The Nation’s Largest African American Video Oral History Collection Mobile search icon Mobile close search icon

Search Results

Advanced Biography Search
Mobile navigation icon Close mobile navigation icon
  • East St. Louis, Illinois

    City in southwestern Illinois, whose population has declined severely since the 1960s, that was once a thriving industrial city. After much of the city’s industrial base left the city the area faced high unemployment and near economic collapse.
  • Easter Seals, Inc.

    Founded in 1919 as the National Society for Crippled Children, Easter Seals offers support services and advocacy on the behalf of those with disabilities and special needs. Ohio businessman Edgar Allen founded Easter Seals after the death of his son in a streetcar accident in 1907. The organization is named for the famous ‘seals’ that carry the organization’s logo that are affixed to envelopes for fundraising drives.
  • Ebony

    First published in 1945 by John H. Johnson of Chicago, Illinois, Ebony magazine is a successful monthly journal that was circulated by Johnson Publishing Company, Inc., the world's largest African American-owned publishing company at the time, until the magazine was sold in 2016. Ebony features news, entertainment, business, and other topics catering to a black audiences.
  • Egypt

    A northeast African nation whose semi-isolation and regular and rich annual Nile River floods, allowed for its formation as one of the world's oldest civilizations. A unified kingdom arose circa 3200 B.C. and a series of dynasties ruled in Egypt for the next three millennia falling to the Persians in 341 B.C., who in turn were replaced by the Greeks, Romans and Byzantines. During the 7th century, Arabs introduced Islam and Arabic language to the region and ruled for the next six centuries. With the completion of the Suez Canal in 1869, Egypt became an important global transportation hub, and its government was seized by Britain in 1882. Egypt acquired full sovereignty following World War II. The nation borders Saudi Arabia, Libya and Sudan.
  • Eisenhower, Dwight D.

    Born in Texas, Eisenhower served in the U.S. Army and become General of the Army for the European front in World War II. In 1953, he became the 34th President of the United States. Eisenhower served until 1961, and under his leadership, secured a truce in the Korean War and sent federal troops to Little Rock, Arkansas to ensure the desegregation of Central High School took place.
  • Ellington, Duke

    Born Edward Kennedy Ellington, composer and bandleader Duke was born in Washington, D.C. in 1899. Ellington developed his early piano skills by imitating the ragtime musicians and became a successful professional musician by the early 1920s and settled in New York City. Between December 1927 and 1931, Duke and his band headlined at Harlem’s prestigious Cotton Club, and for the following four decades, Duke Ellington established himself as one of the most prolific and innovative figures within American music.
  • Emmy Award

    Awards given by the National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences in recognition of outstanding television programming. The award ceremony debuted in 1949 and features awards for both daytime and primetime programming, and are given on the local and national level.
  • Englewood High School

    A Chicago public high school, located on the city’s historic South Side. The school was opened in 1873 and was remodeled in 1979. Though the school closed in 2008 as a part of the Chicago Public School Renaissance 2010 program, the schools notable alumni include Lorraine Hansberry, Gwendolyn Brooks, Robert Henry Lawrence Jr. and The Barrett Sisters.
  • Epidemiologist

    A public health professional who studies the causes, distribution, and control of injury and diseases.
  • Essence

    First published in 1970, Essence is a lifestyle, fashion and beauty magazine that caters to African American women. Essence has achieved national acclaim, winning twelve New York Association of Black Journalists awards in a variety of categories in 2008. In 2005, the magazine was acquired by Time Inc.
  • eta Creative Arts Foundation, Inc.

    Founded in 1971 by actress, director, and producer Abena Brown, the eta Creative Arts Foundation is among Chicago’s most productive African American institutions dedicated to the performing arts. Located on Chicago’s South Side, eta has remained a community resource dedicated to the self-expression of African American culture. The eta Creative Arts Foundation theater and art museum has received national recognition for its dramatic productions and its community outreach programs.
  • Ethiopia

    The land-locked nation is home to some of the oldest human remains ever documented. With the formation of the Kingdom of Aksum and Ethiopian Empire, Ethiopia as ancient monarchy maintained its freedom from colonial rule, with the exception of Italian occupation during World War II. In 1974 a military junta, the Derg, deposed Emperor Haile Selassie. Facing coups, uprisings, wide-scale drought, and massive refugee problems, the regime was toppled by the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front in 1991. A constitution was adopted in 1994 and Ethiopia's first multiparty elections were held in 1995. Ethiopia is bordered by Kenya, Somalia, Eritrea, Djibouti, Sudan and South Sudan.
  • Evers, Medgar

    Born in Decatur, Mississippi, in 1925 Medgar Evers was a civil rights activist and served as the field secretary for the Mississippi NAACP. After college he and his wife moved to Mound Bayou, Mississippi, where he established local chapters of the NAACP and organized boycotts of gasoline stations that refused service to black customers. He worked as an insurance agent until 1954. Despite the court’s desegregation ruling, Evers was denied admission to the University of Mississippi Law School. Drawing the attention of the national NAACP, he worked to get James Meredith admitted to the University of Mississippi in 1962, but on June 12, 1963, he was assassinated. His accused killer, Byron De La Beckwith, was twice tried in the 1960s, but was not convicted until 1994.