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Dr. Doris Young-McCulley

Doris Jean Young-McCulley was born on April 5, 1947 in Eutaw, Alabama to Lucille and Willie Young. The oldest of six children, Young-McCulley has served the medical needs of Chicago residents for over 25 years.

Earning a bachelor's degree in biology from Gustavus Adulphus College in Saint Peter, Minnesota in 1969, Young-McCulley taught marine biology at Kennedy High School in Edina, Minnesota. Rejoining her family in Chicago, Illinois, Young-McCulley earned an M.B.A. in hospital administration from the University of Chicago in 1971. That year, she worked as a night administrator at the Chicago Foundling Home. She enrolled in Rush University's Medical College, completing the requirements for an M.D. in 1974. In 1979, she became an attending physician at Cook County Hospital and a senior attending physician at Provident Medical Center. The following year, she became an associate attending physician at South Shore Hospital and a consulting physician at Jackson Park Hospital. She served in all four of these positions simultaneously. In 1989, while still caring for patients at Jackson Park and South Shore Hospitals, she was hired as an attending physician at Northwestern Memorial Hospital. An associate attending physician at Michael Reese Hospital since 1993, she also serves as an attending physician at Little Company of Mary Hospital in Evergreen Park, Illinois.

Young-McCulley has taught medicine throughout her career. She began in the Infectious Disease Teaching Program at Cook County Hospital in 1974, and she taught for six years as a professor of medicine at Northwestern University Medical School. She volunteers at South Suburban Hospice in Flossmoor, Illinois as a medical director and counsels children at Brave Heart. She has also been an administrator, serving as medical director for several medical centers, including: Provident Hospital, Bogan/ DuSable Adolescent Health Center and Crane Adolescent Health Center. Young-McCulley and her husband, Bernard McCulley, have been married since 1970.

Accession Number

A2002.104

Sex

Female

Interview Date

7/12/2002

Last Name

Young-McCulley

Maker Category
Marital Status

Married

Organizations
Schools

John Farren Elementary School

Du Sable Leadership Academy

University of Chicago Booth School of Business

Gustavus Adolphus College

First Name

Doris

Birth City, State, Country

Eutaw

HM ID

YOU02

Favorite Season

Summer

State

Alabama

Favorite Vacation Destination

Anywhere Warm

Favorite Quote

None

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Illinois

Birth Date

4/5/1947

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Chicago

Country

United States

Favorite Food

Greens

Short Description

Attending physician, medical professor, and medical director Dr. Doris Young-McCulley (1947 - ) was the former head of Provident Hospital in Chicago, Illinois.

Employment

Chicago Foundlings Home

Cook County Hospital

Provident Medical Center

South Shore Hospital

Jackson Park Hospital

Northwestern Memorial Hospital

Michael Reese Hospital

Little Company of Mary Hospital

Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine

Favorite Color

Blue

Timing Pairs
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DAStories

Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Slating of Doris Young-McCulley's interview

Tape: 1 Story: 2 - Doris Young-McCulley lists her favorites

Tape: 1 Story: 3 - Doris Young-McCulley talks about her family history

Tape: 1 Story: 4 - Doris Young-McCulley shares stories about her great-great-grandmother

Tape: 1 Story: 5 - Doris Young-McCulley continues to talk about her great-great-grandmother

Tape: 1 Story: 6 - Doris Young-McCulley shares stories about her ancestors

Tape: 1 Story: 7 - Doris Young-McCulley describes the sights, smells, and sounds of her childhood

Tape: 1 Story: 8 - Doris Young-McCulley remembers her first experience of segregation

Tape: 1 Story: 9 - Doris Young-McCulley describes growing up on a farm and her grade school years

Tape: 1 Story: 10 - Doris Young-McCulley talks about her father's value for education

Tape: 1 Story: 11 - Doris Young-McCulley describes her siblings

Tape: 1 Story: 12 - Doris Young-McCulley talks about her parents

Tape: 2 Story: 1 - Doris Young-McCulley talks about her family's move to Chicago, Illinois

Tape: 2 Story: 2 - Doris Young-McCulley talks about her inspiration to become a doctor

Tape: 2 Story: 3 - Doris Young-McCulley recalls influential people at DuSable High School like her counselor, Katherine Bogan

Tape: 2 Story: 4 - Doris Young-McCulley talks about her high school activities

Tape: 2 Story: 5 - Doris Young-McCulley describes her strong support system

Tape: 2 Story: 6 - Doris Young-McCulley describes her college experience at Gustavus Adolphus College

Tape: 2 Story: 7 - Doris Young-McCulley describes her path to Rush Medical College

Tape: 3 Story: 1 - Doris Young-McCulley talks about her academic progress at Gustavus Adolphus College

Tape: 3 Story: 2 - Doris Young-McCulley describes her experience of racial discrimination at the University of Chicago and at Rush Medical College

Tape: 3 Story: 3 - Doris Young-McCulley talks about her father's experiences with racial discrimination in the U.S. Army

Tape: 3 Story: 4 - Doris Young-McCulley describes the student population at Rush Medical College

Tape: 3 Story: 5 - Doris Young-McCulley talks about the organ system approach at Rush Medical College

Tape: 3 Story: 6 - Doris Young-McCulley describes the impact of medical school on her personal life

Tape: 3 Story: 7 - Doris Young-McCulley shares memorable experiences as a hospital administrator and doctor

Tape: 3 Story: 8 - Doris Young-McCulley talks about preventative care and medical management

Tape: 3 Story: 9 - Doris Young-McCulley discusses urban health issues

Tape: 4 Story: 1 - Doris Young-McCulley describes health issues affecting African Americans in urban environments

Tape: 4 Story: 2 - Doris Young-McCulley talks about the history of Provident Hospital and her role as its medical director

Tape: 4 Story: 3 - Doris Young-McCulley discusses factors behind hospital closures including the closure of Provident Hospital

Tape: 4 Story: 4 - Doris Young-McCulley talks about the importance of health care education

Tape: 4 Story: 5 - Doris Young-McCulley reflects upon her legacy

Tape: 4 Story: 6 - Doris Young-McCulley talks about how she would like to be remembered

Tape: 4 Story: 7 - Doris Young-McCulley reflects on how her parents would view her achievements

Tape: 4 Story: 8 - Doris Young-McCulley narrates her photographs, pt.1

Tape: 5 Story: 1 - Doris Young-McCulley narrates her photographs, pt.2

DASession

1$1

DATape

1$4

DAStory

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DATitle
Doris Young-McCulley shares stories about her great-great-grandmother
Doris Young-McCulley talks about the history of Provident Hospital and her role as its medical director
Transcript
Now you had an ancestor that was brought over here in 1829.$$Yeah.$$Okay, you want to talk about that?$$Well, that was my great-great-grandmother [Lucinda Patterson]. She was brought over as a, well, as a preteen in 1829, and sold in, in South Carolina. I don't know how she, she made it to Alabama. But she was married to a part Indian that I was telling you about, my grandfather, grandfather's father. And I think there are a lot of stories about her that are very significant. Number one, she was sold as a slave, and she remembered being a slave. And she was a hard worker, and she was blessed with long life. As a matter of fact, she was more than 115 years old when she died. There is one of the, my favorite stories is that she never suffered. She died probably what sounds like congestive heart failure. She died in her sleep. Even at the time of her death, she could still see well. She was not totally senile. She was sewing, making a quilt the night of her death, and told my mother [Lucille Young] that she was going to bed early because she thought she was catching a cold, and never woke up. And there are many stories about how she loved to fish, and she would take my mother fishing with her. And she--my mother was actually her babysitter. And they would go fishing, and Grandma Netta would take her, her some food wrapped in some paper, and she'd carry it in her bosom. And when she said she was hungry, she'd pull it out of her sweaty bosom, according to my mother (laughter), and pass it to her for her to eat. And then she would take her hat off her head, and dip up water, and give it to her and expect her to drink this (laughter) water out of her sweaty hat. And that was one of my favorite stories, you know, 'cause you can imagine how you as a child would feel if that would happen to you today. The other stories that I've, I've heard about her was that she was a remarkable woman that, that loved people and service, that she would--and this was not only told by my mother's side, by other pe--older people that knew her, that she would, she considered it her appointed duty to go around and help all the unwed, new mothers in the area. She would go to and visit them, and she'd tell them how to take care of the unborn or newborn baby. She would show them how to make things to, to--for the, the baby. She would teach them how to care for different ailments. You know, one of the things that I learned in medical school was management of asthma, and to know that my great-great-grandmother would, was able to think of how to provide the first tent--oxygen tent. She, her homemade oxygen tent was to put a kettle on over a sheet--oil cloth sheet--and have the baby's head in there. And you know, I think that that was unique. The other thing was that she was very informed with the various herbs and roots that were helpful for care. And, and I've learned these stories over the years. One of my visits, well, about five years ago to one my aunts, she was showing me flagstone, which is one of the herbs that's there for upset stomach. And she gave me a piece of it, and I planted it in my backyard, and you know, just as a memory, thinking about it, I've--and I was thinking that I would make tea out of it and see what it tastes like--different herbal remedies for, like for example, menstrual cramps. Her herbal arrangement for that was nutmeg tea. And I know, just from my scien--scientific background--that nutmeg is very high in prostaglandin inhibitors, and that is probably the same inhibitor that we take Motrin, Anaprox today for. And so that--and you know, from a scientific basis, you could see it might help with premenstrual or menstrual cramps, so that they, and they're very similar. As I go, I, I've, I love to hear the herbal remedies for various ailments. And to know that my great-great-grandmother was the one teaching these things over the years has been an inspiration to me.$Now, I don't wanna exhaust this topic, if you, you have something else to, you wanna add something else to it. But I wanna talk about Provident [Hospital] too. And--$$Okay.$$--and so.$$You know, Provident was another one of those challenges that came up. And in my mind I felt that there was a need for me to give back to the community. I still, and I always feel that because, as you said, that I've had what looks like an undue portion of giving to me throughout my life. And so Provident was going to be my endeavor. I, I have always felt very bad that we have very few institutions that stand over--and those things are important. You know, you say well, institutions are only buildings, but buildings are important because they're physical inspirations of what our past has been. And it was very significant to me that Provident should remain as one of those institutions that had survived more than a hundred years. So when I was asked if I wanted to go back and be the medical director there, I thought I had put all the pieces together in terms of the education, etc., and the connection with the other young committed clinicians, that I should be able to do this. And it was a big challenge because there were a lot of problems facing Provident at the time that I made the transition over as medical director.$$Now before we go further, I think that for the sake of this tape that's gonna last long beyond us, I hope, can you explain the historical significance of Provident Hospital, and what is Provident Hospital?$$Provident Hospital historically was established in 1930 [sic, 1891], I believe. It was a black hospital that serviced the black community, for the most part, although--the poor community as in general. It was significant because it was also a training educational site for young black physicians along the way and for many black nurses, so that it had a lot of history associated with it. It had been affiliated with the, certainly, the tuberculosis epidemic in Chicago. It provided the first chest x-ray testing sites for the bronze community. It was one of the first hospitals to have a director affiliation with University of Chicago [Chicago, Illinois] for the training of young black obstetricians, gynecologists in particular. So it, it had significant historical firsts. It was the first hospital where Daniel Hale Williams had performed that historical open-heart procedure on a young black that had been stabbed outside of the hospital.$$This is the first such procedure in the United States--$$First--$$--on anyone.$$--in anyone.$$Okay.$$So, it was--it's been billed as the first open-heart procedure--and so that there were a lot of historical firsts related to this hospital. And I, for one, was very passionate about the survival of the hospital, so that when I transferred over, it had been plagued with problems related to medical staff organization, trying to man--manage the health staff systems, nursing, and integrating all the service delivery. And I felt that my training over the years would be helpful, so I came over as the medical director. And it was during that period that many hospitals in the Chicago area were closing. And Provident had significant debt load, with the mortgage having built a new hospital owed to the Department of Health and Human Services, as well as debts owed to its vendors. And it did not survive the closure.