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John M. Hairston, Jr.

Educator John M. Hairston, Jr. was born on January 16, 1943 in Johnson City, Tennessee. His family later settled in Gary, West Virginia, where Hairston attended Wilcoe Grade School. Hairston graduated from Gary District High School, and went on to receive his B.A. degree in English at Bluefield State College in 1964. He then earned his M.A. degree in education administration from Cleveland State University in 1971.

Hairston began his teaching career in 1964 at Kennard Junior High school in Cleveland, Ohio. He also taught at East High School. During his twenty-seven year career with the Cleveland Public School District, Hairston held various positions such as project manager in the compensatory education department, staff development director, and chief of community relations. In 1991, he was hired as the director of external programs at the NASA John H. Glenn Research Center in Cleveland. In this role, he worked closely with U.S. Congressman Louis Stokes and Director Julian Manly Earls to facilitate a relationship between the center and the Cleveland community. Hairston promoted scientific literacy and developed outreach programs to support the community and local businesses. He continued to serve in the school district as an appointee on the Cleveland School Board, receiving the appointment from the state schools superintendent, John M. Goff. He later joined the Cuyahoga County Board of Elections in 1998. In 2006, Hairston acted as the interim assistant administrator for the Office of Education at NASA John H. Glenn Research Center before returning to the external programs department later that same year. He retired from the center in 2008. From 2008 to 2011, Hairston acted as the chief of communications for Cleveland Public Schools, after being recruited by then chief executive officer Dr. Eugene T.W. Sanders.

Hairston joined the board of trustees at the Cleveland Public Library; and, in 2012, he became the district director for the 11th District Congressional Office in Warrensville Heights, Ohio under U.S. Congresswoman Marcia Fudge. He also served as co-chair of the city of Cleveland's 177m Empowerment Zone initiative, and was president of the Cuyahoga Board of Elections for four years.

Hairston lives in Cleveland, Ohio, and has three children: James Colvin, John Hairston, III, and Tracy Hairston Brown.

John M. Hairston, Jr. was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on September 28, 2018.

Accession Number

A2018.196

Sex

Male

Interview Date

9/28/2018

Last Name

Hairston

Maker Category
Middle Name

M.

Occupation
Organizations
First Name

John

HM ID

HAI05

Favorite Season

Fall

Favorite Vacation Destination

Oak Island, North Carolina

Favorite Quote

In All Thy Ways Acknowledge Him, And He Will Direct Your Path, But Trust In The Lord With All Thy Heart, And Lean Not On Your Own Understanding.

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Ohio

Birth Date

1/16/1943

Speakers Bureau Region City

Cleveland

Favorite Food

Pork Chops, Greens, Mashed Potatoes, And Mother's Famous Hot Rolls

Short Description

Educator John M. Hairston, Jr. (1943 - ) taught in Cleveland Public Schools for twenty-seven years and was director of external programs at the NASA John H. Glenn Research Center for seventeen years.

Favorite Color

Blue And Gold

Brian E. Hall

Entrepreneur Brian Hall was born on May 5, 1958 in Cleveland, Ohio to Virginia and William Hall. He attended John F. Kennedy High School, graduating from there in 1976. Hall went on to obtain his B.B.A. degree from the University of Cincinnati in 1980. He then earned his M.B.A. degree from Baldwin-Wallace College in Berea, Ohio in 1987, and later attended the executive management program at the Dartmouth College’s Tuck School of Business.

Hall began working part-time for his family’s company, Industrial Transport, Inc. in 1977, where he eventually became president and CEO in 1984. In 1987, Hall founded the Tremont Elementary School Advisory group. He then purchased Industrial Transport Inc. in 1999. In 2001, Hall led a joint venture between Industrial Transport Inc. and Applied Industrial Technologies Inc. to form iSource Performance Materials. Four years later, Industrial Transport, Inc. restructured under the name Innogistics, LLC. The same year, Hall created JIT Services, LLC. Hall also served as the interim executive director of the Commission on Economic Inclusion in 2012, where he served multiple subsequent terms as co-chair. In 2014, Hall joined the senior leadership team at the Greater Cleveland Partnership as the senior vice president. The same year, he opened an All About People recruiting franchise. Hall went on to form 2NorthStar Capital, LLC in 2016.

Hall has served on various boards throughout his career, including with University Hospitals Health System Inc., the Cleveland Cuyahoga Port Authority, the Northeast Ohio Regional Sewer District, the University of Cincinnati Foundation, the Cleveland Water Alliance, the Rhythm and Blues Foundation, and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum Board. In 2011, Hall was named to the Cuyahoga County Economic Development Commission, and served as secretary of the Cleveland Rock and Roll Inc. board in 2013. He later also founded the President’s Council, LLC.

In 1990, Hall was featured on Crain’s Forty under 40 list. He was first named as a part of the Power Pack list in 2003 and was featured intermittently through 2012. In 2007, Hall was awarded the Bridge Builder Award by the American Jewish Committee and the Pacesetter Award by the Christian Business League. He also received the Volunteer of the Year by Leadership Cleveland and the Supplier of the Year Award for Community Service by Ford Motor Company.

Brian Hall has three children and resides in Cleveland, Ohio.

Brian Hall was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on September 26, 2018.

Accession Number

A2018.192

Sex

Male

Interview Date

9/26/2018

Last Name

Hall

Maker Category
Middle Name

E.

Organizations
First Name

Brian

Birth City, State, Country

Cleveland

HM ID

HAL17

Favorite Season

Summer

State

Ohio

Favorite Vacation Destination

Zihuatanejo, Mexico

Favorite Quote

Work Hard And Play Harder.

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Ohio

Birth Date

5/5/1958

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Cleveland

Favorite Food

Spaghetti, Pizza

Short Description

Entrepreneur Brian Hall (1958 - ) was president and CEO of Innogistics, LLC/ JIT Services, LLC before becoming senior vice president of the Greater Cleveland Partnership in 2014.

Favorite Color

Gray

Richard C. Walker, III

Bank executive Richard C. Walker III was born on October 4, 1949 in Boston, Massachusetts to Helen Hammond Walker and Richard C. Walker, Jr. Walker graduated from Dover High School in Dover, Delaware in 1967, and received his B.A. degree in sociology from Villanova University in 1971. He also completed the Greater Boston executive program at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Sloan School of Management.

Walker moved to Boston, Massachusetts in 1977 to work for the Greater Roxbury Development Corporation as director of development. He also worked as the director of administration before being selected as the corporation’s executive director. Walker oversaw the corporation’s reorganization from a federally funded entity to a privately funded entity. In 1983, he left the Greater Roxbury Development Corporation to join the Lincoln Filene Center for Citizenship and Public Affairs at Tufts University. Working as the associate director, he coordinated conferences, special projects and training seminars. Walker then served as a regional director for the Massachusetts Housing Partnership from 1988 to 1989 before moving to the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston as the associate director of community affairs. In 1999, Walker was appointed vice president and community affairs officer for the Boston Federal Reserve. In 2011, he was promoted to senior vice president and special advisor to the president on community affairs and community development. During his time at the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, Walker contributed to the development of the Boston Business Collaborative, a project designed to link major corporations with existing minority businesses; and the Working Cities Challenge, an initiative supporting collaborative leadership in smaller, postindustrial cities. Walker stepped down as senior vice president of the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston in 2016.

Walker has served on numerous non-profit boards, including the Citizens’ Housing and Planning Association, the Boston Children’s Museum, and Boston Harbor Now. In 2000, Governor Paul Cellucci appointed Walker to the board of directors of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. Walker served as a trustee of Bunker Hill Community College from 2010 to 2018. He has been recognized by the International Television Association for co-producing an educational video on women owned businesses and by the American Jewish Committee for his community outreach work. In 2018, Walker was awarded an advanced leadership fellowship with Harvard University.

Richard C. Walker III was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on August 21, 2018.

Accession Number

A2018.163

Sex

Male

Interview Date

8/21/2018

Last Name

Walker

Maker Category
Middle Name

C.

Occupation
Organizations
First Name

Richard

Birth City, State, Country

Boston

HM ID

WAL27

Favorite Season

Autumn

State

Massachusetts

Favorite Vacation Destination

Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts

Favorite Quote

Keep It Simple Stupid.

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Massachusetts

Birth Date

10/4/1949

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Boston

Country

United States of America

Favorite Food

King Salmon

Short Description

Bank executive Richard C. Walker III (1949 - ) led several community affairs and community development initiatives during his twenty-seven year career with the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston.

Favorite Color

Purple

Genelle Trader

Corporate executive Genelle Trader was born on February 21, 1952 in Wilmington, Delaware to Marion Bishop Trader and Purnell Trader. She graduated from Tower Hill School, where she was the first African American student to attend the school. Trader went on to receive her B.S. degree in mathematics, cum laude, from Tufts University in Medford, Massachusetts and her M.S. degree in management with an emphasis in management information systems and finance from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Sloan School of Management in 1980.

From 1980 to 1982, Trader worked as a marketing representative at the International Business Machines Corporation (IBM). In 1982, she became a senior product manager at Wang Laboratories, where she managed the company’s line of minicomputers and one of the industry’s first voice mail servers. After a brief stint as the product area manager at Computer Sciences Corporation in 1985, Trader was hired as the director of portable systems at AST Research Inc. in Irvine, California, where she led the launch of the company’s first notebook computer in 1989. Then, in 1992, Trader became the vice president of marketing at Everex Systems, where she led the restructuring of the company’s marketing organization. In 1993, Trader was recruited by SunExpress President Dorothy Terrell to become the senior director of marketing for SunExpress. During her ten years at Sun Microsystems, Trader also led the company’s Workstation Products Marketing Group, and a key Internet corporate initiative. In 2002, Trader left Sun Microsystems and subsequently found her own consultant and executive coaching firm, Strategic Business Coaching Group, based in Wilmington, Delaware. Trader coaches executives at Fortune 500 corporations and nonprofits. Since 2010, Trader also works with First Cap Advisors, as a consultant.

Trader has served on the board of trustees of the National Park Foundation’s African American Experience Fund; on the board of directors at The HistoryMakers; and as the strategic planning co-chair of both the Potomac, Virginia Chapter and Wilmington, Delaware chapters of The Links, Incorporated. She also served on the board of directors of the Serviam Girls Academy in New Castle, Delaware.

Genelle Trader was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on August 13, 2018.

Accession Number

A2018.153

Sex

Female

Interview Date

8/13/2018

Last Name

Trader

Maker Category
Marital Status

Divorced

Middle Name

Scotia

Occupation
Schools

Tufts University

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

First Name

Genelle

Birth City, State, Country

Wilmington

HM ID

TRA04

Favorite Season

Fall

State

Delaware

Favorite Vacation Destination

Paris/Morocco

Favorite Quote

Okay Genelle, We Can Do This.

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Delaware

Birth Date

2/21/1952

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Wilmington

Country

United States of America

Favorite Food

Collard Greens

Short Description

Corporate executive Genelle Trader (1952 - ) served as the senior director of marketing at Sun Microsystems, Inc. for ten years, and founded Strategic Business Coaching Group, a consultant firm based in Wilmington, Delaware.

Employment

Strategic Business Coaching Group

First Cap Advisors

Sun Microsystems

Everex Systems

AST Computers

Computer Sciences Corporation

Wang Laboratories

IBM

Favorite Color

Purple

Al Green

Corporate executive Al Green was born on July 11, 1958 in Fort Riley, Kansas to Dallas Green and Jessie Garris. He attended the Lawrence Institute of Technology in Southfield, Michigan and later received his B.B.A. degree in accounting in 1986 from Howard University in Washington, D.C., and his M.B.A. degree in finance and marketing in 1993 from Indiana University Kelley School of Business in Bloomington, Indiana.

Green worked for the Trans Alaska Pipeline as warehouse personnel and truck driver from 1975 to 1978. He then worked as a plumber for Lemeta Plumbing before joining the General Motors Corporation in Detroit, Michigan. During his undergraduate studies, Green took part in the General Motors Dealer Development Scholar program and worked at the Art Moran dealership in Pontiac, Michigan. He continued to work for General Motors as a distribution manager from 1986 to 1991. After graduate school, Green accepted a position with Sara Lee and worked for Bali Intimates as a brand assistant and marketing assistant where he moved to Winston Salem, North Carolina. In 1996, Green returned to General Motors and relocated to Detroit as a research analyst and remained there until he was hired in 1977 by Southeast Toyota Distributors, LLC (SET), in Deerfield Beach, Florida in business management. He was named vice president of marketing and served from 2006 to 2009 when he was promoted to vice president of market representation and dealer development, and led the business management department to improve Southeast Toyota’s capabilities and performance from 2009 to 2013. Green served as vice president of vehicle processing for Southeast Toyota’s Jacksonville, Florida facilities from 2013 to 2018. Green was named vice president of fixed operations at Southeast Toyota Distributors of JM&A Group, Deerfield Beach, Florida in 2018.

In 1993, Green received the Patricia W. Mulholland Diversity Leadership Award from the Indiana University, Kelley School of Business.

Green and his wife, Whitney have two adult children, Albert II and Quincy.

Al Green was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on August 12, 2018.

Accession Number

A2018.150

Sex

Male

Interview Date

8/12/2018

Last Name

Green

Maker Category
Marital Status

Married

Occupation
Schools

Howard University

Indiana University

First Name

Al

Birth City, State, Country

Fort Riley

HM ID

GRE17

Favorite Season

Christmas

State

Kansas

Favorite Vacation Destination

Park City, Utah

Favorite Quote

The True Measure Of A man Is Not Where He Stands In Times Of Comfort And Convenience But Where He Stands During Conflict And Controversy.

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Florida

Birth Date

7/11/1958

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Boca Raton

Country

United States of America

Favorite Food

Collard Greens

Short Description

Corporate executive Al Green (1958- ) became vice president of fixed operations for the Southeast Toyota Distributors of JM&A Group in 2018.

Employment

Southeast Toyota

BALI Intimates

General Motors

Trans Alaska Pipeline

Favorite Color

Gray

Brenda Lauderback

Corporate executive Brenda Lauderback was born on April 25, 1950 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. She earned her B.S. degree in marketing from Robert Morris University and then entered a retail training program at Pittsburgh’s Gimbels department store. Where she quickly rose to a buyers in the children’s division.

In 1975, she moved to Minneapolis, Minnesota where she became a buyer for the Dayton Hudson Department Store Company’s women’s apparel division. After five years, Lauderback was promoted to divisional merchandise manager of the intimate apparel division for Dayton’s department stores. Lauderback was quickly promoted to vice president and general manager of the shoes, cosmetics, accessories, intimate apparel and children’s divisions in 1982. She was the first African American and youngest woman to assume this role in the company. Lauderback remained with the Dayton Hudson Corporation until 1993 when the United States Shoe Corporation hired her as the president of its footwear wholesale division. In this role, Lauderback managed sales, design and distribution of the US Shoe brands as well as oversaw the company’s offices in China, Italy, Spain and the manufacturing plants in the United States. When US Shoe sold its footwear division to Nine West Group, Inc in 1995, Lauderback became the president of the wholesale and retail group of Nine West where she was responsible for ten brands including Easy Spirit, Evan-Picone and Almalfi. Lauderback retired from Nine West in 1998.

Lauderback has served on numerous corporate boards including Irwin Financial Corporation, Big Lots Corporation, Jostens, Louisiana Pacific Corporation, Sleep Number Corporation, Wolverine World Wide, Inc and Denny’s Corporation. In 2016, she was named as the board chair of Denny’s, Inc. Lauderback has also served on the board of nonprofit organizations like Susan G Komen for the Cure, the South Carolina Aquarium and as a member of the Committee of 200; and in 2017 she was named to the National Association of Corporate Directors’ Directorship 100 list. Lauderback has been recognized in Ebony, Jet, Essence, Black Enterprise, Forbes and Savoy magazines.

Lauderback and her husband, Dr. Boyd Wright, have two children Phallon Wright and Adam Wright.

Accession Number

A2018.148

Sex

Female

Interview Date

8/11/2018

Last Name

Lauderback

Maker Category
Middle Name

J.

Occupation
Organizations
First Name

Brenda

Birth City, State, Country

Pittsburgh

HM ID

LAU01

Favorite Season

Spring

State

Pennsylvania

Favorite Vacation Destination

Kiawah Island, South Carolina

Favorite Quote

To Whom Much Is Given Much Is Expected.

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

South Carolina

Birth Date

4/25/1950

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Hilton Head

Country

United States of America

Favorite Food

Vegetables

Short Description

Corporate executive Brenda Lauderback (1950 - ) served as the president of the wholesale and retail group of Nine West Group, Inc. from 1995 to 1998. She was later named as the chairperson of the Denny’s Corporation board in 2016.

Favorite Color

Black

Challis Lowe

Corporate executive Challis Lowe was born on July 21, 1945 in Chicago, Illinois to Clotilde Waller and Abner Waller. She graduated from Parker High School in 1962, and received her B.A. degree in communications from Southern Illinois University Carbondale in 1966. She later earned her M.B.A. degree in finance from Northwestern University’s Kellogg School of Management University in 1978.

Lowe began her career at the Continental Illinois National Bank and Trust Company of Chicago. In 1972, she was named the first African American female vice president of the Continental Bank, at the time, the fifth largest bank in the U.S. She was senior vice president of Illinois Leasing Corporation, a subsidiary focused on domestic lease and debt financing transactions, when Continental Bank sold this business unit to Sanwa Bank, Ltd. of Japan in 1984. Lowe remained in Chicago as senior vice president of administrative services for the newly formed Sanwa Business Credit Corporation. In 1993, she became the executive vice president of human resources for the Walter E. Heller International Corporation. In 1997, Lowe moved into a similar role at the Beneficial Corporation, then the nation’s second largest consumer finance company. When Beneficial merged with Household International, Inc. in 1998, Lowe served as a consultant. In 2000, she moved to Florida, where she worked as the executive vice president of human resources, corporate communications and public affairs for Ryder System, Inc. Four years later, Lowe was hired as executive vice president of human resources of Dollar General where she remained until the acquisition of Dollar General by KKR & Co. L.P., a private equity company. In 2009, Lowe was recruited to serve as the senior vice president of organization development and human resources for Ascension Health, Inc., a position she held until her retirement in 2013.

In 1997, Lowe joined the Gaylord and Dorothy Donnelley Foundation board as a financial specialist to chair its newly formed Investment Committee; and in 2000, she became a trustee of the Kenwood Growth and Income Fund in Chicago. Upon relocating to Florida, she served on the Florida Memorial College Board of Directors in 2001, and the Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University Board of Trustees in 2003, which she later chaired. In 2005, Lowe was elected as a board member and treasurer of the Executive Leadership Council. Lowe joined the Fisk University Board of Trustees in 2013, and was named to the board of directors of the Seaway Bank and Trust Company in 2014. In 2016, Lowe was named to the board of Catholic Health Initiatives where she chaired the Retirement Committee and served on its Audit Committee.

Challis Lowe was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on June 30, 2018.

Accession Number

A2018.138

Sex

Female

Interview Date

6/30/2018

6/30/2018 |and| 4/11/2019

Last Name

Lowe

Maker Category
Occupation
Organizations
Schools

Park Manor Elementary School

Charles S. Deneen Elementary School

Francis W. Parker High School

University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign

Southern Illinois University

Northwestern University

First Name

Challis

Birth City, State, Country

Chicago

HM ID

LOW07

Favorite Season

Fall

State

Illinois

Favorite Vacation Destination

South Africa, China, and Paris

Favorite Quote

Just Do It

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

New York

Birth Date

7/21/1945

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

New York

Favorite Food

Vegetables

Short Description

Corporate executive Challis Lowe (1945 - ) held various executive administrative positions at Walter E. Heller International Corporation, the Beneficial Corporation, Ryder System, Inc., the Dollar General Corporation, and Ascension Health, Inc.

Favorite Color

Red

Sherman Tate

Corporate executive Sherman Tate was born on October 5, 1945 in Marvell, Arkansas to Annie Tate and Rufus Tate. He received his B.A. degree in psychology from Philander Smith College in Little Rock, Arkansas in 1967.

Upon graduation, Tate was hired by the consulting firm, General Behavioral Systems. He then served two years in the United States Army during the Vietnam War. In 1976, he was hired as the personnel department manager at the University of Arkansas at Little Rock in Little Rock, Arkansas. He then went to work in state government for the Arkansas Office of Personnel Management as a personnel analyst, and the Arkansas Bureau of Legislative Research, where he was the first personnel director of the state Legislative Council and their first African American employee and the first African American to head the Office of Personnel Management. He was then named human resources manager for Arkla Gas Company’s Arkansas Division; and was promoted to the position of Arkla’s vice president of consumer and community relations and two years later he became vice president of distribution and operations. Tate joined Alltel and served as vice president and general manager of operations from 1998 to 2009, where he was responsible for human and fiscal resources for Alltel's telephone operations in Arkansas and Mississippi. Tate also served as vice president of external affairs for Alltel Corporation until Alltel was acquired by Verizon, where he served as vice president for Verizon Wireless from 2009 to 2011 and was responsible for legislative, regulatory and public policy issues in Arkansas, Louisiana, Tennessee, Kentucky and Ohio. In 2011, Tate left Verizon and established two management consulting firms, the Domino Effect and HT & Associates.

Tate has served on numerous boards over the years including for Philander Smith College, St. Vincent Health System, the United Negro College Fund and the Pulaski County Facilities Board. He also served on the board of the Arkansas Blue Cross and Blue Shield, as chairman of the Southern Bancorp Bank Governing Board and board chairman for the Urban League of the State of Arkansas. Tate was the first African American to be elected chairman of the Little Rock Regional Chamber of Commerce.

Sherman Tate was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on March 12, 2018.

Accession Number

A2018.042

Sex

Male

Interview Date

3/12/2018

Last Name

Tate

Maker Category
Occupation
Organizations
Schools

M.M. Tate High School

Philander Smith College

University of Arkansas at Little Rock

First Name

Sherman

Birth City, State, Country

Marvell

HM ID

TAT05

Favorite Season

Spring

State

Arkansas

Favorite Vacation Destination

New England

Favorite Quote

You always give it your best.

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

Arkansas

Birth Date

10/5/1945

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Little Rock

Favorite Food

Turnip Greens/Fried Chicken

Short Description

Corporate executive Sherman E. Tate (1945- ) founder of management consulting firms, the Domino Effect and HT& Associates in 2011, and he previously served as vice president for Verizon Wireless and Alltel from 1998 to 2011.

Employment

General Behavioral Systems

Legislative Council

ALLTEL Communications

Verizon Wireless

Favorite Color

Blue

Franklin D. Raines

Corporate executive and lawyer Franklin D. Raines was born on January 14, 1949 in Seattle, Washington to Delno and Ida Raines. A 1967 graduate of Franklin High School in Seattle, he received his B.A. degree, magna cum laude, in government from Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and was awarded a Rhodes scholarship to study at Magdelen College at Oxford University in Oxford, England in 1971. He later obtained his J.D. degree, cum laude, from Harvard Law School in 1976.
Prior to attending law school, Raines was hired as an associate director of the Seattle Model Cities Program from 1972 to 1973.

After law school, he was hired as an associate for the Seattle law firm of Preston, Thorgrimson, Ellis, Holman & Fletcher from 1976 to 1977. Then, he was hired to work in the Carter Administration as assistant director of the White House Domestic Policy Staff and then as associate director for economics and government in the Office of Management and Budget from 1977 to 1979. Raines then joined the investment banking firm Lazard Freres & Company, where he served for eleven years from 1979 to 1991, becoming the first black general partner on Wall Street. In 1991, when he was named vice chairman for the Federal National Mortgage Association “Fannie Mae” in Washington, D.C. and served in this capacity from 1991 to 1996. Raines was then appointed to President Clinton’s Cabinet as the director of the U.S. Office of Management and Budget, from 1996 to 1998. Here, he served as President Clinton's key negotiator in the talks that led to passage of the bipartisan Balanced Budget Act of 1997. He authored Raines Rules, which specified eight investment criteria for new information technology projects and developed the District of Columbia Revitalization Plan that rescued the Nation’s Capital from financial distress. In 1999, Raines returned to Fannie Mae as its chief executive officer and chairman and Raines served in the role for six years, until his retirement in 2004. He was the first black CEO of a Fortune 100 company.

Raines served on the board of directors of AOL, PepsiCo, Pfizer Boeing, Time Warner and TIAA-CREF. He also was a member of the following organizations: the Alfalfa Club, the Boule, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, The Business Council, Council on Foreign Relations, the Business Roundtable and the Economic Club of Washington, D.C. He also served on the boards of many non-profit organizations such as the Harvard Board of Overseers, Enterprise Community Partners, the Rockefeller Foundation, the German Marshall Fund, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, and the National Urban League.

Raines is married to Denise Grant and has three daughters.

Franklin D. Raines was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on March 23, 2018.

Accession Number

A2018.055

Sex

Male

Interview Date

3/23/2018

Last Name

Raines

Maker Category
Organizations
First Name

Franklin

Birth City, State, Country

Seattle

HM ID

RAI01

Favorite Season

Summer

State

Washington

Favorite Vacation Destination

Bermuda

Favorite Quote

When You Spot A Turtle On Top Of A Fence Post, The One Thing You Know It Didn't Get There By Itself.

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

District of Columbia

Birth Date

1/14/1949

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Washington

Favorite Food

Ice Cream

Short Description

Corporate executive and lawyer Franklin D. Raines (1949- ) served as Federal National Mortgage Association chief executive officer and chairman from 1999 to 2004.

Favorite Color

Green

James "Bud" Ward

Hotel executive James “Bud” Ward was born on June 4, 1925 in Worcester, Massachusetts to James Ward, Sr. and Pauline Walker. Ward graduated from North High School in 1943, and enlisted in the U.S. Air Force but ultimately served in the U.S. Navy for four years. Ward briefly studied at Howard University before transferring to Cornell University, where he became the first African American graduate of the school’s hotel administration program in 1952.

Upon graduating from Cornell University, Ward returned to Washington, D.C., and worked as a restaurant manager at Howard University. Shortly after, Ward was hired as the manager of the Book of T Motel in Miami, Florida. He then worked as a waiter at a local restaurant and as a desk night clerk at the Carver Hotel. Ward also served as the manager of the Lord Calvert Hotel in Miami. In 1958, Ward moved back to Washington, D.C. and joined a marketing and public relations consulting firm. In 1962, Ward founded Special-Market Resources, a consulting company that specialized in African American consumerism research and marketing. In 1967, Ward was hired by the Marriott Corporation to assess the minority employment practices at the company. He worked as a consultant for Marriott until 1970, when he joined the company as vice president of management and training development, making him the first African American to serve as vice president of a major hotel chain. Ward worked for the Marriott Corporation for almost twenty years, and played an instrumental role in expanding the hotel division, including working with the team that developed the Courtyard by Marriott Hotels. In 1986, he left Marriott to found Symbiont, Inc., an information technology company. James "Bud" Ward passed away on Wednesday, July 31, 2019.

In 1966, Ward co-published, Go-Guide to Pleasant Travel, a travel and leisure magazine for African Americans that provided lodging information during the segregation era. Ward has also been honored for his contribution to the African American community with his service as the first black vice president of a major hotel chain. In 2006, he was awarded the Jackie Robinson Robie Lifetime Achievement Award. The same year, Ward was given a certificate of appreciation by the District of Columbia Superior Court.

Ward and his wife, Eulah, had three children: Forrest, Charles, and Sterling, and three grandchildren.

Ward was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on March 22, 2018.

Ward passed away on July 31, 2019.

Accession Number

A2018.054

Sex

Male

Interview Date

3/22/2018

Last Name

Ward

Maker Category
Marital Status

Married

Middle Name

H.

Occupation
Organizations
First Name

James

Birth City, State, Country

Worcester

HM ID

WAR20

Favorite Season

Summer/Fall

State

Massachusetts

Favorite Vacation Destination

My Backyard

Favorite Quote

Whatever's Fair.

Bio Photo
Speakers Bureau Region State

District of Columbia

Birth Date

6/4/1925

Birth Place Term
Speakers Bureau Region City

Washington

Favorite Food

N/A

Death Date

7/31/2019

Short Description

Hotel executive James “Bud” Ward (1925- ) was a vice president at Marriott Corporation from 1970 to 1986, becoming the first African American vice president of a major hotel chain.

Favorite Color

Dark Hues