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  • Gacy, John Wayne

    Infamous Chicago-area serial killer who tortured and killed more than thirty young men during the 1970s.
  • Garvey, Marcus

    Born in Jamaica in 1887, Garvey founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) in 1914, and held the first convention in New York in 1920. The UNIA established offices in forty countries. That same year he also began publishing The Negro Word. Garvey attempted to sell shares of the ship Black Star Line but was met with mail fraud charges. He was then imprisoned and deported to Jamaica. He later returned to England, where he died in 1940.
  • Gaye, Marvin

    Singer born in Washington, D.C. in 1939. Gaye's twenty-two year career with Motown Records included hits "Pride and Joy," "What's Going On," and "Let's Get It On" as well as duets with Mary Wells and Tammi Terrell.
  • George Foster Peabody Award

    Prestigious media award first granted in 1940 to recognize excellence in radio broadcasting. Named after philanthropist George Foster Peabody, the award now goes to radio, television, and web journalists.
  • Georgia

    Accepted into the United States in 1788 as the fourth state. Georgia lies in the Southeastern part of the country and is bordered by Tennessee and North Carolina to the north, South Carolina to the east, Florida to the south, and Alabama to the west.
  • Germany

    Nation state as of the 1871 unification of the majority of Germanic states, exclusive of Austria. Germany was divided into the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic following the conclusion of World War II. The country was reunified in 1990, soon after the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. Germany is the most populous member state of the European Union.
  • Ghana

    First African country to gain independence when Britain relinquished its control over the Gold Coast and Ashanti, the Northern Territories Protectorate, and British Togoland in 1957. Ghana is a coastal country in West Africa.
  • Gillespie, Dizzy

    Trumpeter born in South Carolina in 1917. Gillespie began his professional career in 1935. After working with Cab Calloway in 1939, he went on to play with musical legends such as Ella Fitzgerald, Coleman Hawkins and Duke Ellington. He had a strong interest in Afro-Cuban music and later performed experimental pieces with Thelonious Monk.
  • Golden Thirteen

    First thirteen African American commissioned officers in the U.S. Navy, the group were still relegated to assignments, such as training African American recruits and commanding small crews with predominantly African American crews, that fit within the Navy's segregated system.
  • Grammy Awards

    Presented by the Recording Academy in recognition of achievements in the music industry.
  • Great Depression

    Prolonged period of economic distress precipitated by the collapse of the stock market in October 1929. The entrance of the United States into World War II, combined with policies of President Franklin Roosevelt's administration, helped to jump start the economy, ending nearly ten years of high unemployment and financial uncertainty.
  • Great Migration

    A massive migration of African Americans from the rural South to the urban North. At the beginning of this period, just after Reconstruction, 92 percent of blacks lived in the southern half of the country. By the time the Northern Migration ended in the 1970s, only a slight majority of the nation’s African Americans resided in the South. During this period of relocation, one of the most popular northern destinations was the City of Chicago.
  • Greece

    Considered the cradle of Western civilization. Greece is located in southern Europe, bordered by Albania, Macedonia, Bulgaria, and Turkey. Athens is the capital and most populous city.
  • Gullah

    Both a distinctive group of black Americans residing in South Carolina and Georgia and their language. Because of their geographical isolation and strong community life, the Gullah have been able to preserve their African cultural heritage and speak a creole language.