know, there were just places like restaurants. For a while in the theaters where they wanted you to sit in the balcony. I had a dear friend whose name was also June, June Forsyth, and her family had come from Jamaica. And so we went to the theater, and so we just went downstairs and the (laughter) the usher kept coming and he'd tap us on the shoulder and say, "You're supposed to move." And we would just look straight ahead and not pay him any attention (laughter). So that was that.$$This was in high school?$$Yes (laughter).$$Civil disobedience.$$Yeah. But, you know, and, of course, she had gone up to the sixth form, I guess, in Jamaica and had been accustomed to being very free. And then, of course, came here about junior, senior high school. It was in senior high that we were, all through senior high we were good friends (laughter).