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  • Vee-Jay Records

    Record company located in Chicago, Illinois founded in 1953 by Vivian Carter and James C Bracken. Major acts on the label in the 1950s included blues singers Jimmy Reed, Memphis Slim, and John Lee Hooker, and R and B groups including the Dells and the El Dorados. In the 1960s, Vee-Jay became a major soul label with acts like Jerry Butler, Gene Chandler and Betty Everett. Vee-Jay was also the first label to nationally issue a record by the Pips, later known as Gladys Knight and the Pips in 1962 when they moved to Fury Records.
  • Vermont

    The fourteenth state to be admitted to the United States in 1791. Vermont is one of only four U.S. states that were previously sovereign states, as the original thirteen states were former colonies. During the mid nineteenth century, Vermont was a strong source of abolitionist sentiment and sent a significant contingent of soldiers to participate in the Civil War.
  • Vietnam War

    Armed conflict in the Southeast Asian nation of Vietnam that embroiled the U.S. from the beginning of the 1950s through the next two and half decades. U.S. military commitment in the area increased, as did the protests and tensions at home. These war protests were the linchpin of the infamous 1960s counter culture, and catalyzed dissent and protest in other political and social realms. After twenty-five years and over fifty thousand American casualties, as well as millions of Vietnamese casualties, President Richard Nixon, under pressure from the overwhelming majority of the electorate, ordered U.S. troops to withdraw. After the American withdrawal, North and South Vietnam were united under a socialist regime.
  • Virginia

    One of the original thirteen colonies and the first part of the country permanently settled by the English, who established Jamestown in 1607. Virginia achieved statehood on June 25, 1788. The home state of George Washington, Thomas Jefferson and other founding fathers, Virginia played an important role in the American Revolution. During the Civil War, the city of Richmond, Virginia, became the capital of the Confederacy, and more than half of the conflict’s battles were fought in the state. Following the Civil War, Virginia was formally restored to the United States in 1870. Virginia became the first state to elect a black governor in 1989 with the election of L. Douglas Wilder.