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Dr. Ada Cooper

Dentist and lawyer Dr. Ada Cooper was born on October 19, 1960 in New York City to Dr. H.H. Cooper, Jr. and Edith Blue Cooper. Cooper graduated from Stuyvesant High School in 1978, and earned her B.A. degree cum laude in political science at Amherst College in 1982. She was awarded the John Woodruff Simpson Fellowship in Law to attend Harvard Law School, graduating with her J.D. degree in 1985. Cooper completed her D.D.S. degree at New York University College of Dentistry in 2002.

Cooper began her legal career as a litigator at the law firm of Jenner & Block in 1985, and then worked as an associate in the litigation section of Jones, Day, Reavis & Pogue in New York from 1986 to 1989. Cooper returned to Jenner & Block in 1989, and was later named a partner in 1992. After thirteen years in the legal profession, Cooper returned to school to study dentistry. Not long after graduating from the New York University College of Dentistry in 2002, Cooper was selected to be a national spokesperson and consumer advisor for the American Dental Association (ADA). Cooper appeared on the Dr. Oz Show, CNN, NBC Today Show, and NBC Nightly News with Brian Williams. She was also quoted in the Wall Street Journal, The New York Times, and Women’s Health magazine.

Cooper served as a member of the American Bar Association’s Litigation Section and Corporate Counsel Committee, as well as the United States District court, Northern District of Illinois, and the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit. She also served as a member of the NIDCR “PEARL” Protocol Review Committee, the Greater New York Dental Meeting Seminar Committee, the American Dental Association, the Academy of General Dentistry, and the New York State Dental Association. In addition, she served as a member of the New York County Dental Society Legislative Committee and the New York State Dental Society Benefits Committee. She is a member of the Board of Trustees of the Boys Club of New York, and serves on the board of directors of the New York County Dental Society. Cooper also received many awards and honors, including the American College of Dentists’ Outstanding Achievement Award, the New York University Key Pin Award for Outstanding Achievement, and induction into the Omicron Kappa Upsilon Honor Dental Society.

Dr. Ada Cooper was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on September 23, 2016.

Accession Number

A2016.028

Sex

Female

Interview Date

9/23/2016

Last Name

Cooper

Maker Category
Marital Status

Divorced

Middle Name

Sheryl

Occupation
Schools

P.S. 20 Clinton Hill School

J.H.S. 104 Simon Baruch

Amherst College

Harvard Law School

New York University College of Dentistry

Stuyvesant High School

First Name

Ada

Birth City, State, Country

New York

HM ID

COO12

Favorite Season

Fall

State

New York

Favorite Vacation Destination

None

Favorite Quote

Life's most persistent and urgent question is, 'What are you doing for others?’

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

New York

Birth Date

10/19/1960

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

New York

Country

United States

Favorite Food

Pizza

Short Description

Dentist and lawyer Dr. Ada Cooper (1960 - ) began her career as a litigator for Jenner & Block, before returning to school to become a dentist. She then represented the American Dental Association as a national spokesperson and consumer advisor.

Employment

Ada S. Cooper D.D.S.

H.H. Cooper Jr. D.D.S

American Dental Association

Mt Sinai Hospital Dental Clinic

Jenner & Block LLP

Jones, Day, Reavis & Pogue

Favorite Color

Fall Colors

Timing Pairs
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DAStories

Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Slating of Dr. Ada Cooper's interview

Tape: 1 Story: 2 - Dr. Ada Cooper lists her favorites

Tape: 1 Story: 3 - Dr. Ada Cooper describes her mother's family background

Tape: 1 Story: 4 - Dr. Ada Cooper talks about her maternal family reunions

Tape: 1 Story: 5 - Dr. Ada Cooper describes how her maternal great-great-grandparents met

Tape: 1 Story: 6 - Dr. Ada Cooper talks about her maternal grandfather's career

Tape: 1 Story: 7 - Dr. Ada Cooper describes her mother's career

Tape: 1 Story: 8 - Dr. Ada Cooper describes her father's family background

Tape: 1 Story: 9 - Dr. Ada Cooper talks about her paternal great-grandfather's education and career

Tape: 1 Story: 10 - Dr. Ada Cooper describes her paternal grandfather's education

Tape: 1 Story: 11 - Dr. Ada Cooper talks about her paternal family's interest in medicine

Tape: 2 Story: 1 - Dr. Ada Cooper talks about her paternal family's legacy in dentistry

Tape: 2 Story: 2 - Dr. Ada Cooper describes her father's early career

Tape: 2 Story: 3 - Dr. Ada Cooper recalls her father's entrepreneurship in Nigeria

Tape: 2 Story: 4 - Dr. Ada Cooper describes her earliest childhood memories, pt. 1

Tape: 2 Story: 5 - Dr. Ada Cooper describes her earliest childhood memories, pt. 2

Tape: 2 Story: 6 - Dr. Ada Cooper remembers the assassination of Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

Tape: 2 Story: 7 - Dr. Ada Cooper describes the sights, sounds and smells of her childhood

Tape: 2 Story: 8 - Dr. Ada Cooper remembers moving to the Upper East Side of Manhattan

Tape: 2 Story: 9 - Dr. Ada Cooper describes her community on the Upper East Side of Manhattan, pt. 1

Tape: 3 Story: 1 - Dr. Ada Cooper describes her community on the Upper East Side of Manhattan, pt. 2

Tape: 3 Story: 2 - Dr. Ada Cooper remembers her father's rules

Tape: 3 Story: 3 - Dr. Ada Cooper remembers her mother's death

Tape: 3 Story: 4 - Dr. Ada Cooper recalls her decision to attend Amherst College in Amherst, Massachusetts

Tape: 3 Story: 5 - Dr. Ada Cooper talks about her and her siblings' education

Tape: 3 Story: 6 - Dr. Ada Cooper recalls joining the law firm of Jenner and Block in Chicago, Illinois

Tape: 3 Story: 7 - Dr. Ada Cooper describes her career at Jenner and Block

Tape: 3 Story: 8 - Dr. Ada Cooper remembers defending a homeless client, pt. 1

Tape: 3 Story: 9 - Dr. Ada Cooper remembers defending a homeless client, pt. 2

Tape: 4 Story: 1 - Dr. Ada Cooper remembers her mentors at Jenner and Block

Tape: 4 Story: 2 - Dr. Ada Cooper describes the advantages of workplace diversity

Tape: 4 Story: 3 - Dr. Ada Cooper recalls her decision to pursue a career in dentistry

Tape: 4 Story: 4 - Dr. Ada Cooper remembers her father's support for her career change

Tape: 4 Story: 5 - Dr. Ada Cooper recalls graduating from the New York University College of Dentistry

Tape: 4 Story: 6 - Dr. Ada Cooper remembers practicing dentistry with her father

Tape: 4 Story: 7 - Dr. Ada Cooper talks about the birth of her children

Tape: 4 Story: 8 - Dr. Ada Cooper recalls becoming the national spokeswoman for the American Dental Association

Tape: 5 Story: 1 - Dr. Ada Cooper talks about her father's innovations in dentistry

Tape: 5 Story: 2 - Dr. Ada Cooper describes her dental practice

Tape: 5 Story: 3 - Dr. Ada Cooper talks about her plans for the future

Tape: 5 Story: 4 - Dr. Ada Cooper reflects upon her legacy

Tape: 5 Story: 5 - Dr. Ada Cooper describes her advice to aspiring lawyers and dentists

Tape: 5 Story: 6 - Dr. Ada Cooper reflects upon her life

Tape: 5 Story: 7 - Dr. Ada Cooper talks about her children

DASession

1$1

DATape

3$4

DAStory

7$3

DATitle
Dr. Ada Cooper describes her career at Jenner and Block
Dr. Ada Cooper recalls her decision to pursue a career in dentistry
Transcript
I remember--you know, I remember small things and acts of real genuine appreciation. I worked in a group that was headed by a man named Jerold Solovy who died a few years ago and I remember being a first or second year associate and I was at the office really late working on a memo that I was writing for something, and Jerry and a number of the other partners were on trial, and they were out of town and they called. It must've been one or two o'clock in the morning. I don't know why I was there, but I was there. And he called and he talked to the operator because he was looking desperately for an associate to research a particular question, okay.$$At one or two o'clock in the morning?$$And he searched around and they searched around and I was there. From that moment on, he was one of my absolute ardent supporters. I think that what he appreciated was not the fact that I was there at one or two o'clock in the morning alone, wasn't necessarily the fact that, you know, I got the right answer or whatever it was, I think that what he really valued was commitment, was commitment, and, and the hard work that comes with that. And since that's something that had been instilled in me from the time that I was five, it sort of came naturally (simultaneous)--$$(Simultaneous) You have to work hard.$$--and easily to me, you know, came easily to me and that's something that I could do. That's something that I could do easily. So, I was very happy. I was very happy. There were some cases that I think were more gratifying than others. Some of the cases that I found most gratifying were the habeas corpus cases where I knew that the work that I put in had, you know, a direct effect of having somebody who had been accused of a crime represented with, you know, skill and success. There were others that were disappointing, disappointing not because of the way that the firm [Jenner and Block] handled it by any means, but because I became acutely aware of the fact that your hard work, your diligence in the legal system doesn't always pay off. And some of the instances in which my hard work didn't pay off and resulted in a bad decision were very difficult, were very, very difficult, and I found it difficult to become the kind of lawyer that could see practicing law just as a sport, you make your good argument, the joy and the thrill comes from the argument itself and not from the result. I was much more I think psychologically tied to the result and losing became really defeating, honestly. And I have to say there weren't many losses and there were some cases that I thought, we probably should lose, honestly, and in those instances, you give your client what they deserve, which is the best conceivable representation. But there were some instances where I really thought that we should have won.$And so I'm wondering, as, as you were making up your mind that it's time for you to make a different choice, did you have any feelings of guilt about the possibility of leaving and, and you being one of those people who, oh, they invested in me and, and--$$It's funny. No--well, I think that when I left, there were lots of mixed feelings among the people that I worked with. A lot of people thought that it was sort of wasted talent. I think that Jerry Solovy who was a--just a really amazing mentor to me thought that I would be back, thought that I would be back. And, and I, frankly, wasn't certain that I wouldn't be back. I always held out the possibility in my mind that I could always go back to practicing law. And so when I first decided to change careers, I had to do all the premed things that I didn't do my freshman year in college [Amherst College, Amherst, Massachusetts], and I started to do those in Chicago [Illinois] while I was still a partner [at Jenner and Block].$$Did you tell anybody you were doing this (simultaneous)?$$(Simultaneous) No.$$So, how in the world--$$No.$$--did you find time if you're still sometimes being at the office at one o'clock in the morning?$$Here's the thing that I found, that the things that I did in--that, that I did in college and high school [Stuyvesant High School, New York, New York] were a lot easier at that point because I was a lot more mature, I was a lot more focused, I was a lot more organized, and because I had been practicing law for so long, I was able to cut through the nonsense and identify really quickly what mattered in various subjects, and that made the work a lot--a lot easier and a lot less time-consuming.$$Well, and people have said that preparation to be a lawyer really can prepare you for anything.$$Oh, yeah, yeah. And, and, and, and preparation to be a lawyer and taking the bar required learning volumes and volumes and volumes of material and sitting through, you know, two or three day exams, and with--even as you're practicing law, each case that you have requires you on some level to become an expert in whatever the subject matter of the case is, and you learn to become an expert really, really quickly. And so the training that I got in practicing law and becoming a lawyer and passing the bar and then practicing law made it a lot easier for me to take those, you know, college courses, and, and devote, you know, whatever time I had to it, at night while I was still practicing.$$Where did you study?$$I started taking courses at Loyola University [Loyola University Chicago] in Chicago and after doing that for about a year, I resigned from the partnership, told people what I was doing, resigned from the partnership and moved to New York [New York] where my father's [Henry Cooper, Jr.] practice was at the time, and took courses at NYU [New York University College of Dentistry, New York, New York] and Hunter [Hunter College, New York, New York].

Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford

Dr. St. Elmo Wallace Crawford, Jr., was born on September 26, 1952, in Washington, D.C. He is the son of Dr. St. Elmo Crawford, Sr., and Maime Crawford, a musician. He is also the great grandson of prominent businesswoman Maggie Walker. Crawford graduated from Calvin Coolidge High School in 1970 and received his B.S. degree from Hampton University in 1973. He later earned his D.D.S. degree from Howard University Dental School in 1977.

Crawford fulfilled his Residency at Georgetown University College of Dentistry and earned his certificate in pediatric dentistry and orthodontics at Children’s Hospital in 1982. He began teaching at Howard University College of Dentistry in the Department of Pediatric Dentistry in 1977. Crawford went on to become an assistant professor in the College of Dentistry for Howard University in the Department of Pediatric Dentistry. In addition to his teaching, Crawford began a private practice in 1983 which later expanded to three practice locations.

Crawford is an active member of the National Dentist Association and the Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity. He is also a member of the National Dental Association, Robert T. Freeman Dental Society, American Society of Dentistry for Children, Academy of Dentistry International and the American Association of Dental Examiners.

Accession Number

A2008.097

Sex

Male

Interview Date

7/27/2008

Last Name

Crawford

Maker Category
Middle Name

W.

Occupation
Schools

Brightwood Elementary School

Calvin Coolidge Senior High School

Hampton University

Howard University College of Dentistry

Georgetown University

First Name

St. Elmo

Birth City, State, Country

Washington

HM ID

CRA04

Favorite Season

Summer

State

District of Columbia

Favorite Vacation Destination

Bermuda

Favorite Quote

None

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

District of Columbia

Birth Date

9/26/1952

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Washington

Country

United States

Favorite Food

Mussels

Short Description

Dentist Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford (1952 - ) ran three private practice locations in Washington, D.C. He was also an assistant professor in Howard University College of Dentistry's Department of Pediatric Dentistry.

Employment

Howard University College of Dentistry

Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford, D.D.S. and Associates

Favorite Color

Blue

Timing Pairs
0,0:4638,187:5130,194:16938,393:27060,561:50890,819:51370,826:54490,884:65180,1007:65530,1017:66160,1028:66440,1033:68260,1072:86144,1353:94732,1503:96480,1532:104210,1598:105185,1610:106460,1633:121460,1886:121760,1891:130366,1960:130638,1965:131046,1972:133630,2026:136078,2060:141382,2164:143830,2226:144102,2231:145122,2252:156477,2368:170762,2620:197469,2945:203631,3053:207739,3118:210267,3163:216400,3199:218807,3254:219720,3266:221297,3294:222210,3314:222708,3321:223704,3337:230591,3418:232199,3445:233570,3458$0,0:3450,66:5475,118:5775,123:9075,227:10575,248:11175,257:13200,294:14025,307:14625,316:20025,417:21150,432:21450,437:26841,464:27399,474:28050,482:28701,491:29538,503:30189,511:30654,517:31940,531:32596,540:34072,565:35548,587:36942,601:37352,607:37762,613:38418,622:40386,659:40960,703:44850,745:48160,765:49554,790:52730,816:53290,824:54010,836:54410,841:55050,850:57290,894:57930,904:58410,912:58970,921:59930,936:60250,941:64080,969:64828,982:67344,1039:67616,1044:68296,1057:68704,1065:69860,1088:70540,1100:70812,1105:71764,1122:73328,1149:73600,1154:74144,1163:74416,1168:74892,1176:75436,1185:76048,1200:76592,1209:84226,1259:87106,1293:92064,1392:94584,1401:95222,1415:95686,1424:95918,1429:96150,1434:97078,1456:97368,1462:97890,1473:106217,1610:106691,1617:107639,1630:112616,1722:113248,1737:120292,1799:120584,1804:123358,1848:123723,1854:124526,1868:127990,1889:128410,1897:128760,1903:131020,1931:131995,1949:134075,2002:134400,2008:136090,2045:136415,2051:136870,2059:137715,2084:155115,2326:156272,2343:163837,2502:165528,2524:167308,2563:177059,2627:178364,2652:182018,2707:191588,2890:192197,2898:198930,2954
DAStories

Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Slating of Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford's interview

Tape: 1 Story: 2 - Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford lists his favorites

Tape: 1 Story: 3 - Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford describes his mother's family background

Tape: 1 Story: 4 - Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford describes his maternal great-grandmother, Maggie Lena Walker

Tape: 1 Story: 5 - Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford describes his mother

Tape: 1 Story: 6 - Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford describes his father's family history

Tape: 1 Story: 7 - Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford describes his father

Tape: 1 Story: 8 - Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford describes how his parents met

Tape: 1 Story: 9 - Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford describes his father's career

Tape: 1 Story: 10 - Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford describes his parents' personalities

Tape: 1 Story: 11 - Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford describes his parents' civic involvement

Tape: 1 Story: 12 - Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford remembers his mother's recovery from cancer

Tape: 2 Story: 1 - Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford describes his earliest childhood memory

Tape: 2 Story: 2 - Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford describes the Brightwood neighborhood of Washington, D.C.

Tape: 2 Story: 3 - Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford describes the sights, sounds and smells of his childhood

Tape: 2 Story: 4 - Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford recalls his early education

Tape: 2 Story: 5 - Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford recalls the Poor People's Campaign

Tape: 2 Story: 6 - Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford recalls the riots of 1968 in Washington, D.C.

Tape: 2 Story: 7 - Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford recalls his childhood hobbies

Tape: 2 Story: 8 - Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford recalls Calvin Coolidge High School in Washington, D.C.

Tape: 2 Story: 9 - Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford recalls the Hampton Institute in Hampton, Virginia

Tape: 2 Story: 10 - Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford recalls his biology professor, James B. Abram, Jr.

Tape: 3 Story: 1 - Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford recalls his activities at the Hampton Institute

Tape: 3 Story: 2 - Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford recalls Howard University College of Dentistry in Washington, D.C.

Tape: 3 Story: 3 - Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford remembers his growth spurt in college

Tape: 3 Story: 4 - Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford describes his advice to young dentists

Tape: 3 Story: 5 - Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford talks about the National Dental Association

Tape: 3 Story: 6 - Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford recalls entering pediatric dentistry

Tape: 3 Story: 7 - Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford remembers meeting his wife

Tape: 3 Story: 8 - Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford describes his mentorship of young dentists

Tape: 3 Story: 9 - Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford talks about community dentistry

Tape: 3 Story: 10 - Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford talks about trends in dentistry

Tape: 3 Story: 11 - Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford describes his plans for the future of St. Elmo Crawford, D.D.S. and Associates

Tape: 3 Story: 12 - Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford describes his concerns for the African American community

Tape: 3 Story: 13 - Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford reflects upon his life

Tape: 3 Story: 14 - Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford talks about working with pediatric patients

Tape: 3 Story: 15 - Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford reflects upon his legacy

Tape: 3 Story: 16 - Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford talks about his children

Tape: 3 Story: 17 - Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford describes how he would like to be remembered

Tape: 4 Story: 1 - Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford narrates his photographs

DASession

1$1

DATape

3$3

DAStory

2$9

DATitle
Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford recalls Howard University College of Dentistry in Washington, D.C.
Dr. St. Elmo W. Crawford talks about community dentistry
Transcript
Did you decide to go to Howard [Howard University College of Dentistry, Washington, D.C.] because of your fa- your fa- your father's [St. Elmo W. Crawford, Sr.] background there?$$At the time I really kind of wanted to come back to the District [Washington, D.C.], I, I kind of wanted to reacquaint myself with my roots here and my friends and all and I wasn't ready to venture off to another city and, you know, a strange environment again. I really wanted to stay at Hampton [Hampton Institute; Hampton University, Hampton, Virginia] another year, but since that was vetoed then my next preference was to come back to the District.$$Okay, well what was dental school like?$$It was, it was a maturing process for me because I was the youngest person in my class. I was twenty years old and many of my classmates had second careers. They were pharmacists prior to coming to dental school, one was a Nassau [ph.] engineer, a few--one was a microbiologist, and many of them had worked and then saved their money and decided to come back and, you know, go to professional school. So the average age in my particular freshman class was probably between twenty-nine and thirty-two. Most of the, you know, members of my class were that, and then we had a number of them like twenty-five, twenty-six, twenty-seven, that had been out and at least worked a year. So at, at twenty years old I was considered the baby in the class and many of them took me under my wing, under their wing and we sat down and studied, you know, countless hours at night, so it was a maturing process. And it--associated with people three, four, five, six years older. Matter of fact, the oldest person in our class was forty-two in my freshman class. So, it, it was very demanding and, and luckily I was around very, very mature individuals who were committed and many of them had families and their wives were working and, you know. They had given up jobs, you know, relatively good paying jobs to come to dental school so they were very, very serious about, you know, the, the academics and their pursuit, so there wasn't a lot of time for foolishness. And, and then being around those particular individuals who had made such a sacrifice to come back to professional school helped me quite a bit, and, you know, my ma- maturation process and, and all. So, it was, it was again a, a really enlightening experience. I met some wonderful people, again, many of them who are my lifetime friends now, you know, going through four years of dental school is like going through pledging in the fraternity. So the people that you go through these experiences with are, you know, become a part of your, your being so to say.$$About how many were in your class when you went through?$$We started out with a 110 in my freshman class and 60 graduated. So we, we lost, you know, clearly a third of the class just about.$$Um-hm.$$Through academic, you know, failures and financial, you know, problems and family problems and all that. So, so it's--it's a, it's a difficult four years, you know, when you're struggling to try to work and go to school and support families and all that and like I said, most of my class were, were much older than I was. I was blessed to be in an environment where, you know, I did have support and I had a family structure and I really wasn't out there, you know, fending for myself so to say. So I was, I was extremely blessed in that, that respect.$On the community side of it, what would--how would you assess the state of dental health in the black community? And what recommendations would you have (simultaneous)?$$(Simultaneous) There are many programs which need some, some help. The, the Medicaid program, of course, provides medical services for children under twenty-one, who do not have medical insurance or who do not have the ability to pay for dental services. And that program has gone through a number of changes over the past ten or fifteen years from straight Medicaid which is paid for by the city and, and federal government to third party programs which are administered by, you know, HMOs [health maintenance organizations] and PPOs [preferred provider organizations]. Many of the foreign children that are in the area, Hispanic and other, because they do not have language skills, or the ability to sign up for these programs, many of them are lacking dental care because they don't have the insurance to cover it, they don't have the finances to pay for it and they also are not able to really enroll in these programs or take advantage of the federal and, and, and, and city programs that provide services because of the language barriers. So I think from a community point, you have to really provide, you know, services to, especially children that are in need, and you have to assist parents in getting these children signed up for programs that will support their, their, their dental and medical needs. And I think you have to provide some mentoring and guidance to kids in terms of, you know, encouraging them to go on and pursue professional careers whether it's medicine, dentistry, dental hygiene, dental technology, I think all of these are, are excellent opportunities for, for young students coming out of high school to set their, their, their sights on these professions. Because they're, you have to start early to, to get into these professions and I think the earlier they're exposed to them, and their first exposure obviously is through their, their medical professionals that they, that they encounter. I think it provides an excellent opportunity for mentoring and encouragement and guidance for these young youngsters.$$Okay. Now, now are there any particular dental syndromes that are unique to the black community, or that--?$$I don't think there're in, there're, there're too many that are unique. I think there are many that are endemic in, you know, those who are too poor to afford dental services, and I think those that are not educated and to the importance of dental hygiene and dental care. And education is just one of the, the big landmarks that separates, you know, good dental health from great dental health to poor dental health is they just don't know, you know, the importance of, of, of their teeth and dental maintenance. So, I think education is probably the biggest obstacle that we must overcome in the, in the community.

Dr. John Cashin

Dentist and political activist Dr. John Logan Cashin, Jr. was born on April 16, 1928 in Huntsville, Alabama to Grace Brandon Cashin, a school principal, and Dr. John Logan Cashin, Sr., a dentist. He and his older brother, Herschel, who were always in the same year at school, were co-valedictorians of their Alabama A&M High School graduating class. He spent two years at Fisk University and then attended Tennessee State University, both located in Nashville, Tennessee. Cashin then received his D.D.S. degree from Meharry Medical School in Nashville, Tennessee in 1952.

Immediately after Cashin graduated from medical school, he was drafted into the U.S. Army, where he was made a first lieutenant and Chief of Dental Services for soldiers stationed near Fountainebleu, France. While in France, Cashin became familiar with a number of African American expatriates, including writer Richard Wright and Ollie Stewart, from the "Chicago Defender."

After two years in the U.S. Army, Cashin returned to the United States, where he became active in the Civil Rights Movement. In 1967, he helped found the National Democratic Party of Alabama (NDPA) and was elected as the organization’s first party chairman. He led a delegation to the Democratic National Convention in 1968, challenging the representative nature of the regular delegation and its loyalty to the national Democratic Party.

Cashin ran for Mayor of Huntsville, and in 1970, he was the NDPA’s candidate for governor, where he ran against George Wallace. He received more than sixteen-percent of the votes in that election. Between 1968 and 1974, the NDPA facilitated the election of more than a hundred African Americans to public office in Alabama. In 1974, the Alabama Democratic Party surrendered and integrated their ballot.

Cashin passed away on March 23, 2011 at age 82.

Accession Number

A2007.158

Sex

Male

Interview Date

4/24/2007

Last Name

Cashin

Maker Category
Marital Status

Married

Middle Name

Logan

Schools

Alabama A&M High School

Fisk University

Tennessee State University

Meharry Medical College

William Hooper Councill High School

First Name

John

Birth City, State, Country

Huntsville

HM ID

CAS03

Favorite Season

Spring

State

Alabama

Favorite Vacation Destination

Alabama

Favorite Quote

None

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

District of Columbia

Birth Date

4/16/1928

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Washington

Country

United States

Favorite Food

Fruit

Death Date

3/23/2011

Short Description

Political activist and dentist Dr. John Cashin (1928 - 2011 ) helped found the National Democratic Party of Alabama, and led a delegation to the Democratic National Convention in 1968. Cashin also served as Chief of Dental Services for U.S. Army soldiers stationed in France in the 1950s.

Employment

United States Army

Favorite Color

Green

Timing Pairs
0,0:9290,175:9690,180:16590,242:21942,289:22518,297:49866,675:57608,791:58292,802:67620,887:133134,1416:133430,1421:133948,1432:137160,1441:137620,1446:152220,1583:154070,1613$0,0:13043,102:15000,113:15256,118:22619,182:38940,328:49988,472:50552,479:50928,484:53372,513:53748,518:54782,534:55628,545:57978,583:58354,588:58730,593:59106,598:60422,687:60892,693:61456,706:61926,712:66500,731:66820,736:67380,744:76460,845:83118,919:105454,1112:105790,1117:106210,1123:107050,1139:107554,1146:121220,1298:124720,1351:131900,1381:134832,1427:139428,1521:139820,1526:140408,1695:140800,1700:164830,1828:166326,1880:166854,1887:173730,1967:194375,2158:200970,2184:212497,2322:214406,2382:214987,2391:218965,2427:221410,2473
DAStories

Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Slating of Dr. John Cashin's interview

Tape: 1 Story: 2 - Dr. John Cashin lists his favorites

Tape: 1 Story: 3 - Dr. John Cashin describes his maternal grandparents

Tape: 1 Story: 4 - Dr. John Cashin describes the history of Brandontown in Huntsville, Alabama

Tape: 1 Story: 5 - Dr. John Cashin describes his maternal family's education

Tape: 1 Story: 6 - Dr. John Cashin describes the black business community in Huntsville, Alabama

Tape: 1 Story: 7 - Dr. John Cashin describes his mother's education

Tape: 1 Story: 8 - Dr. John Cashin describes his relationship with his mother

Tape: 1 Story: 9 - Dr. John Cashin remembers his paternal grandparents

Tape: 1 Story: 10 - Dr. John Cashin describes his paternal grandfather's book, 'Under Fire with the Tenth U.S. Cavalry'

Tape: 1 Story: 11 - Dr. John Cashin talks about his paternal grandfather

Tape: 2 Story: 1 - Dr. John Cashin describes his father's family background

Tape: 2 Story: 2 - Dr. John Cashin describes his early education

Tape: 2 Story: 3 - Dr. John Cashin describes his relationship with his brother

Tape: 2 Story: 4 - Dr. John Cashin remembers his childhood friends

Tape: 2 Story: 5 - Dr. John Cashin recalls the end of his relationship with his white playmates

Tape: 2 Story: 6 - Dr. John Cashin remembers the Grove neighborhood of Huntsville, Alabama

Tape: 2 Story: 7 - Dr. John Cashin describes his early aspirations

Tape: 2 Story: 8 - Dr. John Cashin remembers Alabama A and M High School in Normal, Alabama

Tape: 3 Story: 1 - Dr. John Cashin talks about the Alabama Constitution of 1901

Tape: 3 Story: 2 - Dr. John Cashin describes his childhood pastimes

Tape: 3 Story: 3 - Dr. John Cashin recalls his experience of discrimination at the YMCA in Huntsville, Alabama

Tape: 3 Story: 4 - Dr. John Cashin describes his involvement at the Lakeside United Methodist Church in Huntsville, Alabama

Tape: 3 Story: 5 - Dr. John Cashin describes his educational influences

Tape: 3 Story: 6 - Dr. John Cashin recalls attending Fisk University in Nashville, Tennessee

Tape: 3 Story: 7 - Dr. John Cashin recalls his reason for leaving Fisk University

Tape: 3 Story: 8 - Dr. John Cashin remembers the Tennessee Agricultural and Industrial State College in Nashville, Tennessee

Tape: 4 Story: 1 - Dr. John Cashin remembers learning to fly airplanes

Tape: 4 Story: 2 - Dr. John Cashin recalls his workload at the Tennessee Agricultural and Industrial State College

Tape: 4 Story: 3 - Dr. John Cashin recalls taking courses at Fisk University and Tennessee State University

Tape: 4 Story: 4 - Dr. John Cashin remembers his admission to Meharry Medical College in Nashville, Tennessee, pt. 1

Tape: 4 Story: 5 - Dr. John Cashin remembers his admission to Meharry Medical College in Nashville, Tennessee, pt. 2

Tape: 4 Story: 6 - Dr. John Cashin recalls being drafted into the U.S. Army

Tape: 4 Story: 7 - Dr. John Cashin remembers the American expatriate community in France

Tape: 4 Story: 8 - Dr. John Cashin recalls his friendship with Richard Wright

Tape: 5 Story: 1 - Dr. John Cashin recalls his decision to leave the U.S. Army

Tape: 5 Story: 2 - Dr. John Cashin recalls his classmate, Robert Ellis

Tape: 5 Story: 3 - Dr. John Cashin recalls his decision to join the Civil Rights Movement

Tape: 5 Story: 4 - Dr. John Cashin recalls meeting his wife

Tape: 5 Story: 5 - Dr. John Cashin recalls his commitment to civil rights

Tape: 5 Story: 6 - Dr. John Cashin remembers his marriage

DASession

1$1

DATape

5$2

DAStory

3$5

DATitle
Dr. John Cashin recalls his decision to join the Civil Rights Movement
Dr. John Cashin recalls the end of his relationship with his white playmates
Transcript
Well let's, let's get back to you going home (simultaneous).$$(Simultaneous) In other, in other words--$$Let's get back to you going home from, from France. What--$$It was a come down.$$Okay, (laughter) tell me why.$$Well, having lived in a society where race, race didn't matter, it was quite a shock to me 'cause I didn't know people could get along like that, and I enjoyed being a human being. Fifty million Frenchmen can't be all that wrong.$$So you decided to come home. Did you know what you would do or how you would participate in what was going on--$$Yeah.$$--in America? Tell me (simultaneous).$$(Simultaneous) I knew, I knew. As a matter of fact, one of the first things when I hit the doggone concrete was right across from my office, Dr. Fearn, Helen Fearn, our next door across the street neighbor. Told me when I was knocking on the door, within thirty days of the time I got back and Helen Fearn who was a high school principal, looked at me with tears in her eyes, said, "John [HistoryMaker Dr. John Cashin], I don't want you to get in any trouble now. You don't need to get involved in all of that old stuff." This is principal of the high school [William Hooper Councill High School, Huntsville, Alabama]. That I'm not man enough to take care of myself. She don't know me at all. The [U.S.] Army made a killer out of me, but they don't know that. And nobody directs it but me. So, I knew that I was going to take some active role, and I did. And since I was a reformed Army officer, I was privy to a whole lot of things that they don't particularly care for any officers to make.$Up comes eleven, eleven and twelve years old. And at age twelve Herschel [Herschel Cashin] and I were confronted with this racist image that they were white and we were black and if we're going to keep this thing together, we gonna have to call, y'all call Dick [Richard McCullough] and Squirt [James Euclid (ph.)] mister, when that announcement was made by Shelby McCullough, a grocer. Herschel and I started laughing and I don't think we quit laughing yet.$$So you had played with these boys all your life and then when you become eleven and twelve, was it their father's idea to tell them that they needed to start calling (simultaneous)--$$(Simultaneous) It was their father, their whole family.$$The whole family. Okay. So they decided that you needed to call them Mr. So and So.$$Mr. Euclid and Mr.--what, I can't remember what Dick's, Richard, that was Dick's name. It's funny.$$Did that stop the friendship because you refused to call them mister?$$Of course. Like I said, it was all over but the laughing.$$Okay.$$It was funny. So, oh man.$$Okay. We were talking about the community. So you had this group even though you played together, even though you were--$$Up to the point that we were lectured by the white grocer's wife, to be sure they understood that we were colored and they were white and Herschel and I, if we were gonna keep your group together, you have to call them mister.$$Where did you play together?$$All over the backyard. We had a big backyard [in Huntsville, Alabama].$$Okay. So they came to your house?$$Yeah, house, like I said our house was the--$$Was the place to hang out.$$--it was the headquarters.$$Okay. All right.$$(SHERYLL CASHIN): How was your house compared to the other houses on the block?$$We were two story brick.$$(SHERYLL CASHIN): Were there any other houses like that?$$Not two story brick, no.$$So think of the, a square block of where you lived. Tell me what you see or what you smelled or what you hear if you walk that square block from your house all the way around the block.$$Well I'll say--I'm still trying to get around the, the language handicap.$$Okay.$$Like I said, mixed in with that laughter. (Laughter) These idiots couldn't draw a straight line without referring to me and Herschel and here we have to call them mister. Where did they get this from? Heck, the only place they could get it from was from the white supremacists. Yeah. And these people actually believed that crap (laughter).

Dr. Walter Young

Dentist and civil rights activist Dr. Walter Fuller Young was born on August 18, 1934, in New Orleans, Louisiana, to Daisy Valentine Fuller Young and Andrew Jackson Young, a dentist. Young attended Valeda C. Jones School with his brother Andrew Young. He later attended Gilbert Academy and then went on to attend and graduate from Princeton High School in Princeton, New Jersey, in 1951. Young earned his B.A. degree from Baldwin Wallace College in Ohio in 1955. Following in his father’s footsteps, Young studied dentistry at Howard University Dental School.

After a stint as a dentist in the United States Navy, Young returned to New Orleans, where his father had practiced, established his dental practice and taught at Dillard University. At the same time, Young became an active supporter of the All African Students Association’s lunch counter sit-ins at New Orleans’ downtown Woolworth’s and at other New Orleans businesses from 1961 to 1964. During that same period, Young was introduced to Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., by his brother, SCLC’s Rev. Andrew Young. Moving to Atlanta in 1978, Young joined his brother and worked to address the issues of dental health maintenance and the establishment of dental programs in schools, churches and organizations in the Atlanta area. Young’s dental practice has been active in the same location for twenty-eight years. He is a member of the North Georgia Dental Society and the American Dental Association. Young is owner and president of Young International Development Corporation and serves as a director of Jamaica Communications, Datacom International, Inc., and Health Management Decisions.

As a member of the City of Atlanta Blue Ribbon Committee on Equal Business Opportunity, Young is involved in a number of civic and community programs. He is a consultant to the Osaka American Club of Japan, American Computer Technology in Atlanta, Gulfstream Aerospace in Savannah, and Grady Healthcare in Atlanta. Possessing a keen interest in African American history, Young is honorary consul general for Liberia and has traveled extensively on the African continent. In 2004, Atlanta’s Southwest YMCA was named for Young and his brother, Andrew.

Young is married to event planner, Sonjia Young, and is father to five children.

Accession Number

A2006.115

Sex

Male

Interview Date

10/12/2006 |and| 12/13/2006

Last Name

Young

Maker Category
Marital Status

Married

Schools

Princeton High School

Valena C. Jones Elementary School

Baldwin Wallace University

Speakers Bureau

Yes

Speakers Bureau Availability

Any

First Name

Walter

Birth City, State, Country

New Orleans

HM ID

YOU05

Speakers Bureau Preferred Audience

All

Speakers Bureau Honorarium

No

Favorite Season

Summer

Speaker Bureau Notes

Preferred Audience: All

State

Louisiana

Favorite Vacation Destination

Caribbean

Favorite Quote

None

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Georgia

Birth Date

8/18/1934

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Atlanta

Country

United States

Favorite Food

Gumbo, Crab (Softshell)

Short Description

Civil rights activist and dentist Dr. Walter Young (1934 - ) worked in the Civil Rights Movement in New Orleans with the All African Students Association, and later in Atlanta on issues of dental health. Young founded his Atlanta dental practice in 1978, and was owner and president of the Young International Development Corporation.

Employment

Young International Development Corporation

Walter F. Young, DDS

Southern Christian Leadership Conference

Favorite Color

Blue

Timing Pairs
0,0:708,22:1003,28:1534,39:2065,50:5100,105:6090,116:7080,130:10169,153:46334,486:47677,510:50521,570:51074,579:54945,670:55261,675:59448,768:64425,854:76200,947:76625,953:88890,1149:91072,1167:97580,1248:98732,1266:99380,1276:100172,1289:100604,1296:101828,1323:102188,1329:102476,1334:103124,1344:104852,1379:106510,1385$0,0:2070,25:2610,32:2970,37:3330,42:5400,74:15186,205:15989,226:40131,490:40852,498:44457,545:47444,594:56587,670:57697,679:72050,897:73040,916:76960,943:79170,960:89604,1093:92802,1148:93192,1154:96776,1172:97186,1178:100384,1217:101942,1243:103910,1275:104730,1286:115472,1462:116292,1474:119408,1530:120064,1542:126170,1564:126550,1570:127006,1577:128602,1602:129286,1607:136664,1708:137504,1719:138260,1729:138848,1737:153512,1903:153917,1909:155500,1916:156088,1925:156928,1938:157348,1944:159448,1979:167428,2120:168184,2131:168688,2139:176890,2194:177520,2204:178510,2216:179140,2225:190558,2347:198930,2450:202534,2501:203670,2511
DAStories

Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Slating of Dr. Walter Young's interview

Tape: 1 Story: 2 - Dr. Walter Young lists his favorites

Tape: 1 Story: 3 - Dr. Walter Young describes his mother's family background

Tape: 1 Story: 4 - Dr. Walter Young recalls his maternal uncle who passed for white

Tape: 1 Story: 5 - Dr. Walter Young describes his maternal grandmother

Tape: 1 Story: 6 - Dr. Walter Young describes his family life as a child in New Orleans

Tape: 1 Story: 7 - Dr. Walter Young describes his mother's education in New Orleans, Louisiana

Tape: 1 Story: 8 - Dr. Walter Young describes his father's family background

Tape: 1 Story: 9 - Dr. Walter Young describes his parents and who he takes after

Tape: 1 Story: 10 - Dr. Walter Young describes his earliest childhood memory

Tape: 1 Story: 11 - Dr. Walter Young describes the sights, sounds and smells of his childhood

Tape: 2 Story: 1 - Dr. Walter Young recalls fights from his childhood in New Orleans, Louisiana

Tape: 2 Story: 2 - Dr. Walter Young recalls the role of music in his childhood

Tape: 2 Story: 3 - Dr. Walter Young describes his father's dental practice in New Orleans

Tape: 2 Story: 4 - Dr. Walter Young describes his grade school experiences in New Orleans

Tape: 2 Story: 5 - Dr. Walter Young recalls traveling with his family during childhood

Tape: 2 Story: 6 - Dr. Walter Young describes his experiences at Princeton High School

Tape: 2 Story: 7 - Dr. Walter Young describes his experiences at Baldwin-Wallace College, pt. 1

Tape: 3 Story: 1 - Dr. Walter Young describes his experiences at Baldwin-Wallace College, pt. 2

Tape: 3 Story: 2 - Dr. Walter Young recalls attending Howard University College of Dentistry

Tape: 3 Story: 3 - Dr. Walter Young talks about African American leaders at Howard University

Tape: 3 Story: 4 - Dr. Walter Young recalls Africans' involvement in New Orleans' Civil Rights Movement

Tape: 3 Story: 5 - Dr. Walter Young talks about New Orleans' Civil Rights Movement

Tape: 3 Story: 6 - Dr. Walter Young describes his friendships with the King family

Tape: 3 Story: 7 - Dr. Walter Young describes the Civil Rights Movement after Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr.'s death

Tape: 3 Story: 8 - Dr. Walter Young describes his humanitarian involvement in Africa

Tape: 4 Story: 1 - Dr. Walter Young talks about how his childhood prepared him for success

Tape: 4 Story: 2 - Dr. Walter Young describes his involvement with the Young Men's Christian Association

Tape: 4 Story: 3 - Dr. Walter Young recalls serving as an officer in the U.S. Navy

Tape: 4 Story: 4 - Dr. Walter Young describes his work in the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s

Tape: 4 Story: 5 - Dr. Walter Young recalls the Atlanta Missing and Murdered Children cases

Tape: 4 Story: 6 - Dr. Walter Young describes his diplomatic and business pursuits in Africa

Tape: 4 Story: 7 - Dr. Walter Young describes his collaborations with Liberia's presidents

Tape: 4 Story: 8 - Dr. Walter Young describes his support for Liberians in the United States

Tape: 5 Story: 1 - Dr. Walter Young talks about how U.S. immigration laws affect Liberians

Tape: 5 Story: 2 - Dr. Walter Young describes his involvement in Atlanta's politics

Tape: 5 Story: 3 - Dr. Walter Young talks about his dental career in Atlanta, Georgia

Tape: 5 Story: 4 - Dr. Walter Young talks about immigrant owned businesses in Atlanta, Georgia

Tape: 5 Story: 5 - Dr. Walter Young describes his hopes and concerns for the United States

Tape: 5 Story: 6 - Dr. Walter Young narrates his photographs, pt. 1

Tape: 6 Story: 1 - Dr. Walter Young narrates his photographs, pt. 2

DASession

1$2

DATape

1$4

DAStory

11$7

DATitle
Dr. Walter Young describes the sights, sounds and smells of his childhood
Dr. Walter Young describes his collaborations with Liberia's presidents
Transcript
What were some of the other sights and sounds and smells of growing up [in New Orleans, Louisiana]?$$The sights and sounds--$$And smells of growing up. What did they call your neighborhood?$$We grew up in a mixed neighborhood. We had an Irish grocery store on one corner, an Italian bar on another corner, and the third corner right on Galvez [Street] and Cleveland [Avenue], that was a German beer garden, and before the Second World War [World War II, WWII], his kids are, we would just play around in the bushes and peek through the windows, trying to see what was going on because they were singing songs in German, and we would peek through the window. And they were actually flags in there with a swastika, and we can remember them saying, "Heil Hitler, Heil Hitler." That was before the Second World War. Of course, when the Second World War broke out, the place was closed down.$$That's interesting.$$And we only had about oh, two or three black families in the neighborhood, and then we had a lot of Cajun people in the neighborhood. It was mostly white.$$Okay.$$So I think that's where my brother [HistoryMaker Andrew Young] got his diplomatic skills growing up in the neighborhood, when he had to communicate and meet with diverse people, people of different cultural and ethnic backgrounds, trying to get along with different people. We both learned that very young.$You talked about so many things that have happened in Liberia as you were working there. Some of the things you spoke about, let's elaborate on some of them. When Charles Taylor was there, you wanted to speak to some of the things that were going on that might have affected the business that you were doing.$$Yes. Charles Taylor really spent a lot of time here in Georgia, in Macon, Georgia; so, I knew him as a young man. However, I served under his presidency, but I had very little contact with him. I didn't go to Liberia during those years, so, but I, my interest was supporting the Liberians living in Georgia, who needed their passport renewed--that needed support, immigration support, that needed someone to support their efforts to live in the Atlanta [Georgia] area. Most were here under the amnesty program [Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986] and they had some who had come here to go to college and stay. We have roughly over ten thousand Liberians here in the Atlanta area, so I was responsible for all of the Liberians during those days, and it was a very warm relationship. I got to make many good friends, whom I still have today. It's going back to, since 1985, so I do have some long-term friends who are still here. Now that we have a democratic government and we are trying to rebuild Liberia, my role is to try to assist and encourage American companies in investing in Liberia and trying to get Liberians who have been educated in America to somehow think in terms of going back home to rebuild the country.$$Yeah, and I think that's important. I understand that when the new president [Ellen Johnson Sirleaf] took office there, she had to get rid of a lot of her government officials because they were uneducated, so--$$I know she's tried to retain as many as she could. She's, it's just a great challenge for her because Liberia was at war for so long, so young people were not schooled; in other words, all they knew how to do and still do, was to carry a gun and so many of them were not educated, so, now what do you do with ex-combatants, as we call them? Those young people who grew up fighting. What do we do with them now? We can try to create an educational system. Mostly, I would encourage vocational education, and I'm trying to encourage as much support, vocational support as I can, from America and that's my challenge now; doing whatever I can do to support Liberia and to help it to grow, and I'm following, of course, the lead of my president.

Dr. Catrise L. Austin

Dentist and entrepreneur Catrise L. Austin was born on May 2, 1970, in Flint, Michigan. She discovered her passion for dentistry at age 15 while visiting the orthodontist for braces. Austin was voted prettiest smile in 1988 at Flint Central High School, where she received her diploma that same year. Austin went on to receive her B.A. degree in psychology from the University of Michigan in 1991 and her Doctorate in dental surgery from the University of Maryland in 1996. Moving to New York in 1996, she completed her advanced dental training at Brooklyn’s Lutheran Medical Center.

Working as a dental hygienist motivated Austin to start her own practice which she did in 1998, becoming the Chief Operating Officer of VIP Smiles, a successful New York cosmetic and sports dental practice. The practice boasts an impressive and loyal following, including such entertainment luminaries as Isaac Hayes, Toni Braxton and Missy Elliot. In addition, The Discovery Health Channel, The Queen Latifah Show, and The Ricki Lake Show have used her services.

Austin has broken gender and racial boundaries and established herself in a field traditionally dominated by men. She is one of the most well-known and highly regarded dentists in the entertainment industry. The Network Journal named her one of the 25 Most Influential Black Women in Business in 1999. She holds professional memberships in the American Dental Association, New York County Dental Society, American Association of Women Dentists, American Academy of Cosmetic Dentists, and the Academy of Sports Dentistry. She also holds social memberships in the National Association of Black Female Executives in Music & Entertainment, the Black Sports Agents Association and Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority.

Austin resides in New York City.

Accession Number

A2006.001

Sex

Female

Interview Date

1/6/2006

Last Name

Austin

Maker Category
Middle Name

L.

Schools

Flint Central High School

University of Michigan

Dort Elementary School

Flint Southwestern Academy

University of Maryland School of Dentistry

First Name

Catrise

Birth City, State, Country

Flint

HM ID

AUS02

Favorite Season

Summer

State

Michigan

Favorite Vacation Destination

Cancun, Mexico

Favorite Quote

None

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

New York

Birth Date

5/2/1970

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

New York

Country

United States

Favorite Food

Collard Greens

Short Description

Dentist and entrepreneur Dr. Catrise L. Austin (1970 - ) was the COO of VIP Smiles, a cosmetic and sports dental practice whose clientele included Missy Elliot, Earl Graves and Toni Braxton.

Employment

VIP Smiles

Favorite Color

Pink

Timing Pairs
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DAStories

Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Slating of Dr. Catrise L. Austin's interview

Tape: 1 Story: 2 - Dr. Catrise L. Austin lists her favorites

Tape: 1 Story: 3 - Dr. Catrise L. Austin describes her mother

Tape: 1 Story: 4 - Dr. Catrise L. Austin describes her mother's side of the family, pt. 1

Tape: 1 Story: 5 - Dr. Catrise L. Austin describes her mother's side of the family, pt. 2

Tape: 1 Story: 6 - Dr. Catrise L. Austin describes her father and her maternal grandparents

Tape: 1 Story: 7 - Dr. Catrise L. Austin describes her earliest childhood memories

Tape: 1 Story: 8 - Dr. Catrise L. Austin describes her neighborhood in Flint, Michigan

Tape: 1 Story: 9 - Dr. Catrise L. Austin remembers Dort Elementary School in Flint, Michigan

Tape: 1 Story: 10 - Dr. Catrise L. Austin recalls attending Flint Academy High School

Tape: 1 Story: 11 - Dr. Catrise L. Austin describes her activities at Flint Academy High School

Tape: 2 Story: 1 - Dr. Catrise L. Austin remembers her social group as a teenager

Tape: 2 Story: 2 - Dr. Catrise L. Austin remembers her favorite high school subjects

Tape: 2 Story: 3 - Dr. Catrise L. Austin remembers her younger sister's birth

Tape: 2 Story: 4 - Dr. Catrise L. Austin remembers her calling to dentistry

Tape: 2 Story: 5 - Dr. Catrise L. Austin describes her interest in dentistry and her part-time job

Tape: 2 Story: 6 - Dr. Catrise L. Austin describes the sights, sounds and smells of growing up

Tape: 2 Story: 7 - Dr. Catrise L. Austin remembers her family's move from Flushing to Flint

Tape: 2 Story: 8 - Dr. Catrise L. Austin describes choosing the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor

Tape: 2 Story: 9 - Dr. Catrise L. Austin remembers attending the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, pt. 1

Tape: 2 Story: 10 - Dr. Catrise L. Austin remembers attending the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, pt. 2

Tape: 3 Story: 1 - Dr. Catrise L. Austin describes her best friend, Darlene Tolbert

Tape: 3 Story: 2 - Dr. Catrise L. Austin describes her mother's support

Tape: 3 Story: 3 - Dr. Catrise L. Austin describes her ambitions as a high school student

Tape: 3 Story: 4 - Dr. Catrise L. Austin describes pledging Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority

Tape: 3 Story: 5 - Dr. Catrise L. Austin talks about her sister's pregnancy

Tape: 3 Story: 6 - Dr. Catrise L. Austin remembers applying for dental school

Tape: 3 Story: 7 - Dr. Catrise L. Austin describes her time at the University of Maryland School of Dentistry, pt. 1

Tape: 3 Story: 8 - Dr. Catrise L. Austin describes her time at the University of Maryland School of Dentistry, pt. 2

Tape: 3 Story: 9 - Dr. Catrise L. Austin describes Dr. Oscar Wright's support

Tape: 4 Story: 1 - Dr. Catrise L. Austin recalls her dental residency at Brooklyn's Lutheran Medical Center

Tape: 4 Story: 2 - Dr. Catrise L. Austin describes her decision to stay in New York City

Tape: 4 Story: 3 - Dr. Catrise L. Austin recalls her early dental career in New York City, pt. 1

Tape: 4 Story: 4 - Dr. Catrise L. Austin recalls her early dental career in New York City, pt. 2

Tape: 4 Story: 5 - Dr. Catrise L. Austin remembers meeting Issac Hayes

Tape: 4 Story: 6 - Dr. Catrise L. Austin describes her friendship with Isaac Hayes

Tape: 4 Story: 7 - Dr. Catrise L. Austin recalls meeting Toni Braxton and Missy Elliott

Tape: 4 Story: 8 - Dr. Catrise L. Austin describes her dental practice

Tape: 4 Story: 9 - Dr. Catrise L. Austin describes her plans for the future

DASession

1$1

DATape

2$4

DAStory

4$4

DATitle
Dr. Catrise L. Austin remembers her calling to dentistry
Dr. Catrise L. Austin recalls her early dental career in New York City, pt. 2
Transcript
At what point did you start to, or who introduced the idea that you would go to college to you? Who starts--talk to you about going to college and that high school wouldn't be the end for you?$$The, I, I would probably would say my aunt [Angela Austin (ph.)] and my [maternal] grandparents [Carlean Austin and Wilman Austin (ph.)] definitely encouraged me to continue on and my, and my mother [Michele Austin] (simultaneous).$$(Simultaneous) What did they say--what did people say to you?$$Well once my aunt became successful after having a college degree. At an early age, she was able to buy her first home and buy a car. So, you know, we were all looking her like wow she's, she's really making it and the college education has paid off. So I think seeing her achieve the things that she did, with her college education there was no question that I would go on and get my college education. But I discovered, also at fifteen, that was the age I discovered that I wanted to be a dentist. Because I--actually had a large space between my teeth and had a routine dental visit. And just expressed to the dentist, you know, they asked, is there anything about my smile that I didn't like. And told 'em that I didn't like the gap, and he was like, "You can get braces." So I begged my mother, you know, to get braces for me. And the whole dental experience of wearing braces at the age fifteen, opened my eyes that maybe that this was something that I wanted to explore as a career. Particularly when I got the braces off, I got so many compliments on my smile, my self-esteem just sky rocketed. I really, at that age, discovered how important a smile is and that people pay attention to your smile. And how it could have positive impact on your life. So at that point having discovered that this, this is something that I may want to do for a living I knew at that point that college was definitely was gonna be. 'Cause I had to go to college in order to become a dentist. So at that point, I was focused in high school [Flint Central High School, Flint, Michigan], I knew I had to take math and science courses. I really became focused on that, on that path.$I was already motivated and planning how I'm gonna start this practice and collecting business cards. So I said, well, I guess I'm just gonna have to find another office. And I'm, I'm already dec--I've already decided that I'm gonna to do this. I've already started telling people that I'm gonna have a practice opening soon. So I started to--I went to the S--small business association [U.S. Small Business Administration] and I said, well, I think I need a loan, I need to get some money, need to just plan my practice, start a business plan. So I had a counselor, I don't remember his name. But my counselor had met another black female dentist, Dr. Karen Gear, who's a root canal specialist. And he thought it would be a good idea that her and I meet. It so happened that she had affiliations with Harlem Hospital [Harlem Hospital Center, New York, New York]. She knew a lot of dentists in the area. We met, and she said, "I know plenty of dentists in the area that would rent space to you. As a matter of fact I have a dentist that's on 57th Street. He's African American male who's been there for thirty-five years. He's looking to rent space, you should give him a call." So it was great because I--it was the same street I wanted to be in the high profile area. And I would be with someone like me, so we met Dr. Thompson, Albert Thompson, and we decided that I would rent space from him. Now here's the good part, he knew that I didn't have any money saved. I didn't know how I was gonna really pull this starting a practice thing off.$$And you didn't get the loan?$$I did not get the loan at the time.$$At the time, okay, so you didn't have any money saved and he--continue.$$He said, "Listen, I know you're starting out, I'm gonna let you have the space at no charge. Just come here, work, work, work, you can use my instruments just get some of the basic things that you need to operate. You can rent my--you can have my space. And I'll see when you're starting make money, and when I see that you're starting to make money, then I'll charge you rent." So I worked in his office rent-free, until I built up enough clientele for me to afford to pay him rent. And I, that ex--that in, in itself I don't, I think it was priceless to have someone recognize the good in me and want to help me. And you don't find a lot of people that would be willing--that would be willing to give you something for nothing in return, so I definitely commend him. So I built my practice sharing the office with Dr. Thompson on 57th Street. And when it's--was time for me to open, I had been collecting business cards, I sent out a mass mailing. I'd signed on with some insurance plans. And my first patient was actually a friend of mine, a Kappa [Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity], from University of Michigan [Ann Arbor, Michigan]. Who said, "You know what, I know you from back when, and I know you're a good person I'm sure. I know you were always smart, I'm gonna give you a try." He worked for Pfizer [Pfizer Inc.], the pharmaceutical company, and he went back--I impressed him so much--that he went back and told all of his friends at Pfizer they have to support me. And he was very instrumental in helping to build the practice.

Dr. Harvey Smith

Dentist Harvey Bryant Smith was born October 22, 1922 in Atlanta, Georgia. His parents, Baptist Reverend Harvey Miles Smith and Stella Bryant Smith, attended Morehouse College and Spelman College, respectively, and were friends of Rev. A.D.Williams, Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King’s grandfather. Smith grew up in Albany, Georgia, where his father was pastor of Mt. Zion Baptist Church. He attended Ashby Street School in Atlanta, and Ware Street School and Monroe Elementary in Albany. Inspired by dentist Joseph Ellis, Smith dreamed of becoming a dentist. He graduated from Georgia Normal College High School, now Albany State University, as class president in 1939. After graduation as a pre-med student at Morehouse College in 1943, Smith entered the United States Army. The army paid his way through Howard University Dental School, and in 1946, he graduated, was married and opened a dental practice on Auburn Avenue in Atlanta, Georgia.

Returning to the U.S. Army in 1951, Smith served as captain in the Dental Corps at Fort Stewart, Georgia through 1953. Smith became active in the integration of the Georgia State Dental Association in 1953. He also became a member of the Northern District Council for Dentistry. When Atlanta’s most prominent African American dentist, Dr. B.F. Anderson lost his arm, he gave his practice to Smith, who then worked to increase the practice. Smith’s patients included Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and other civil rights leaders. Appointed to the Advisory Board of the Georgia Dental Association by former United States President, then Governor Jimmy Carter in the late 1970s, Smith sought to encourage opportunities for black dentists.

Smith was a member of the National Dental Association, the American Dental Association and the Academy of General Dentistry. In 2001, Smith retired and continued to live in the home he bought in 1957.

Smith and his wife, Laveda, had three grown children, Jane, Harvey and Homer.

Dr. Harvey Smith passed away on May 4, 2018.

Accession Number

A2005.202

Sex

Male

Interview Date

8/24/2005

Last Name

Smith

Maker Category
Occupation
Schools

Georgia Normal College High School

Monroe Elementary School

Ware Street School

Ashby Street School

Ashby Street Learning Academy

Morehouse College

First Name

Harvey

Birth City, State, Country

Atlanta

HM ID

SMI11

Favorite Season

Fall

State

Georgia

Favorite Vacation Destination

Florida

Favorite Quote

Take Care Of Business.

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Georgia

Birth Date

10/22/1922

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Atlanta

Country

United States

Favorite Food

Catfish

Death Date

5/4/2018

Short Description

Dentist Dr. Harvey Smith (1922 - 2018 ) was a captain in the Dental Corps of the U.S. Army. As a dentist, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was one of his patients.

Employment

Private Practice

U.S. Army

Favorite Color

Gray

Timing Pairs
0,0:357,2:15112,331:18304,400:20204,443:20888,463:24232,527:35380,635:38400,655:39183,736:43702,795:47106,842:47474,847:59239,1009:61878,1051:76250,1266:85762,1371:86234,1380:95130,1476:95386,1481:104549,1621:106595,1650:120134,1874:121901,1895:122273,1900:126384,1931:130212,2009:136976,2223:145466,2307:154118,2536:170306,2691:170782,2700:178340,2834:178616,2839:179996,2860:195802,3058:198196,3122:221780,3450$0,0:1790,20:11284,127:12488,144:13004,151:26374,333:27256,343:40534,562:49335,694:53328,750:54496,775:78730,1153:101581,1468:104608,1508:109822,1694:113377,1834:119733,1902:144960,2185:157410,2323
DAStories

Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Slating of Dr. Harvey Smith's interview

Tape: 1 Story: 2 - Dr. Harvey Smith lists his favorites

Tape: 1 Story: 3 - Dr. Harvey Smith describes his mother's family background

Tape: 1 Story: 4 - Dr. Harvey Smith recalls his mother's education and career

Tape: 1 Story: 5 - Dr. Harvey Smith describes his father's family background

Tape: 1 Story: 6 - Dr. Harvey Smith recalls his paternal family's history as ministers

Tape: 1 Story: 7 - Dr. Harvey Smith describes how his parents met

Tape: 1 Story: 8 - Dr. Harvey Smith recalls his father as a pastor in Athens, Georgia

Tape: 1 Story: 9 - Dr. Harvey Smith recalls his father becoming a pastor in Albany, Georgia

Tape: 1 Story: 10 - Dr. Harvey Smith recalls his conversations with his father

Tape: 1 Story: 11 - Dr. Harvey Smith recalls his inspiration to become a dentist

Tape: 1 Story: 12 - Dr. Harvey Smith describes his parents' personalities and his likeness to them

Tape: 1 Story: 13 - Dr. Harvey Smith describes his earliest childhood memory

Tape: 2 Story: 1 - Dr. Harvey Smith recalls his jobs as a young boy in Albany, Georgia

Tape: 2 Story: 2 - Dr. Harvey Smith describes the sights of growing up

Tape: 2 Story: 3 - Dr. Harvey Smith recalls a lynching near Albany, Georgia around 1934

Tape: 2 Story: 4 - Dr. Harvey Smith recalls attending school in Albany, Georgia

Tape: 2 Story: 5 - Dr. Harvey Smith recalls his favorite high school teachers

Tape: 2 Story: 6 - Dr. Harvey Smith recalls his extracurricular activities in high school

Tape: 2 Story: 7 - Dr. Harvey Smith recalls having to work to attend Morehouse College

Tape: 2 Story: 8 - Dr. Harvey Smith describes his siblings

Tape: 2 Story: 9 - Dr. Harvey Smith describes his experience at Morehouse College

Tape: 2 Story: 10 - Dr. Harvey Smith recalls Dr. Benjamin Mays

Tape: 3 Story: 1 - Dr. Harvey Smith describes his extracurricular activities in college

Tape: 3 Story: 2 - Dr. Harvey Smith recalls his favorite teachers at Morehouse College

Tape: 3 Story: 3 - Dr. Harvey Smith recalls joining the Army Specialized Training Program

Tape: 3 Story: 4 - Dr. Harvey Smith recalls starting a family and a dental practice

Tape: 3 Story: 5 - Dr. Harvey Smith recalls serving in the Army Dental Corps

Tape: 3 Story: 6 - Dr. Harvey Smith recalls integrating the Georgia Dental Association

Tape: 3 Story: 7 - Dr. Harvey Smith describes his first job as a dentist

Tape: 3 Story: 8 - Dr. Harvey Smith describes inheriting his dental practice

Tape: 3 Story: 9 - Dr. Harvey Smith recalls a fundraiser with Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

Tape: 4 Story: 1 - Dr. Harvey Smith recalls Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. moving back to Atlanta

Tape: 4 Story: 2 - Dr. Harvey Smith recalls the effect of integration on black businesses

Tape: 4 Story: 3 - Dr. Harvey Smith describes attending Atlanta's Friendship Baptist Church

Tape: 4 Story: 4 - Dr. Harvey Smith reflects upon the evolution of dentistry, pt. 1

Tape: 4 Story: 5 - Dr. Harvey Smith reflects upon the evolution of dentistry, pt. 2

Tape: 4 Story: 6 - Dr. Harvey Smith reflects upon the evolution of clients' expectations

Tape: 4 Story: 7 - Dr. Harvey Smith reflects upon his mistakes as a young dentist

Tape: 4 Story: 8 - Dr. Harvey Smith recalls his experience at Atlanta's Ben Massell Dental Clinic

Tape: 4 Story: 9 - Dr. Harvey Smith reflects upon his career's highlights

Tape: 5 Story: 1 - Dr. Harvey Smith describes his concerns for the African American community

Tape: 5 Story: 2 - Dr. Harvey Smith reflects upon his life

Tape: 5 Story: 3 - Dr. Harvey Smith reflects upon his legacy

Tape: 5 Story: 4 - Dr. Harvey Smith talks about his family

Tape: 5 Story: 5 - Dr. Harvey Smith reflects upon his career's highlights and his religion

Tape: 5 Story: 6 - Dr. Harvey Smith describes how he would like to be remembered

DASession

1$1

DATape

3$4

DAStory

3$8

DATitle
Dr. Harvey Smith recalls joining the Army Specialized Training Program
Dr. Harvey Smith recalls his experience at Atlanta's Ben Massell Dental Clinic
Transcript
I finished Morehouse [Morehouse College, Atlanta, Georgia] and went on to, to Howard [Howard University, Washington, D.C.] of course. When I, when I did go to Howard and making a decision, of course, back in those days, all--the only words that you knew was Meharry [Meharry Medical College, Nashville, Tennessee]. Everybody knew about Meharry; wasn't nobody talking about no Howard or nothing like that. But when I got time to go to dental school, I had heard about Howard and learned about Howard. I decided I was gone be different. I didn't want to go to Meharry, so I applied for Howard--$$Okay.$$--and I got accepted to Howard University.$$To the school of dentistry [Howard University College of Dentistry, Washington, D.C.]?$$School of dentistry.$$Okay.$$I sure did, and I--when I was going to Howard I knew that I was not going to have money to stay. And I knew my parents [Stella Bryant Smith and Harvey Smith] wasn't able to send me there. But it was World War II [WWII], I guess. And they had established the Army Specialized Training Program [ASTP] in the colleges; Army Specialized Training. So if you were in dentistry or medicine, if you got in medical or dental school and could get in the Army Specialized Training Program, they paid for your school. So I went there knowing I wasn't gone be able to stay if I couldn't get in the Army Specialized Training Program. And I got there; was doing fine; was living with Robert Smith [ph.], a friend of mine from Morehouse. We both taking dentistry, and he got in on the Army Specialized Training Program first and looked like I wasn't gone get in--my money run out, I didn't have money. And so I told Smitty, my roommate, I told him I said, "Smitty, I'm not gone be able to stay 'cause my money running out and I'm not getting in the [U.S.] Army. And I just don't know what in the world I'm gone do." Robert Smith was his name from Waycross, Georgia, and he grabbed me by the hand and look me dead in the eye and said to me, "You ain't going nowhere. I'll take care of you 'til you get in the Army." And he did; he paid my room rent there 'cause in about thirty days later, they inducted me into the Army. They took me into the Army and from that point on there was no problem.$$Now what, what year was that when you were inducted into the Army?$$Okay let's see I went there 1943, see (simultaneous).$$(Simultaneous) So that's in the heart of the war?$$Yeah, see it was in the in the summer of '43 [1943] when I got inducted into the Army and they kept us two years. And they had enough dentists in the Army; they didn't need no more dentists. So they put the dentists out of the Specialized Training Program all over the country. And then I had to hustle to make it by myself then. But I'd been there long enough to get established; got me a job at the post office working after school. I'd get off in time to come, go to class, you know, so I made it all right 'cause the government had paid most of my way. And I made it, made it through just fine. Dental school was not a problem. But for me, I was doing all right; always a subject I have trouble with; didn't, didn't pass comparative anatomy. I had to take that course over in dental school, but I finally got through with it. Never was on the honor roll there, just another student, just hitting it hard, yes sir (simultaneous).$$(Simultaneous) So when did you finish, was that 1946?$$Forty-six [1946].$$Okay.$The Ben practice in dentistry, I learned that in the Ben Massell Dental Clinic [Atlanta, Georgia]. That was a clinic that was sponsored by the Jewish people; they sponsored the Ben Massell Dental Clinic.$$How do you spell that?$$B-E-N, M-A-S-E-L [sic.], Ben Masell it was a Jewish--you didn't pay nothing to go there. And it was a volunteer work, so we black dentists was volunteering to go on Wednesday. That's the only day they would let us come; we'd have to come on Wednesday. And the white dentists, of course, could go whatever day they wanted to give some time; say well I'll take off on Thursday, I'll give some time on Thursday. But any rate, I never shall forget that Dr. Marvin Goldstein was the administrator of the clinic. And one time I remember that the president of the Emory University School of Dentistry [Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia] came to visit in the clinic. And he--Dr. Goldstein was walking him around the clinic introducing him to everybody, but when he got to me and Dr. Robinson [ph.], he didn't let us meet the good doctor, I guess because we were black. But another thing I learned there, there was a white dentist by the name of Dr. Harris [ph.], who was a root canal therapist. And he worked in there too, so they asked him, they wanted him to run the clinic to be in charge, to be the supervisor of the clinic, Dr. Harris, white dentist. So they asked Dr. Harris; say, "Dr. Harris, would you be the director of the dental clinic?" And he said to them, "Yes I would, under one circumstances, and that is that you let the black dentists come like we do when they can. And when they can give the time and if you're--if you do that I'll be the director." And that--he was an endodontist, root canal therapist, and I thought he was such a beautiful person; he stayed that way all during the time during my practice.$$Now what year was that?$$Ben Massell Dental Clinic; I'd come out of the [U.S.] Army then. I would say it was in the, in the early '60s [1960s].$$Okay.$$That's when that was, in the early '60s [1960s], yep.$$So he helped to integrate the (simultaneous)--?$$(Simultaneous) Oh yes, he sure did. He did integrate it. Yeah, he integrated it, and it stayed that way; it's that way even till today and they still have a beautiful clinic. Yep.

Dr. Henry Lucas

Dr. Henry Lucas was born on February 27, 1932 in Rahway, New Jersey. Following his graduation from high school, Lucas attended Howard University and received his B.S. degree in 1957. He completed his studies in dentistry at Meharry Medical College in Nashville, Tennessee in 1960 and his postgraduate studies in orthodontics at the University of the Pacific in 1972.

Serving as a dentist in the U.S. Air Force before going into private practice as a dental surgeon, Lucas started his own private practice, the Sutter Place Dental Group in San Francisco, California. Recognized as one of the Outstanding Young Men of America in 1966, he was voted one of the top ten dentists in the United States in 2004. A lecturer at the University of the California School of Dentistry and a past president of the California State Board of Dental Examinations, Lucas is also a Fellow of the American Academy of General Dentistry and a member of the American Cosmetic Dentistry. His other professional affiliations include The American Society of Dentistry for Children and the California Dental Health Advisory Committee.

An active Republican, in 1981, President Reagan appointed Lucas to the President’s Commission on (Iran) Hostage Compensation. President Reagan later appointed him to the President’s Private Sector Initiative Task Force and the Department of Transportation Committee. Also a member of the Minority Business Resource Center, the Foundation for the Advancement of Minority Enterprise (FAME) and the Martin Luther King Commission for the State of California, Lucas founded and serves on the board of directors for the Time Savings and Loan Association. In 1997, he endowed the Henry Lucas, DDS Scholarship Fund at Meharry Medical College to assist promising dental students.

Lucas passed away on June 1, 2009 at the age of 77.

Lucas was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on April 1, 2005.

Accession Number

A2005.093

Sex

Male

Interview Date

4/1/2005

Last Name

Lucas

Maker Category
Marital Status

Divorced

Occupation
Schools

Grover Cleveland

Rahway High

Meharry Medical College

University of the Pacific

First Name

Henry

Birth City, State, Country

Rahway

HM ID

LUC04

Favorite Season

Winter

State

New Jersey

Favorite Vacation Destination

Skiing in France

Favorite Quote

It Is Better To Have And Not Need Than To Need And Not Have.

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

California

Birth Date

2/27/1932

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Bay Area/San Francisco

Country

United States

Favorite Food

Macaroni, Collard Greens, Fricasseed Chicken

Death Date

6/1/2009

Short Description

Dentist Dr. Henry Lucas (1932 - 2009 ) served as a dentist in the U.S. Air Force before going into private practice as a dental surgeon and heading a group practice, the Sutter Place Dental Group, in San Francisco. Lucas also lectured at the University of the Pacific School of Dentistry and is a past president of the California State Board of Dental Examinations.

Employment

Martinez Outpatient Clinic

Sutter Place Dental Group

Favorite Color

Blue

Timing Pairs
0,0:1395,12:18180,256:19272,308:21456,359:30077,462:38573,658:58955,1021:60665,1072:63420,1105:77299,1241:77714,1247:78544,1285:80536,1355:86678,1524:87342,1539:88089,1555:89998,1644:101316,1747:105902,1808:106214,1813:107384,1842:110578,1870:111348,1883:111733,1889:114351,1927:115429,1971:115737,1976:119279,2070:119972,2076:121974,2131:122513,2139:123822,2183:132280,2244:134251,2276:140894,2451:142135,2489:149260,2592:149560,2751:159642,2871:166050,2925:167370,2959:167970,2965:173010,3025:179487,3107:186662,3220:192640,3286:195775,3337:199210,3384$0,0:13266,339:21054,399:21542,446:27330,476:30444,575:39300,785:39640,790:46455,846:56850,1049:57178,1054:61852,1137:64476,1175:65050,1190:66198,1209:76366,1411:77432,1434:90360,1574:97060,1727:97660,1733:125272,2196:129916,2264:136108,2371:144260,2453:144920,2459:148000,2514:160340,2648
DAStories

Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Slating of Dr. Henry Lucas' interview

Tape: 1 Story: 2 - Dr. Henry Lucas lists his favorites

Tape: 1 Story: 3 - Dr. Henry Lucas describes his parents

Tape: 1 Story: 4 - Dr. Henry Lucas describes his paternal grandmother

Tape: 1 Story: 5 - Dr. Henry Lucas describes his maternal grandmother

Tape: 1 Story: 6 - Dr. Henry Lucas describes his earliest childhood memory

Tape: 1 Story: 7 - Dr. Henry Lucas describes his siblings

Tape: 1 Story: 8 - Dr. Henry Lucas describes his childhood in Rahway, New Jersey

Tape: 1 Story: 9 - Dr. Henry Lucas describes the smells of his childhood

Tape: 1 Story: 10 - Dr. Henry Lucas remembers being disciplined by his grandmother

Tape: 1 Story: 11 - Dr. Henry Lucas remembers his favorite teachers

Tape: 1 Story: 12 - Dr. Henry Lucas remembers working at the Mark Harris Department Store

Tape: 1 Story: 13 - Dr. Henry Lucas recalls his experience at Howard University

Tape: 2 Story: 1 - Dr. Henry Lucas describes being one of the few African Americans in Rahway, New Jersey

Tape: 2 Story: 2 - Dr. Henry Lucas describes his activities at Rahway High School

Tape: 2 Story: 3 - Dr. Henry Lucas recalls his aspirations as a young man

Tape: 2 Story: 4 - Dr. Henry Lucas recalls issues about skin color at Howard University

Tape: 2 Story: 5 - Dr. Henry Lucas recalls first learning black history at Howard University

Tape: 2 Story: 6 - Dr. Henry Lucas explains why he attended Meharry Medical College

Tape: 2 Story: 7 - Dr. Henry Lucas describes his experience at Meharry Medical College

Tape: 2 Story: 8 - Dr. Henry Lucas remembers attending Howard University with HistoryMaker Andrew Young

Tape: 2 Story: 9 - Dr. Henry Lucas recalls serving in the U.S. Air Force

Tape: 2 Story: 10 - Dr. Henry Lucas recounts a story from his time in the U.S. Air Force

Tape: 2 Story: 11 - Dr. Henry Lucas describes his experience at Chanute Air Force Base in Illinois

Tape: 2 Story: 12 - Dr. Henry Lucas explains why he moved to California

Tape: 3 Story: 1 - Dr. Henry Lucas recalls practicing with HistoryMaker Dr. Daniel A. Collins

Tape: 3 Story: 2 - Dr. Henry Lucas remembers becoming interested in politics

Tape: 3 Story: 3 - Dr. Henry Lucas remembers surviving a life-threatening car accident

Tape: 3 Story: 4 - Dr. Henry Lucas remembers working on President Richard Milhous Nixon's campaign

Tape: 3 Story: 5 - Dr. Henry Lucas remembers developing his black capitalism program

Tape: 3 Story: 6 - Dr. Henry Lucas remembers President George Walker Bush

Tape: 3 Story: 7 - Dr. Henry Lucas describes his practice

Tape: 3 Story: 8 - Dr. Henry Lucas explains the benefits of alternative medicine

Tape: 3 Story: 9 - Dr. Henry Lucas recalls being named one of the top ten dentists in the United States

Tape: 3 Story: 10 - Dr. Henry Lucas describes being recruited to the board of Meharry Medical College

Tape: 4 Story: 1 - Dr. Henry Lucas recalls his efforts to keep Meharry Medical College from closing

Tape: 4 Story: 2 - Dr. Henry Lucas recalls joining the President's Commission on Hostage Compensation

Tape: 4 Story: 3 - Dr. Henry Lucas remembers serving on the President's Commission on Hostage Compensation

Tape: 4 Story: 4 - Dr. Henry Lucas describes his philanthropic work

Tape: 4 Story: 5 - Dr. Henry Lucas describes his children

Tape: 4 Story: 6 - Dr. Henry Lucas talks about skiing

Tape: 4 Story: 7 - Dr. Henry Lucas gives his case for reparations

Tape: 4 Story: 8 - Dr. Henry Lucas critiques the American welfare system

Tape: 4 Story: 9 - Dr. Henry Lucas remembers President Ronald Wilson Reagan

Tape: 5 Story: 1 - Dr. Henry Lucas describes his hopes for the United States

Tape: 5 Story: 2 - Dr. Henry Lucas reflects upon his life

Tape: 5 Story: 3 - Dr. Henry Lucas explains his philosophy on life

Tape: 5 Story: 4 - Dr. Henry Lucas describes his concerns for the African American community

Tape: 5 Story: 5 - Dr. Henry Lucas describes the African American community since the Civil Rights Movement

Tape: 5 Story: 6 - Dr. Henry Lucas reflects upon his core values

Tape: 5 Story: 7 - Dr. Henry Lucas describes his grandchildren

Tape: 5 Story: 8 - Dr. Henry Lucas describes how he would like to be remembered

Tape: 5 Story: 9 - Dr. Henry Lucas speaks about the importance of history

DASession

1$1

DATape

2$4

DAStory

5$2

DATitle
Dr. Henry Lucas recalls first learning black history at Howard University
Dr. Henry Lucas recalls joining the President's Commission on Hostage Compensation
Transcript
Coming from this very small town [Rahway, New Jersey] and going to [Washington] D.C., which was larger (simultaneous)--$$(Simultaneous) Oh yeah, it was like (laughter)--$$--and there were lots of black people there.$$Yeah.$$How did, how did you feel about that.$$Oh, I felt wonderful. I mean it was like a, like being on another planet 'cause I did not know that black people existed like this, I mean professors, teachers, beautiful women, you name it. I was like, you know, I was so excited about it all.$$And you started studying black history [at Howard University, Washington, D.C.]?$$Yeah, oh yeah.$$What kind of things did you discover?$$What did I discover? Oh, everything. I mean I started going back to days of slavery and the whole bit, you know, going back into the 17- 1600s, you know, and what happened, you know, how slave system came about and the whole bit. The more I read, the more angry I got (laughter). Oh, I really got angry. I can't begin to tell you how, what it did to me. I, I got over that though after a while because I was determined that that anger had to be turned into something more positive. And, and I, I don't, I don't know philosophically what caused that, but that's--you know, you go through being angry because you don't know anything about your past, and you know, and, and, and, and, and the fact that, that no one ever told you about it. You know, my mother [Margaret Williams Lucas] and father [Henry Lucas, Sr.] didn't, never told me anything about black history. In fact, you know something? The more I think about this, I think back in those days, black people were, were embarrassed that they were black. I, I more--I'm more convinced about that than ever before because my mother and father, and no, no one ever, you know. And I think, I think that that's, that was part of our history, so we never talked about it. I think that slavery was, was something that, that black people didn't talk about because they were embarrassed to be, to be, to have been slaves. And the sad part about that is, is that, that, that they should never have been. And I think that in today's world, I think things are a lot differently today. I think it, it's not one of punishment or one of, of revenge, but I think that, that today, in today's world, black people should never let the world forget slavery, just like Jews will never let the world forget the Holocaust. It's, it's not one--it's, it's some, it's, it's a, it's a thing that happened, and, but the world should never forget it.$$That's right--$$And that's, that's part of how I feel about it, and that's probably why I've done all the things I've done over the years.$$Okay. You mentioned you had all this anger, and was there anything that made you want to--and then you channeled it into something positive. Was there any spark, or how did you go about that? Was there any one thing, or just over time you just kind of--$$No, I, I think, I think that, I guess where I channeled it was being, was being the best, top student, top wherever I could be. And that was, that was my, you know, because of what I learned about slavery and what have you, my attitude was then hey, I'm gonna wind up being the best, not mediocre or whatever. I was, it was--I, I mean I'm not sure how, how it all happened, but that's, I think that was like--that's probably was my attitude.$I guess I was--let me think here. I think I'd just come off the Iranian hostage commission [President's Commission on Hostage Compensation] at the time, yeah, somewhere, somewhere, somewhere in there. You remember the Iranian hostage--$$Right.$$--situation.$$(Unclear) some, yeah, I do remember it.$$Yeah.$$And I noticed you were on the commission.$$Yeah, yeah.$$Could you tell us something about that experience?$$I can you some about it, but some of them I can't.$$Okay.$$When, if you recall, on the-Carter [President James Earl "Jimmy" Carter, Jr.] was president at the time, and he was trying to get the hostage freed. And we had, we had sent in, sent in a couple more helicopters, and they got shot down and the whole bit and a couple of days before. And this was a couple of days before Reagan [President Ronald Wilson Reagan] was, was inaugurated. And that afternoon, Reagan was over at, at New York [New York]. The air raid was at twelve noon. And I think probably with, within the, I guess it was in an hour at the time the hostages were freed. Well, during the Carter administration the [U.S.] Congress had, had passed legislation to create a commission to deal with this situation. At the time, no one knew what was, was gonna be--I mean who was gonna win the elections, and it was bipartisan at the time. And depending upon whoever won the election would, the, the ruling party would have more seats on it than, than the out, outgoing party. Well, when Carter left, he left Cy Vance [Cyrus Vance], his secretary of state. And you remember Ms. Tricia Roberts [Patricia Roberts Harris]?$$Um-hm.$$Yeah, she, the two of them were--left on the committee. And so I get this call, and (unclear) coming to the White House [Washington, D.C.] and (laughter), and Mike [ph.] and them said to me and Neesom [ph.] to me, you know, we need a favor. And we need you to go on the Iran, Iranian hostage commission. I said you gotta be crazy. What's wrong with you guys (laughter)? I said you must be nuts. I don't wanna give out any hostages. I said come on, I, you know, I'll do anything I can to help, but I don't, I don't need this thing. And they said well, we, we just got to have some people. And there's another fellow who, who was Reagan's chief of finance at the time. I knew him. He and I were there at the time, and so it was he, myself, and another lady from--oh--what was that? I know her. She's since passed away, from South Carolina. Anyway, so three of us got, got put on this commission. And it was, it was--they assigned this lieutenant general to us to teach us about terrorism. It was, it was just unreal.

Dr. Daniel A. Collins

Dentist Daniel A. Collins was born on January 11, 1916, in Darlington, South Carolina. Collins attended elementary school and high school in Darling, South Carolina. Following high school graduation in 1932, Collins attended Paine College in Augusta, Georgia, from which he received his B.S. degree in science in 1936. Collins continued his studies at Meharry Medical College, where he earned his D.D.S. degree in 1941; he later obtained his master’s degree in dental science from the University of San Francisco in 1944.

Prior to moving to California, Collins studied children’s dentistry at the Guggenheim Clinic in New York City. Collins was offered a teaching position in California in 1942, where he became the first black dentist on the faculty of the School of Dental Science at the University of San Francisco; he continued teaching until 1968, when he opened a private practice that included several prominent people. Collins founded the Oral-Facial Consultative Service, which provided constructive surgery for those with facial deformities, and was a co-publisher of the newspaper Reporter. Collins later joined Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc. as Director of the West Coast Division, where he was instrumental in hiring several black authors and staff members; two of his acquisitions were The Black Child in White America, by Andrew Billingsley in 1975, and There is a River by Vincent G. Harding, in 1981.

Throughout his career, Collins was involved in politics both locally and nationally; he helped to establish the National Urban League’s San Francisco Bay Area office, the San Francisco Foundation for Aged Colored People, and the Northern California United Negro College Fund. Collins served on the governing boards of the National Committee for Citizens in Education; Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty; and the Golden Gate Regional Center. Collins was a member of Governor Pat Brown’s Committee to Study Medical Aid and Health in California; the California State Board of Public Health; the California State Board of Public Education; and the National Advisory Council on Minorities in Engineering.

Collins continued to expand his professional knowledge by writing, lecturing, and instructing in a clinical setting at several universities, including Meharry Medical College, Howard University, Georgetown University, Stanford Medical College, and at conventions of the American Dental Association and the National Dental Association. Collins was a member of several professional groups, including the American Dental Association, the National Dental Association, the California State Dental Association, the American Academy of Oral Pathology, and the Royal Society of Health.

Collins passed away on September 13, 2007 at the age of 91.

Accession Number

A2005.082

Sex

Male

Interview Date

3/28/2005

Last Name

Collins

Maker Category
Marital Status

Widower

Middle Name

Andrew

Occupation
Schools

Mayo High School for Math, Science, and Technology

Paine College

Meharry Medical College

University of California, San Francisco

First Name

Daniel

Birth City, State, Country

Darlington

HM ID

COL07

Favorite Season

Spring

State

South Carolina

Favorite Vacation Destination

Tahoe City, California

Favorite Quote

N/A

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

California

Birth Date

1/11/1916

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Bay Area/San Francisco

Country

United States

Favorite Food

Fish, Shellfish

Death Date

9/13/2007

Short Description

Dentist Dr. Daniel A. Collins (1916 - 2007 ) was the first African American dentist on the faculty of the School of Dental Science at the University of San Francisco; the founder of the Oral-Facial Consultative Service; and the co-publisher of the Reporter newspaper.

Employment

Guggenheim Dental Clinic

University of California, San Francisco

Department of Education

Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich

Private Practice

Favorite Color

Green

Timing Pairs
0,0:3526,152:45840,641:54893,709:68075,912:68580,970:69388,1030:121140,1722:141050,2344:154675,2765:193766,3195:244250,3710$0,0:2575,23:4000,43:17566,151:19458,190:35232,407:51900,575:54900,609:60740,680:72190,914:75154,988:90916,1211:91284,1216:96440,1261:96768,1266:97506,1276:129680,1674:148157,2007:156789,2107:157421,2117:163267,2251:171804,2328:173286,2363:177520,2385:182398,2425:183084,2433:193260,2570
DAStories

Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Slating of Dr. Daniel A. Collins' interview

Tape: 1 Story: 2 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins lists his favorites

Tape: 1 Story: 3 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins describes his mother's family background

Tape: 1 Story: 4 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins describes Rosenwald Schools and his mother's grocery store

Tape: 1 Story: 5 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins describes his father's family background

Tape: 1 Story: 6 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins describes his maternal aunts and childhood trips to South Carolina

Tape: 1 Story: 7 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins describes how his parents met

Tape: 1 Story: 8 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins describes his earliest childhood memory

Tape: 1 Story: 9 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins describes his half-brother, Waldo Collins

Tape: 2 Story: 1 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins describes his half-brother, Elliott Turnage, pt. 1

Tape: 2 Story: 2 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins describes his half-brother, Elliott Turnage, pt. 2

Tape: 2 Story: 3 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins describes his sister, Andrena Collins Baumgardner

Tape: 2 Story: 4 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins describes his father's business and his childhood neighborhood

Tape: 2 Story: 5 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins describes Bethel A.M.E. Church in Darlington, South Carolina

Tape: 2 Story: 6 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins describes his experiences at Mayo High School

Tape: 2 Story: 7 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins describes his best friend from childhood

Tape: 3 Story: 1 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins recalls an incident with a high school classmate

Tape: 3 Story: 2 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins describes his music lessons

Tape: 3 Story: 3 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins recalls his decision to attend Paine College in Augusta, Georgia

Tape: 3 Story: 4 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins recalls clearing land for highways with his father in South Carolina

Tape: 3 Story: 5 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins describes Paine College in Augusta, Georgia

Tape: 3 Story: 6 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins describes the racial climate at Paine College

Tape: 3 Story: 7 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins describes Paine College alumnus and writer, Frank Yerby

Tape: 3 Story: 8 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins describes notable alumni from Paine College

Tape: 3 Story: 9 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins describes Meharry Medical College in Nashville, Tennessee

Tape: 4 Story: 1 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins recalls being discriminated against by the U.S. Army

Tape: 4 Story: 2 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins explains how he avoided the draft during World War II

Tape: 4 Story: 3 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins recalls teaching at the University of California, San Francisco

Tape: 4 Story: 4 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins describes his dental practice and entry into politics

Tape: 4 Story: 5 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins describes his experiences in politics

Tape: 4 Story: 6 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins shares his opinion of Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger

Tape: 4 Story: 7 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins recalls his move to California in 1942

Tape: 4 Story: 8 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins describes African American migration to California in the 1940s

Tape: 5 Story: 1 - Dr. Daniels A. Collins describes the formation of San Francisco's National Urban League chapter

Tape: 5 Story: 2 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins describes the San Francisco National Urban League's community efforts

Tape: 5 Story: 3 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins describes the Fillmore neighborhood in San Francisco, California

Tape: 5 Story: 4 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins recalls the founding of Dr. Howard Thurman's first interracial church

Tape: 5 Story: 5 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins describes his living situation in San Francisco, California

Tape: 5 Story: 6 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins recounts moving to Mill Valley, California

Tape: 5 Story: 7 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins describes his career in book publishing

Tape: 6 Story: 1 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins describes his role at Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich

Tape: 6 Story: 2 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins recalls his trips to Sweden and Denmark

Tape: 6 Story: 3 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins remembers HistoryMaker Willie L. Brown

Tape: 6 Story: 4 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins describes his friends in California

Tape: 6 Story: 5 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins describes his publishing work and writing his memoirs

Tape: 6 Story: 6 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins talks about Synanon and his charity work

Tape: 6 Story: 7 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins shares his thoughts on cults

Tape: 6 Story: 8 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins describes his two oldest sons

Tape: 6 Story: 9 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins describes his son, HistoryMaker Charles Collins

Tape: 6 Story: 10 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins describes his wife's nonprofit organization, Lifehouse

Tape: 6 Story: 11 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins describes his wife and youngest son

Tape: 7 Story: 1 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins narrates his photographs, pt. 1

Tape: 7 Story: 2 - Dr. Daniel A. Collins narrates his photographs, pt. 2

DASession

1$1

DATape

2$4

DAStory

4$8

DATitle
Dr. Daniel A. Collins describes his father's business and his childhood neighborhood
Dr. Daniel A. Collins describes African American migration to California in the 1940s
Transcript
Could you tell us something about the neighborhood you lived in?$$Well, of course, it was the colored part of town. There was, when I was a kid, there were no, there was no city water supply. We had a well. When I, my youngest memory. My father [Andrew Collins] was in the draying business before he became a house mover. He's in the draying business. He moved tobacco around from the warehouse to warehouse and moved cotton around from the gins, pardon me, but he was a dray- had dray, had a drayage company and had a big barn in the back of our home with maybe about eight or ten horse teams, eight or ten, about ten horses, it'd be four, two-horse teams which he used to pull his dray trucks. I can remember in the mornings those guys coming down by the side of the house, going back to the barns, watering up the horses and tying them up to the wagon and so forth and I can remember my dad bought the first Republic [Republic Motor Truck Company] truck. The Republic truck was an old diesel truck, a two-lunged diesel truck. It had thick, hard rubber tires, about that thick, I mean, hard rubber, not like the soft rubber now in automobiles this would have been, when it went along, it went along with a big jolt but it was a diesel. Dad had his diesel, I remember that and, of course, diesel didn't last very long before it hadn't got into Ford [Ford Motor Company] and Chevrolet began to build trucks, a lot of weight trucks and more efficient trucks.$$So what was your community, the neighbors, your neighborhood?$$My neighborhood, of course, all black. There was a house of prostitution down the street, about a block from my house. My mother [Lucy Miller Collins] had a grocery store. She never, she never disparaged the prostitutes and we had this grocery store, so I had to sometimes deliver groceries there and she said, "Son, you go in and you be courteous and you come on back out." But it's a funny thing. I finished high school [Mayo High School; Mayo High School for Math, Science, and Technology, Darlington, South Carolina] in 1932. That was in the height of the Depression [Great Depression], and my family made the decision, all of my brothers had gone, my brother, one brother had gone to Georgia State [Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia], Waldo [Waldo Collins], one [Elliott Turnage] had gone to into Harvard [Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts] and Fisk [Fisk University, Nashville, Tennessee], my sister [Andrena Collins Baumgardner] had gone to Allen [Allen University, Columbia, South Carolina] and AU [Atlanta University; Clark Atlanta University, Atlanta, Georgia]. When it came my time to go to college in 1932, my parents were hard up, money was short. They made a temporary, they made a decision that I would not go to college and Ms. Buford [ph.], that was her name, she was the headmistress at the whorehouse, came in the store one day and asked me what I was going to do. I guess I was blue, maybe crying, I don't remember that. So I said, "My parents said I couldn't go to college, they couldn't afford to send me to college." So she berated my mother and she said to her, "Ms. Lucy, how could you not send this boy to college? He's the nicest kid you got," and that was what it took for my dad to go down on a Sunday morning to the home of the guy who was the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company agent, borrowed $200 on his insurance policy, which I finally saw that when he died, I, when I cashed that policy, there was the $200 he borrowed. He'd gone to the, to the agent's home that Sunday morning and got a $200 check to give to me to go to college. So you never know where strength comes, you never know from whence it comes.$But I made it here and where these blacks, this new population of blacks coming into town in mass numbers and the only, for the most part, the type of black person or white person who could pick up stakes, take a one-way ticket and go to a new territory was not the guy who had a job, was not the school teacher or the butcher or the baker, he, it was guys who would take anything, could only pay them at a dollar and five cents an hour, a dollar and ten cents an hour. It was no big bonanza, it wasn't a gold rush, but it was a job and if you knew you had, that caliber of newcomer in large numbers and the Japanese almost the same day, it was only a month or so apart that the Japanese had been taken out of the Fillmore District [San Francisco, California] and put into concentration camps, and blacks ended up in town. That's why they ended up in the Fillmore District because that's where, that's where the Japanese lived and there were vacant spots. They just went into that, to that vacuum of space but then you had, you got these old time, old timers, I would have called them, about 3,000 that would have been in San Francisco [California] for, some of them for several generations, been here for a long time and they were pretty well settled. The most important person in town was a man who drove, who drove the, the, who was the chauffeur for the, for the mayor, by the name of Walter Sanford. He was the mayor's chauffeur. He was the, he was, that's the man that you want to front for you because he would, he could get some action. So you had to, the YMCA [Young Men's Christian Association] and some very thoughtful Caucasian ladies, Dan Carcelen [ph.] from the Levi Strauss family, formed a committee to study this new social situation in San Francisco and invited Charlie Johnson [Charles S. Johnson] who at that time was the president of Morehouse [Morehouse College, Atlanta, Georgia], I mean of Fisk [Fisk University, Nashville, Tennessee], invited Charlie Johnson to come out and conduct a study and people did this sub- study over about three or four months, he came back, had a series of meetings with the Social Service Department [California Department of Social Services], with the YMC--with the YW--YMCA who sponsored this thing, I'm just finding out, and decided that Charlie Johnson suggested that the Urban League would be the best social answer to this new population. Another group is, another group, old timers here, did not want New York-type people controlling, they wanted local people, they formed the Council for Civic Unity.

Dr. Judith M. Davenport

Dentist Judith Marylyn Davenport was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania on August 10, 1939. After graduating from Taylor-Allderdice High School, Davenport attended Penn State University, earning her B.S. degree in 1961. Davenport continued her education several years later, earning a master’s of public health in 1973 and then a doctorate of dental medicine degree in 1979, both from the University of Pittsburgh.

While earning her M.P.H, Davenport focused on low-income dental programs, and this furthered her desire to become a dentist. After completing her D.M.D., Davenport opened her own private practice in 1982, where she continued to practice until she retired in 2000. As a dentist, Davenport was featured in Fred Rogers’ Going to the Dentist, as well as the video Women in Dentistry. In addition, she and her husband, Ronald Davenport, Sr., founded the Sheridan Broadcasting Corporation in 1973. Starting with four radio stations, now the corporation’s holdings include the American Urban Radio Network, with 400 affiliates around the country.

Since her retirement from dentistry, Davenport has remained active on a number of committees in the community. She serves as a trustee of the Alvin Ailey Dance Theater, the Andy Warhol Museum, the Pittsburgh Center for the Arts and the Pittsburgh Public Theater, among others. She is also the chair of the board of directors for Carlow College and is on the Washington Regional Selection Panel for the President’s Commission on White House Fellowships. Some of her many awards include the Distinguished Daughter of Pennsylvania Award and the Distinguished Alumna Award from Pennsylvania State University.

Accession Number

A2004.136

Sex

Female

Interview Date

8/20/2004

Last Name

Davenport

Maker Category
Marital Status

Married

Middle Name

Marylyn

Occupation
Schools

Taylor Allderdice High School

Pennsylvania State University

Burgwin Elementary School

Gladstone Middle School

University Of Pittsburgh Graduate School Of Public Health

University Of Pittsburgh School Of Dental Medicine

First Name

Judith

Birth City, State, Country

Pittsburgh

HM ID

DAV15

Favorite Season

Fall

State

Pennsylvania

Favorite Vacation Destination

Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts, Nassau, Bahamas

Favorite Quote

Never Say Never.

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Pennsylvania

Birth Date

8/10/1939

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Pittsburgh

Country

United States

Favorite Food

Chicken

Short Description

Dentist Dr. Judith M. Davenport (1939 - ) co-founded the Sheridan Broadcasting Corporation, which began with four radio stations, and has expanded to include the American Urban Radio Network, with 400 affiliates around the country.

Employment

Sheridan Broadcasting Corporation

Judith M. Davenport DMD.

Favorite Color

Green, Orange

Timing Pairs
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DAStories

Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Slating of Dr. Judith M. Davenport's interview

Tape: 1 Story: 2 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport lists her favorites

Tape: 1 Story: 3 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport talks about her mother's family background

Tape: 1 Story: 4 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport talks about her maternal family's interaction with the Daughters of the American Revolution

Tape: 1 Story: 5 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport describes her mother's immediate family

Tape: 1 Story: 6 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport describes her maternal grandfather's conflict in the A.M.E. Zion church

Tape: 1 Story: 7 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport describes her maternal grandfather's activism

Tape: 1 Story: 8 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport lists her mother's various childhood homes

Tape: 1 Story: 9 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport describes her maternal grandmother losing her savings during the Stock Market Crash of 1929

Tape: 1 Story: 10 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport talks about her mother's catering career

Tape: 1 Story: 11 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport talks about her siblings

Tape: 1 Story: 12 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport talks about her father

Tape: 1 Story: 13 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport talks about her maternal grandfather's education

Tape: 2 Story: 1 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport describes how her parents met and married in Akron, Ohio

Tape: 2 Story: 2 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport talks about her father's work at U.S. Steel in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Tape: 2 Story: 3 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport recalls her earliest childhood memory

Tape: 2 Story: 4 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport describes the sights, sounds and smells of her childhood in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Tape: 2 Story: 5 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport describes growing up in the Glen Hazel Heights housing project in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Tape: 2 Story: 6 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport describes her childhood personality

Tape: 2 Story: 7 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport talks about her childhood role models

Tape: 2 Story: 8 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport describes her maternal grandmother's disapproval of historically black colleges and universities in the South

Tape: 2 Story: 9 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport talks about the loss of her maternal grandmother's family history

Tape: 2 Story: 10 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport describes attending Burgwin Elementary School in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Tape: 2 Story: 11 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport talks about visiting the library as a child and the music her family listened to

Tape: 2 Story: 12 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport talks about going to church and listening to the radio

Tape: 3 Story: 1 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport describes her mother losing a radio broadcasting job to disc jockey, Mary Dee and the creation of Loftin Party Service

Tape: 3 Story: 2 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport describes attending Gladstone Middle School in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Tape: 3 Story: 3 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport describes her childhood activities

Tape: 3 Story: 4 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport talks about Taylor Allderdice High School in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Tape: 3 Story: 5 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport talks about her relationship with her Jewish classmates at Taylor Allderdice High School in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Tape: 3 Story: 6 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport describes the prejudice she faced from administrators at Taylor Allderdice High School in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Tape: 3 Story: 7 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport talks about Pennsylvania State University in University Park, Pennsylvania and the freedom there

Tape: 3 Story: 8 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport talks about her fellow students at Pennsylvania State University in University Park, Pennsylvania

Tape: 3 Story: 9 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport talks about a Ph.D. student she worked with at Pennsylvania State University in University Park, Pennsylvania

Tape: 4 Story: 1 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport describes meeting her husband, HistoryMaker Ronald Davenport, and settling in Pittsburgh Pennsylvania with him

Tape: 4 Story: 2 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport describes going to the University Of Pittsburgh Graduate School Of Public Health in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Tape: 4 Story: 3 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport talks about being accepted into the University Of Pittsburgh School Of Dental Medicine in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Tape: 4 Story: 4 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport describes a sexist incident in her admission process to the University Of Pittsburgh School Of Dental Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Tape: 4 Story: 5 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport describes the University Of Pittsburgh School Of Dental Medicine in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and her study group

Tape: 4 Story: 6 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport remembers the sexism and racism at the University Of Pittsburgh School Of Dental Medicine in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Tape: 4 Story: 7 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport describes her mentor at the University Of Pittsburgh School Of Dental Medicine in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Tape: 4 Story: 8 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport talks about the dental practices in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania that she worked in

Tape: 4 Story: 9 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport reflects upon her career in dentistry

Tape: 5 Story: 1 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport talks about the medical advances in dentistry and dentures

Tape: 5 Story: 2 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport talks about the availability of affordable dentistry and the challenges facing new dentists

Tape: 5 Story: 3 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport describes common dental issues among African Americans

Tape: 5 Story: 4 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport talks about her affiliation with dental associations

Tape: 5 Story: 5 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport explains her decision to pursue dentistry rather than medicine or a career in broadcasting

Tape: 5 Story: 6 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport talks about founding Sheridan Broadcasting Corporation with HistoryMaker Ronald Davenport in 1972, pt. 1

Tape: 5 Story: 7 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport talks about founding Sheridan Broadcasting Corporation with HistoryMaker Ronald Davenport in 1972, pt. 2

Tape: 5 Story: 8 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport talks about her organizational affiliations and activities

Tape: 5 Story: 9 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport reflects upon her life

Tape: 5 Story: 10 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport describes her concerns for the African American community

Tape: 5 Story: 11 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport reflects upon her legacy

Tape: 5 Story: 12 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport talks about her father's interest in dentistry

Tape: 5 Story: 13 - Dr. Judith M. Davenport describes how she would like to be remembered

DASession

1$1

DATape

4$5

DAStory

3$6

DATitle
Dr. Judith M. Davenport talks about being accepted into the University Of Pittsburgh School Of Dental Medicine in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Dr. Judith M. Davenport talks about founding Sheridan Broadcasting Corporation with HistoryMaker Ronald Davenport in 1972, pt. 1
Transcript
So I had to do a thesis and I did my thesis on a dental health program in--at the--at Allegheny General Hospital [Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania] which was a program in which kids got dental treatment if their parents signed a form but the parents didn't have to be there. Most of the reason--one of the main reasons children do not seek--I mean children don't have proper dental care is because the parents are responsible for seeing to it that they get to the dentist. So this was a way--this program was a way of taking the responsibility of getting the child to the office away from the parent by them signing a note. And the school was involved. There was a bus that would go to the school on certain days, these kids would come in, and they were brought into our clinic. So this program really fascinated me. I just--it was wonderful. It was a great program and I saw these kids getting all kinds of dental care and, you know, I was--and I'd always had dental problems of my own. So I said to one of the doctors in the program, I said, "Dr. [Harold] Binstock, you know, I--you know, I think I'm really just a frustrated dentist. I really should've gone to dental school." So he said, "Judy, it's not too late." So I said, "What do you mean?" So he said, "What did you major in? What's your grade"--so I told him, I said, " I was in medical technology but it was--you know, I said I had all--every chemistry course they offered, I had physics, I had math," I said--he said, "Why don't you apply to dental school?" So I said, "Do you really think so?" So he said, "Yeah." So I applied. I got the application and I just, stupidly, I just went and sat in at the--took the DAT, the Dental Aptitude Test, and I did poorly on the aptitude test. Well, I was furious with myself. So I said, get your brain together, get the book. There is a book on the Dental Aptitudes. Everybody studies for the Med CATs [Medical College Admission Test (MCAT)]. I remember kids studying for the Med CATs when I was in college [Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania]. Get the book, do the homework, take the test--retake the test. So I did that and I did very well on the test, so I took my application, et cetera, up to Pitt [University of Pittsburgh School of Dental Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania], and they said, "Well, you know, you look like a strong student, but, you know, we're not--why don't you take organic chemistry in the summer?" Well, organic chemistry I had already had, and I said, "I already had organic." They said, "Yeah, but, you know, maybe it was--it's old." Organic is never old, but anyway, so they made me--they suggested that I take this organic chemistry course, which was four weeks, four hours a day, and I took the course and I did very well in the course. They didn't make me take the lab, but I took the course. And I took my grade in to the dean of admissions and he said, "You got a B in organic chemistry in the four-week summer program? Most kids fail." I said, "Yes." He said, "You're in."$Now what station did you buy and how did you come into that (simultaneous)?$$(Simultaneous) We bought four radio stations. In 1972, we bought WAMO [WAMO Radio, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania], WILD [WILD Radio] in Boston [Massachusetts], WAMO--AMF [ph.] in Pittsburgh [Pennsylvania], WILD in Boston, and WUFO [WUFO Radio] in Buffalo [New York].$$Now what gave you the idea to buy radio stations or did you come into--$$Well, Ron [HistoryMaker Ronald Davenport] and I were talking and we would always talk about ways in which we could, you know, have an independent source of income, and we thought about banks, banking, and we thought about newspapers. And Ron is a very--he's a big reader of biographies, and he had noted that many people had made their, gotten start in, in radio, and one of them was [President] Lyndon Baines Johnson. So we were looking and he said, you know, black radio, radio is an interesting thing. We didn't care if it was black, white, green or indifferent. But we figured if we were into black radio, whatever we were in, we, we wanted something that did not make us dependent on white folks for an income. So this opportunity--Ron had a student who was researching the opportunities for--in broadcasting, banking, and newspapers. Because John [H.] Sengsacke was a friend; we knew the [Pittsburgh] Courier [New Pittsburgh Courier] people. So anyway, it turned out that these four radio stations were available, and we started getting excited about it, you know. I said--I said, "Ron, that's the old station that they rejected mom from, you know (laughter) that?" So he said, "Yes." So we--you know, we put together--there were about four of us, Maggie [ph.], Art [ph.], Reagan [ph.]--there were four of us. We put together a group and the bank--we put some money in, but the bank lent us the money to buy these radio stations. And Ron had--Ron was very active in our community and he had made some very good friends, and one of them was a banker and--Johnny Myer [ph.], vouched for us to get this loan. He was president of Mellon Bank [Mellon Financial Corporation; BNY Mellon, New York, New York], and that's how we got the loan. But we--you know, we hired the staff, and we thought, oh, this will be ideal, we'll just live off this income. But, you know, (laughter) it doesn't work that way often--very often.

Dr. Enrique A. Riggs

Harlem dentist and businessman Dr. Enrique A. Riggs was born on June 3, 1943, in Panama City, Panama, to Winifred and Eric Riggs. Riggs is an active member of several civic organizations and the Army Reserve.

After earning his B.A. in psychology from Central State University in Wilberforce, Ohio, Riggs enlisted in the Army Reserve in 1968, rising to the rank of colonel in the Dental Corps. He earned his master's degree in counseling from the State University of New York at Albany in 1971, and in 1978 he received his degree in clinical dentistry from Howard University. Since 1978, Riggs has been in private practice in Harlem at an office he owns with his wife. Riggs was a co-founder in 1983 of the Small Business Stock Exchange of America, providing growing and emerging companies with expansion capital. He earned an M.B.A. in finance from Iona College in 1997 with a certificate in international business.

Since 1995, Riggs has served as a military academy liaison at the U.S. Military Academy at West Point. He is responsible for recruiting cadets from the New York area and minority cadets from the nation at large. Following the World Trade Center attacks on September 11, 2001, Riggs used his professional expertise to examine dental records and help identify victims at Ground Zero. In 2002, the U.S. Army Dental Command appointed Riggs North Atlantic Region Dental Commander in the U.S. Army Reserve.

Riggs has been active in a number of other civic and professional organizations, including the 100 Black Men, the American Association of Securities Dealers and the American Dental Association. He sits on the Boulé Foundation Board. He and his wife, Dr. Carol Morales, were married in 1983 and have one daughter, Myra Christine. Riggs lives with his family in White Plains, New York.

Accession Number

A2003.216

Sex

Male

Interview Date

9/17/2003 |and| 6/7/2005

Last Name

Riggs

Maker Category
Marital Status

Married

Middle Name

A.

Occupation
Schools

Central State University

State University of New York at Albany

Iona College

First Name

Enrique

Birth City, State, Country

Panama City

HM ID

RIG01

Favorite Season

Fall

Favorite Vacation Destination

Caribbean

Favorite Quote

None

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

New York

Birth Date

6/3/1943

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

New York

Country

Panama

Favorite Food

Seafood

Short Description

Dentist Dr. Enrique A. Riggs (1943 - ) co-founded the Small Business Stock Exchange of America in 1983 and has served on its board of directors. Riggs also served as a military academy liaison at the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, and was appointed as the North Atlantic Region Dental Commander in the U.S. Army Reserve.

Employment

State University New York Albany

Hudson Valley Community College

Delete

NYSA-ILA Medical Center

New York State Department of Corrections

Small Business Stock Exchange

Favorite Color

Earth Tones

Timing Pairs
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DAStories

Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Slating of Dr. Enrique A. Riggs' interview

Tape: 1 Story: 2 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs lists his favorites

Tape: 1 Story: 3 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs talks about his mother and how his family came to Panama

Tape: 1 Story: 4 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs describes his mother and various phrases she used

Tape: 1 Story: 5 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs talks about his father and the death of his older brother

Tape: 1 Story: 6 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs talks about his desire to visit Panama

Tape: 1 Story: 7 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs recalls his earliest childhood memories of Panama

Tape: 1 Story: 8 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs recalls moving to New York, New York

Tape: 1 Story: 9 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs describes his move to Harlem, New York and ethnic divides in the area

Tape: 1 Story: 10 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs recalls the sights, sounds and smells of his childhood

Tape: 1 Story: 11 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs talks about learning to cook and adjusting to America as a child

Tape: 1 Story: 12 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs recalls his childhood in New York, New York

Tape: 1 Story: 13 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs talks about his family's musical abilities and how he became interested in drumming

Tape: 2 Story: 1 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs talks about taking up the drums

Tape: 2 Story: 2 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs describes the schools he attended as a child

Tape: 2 Story: 3 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs talks about jazz musicians he admired as a junior high schooler

Tape: 2 Story: 4 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs describes how he was exposed to jazz as a child and his involvement in the Minisink Warriors

Tape: 2 Story: 5 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs describes growing up near musicians Jimmy Cobb and Ben Riley

Tape: 2 Story: 6 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs talks about his love for playing the drums

Tape: 2 Story: 7 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs reflects upon how well-regarded jazz musicians found their sound

Tape: 2 Story: 8 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs talks about running track as a youth

Tape: 2 Story: 9 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs describes his interests as a youth inside and out of school

Tape: 2 Story: 10 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs talks about his parents' support for his decisions

Tape: 3 Story: 1 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs talks about his family's expectations and his involvement with the Order of the Arrow as a Boy Scout

Tape: 3 Story: 2 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs talks about his path to higher education

Tape: 3 Story: 3 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs recalls what led him to attend Central State University in Wilberforce, Ohio

Tape: 3 Story: 4 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs talks about the history of Central State University in Wilberforce, Ohio and his time as a student there

Tape: 3 Story: 5 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs talks about his decision to major in psychology

Tape: 3 Story: 6 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs talks about Dr. Charles Wesley, president of Central State University in Wilberforce, Ohio

Tape: 3 Story: 7 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs talks about social unrest at Central State University during the 1960s

Tape: 3 Story: 8 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs talks about the musical tradition at Central State University in Wilberforce, Ohio, pt.1

Tape: 4 Story: 1 - Slating of Dr. Enrique A. Riggs' interview, session two

Tape: 4 Story: 2 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs recalls being drafted into both the NFL and the U.S. Army in 1968

Tape: 4 Story: 3 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs talks about playing for the Green Bay Packers as a reserve player

Tape: 4 Story: 4 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs talks about black players for the Green Bay Packers

Tape: 4 Story: 5 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs recalls being drafted into the U.S. Army

Tape: 4 Story: 6 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs talks about earning his M.A. degree and working for Educational Opportunities Program

Tape: 4 Story: 7 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs talks about a doll test project he worked on in the early 1960s

Tape: 4 Story: 8 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs describes how he ended up studying dentistry, pt.1

Tape: 4 Story: 9 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs describes how he ended up studying dentistry, pt.2

Tape: 4 Story: 10 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs describes his experience at Howard University College of Dentistry in Washington, D.C., pt. 1

Tape: 5 Story: 1 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs describes his experience at Howard University College of Dentistry in Washington, D.C., pt. 2

Tape: 5 Story: 2 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs talks about the musical tradition at Central State University in Wilberforce, Ohio, pt. 1

Tape: 5 Story: 3 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs talks about the musical tradition at Central State University in Wilberforce, Ohio, pt. 2

Tape: 5 Story: 4 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs talks about opening the Small Business Stock Exchange of America, pt. 1

Tape: 5 Story: 5 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs talks about opening the Small Business Stock Exchange of America, pt. 2

Tape: 5 Story: 6 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs talks about his dental practice

Tape: 5 Story: 7 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs talks about his dental residencies with Dr. Marcus Moore and at Sydenham Hospital in New York, New York

Tape: 5 Story: 8 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs talks about an endeavor into opening a teaching hospital in the Bahamas

Tape: 5 Story: 9 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs talks about returning to school in 1995 to pursue an M.B.A. degree

Tape: 6 Story: 1 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs talks about his dental training and that of black dentists during World War II

Tape: 6 Story: 2 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs talks about race issues in dentistry

Tape: 6 Story: 3 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs talks about practicing forensic dentistry following September 11th

Tape: 6 Story: 4 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs talks about going to Mississippi during the 1960s and the importance of historical understanding

Tape: 6 Story: 5 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs talks about trying to block funding-cuts for Central State University

Tape: 6 Story: 6 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs recalls presenting a threat analysis for on an oil company during business school

Tape: 6 Story: 7 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs laments the state of contemporary education

Tape: 7 Story: 1 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs describes his experience in the U.S. military during the Gulf War

Tape: 7 Story: 2 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs talks about being stationed at Fort Bragg, North Carolina and being a recruiter for West Point in New York

Tape: 7 Story: 3 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs describes how he recruited minorities to the U.S. Military Academy at West Point in West Point, New York

Tape: 7 Story: 4 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs reflects upon his experience in the military

Tape: 7 Story: 5 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs talks about organizations in which he has taken part

Tape: 7 Story: 6 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs reflects upon his life

Tape: 7 Story: 7 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs explains why he agreed to be interviewed for The HistoryMakers

Tape: 7 Story: 8 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs reflects upon the importance of history

Tape: 7 Story: 9 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs describes his hopes and concerns for the black community

Tape: 7 Story: 10 - Dr. Enrique A. Riggs reflects upon his legacy and words from HistoryMaker Ossie Davis

DASession

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DATape

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DAStory

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DATitle
Dr. Enrique A. Riggs describes his experience at Howard University College of Dentistry in Washington, D.C., pt. 1
Dr. Enrique A. Riggs talks about his dental residencies with Dr. Marcus Moore and at Sydenham Hospital in New York, New York
Transcript
Howard [University College of Dentistry, Washington, D.C.], and what was that experience like, Howard University 1970, in the '70s [1970s] up until '78 [1978] when you completed it?$$Stressful, but wonderful, wonderful. I would not have wanted to do it any other way.$$Who were some of your instructors and some of the influential people on campus in, in the '70s [1970s]?$$As far as dental school was concerned, there were a number of, of instructors and professors that we had in dental school that, that made an impact. Certainly, Dr. Henry, Joe Henry [Joseph L. Henry] who was our dean, I'm sorry he was presi, he was the dean of the dental school. He was one person who made an impact. Well, a lot of them, Dr. [James] Stanback, who was a professor and chairman of the oral surgery department. In fact, the entire oral surgery department was a superb group of individuals. There was a gentleman who I was very close to over the years, a Dr. Hancock, Victor Hancock who was a Tuskegee Airmen who just recently, recently passed about a month ago, month and a half ago. Victor was chairman of American Express, Kenneth Chenault's father-in-law. Victor, Victor was a very, very unique man. Dr. Marcus Moore, he wasn't a professor, but he was a doctor who I started working with when I first got out of dental school. In fact, this was a gentleman that, that my wife and I purchased his practice when I retired. He has now since passed on. He was a major force and my, my first father-in-law also was a, was a dentist, that's Dr. Alfred Proctter [ph.] out of Norfolk, Virginia.$So let's talk about developing the practice. How, how did you go about doing that? I mean you're a young man, you're straight out of Howard's dental school [Howard University College of Dentistry, Washington, D.C.], you buy the practice and what's the day-to-day life--?$$Well, that didn't happen automatically. You come out of dental school and, and one of the things that you want to do, if at all possible, is to secure a post-graduate training program. Then we didn't have that many post-graduate training programs in dentistry. The difference between getting post-graduate dental training and post-graduate medical training is that every physician that finishes medical school has his name on a residency somewhere in this country. It may be his or her first choice; it might not be his or her first choice, but they have their name on a residency program somewhere in his country. It's sort of the next step. In dentistry, there not that many residency programs around. We're getting better, it's growing, but these residency programs are so highly coveted and so highly competitive and very, very difficult to get. So, my first year out of school I worked with Dr. Moore in the office and looking around for other opportunities because you can walk into an office and see patients lined up wall to wall every day. It wasn't like that. It's not like that today. So, oftentimes you found yourself sitting around twirling your thumbs looking at the four walls. Part of that is that a lot of our patients now are not staying uptown, they're going downtown. They're going elsewhere were we don't go because we can't go for whatever reasons. But, you just happen to mention it's ironic that you, you don't have a black dentist, you didn't know many. Well, that's the story that a lot of people are beginning to talk about now. They're saying I never had a black, a black doctor before. You know one of the patients that I had is during my residency program--I did get a residency program--Sydenham Hospital [New York, New York] on 125th Street which just really broke my heart. I was on emergency service one day and a woman came in she was obviously upwards of eighty. She came in on emergency basis and she had a, denture work being done there at the hospital. She came in and she had a complaint that whenever she drank hot tea that her teeth just kept moving and I just thought gee that didn't sound unusual, that's sounded a little, a little unusual. So, I asked her more questions and, heat sort of oriented questions, when you eat hot food do the teeth move around, you know tell me more. She said well anytime she eats or when she drinks hot tea the teeth just seems to move. So, I said okay well let me just take a look at, at your denture. I had took out the denture, and you know what she was wearing, she was wearing what we call a trial denture. This is a denture that we set in wax before it's sent to the lab to be fabricated. Someone let this woman go out with a trial denture, the teeth sat in wax as the competed denture. And the thing that broke my heart about it was that she said to me, she kept staring and I wondered if there was something wrong and I said well, I can't recall her name now, I said is there a problem. She says no, she said you make me so proud I've never had a black doctor before, but she was upwards of eighty years old. That broke my heart. So, we deal with some of that. But, you know, you get through it and so these are the kinds of things that, that had another dimension to your life and you try to make it better, you try to change things, if you can. So, overall, the dental practice is one of the most positive things in my life. I enjoy it. My wife's [HM Carol Morales] a dentist. She does a lot of the general work--she's a HistoryMaker as well, and I now come in and I do the difficult surgical procedures and that's what I really enjoy; I enjoy that.