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Andrea Frazier

Civic leader Andrea Frazier was born on September 21, 1956, in Harlem, New York to Wilhelmina Young and James Wilkerson. Frazier attended John H. Finley Elementary School and Manhattanville Junior High School before graduating from Fiorello H. LaGuardia High School of Music & Art and Performing Arts in 1974, where she participated in the youth symphony orchestra. She then attended Tufts University and graduated from there in 1978 with her B.A. degree in political science with a concentration in international studies. Frazier subsequently received her M.A. degree from The City University of New York in 1980.

In 1978, Frazier was hired as a researcher at the Ralph Bunche Institute before attending graduate school. After graduation, Frazier briefly worked in the human resources department at the Bronx Lebanon Hospital recruiting and hiring various personnel. She was subsequently employed at New York University School of Law from 1981 to 1985, first as a coordinator of recruitment, pairing students with various law firms and offices, before being promoted to placement director in 1983. In 1986, Frazier was briefly employed with the law firm of Fox Rothschild as a recruitment administrator for new hires, and was later hired by Cigna Insurance to work as a program manager. In 1988, she and her husband, Kenneth Frazier, partnered with Jim Sweet to found the Cornerstone Christian Academy in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where she also served on the board of directors. In 1991, Frazier started her own interior design firm called “Frazier Design,” where she specialized in custom made pieces for local historical houses, including the home of Betsy Ross.

In 2012, Frazier joined the board of directors of the Vickie and Jack Farber Institute for Neuroscience at Jefferson Hospital in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; and, the following year, she joined the board of directors of the American Heart Association to bring awareness to prevalent heart conditions in women. Frazier has also served on the advisory board for the Ellis Marsalis Center for Music located in the Musician’s Village in New Orleans, Louisiana.

Frazier and her husband have two children, Lauren and James, and reside in Newton, Pennsylvania.

Andrea Frazier was interviewed by The History Makers on June 20, 2019.

Accession Number

A2019.042

Sex

Female

Interview Date

6/20/2019

Last Name

Frazier

Maker Category
Marital Status

Married

Occupation
Schools

P.S. 129 John H. Finley School

Fiorello H. LaGuardia High School of Music & Art and Performing Arts

The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy

City University of New York

Manhattanville Junior High School 43

First Name

Andrea

Birth City, State, Country

New York City

HM ID

FRA19

Favorite Season

Christmas

State

New York

Favorite Vacation Destination

Nice, France

Favorite Quote

Never give up.

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

New Jersey

Birth Date

9/21/1956

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Whitehouse Station

Favorite Food

Lasagna

Short Description

Civic leader Andrea Frazier (1956- ) co-founded Cornerstone Christian Academy in Philadelphia in 1988 and launched an interior design firm called Frazier Designs in 1991.

Employment

Saks Fifth Avenue

St. Luke's Hospital

New York University Law School

Fox, Rothschild

Cigna Insurance

Frazier Design

Favorite Color

Red

Johnnetta B. Cole

College president and civic leader Johnnetta B. Cole was born on October 19, 1936 in Jacksonville, Florida to John and Mary Francis. She was admitted to Fisk University at the age of fifteen, and later transferred to Oberlin College where she received her B.A. degree in sociology in 1957. Cole subsequently earned her M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in anthropology from Northwestern University in 1959 and 1967.

In 1970, Cole accepted a faculty position at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, where she served as a professor of anthropology and Afro-American studies. Her first book, Free and Equal: the End of Racial Discrimination in Cuba, was published in 1978. In 1982, Cole became the director of the Latin American and Caribbean Studies program at Hunter College in New York City. She was then named the first black female president of Spelman College in Atlanta, Georgia in 1987. During her tenure as president, she increased Spelman’s endowment to over $113 million, attracted higher student enrollment, and improved Spelman’s overall ranking. In 1992, Cole served on President Bill Clinton’s transition team as cluster coordinator for Education, Labor, and the Arts. After leaving Spelman in 1997, Cole was hired as a professor of anthropology, women’s studies, and African American Studies at Emory University; and, in 2002, she became the sixth president of Bennett College. There, she increased endowment, raised funds for an on-campus art museum, and initiated the women’s studies and global studies programs. She stepped down as president of Bennett College in 2007 and was named director of the Smithsonian National Museum of African Art in Washington D.C. in 2009.

Cole authored numerous books including All American Women: Lines That Divide,Ties That Bind (ed.) in 1986, Anthropology for the Ninties (ed.) in 1988, Conversations: Straight Talk with America’s Sister President in 1994, Dream the Boldest Dream and Other Lessons of Life in 2001, and Gender Talk – the Struggle for Women’s Equality in African American’s Communities in 2003.

Cole has served on the board of directors of the Coca-Cola Company, the Rockefeller Foundation, Merck & Co., United Way of America, and Home Depot. She also served as chair of the Johnnetta B. Cole Global Diversity and Inclusion Institute at Bennett College, and has worked with the Ford and the Andrew W. Mellon foundations to encourage greater diversity and inclusive practices in American art museums.

She has received numerous awards for her work, including the 1988 Candace Award from the National Coalition of 100 Black Women, the 2013 Alston-Jones International Civil and Human Rights Award, an Alumnae Award from Northwestern, the Reginald Wilson Diversity Leadership Award from the American Council on Education, and the BET Honors Award for Education in 2015. Cole has also been awarded sixty-eight honorary degrees and is a member of the Phi Beta Kappa Society.

Cole has three sons, one step-son, and three grandchildren.

Johnnetta B. Cole was interviewed by TheHistoryMakers on February 11, 2019.

Accession Number

A2019.016

Sex

Female

Interview Date

2/11/2019

Last Name

Cole

Maker Category
Marital Status

Married

Middle Name

Betsch

Schools

Fisk University

Oberlin College

Northwestern University

Boylan-Haven School

First Name

Johnnetta

Birth City, State, Country

Jacksonville

HM ID

COL37

Favorite Season

Autumn

State

Florida

Favorite Vacation Destination

American Beach near Amelia Island

Favorite Quote

When Women Lead, Streams Run Uphill

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

District of Columbia

Birth Date

10/19/1936

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Washington

Favorite Food

Seafood, Peanut Butter

Short Description

College president and civic leader Johnnetta B. Cole (1936 - ) became the first African American female president of Spelman College in 1987 and was named director of the Smithsonian National Museum of African Art in 2009.

Employment

University of Massachusetts Amherst

Hunter College

Spelman College

Emory University

Bennett College

National Museum of African Art

Washington State University

Bill Clinton Administration

Favorite Color

Red and Black

Terri Lipsey Scott

Civic leader Terri Lipsey Scott was born on April 13, 1959 in Savannah, Georgia to Dessie and Ralph Lipsey, Junior. Lipsey Scott attended Pearl Lee Smith Elementary School, Bartlett Junior High School and HV Jenkins High School where she graduated from in 1977. Lipsey Scott enrolled at Savannah State College and in 1981 relocated to Saint Petersburg, Florida where she would later receive her B.B.A. degree in business administration in 2004 from Eckerd College, in Saint Petersburg.

Lipsey Scott served as an intake counselor for Saint Petersburg Housing Authority from 1982 to 1985 and a loan officer at Saint Petersburg Credit Union from 1985 to 1987. Lipsey Scott then joined local government as an office administrator at the City of Saint Petersburg Office of the Mayor and City Council, where she worked for five mayors over a twenty seven year period from 1987 to 2014.

Lipsey Scott has served on local boards that include Aids Services Association of Pinellas, the St. Petersburg Branch of the NAACP, Co-Chair of Community Alliance, and Convener of St. Petersburg Together. Lipsey Scott served as board chair of the Dr. Carter G. Woodson African-American History Museum from 2008 to 2017 and was credited for her role and significant efforts to preserve the museum. From 2012 to 2014, she served as a board member for Alpha House of Tampa, the organization focused on services for homeless pregnant women and mothers with young children. From 2015 to 2017, she also served as board member for Women on the Way, a resource and support center developed to help women succeed in college. She was also active in the Junior League, Women of the Word, St. Petersburg Chapter of the Links, Inc., St. Petersburg Chapter of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, and Colours of Culture.

Lipsey Scott has been honored by several organizations including the YWCA – Phenomenal Woman of the Year; Studio @ 620 - Studio Honors Award; The Gathering of Women – Woman of Distinction Award, Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) Role Model of the Year, H.V. Jenkins High School “Hall of Fame,” and Watermark’s “One of the Most Remarkable People of 2017” award. Her writing was recently published as the Foreword in the newly released Salt Creek Journal.

Terri and her husband Clarence Scott have two adult children and two grandchildren.

Terri Lipsey Scott was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on August 12, 2018.

Accession Number

A2018.186

Sex

Female

Interview Date

9/11/2018

Last Name

Lipsey Scott

Maker Category
Occupation
Organizations
First Name

Terri

Birth City, State, Country

Savannah

HM ID

SCO09

Favorite Season

Fall

State

Georgia

Favorite Vacation Destination

None

Favorite Quote

By God.

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Florida

Birth Date

4/13/1959

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Tampa

Country

United States of America

Favorite Food

None

Short Description

Civic leader Terri Lipsey Scott (1959- ) was named executive director of the Carter G. Woodson African American Museum in 2017.

Favorite Color

Red

Toni Carter

Civic leader Toni Carter was born on June 29, 1954 in Bessemer, Alabama. She attended Carleton College in Northfield, Minnesota in 1971, and later received her B.S. degree in K-8 education from Concordia University in Saint Paul, Minnesota in 2000.

Carter served as an IBM systems engineer in technical marketing in 1978 before leaving to teach at Crosswinds Middle School in Saint Paul, Minnesota in 1990. Carter then spent twelve years as a marketing representative, systems support manager and communications and arts consultant.

Carter was elected to the Saint Paul Public Schools Board of Education, where she served as member and chair from 2001 to 2005. She was then elected Ramsey County Commissioner for District 4, in Saint Paul, becoming the first African American to serve on a county board in Minnesota and serving the following terms: 2005, 2010, 2014 and 2019. During her tenure, she focused on improving the efficiency and effectiveness of county services, eliminating disparities in outcomes for diverse populations, and raising grassroots awareness of county decision-making processes and systems.

Active in the Association of Minnesota Counties (AMC), she served on the board of directors and also as its president. A member of the board of directors of the National Association of Counties (NACo), she served as chair of NACo’s Healthy Counties Initiative. She also served as co-chair of the Minnesota Human Services Performance Council and the Ramsey County Juvenile Detention Alternatives Initiative Stakeholder Committee. Carter was also the chief local elected official on the Ramsey County Workforce Investment Board.

Carter has worked and volunteered in the Twin Cities arts community for over three decades, acting professionally with Saint Paul’s Penumbra Theatre, in television and radio commercials and industrials, as talent for print media, and as co-founder and founding director of ARTS-Us.

Carter has served on numerous community boards, including the Saint Paul Planning Commission, the Metropolitan Area Library Service Agency (MELSA), the Walker West Music Academy, the West Side Community Health Center, the Saint Paul YWCA and the Jeremiah Program.

Carter has received numerous awards for her work in the community and in the arts and arts education, including an Honorary Doctorate in Humane Letters from Concordia University – Saint Paul.

Her son, Melvin Carter, III was elected mayor of Saint Paul, Minnesota in 2018.

Carter and her husband, Melvin Carter, Jr. have three adult children including Anika, Melvin, III and Alanna, six granddaughters and two grandsons.

Toni Carter was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on June 19, 2018.

Accession Number

A2018.129

Sex

Female

Interview Date

6/19/2018

Last Name

Carter

Maker Category
Occupation
Organizations
First Name

Toni

Birth City, State, Country

Bessemer

HM ID

CAR40

Favorite Season

Spring

State

Alabama

Favorite Vacation Destination

Costa Rica

Favorite Quote

Love Many, Trust Few. Learn To Paddle Your Own Canoe

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Minnesota

Birth Date

6/20/1954

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Minneapolis/St. Paul

Favorite Food

Chicken

Short Description

Civic leader Toni Carter (1954- ) elected to the Saint Paul Public Schools Board of Education where she served as member and chair from 2001 to 2005, the was the first African American to serve on a county board in Minnesota as the Ramsey County Commissioner for District 4, in Saint Paul. Her term of service were 2005, 2010 and 2014.

Favorite Color

Violet

Aaronetta Pierce

Civic leader Aaronetta Pierce was born on January 8, 1943 in Somerville, Tennessee to Clementine Lofties Hamilton and David Aaron Hamilton. Pierce’s father was dean of the Tennessee State University School of Agriculture and Home Economics. Pierce attended Tennessee State University where she studied French from 1959 to 1961 and transferred to The University of Iowa where she received her B.A. degree in English and social science in 1963.

From 1964 to 1967, Pierce taught in the San Antonio Independent School District in San Antonio, Texas, before she moved to Germany for three years. In the 1970s, Pierce began volunteering in the San Antonio community. In 1980, she joined the docent corps at the San Antonio Museum of Art as well as the board of the San Antonio Museum Association. In 1983, she also became active with the incorporation of the Southwest Ethnic Arts Society. In 1985, Governor Mark W. White, Jr. appointed Pierce as the first Black woman to serve on the Texas Commission on the Arts. San Antonio Mayor Henry Cisneros selected Pierce to chair the founding Martin Luther King City/County Commission, which planned and executed the city’s inaugural Martin Luther King Jr. Day celebrations in 1986. Two years later, Mayor Cisneros appointed Pierce chair of the San Antonio Blue Ribbon Committee on the Arts. The committee’s report led to the creation of the San Antonio Department of Arts and Cultural Affairs. In 1990, Pierce and her husband founded Premier Artworks, Inc. to promote the work of African American artists and authors across the country.

Pierce has been recognized at the municipal and state level. In 1984, she was inducted into the San Antonio Women’s Hall of Fame, and in 1993, she was inducted into the Texas Women’s Hall of Fame. The United Communities of San Antonio, Inc. awarded Pierce its Humanitarian Award, which recognizes individuals who promote understanding and respect among all races, religions and cultures, in 2007. In addition to holding long term membership in The Links, Incorporated and Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc., Pierce served on boards for numerous organizations including Fisk University, the San Antonio Performing Arts Association, and the San Antonio Museum of Art.

Pierce and her husband, Dr. Joseph A. Pierce, Jr., have two sons, Joseph Pierce and Michael Pierce.

Aaronetta Pierce was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on June 8, 2018.

Accession Number

A2018.120

Sex

Female

Interview Date

6/8/2018

Last Name

Pierce

Maker Category
Marital Status

Married

Occupation
Schools

Tennessee State University

Pearl-Cohn Entertainment Magnet High School

University of Iowa

First Name

Aaronetta

Birth City, State, Country

Somerville

HM ID

PIE03

Favorite Season

Christmas and Fall

State

Tennessee

Favorite Vacation Destination

Martha's Vineyard

Favorite Quote

Find the Good and Praise It.

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Texas

Birth Date

1/8/1943

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

San Antonio

Country

United States of America

Favorite Food

Fish

Short Description

Civic leader Aaronetta Pierce (1943 - ) co-founded Premier Artworks, Inc. and chaired high profile commissions that enriched the cultural landscape of San Antonio, Texas.

Employment

San Antonio Independent School District

Favorite Color

Green

Celeste Hodge Growden

Civic leader Celeste Hodge Growden was born on June 23, 1961 in Fort Meade, Maryland to Corene Davis and Ellis Graham. Growden graduated from Bartlett High School in Anchorage, Alaska in 1979. She went on to receive her A.A. degree in business, economics, and organization management and her B.S.W. degree from the University of Alaska Anchorage.

Growden began working with the City of Anchorage as a word processor in 1982, where she worked in various positions, including as a receptionist with the Public Works Department. She also served as an adjunct professor at Alaska Pacific University from 1985 to 1987. She became the vice president of the NAACP Anchorage branch in 1991, and was appointed president in 1993, serving for eight years. She testified before the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights in 2001, following an increase in violence against communities of color in Anchorage. Growden was then appointed as deputy director and community outreach liaison for the Municipality of Anchorage Office of Equal Opportunity in 2003. Two years later, she was promoted to director. She held this position until 2011, when she was became a political aide to Alaskan Senator Bettye Davis. Growden also served as a committee aide for the Senate Health and Social Services Committee in 2010, and campaign manager for Senator Davis’ 2012 re-election campaign. She also worked with Alaska Senator Mark Begich. In 2012, Growden became executive director for Shiloh Community Development, Incorporated. In 2014, she served on Alaska Governor Bill Walker’s Anchorage transition team; and in 2015, she was appointed overseer to Anchorage mayor elect Ethan Berkowitz’s Homelessness Committee.

Growden served as an advisory board member for the college of education at the University of Alaska Anchorage from 2003 to 2013. She also served on the boards of the Alaskans Against the Death Penalty organization, and the Anchorage Neighborhood Housing Services, Inc. Additionally, Growden served as president of North to the Future Business and Professional Women, and was a member of the Hillary for Alaska Leadership Council as well as the leadership team for 90% by 2020. Growden was named an Alaska Freedom’s Sister by Ford Motor Company in 2012; and in 2017, she was among twenty African Americans honored by the Anchorage Assembly during Black History Month.

Celeste Hodge Growden was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on May 20, 2018.

Accession Number

A2018.098

Sex

Female

Interview Date

5/20/2018

Last Name

Growden

Maker Category
Middle Name

Hodge

Occupation
Organizations
First Name

Celeste

Birth City, State, Country

Fort Meade

HM ID

GRO03

Favorite Season

July

State

Maryland

Favorite Vacation Destination

Mexico

Favorite Quote

Yes We Can.

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Alaska

Birth Date

6/23/1961

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Anchorage

Favorite Food

Lobster

Short Description

Civic leader Celeste Hodge Growden (1961 - ) was the director of the Municipality of Anchorage Office of Equal Opportunity, president of the Anchorage NAACP chapter and executive director of Shiloh Community Development, Inc.

Favorite Color

Cream

Alicia Garza

Civic leader Alicia Garza was born on January 4, 1981 in Los Angeles, California. She received her B.A. degree in anthropology and sociology in 2002 from the University of California, San Diego.

Following graduation, Garza held various social-justice positions. In 2009, she served as executive director for People Organized to Win Employment Rights/POWER for the San Francisco Bay Area. In 2011, she was elected board chair for Right to the City Alliance/RTTC in Oakland, which fought gentrification and police brutality. In 2013, Garza was a co-founder of the Black Lives Matter movement, an activist movement focused on campaigns against violence and systemic racism towards African Americans. Garza joined the National Domestic Workers Alliance in Oakland, California as its director of special projects. In 2018, Garza founded the Black Futures Lab, which invites black people to experiment with new ways to build independent, progressive black political power. As the Strategy & Partnerships Director for the National Domestic Workers Alliance, Garza worked to build a movement at the intersections of race, gender, and the economy.

She has served as a board member of Forward Together's Oakland branch, Black Organizing for Leadership and Dignity, and Oakland's School of Unity and Liberation/SOUL. Her editorial writing has been published by Time, Mic, Marie Claire, Elle, Essence, The Guardian, The Nation, The Feminist Wire, Rolling Stone, HuffPost and Truthout.

Garza has received numerous awards and recognition. She was ranked #3 on the Politico50 2015 guide to Thinkers, Doers, and Visionaries with Patrisse Cullors and Opal Tometi; the Root’s 2016 100 list of African American Achievers between the ages of 25 and 45; 2016 Glamour Women of the Year Award; 2016 Marie Claire New Guard Award; Community Change Agent at the 2016 Black Entertainment Television’s [BET]’s Black Girls Rock Awards; Fortune Magazine’s 2016 list of the World’s Greatest Leaders; and was a member of the 2016 Tribunal of the US Black Women’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission held at the United Nations; and the Local Hero award from the San Francisco Bay Guardian. She has been twice honored by the Harvey Milk Democratic Club with the Bayard Rustin Community Activist Award for her work fighting racism and gentrification in San Francisco. She has also been honored by the Jeanne Gauna Communicate Justice Award from the Centre for Media Justice. In 2017, she and the other Black Lives Matter co-founders Garza, Patrisse Cullors and Opal Tometi were awarded the Sydney Peace Prize in Sydney, in Australia. On May 26, 2017, Garza delivered a commencement speech, which was dedicated to black women, to 35,000 San Francisco State University Graduate students. Garza was named one of the 100 Women We Love named by GO Magazine in 2018

Alicia Garza was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on April 2, 2018.

Accession Number

A2018.058

Sex

Female

Interview Date

4/2/2018

Last Name

Garza

Maker Category
Occupation
Organizations
First Name

Alicia

Birth City, State, Country

Los Angeles

HM ID

GAR05

Favorite Season

Summer

Sponsor

Julia Stasch

State

California

Favorite Vacation Destination

South Africa

Favorite Quote

Excellent

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

California

Birth Date

1/4/1981

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Bay Area/Oakland

Favorite Food

Cheeseburgers

Short Description

Civic leader Alicia Garza (1981- ) named director, special projects for National Domestic Workers Alliance, was one of the co-founders of the Black Lives Matter movement.

Main Sponsor
Favorite Color

Green

The Honorable Lottie Shackelford

Political and civic leader Lottie Shackelford was born on April 30, 1941 in Little Rock, Arkansas to Bernice Linzy Holt and Curtis Holt, Sr. Shackelford graduated from Horace Mann High School in 1958, and later earned her B.A. degree in business administration from Philander Smith College in 1979. Shackelford also later served as a senior fellow at the Arkansas Institute of Politics and the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University.

In 1978, Shackelford was appointed to a vacant position on the board of directors for the City of Arkansas. She was then elected in 1980, and re-elected in 1984 and 1988. In 1987, she became the first woman to serve as Mayor of Little Rock. In 1992, Shackelford worked as the deputy manager of Bill Clinton’s presidential campaign, and later served as a member of his presidential transition team. In 1993, Clinton appointed Shackelford as a U.S. Delegate to the United Nations Commission on the Status of Women in Vienna, Austria. In 1994, Shackelford became the executive vice president of Global USA, Incorporated, an international business facilitator. She also co-founded the Women’s Foundation of Arkansas. Beginning in 1980, Shackelford has served as a delegate to every Democratic National Convention for over thirty years. A longtime member of the Democratic National Committee, Shackelford served as co-chair of the platform committee in 1984, the rules committee in 1988, and on the resolutions committee. She also served as the Democratic National Committee vice chair from 1989 to 2009; and in 2014, she was elected to chair the Democratic National Committee’s Women’s Caucus. She also served as secretary, vice chair, and chair of the Arkansas State Democratic Committee, and was elected secretary of the National Association of State Democratic Chairs.

An active member of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Inc., Shackelford received numerous honors and awards from the organization, including the Delta Sigma Theta Sorority Trailblazer Award in 1980, the Mary Church Terrell Award in 1998 at the National Convention, and the Delta Legacy Award at the 42nd National Convention. Shackelford was also named one of Esquire Magazine’s forty most influential African Americans in 1984. She was inducted into the Arkansas Black Hall of Fame in 1993. In 2017, she received a Humanitarian Award from the Just Communities of Arkansas. Shackelford served on the board of directors of Medicis Pharmaceutical Corporation from 1993 to 2012. She also served on the board of directors of Philander Smith College, Chapman Holdings, and eChapman Incorporated.

Shackelford has three children: Russell, Karla, and Karen, and six grandchildren.

Lottie Shackelford was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on March 14, 2018.

Accession Number

A2018.046

Sex

Female

Interview Date

3/14/2018

Last Name

Shackelford

Maker Category
Organizations
First Name

Lottie

Birth City, State, Country

Little Rock

HM ID

SHA10

Favorite Season

Spring

State

Arkansas

Favorite Vacation Destination

Wherever My Children Are.

Favorite Quote

Make It A Great Day.

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Arkansas

Birth Date

4/30/1941

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Little Rock

Favorite Food

Grapes And Bananas

Short Description

Political and civic leader Lottie Shackelford (1941 - ) was the first female mayor of Little Rock. She also served as vice chair of the Democratic National Committee for twenty years.

Favorite Color

Red

Andrea Young

Civic leader Andrea Young was born on August 3, 1955 in Thomasville, Georgia to Andrew Young, Jr. and Jean Childs Young. She attended Trinity Elementary School in Atlanta, and received her B.A. degree in history and philosophy in 1976 from Swarthmore College in Swarthmore, Pennsylvania. In 1979, Young obtained her J.D. degree in law from Georgetown University Law Center, in Washington, D.C.

Young served as a legislative assistant to U.S. Senator Edward Kennedy from 1982-1985 where she worked on the Martin Luther King Holiday legislation and Kennedy's visit to South Africa on South Africa sanctions legislation in 1984. Young then worked for the United Church of Christ before returning to Capitol Hill in 1993 to serve as chief of staff for Cynthia McKinney, the first woman elected to represent Georgia in the U.S. Congress. Serving in this role for two years, Young managed more than twenty legislative and field staff in four offices, wrote and edited speeches, and monitored fundraising and compliance with the campaign finance and ethics regulations. In 1999, Young was named vice president of the National Black Child Development Institute in Washington, D.C. She served in this role for more than six years and led a school readiness initiative funded by the Kellogg Foundation as well as a campaign for universal pre-kindergarten. From there, in 2006, Young served as a senior program officer for the Southern Education Foundation where she worked to improve pre-kindergarten across the South and to foster collaboration among Latino and African American communities on issues of educational equity and excellence. In 2007, she became the founding executive director of the Andrew Young Foundation where her efforts focused on philanthropy and leadership training both nationally and internationally.

Young served as a Morehouse College scholar in residence in 2010, a Georgia State University Andrew Young School of Policy Studies adjunct professor in 2013, and a professor of practice in 2015. Young was named executive director of the American Civil Liberties Union of Georgia in 2017.

She was a co-author of Andrew Young and the Making of Modern Atlanta, and author of Life Lessons My Mother Taught Me. She collaborated with her father, Ambassador Andrew Young in writing his memoir An Easy Burden: Civil Rights and the Transformation of America.

Young has one child, Taylor Stanley Iyoho, with the late A. Knighton Stanley, and one grandchild. She is married to the attorney and art consultant, Jerry Thomas.

Andrea Young was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on March 9, 2018.

Accession Number

A2018.038

Sex

Female

Interview Date

3/09/2018

Last Name

Young

Maker Category
Occupation
Organizations
First Name

Andrea

Birth City, State, Country

Thomasville

HM ID

YOU08

Favorite Season

Spring

State

Georgia

Favorite Vacation Destination

I like to Travel and See New Places.

Favorite Quote

There But for the Grace of God Go I.

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Georgia

Birth Date

8/3/1955

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Atlanta

Favorite Food

Red Beans & Rice

Short Description

Civic leader Andrea Young (1955- ) was named executive director of the American Civil Liberties Union in 2017, having previously served in as executive director of the Andrew Young Foundation. She is the daughter of Ambassador Andrew Young.

Favorite Color

Red

Philip Hart

Civic leader and professor Philip Hart was born on June 12, 1944 in Denver, Colorado to Murlee Shaw Hart and Judson Hart. He received an athletic scholarship to attend Colorado College and transferred to the University of Colorado Boulder where he received his B.A. degree and graduated with honors as a student athlete in 1966, and was later inducted into the University’s Distinguished Alumni Gallery in 1995. He received his M.A. degree in social psychology and his Ph.D. degree in sociology from Michigan State University in 1974. There, Hart worked for the Greater Lansing Urban League and the Center for Urban Affairs.

In 1966, Hart joined the staff of the Office of Economic Opportunity in Washington, D.C. In 1971, he was recruited to lead the Joint Center for Inner City Change located in Boston's Roxbury neighborhood. Hart then served as superintendent of the Federation of Boston Community Schools. In 1974, Hart cofounded the College of Public and Community Service at the University of Massachusetts Boston. From 1974 to 2002, Hart served as a professor of sociology, department chairman and director of the William Monroe Trotter Institute for the Study of Black Culture.

In 1980, Hart along with business partner Marvin Gilmore, Jr. developed CrossTown Industrial Park in Roxbury with Fortune 500 technology company Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) as anchor tenant. In 1989, they repurposed an industrial building across from the DEC plant into a biotechnology facility with Boston University School of Medicine as anchor tenant and partner. This partnership led to the creation of BioSquare, Boston's premiere biotechnology business park. In 2016, Hart as a member of the Los Angeles Biosciences Coalition developed a plan to expand the biotechnology industry cluster in LA County similar to Hart's work in inner city Boston.

In addition, Hart wrote and produced children’s books and documentary films including the 1987 PBS documentary film Flyers: In Search of a Dream based on the history of his maternal great uncle, James Banning, who was one of the nation's first African American aviators. His children's book Flying Free: America's First Black Aviators was named a 1992 Notable Children's Trade Book in Social Studies. He also appeared in documentaries about early African American aviators Black Aviators: Flying Free and Black Wings. He authored, Early African American Aviators, and along with his wife, created and produced Dark Passages a documentary about the Atlantic slave trade. The Harts also wrote, produced and directed the three-hour nationally syndicated radio documentary Ray Charles: The Music Lives On.

In 1990, Hart and his wife moved to Los Angeles and joined West Angeles Church of God in Christ. In 1995, Hart joined the West Angeles Church building committee whose charge was to plan and construct the 5,000-seat West Angeles Cathedral in South Los Angeles. In 1996, he was named project manager for the Cathedral project which was dedicated in April 2001.

Hart and his wife, Tanya Hart, have one daughter, Ayanna Hart Beebe

Philip Hart was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on August 19, 2017.

Accession Number

A2017.159

Sex

Male

Interview Date

8/19/2017

Last Name

Hart

Maker Category
Marital Status

Married

Occupation
Schools

Gilpin Montessori School

East High School

Columbine Elementary School

McAuliffe International School

Colorado College

University of Colorado Boulder

Michigan State University

First Name

Philip

Birth City, State, Country

Denver

HM ID

HAR51

Favorite Season

Fall

State

Colorado

Favorite Vacation Destination

Martha's Vineyard

Favorite Quote

God Is Good All The Time.

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

California

Birth Date

7/12/1944

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Los Angeles

Country

United States

Favorite Food

Barbecue (Ribs)

Short Description

Civil leader and professor Philip Hart (1944 - ) taught at the University of Massachusetts, Boston College of Public and Community Service and authored fourteen books.

Employment

U.S. Postal Service

Office of Economic Opportunity

University of Massachusetts Boston

Greater Lansing Urban League

Center for Urban Affairs

Joint Community-University Center for Inner City Change

Federation of Boston Community Schools

Favorite Color

Red And White

DAStories

Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Philip Hart describes his father's family background, pt. 1

Tape: 1 Story: 2 - Philip Hart remembers the musicians who frequented Al Hart's Barbeque in Salina, Kansas

Tape: 1 Story: 3 - Philip Hart remembers visiting his paternal relatives in Wildersville, Tennessee

Tape: 1 Story: 4 - Philip Hart describes his father's family background, pt. 2

Tape: 1 Story: 5 - Philip Hart describes his parents' education and professions

Tape: 1 Story: 6 - Philip Hart describes his mother's family background

Tape: 1 Story: 7 - Philip Hart talks about his parents' experiences at the University of Kansas in Lawrence, Kansas

Tape: 2 Story: 1 - Philip Hart describes his parents' move to Denver, Colorado

Tape: 2 Story: 2 - Philip Hart recalls his experiences in the integrated Denver Public Schools

Tape: 2 Story: 3 - Philip Hart talks about segregation in Denver, Colorado

Tape: 2 Story: 4 - Philip Hart describes his father's career at the Denver Housing Authority

Tape: 2 Story: 5 - Philip Hart remembers George L. Brown and Sonny Liston

Tape: 2 Story: 6 - Philip Hart remembers his classmates at East High School in Denver, Colorado

Tape: 2 Story: 7 - Philip Hart describes his elementary school experiences in Denver, Colorado

Tape: 2 Story: 8 - Philip Hart describes his early interest in athletics

Tape: 3 Story: 1 - Philip Hart remembers his teachers in the Denver Public Schools

Tape: 3 Story: 2 - Philip Hart talks about his early athletic career

Tape: 3 Story: 3 - Philip Hart describes his family life in Denver, Colorado

Tape: 3 Story: 4 - Philip Hart remembers his parents' discipline

Tape: 3 Story: 5 - Philip Hart describes his basketball career at Colorado College in Colorado Springs, Colorado

Tape: 3 Story: 6 - Philip Hart recalls his position at the Office of Economic Opportunity

Tape: 3 Story: 7 - Philip Hart describes his involvement in civil rights activities

Tape: 4 Story: 1 - Philip Hart talks about his interracial relationships

Tape: 4 Story: 2 - Philip Hart talks about his student activism at Michigan State University in East Lansing, Michigan

Tape: 4 Story: 3 - Philip Hart recalls his U.S. military deferment from the Vietnam War

Tape: 4 Story: 4 - Philip Hart describes his graduate thesis on decision making

Tape: 4 Story: 5 - Philip Hart describes his decision to move to Boston, Massachusetts

Tape: 4 Story: 6 - Philip Hart talks about his role at the Federation of Boston Community Schools

Tape: 4 Story: 7 - Philip Hart describes his early experiences as an administrator

Tape: 5 Story: 1 - Philip Hart talks about his teaching career at the University of Massachusetts Boston

Tape: 5 Story: 2 - Philip Hart remembers building a facility for the Digital Equipment Corporation in Boston, Massachusetts

Tape: 5 Story: 3 - Philip Hart recalls developing the BioSquare center in Boston, Massachusetts

Tape: 5 Story: 4 - Philip Hart talks about his article, 'Planning for a Racially Diverse America'

Tape: 5 Story: 5 - Philip Hart talks about the redevelopment of urban communities of color

Tape: 5 Story: 6 - Philip Hart describes his role in the biotechnology industry

Tape: 5 Story: 7 - Philip Hart recalls his early research on African American aviators

Tape: 6 Story: 1 - Philip Hart describes his research on the history of African American aviators

Tape: 6 Story: 2 - Philip Hart talks about William J. Powell

Tape: 6 Story: 3 - Philip Hart talks about the Bessie Coleman Aero Club and James Banning

Tape: 6 Story: 4 - Philip Hart talks about his daughter

Tape: 6 Story: 5 - Philip Hart describes his brothers' careers

Tape: 6 Story: 6 - Philip Hart describes his plans for the future

Tape: 6 Story: 7 - Philip Hart talks about the West Angeles Church of God in Christ in Los Angeles, California, pt. 1

Tape: 7 Story: 1 - Philip Hart talks about the West Angeles Church of God in Christ in Los Angeles, California, pt. 2

Tape: 7 Story: 2 - Philip Hart talks about his mother's career in the Denver Public Schools

Tape: 7 Story: 3 - Philip Hart recalls his family's musical activities

Tape: 7 Story: 4 - Philip Hart reflects upon his parents' legacy

Tape: 7 Story: 5 - Philip Hart reflects upon his legacy

Tape: 7 Story: 6 - Philip Hart reflects upon his life