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  • Taft, William Howard

    The twenty-seventh president of the United States. Taft served as president from 1909 to 1913, and as the chief justice of the United States from 1921 to 1930, the only person to have held both offices.
  • Tanzania

    Shortly after independence, Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the United Republic of Tanzania in 1964. One-party rule came to an end in 1995 with the first democratic elections held in the country since the 1970s. Zanzibar's semi-autonomous status and popular opposition have led to two contentious elections since 1995, which the ruling party won despite international observers' claims of voting irregularities.
  • Taylor, Zachary

    The twelfth president of the United States. Taylor was a general in the United States Army during the Mexican American War and the War of 1812, and was elected U.S. president, serving from March 1849 until his death in July 1850.
  • Tennessee

    Tennessee was admitted to the Union on June 1, 1796 as the sixteenth state. In 1861, Tennessee seceded from the Union, becoming the last state to do so.
  • Texas

    Texas was admitted to the Union on December 29, 1845 as the 28th state. With the outbreak of the Civil War, Texas joined the Confederacy in 1861. Following Reconstruction, Texas was readmitted to the Union in 1870.
  • The Crisis

    Official magazine of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Published continuously since 1910, it is considered the world's oldest black publication.
  • The Habitat Company

    Founded in 1971, The Habitat Company is one of the largest private residential property managers in Chicago and the Midwestern United States with over 28,000 units under its management. Some of its residential properties include Chicago's Elm Street Plaza and Riverfront Towers.
  • The Impressions

    Chicago R&B group of the 1960s. Under the management of Eddie Thomas, the Impressions became a chart-sensation with the 1958 release of their record “For Your Precious Love.” The record sold more than 150,000 copies during its first two weeks. In 1970, one the band’s prime creative force, singer/songwriter Curtis Mayfield, left the group to pursue a successful solo career.
  • The Jackson 5

    Pop music group comprised of five brothers. Originally from Gary, Indiana, the family group signed to Berry Gordy’s Motown Records and achieved success in the 1970s with hits like 'ABC' and 'I Want You Back.' The lead singer, Michael Jackson, and his sister, Janet Jackson, went on to pop stardom, while other members of the family had less successful adult careers. The group was discovered by Oscar Brown Jr.
  • The Temptations

    The Temptations set standards for smooth vocals and stylistic choreography while recording for Motown Records. Hit singles, "The Way You Do the Things You Do," "My Girl," and "Get Ready," made The Temptations one of the most popular soul music performers during the 1960s and 1970s. In 1989, The Temptations were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
  • Trinidad

    One of two islands that comprise the nation of Trinidad and Tobago. The islands came under British control in the 19th century, and independence was granted in 1962. The country is one of the most prosperous in the Caribbean, thanks largely to petroleum and natural gas production and processing.
  • Truman, Harry S.

    The thirty-third president of the United States who served from 1945 to 1953, assuming office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt. A World War I veteran, he assumed the presidency during the final months of World War II and the beginning of the Cold War. Truman is known for implementing the Marshall Plan, establishing the Truman Doctrine, and for intervening in the Korean War.
  • Tuskegee Airmen

    The first all-African American flying unit and their training and commanding officers in the U.S. military, Tuskegee Airmen served during World War II. The squadron was commissioned by the War Department under increased pressure from the NAACP and other organizations seeking to provide opportunities for African Americans in the armed forces. Lieutenant Colonel Benjamin Oliver Davis, Jr. commanded the Tuskegee Airmen’s first graduating class. They flew over fifteen hundred missions and destroyed hundreds of enemy aircrafts without ever losing a bomber to hostile fire.
  • Tuskegee Institute

    The Tuskegee Negro Normal Institute opened its doors on July 4, 1881 with Booker T. Washington presiding as principal. Later, George Washington Carver would join the faculty and help revolutionize agriculture in the South.
  • Tuskegee Syphilis Study

    A medical research project conducted by the U.S. Public Health Service and the Tuskegee Institute noted for the unethical treatment of African American male patients. Research subjects were not informed they had syphilis and remained untreated so that scientists could study the long-term affects of the disease. The study violated U.S. governmental legislation that mandated the treatment of all sexually transmitted diseases. It is estimated that 100 men died during this 40-year experiment which lasted until an investigative journalist uncovered the story in 1972.
  • Tutu, Desmond

    A South African Anglican cleric and theologian best known for his anti-apartheid and human rights activism. Tutu served as the bishop of Johannesburg from 1985 to 1986 and then as the archbishop of Cape Town from 1986 to 1996, being the first indigenous black African to hold both positions. As a theologian, he sought to blend ideas from black theology with African theology.