The Nation’s Largest African American Video Oral History Collection Mobile search icon Mobile close search icon

Search Results

Advanced Biography Search
Mobile navigation icon Close mobile navigation icon

Richard X. Clark

Share on Social Media

Information about Richard X. Clark

Profile image of Richard X. Clark

Interview Date

August 12, 2014

Profession

Category:
CivicMakers
Occupation(s):
Civil Rights Activist
Author
Community Activist

Favorites

Favorite Color:
Blue, Red
Favorite Food:
Meat Loaf, Fried Chicken
Favorite Time of Year:
Winter
Favorite Vacation Spot:
Brazil
Favorite Quote:
I'll Never Quit.

Birthplace

Born:
7/29/1946
Birth Location:
Manhattan, New York

Interview Date

August 12, 2014

Profession

Category:
CivicMakers
Occupation(s):
Civil Rights Activist
Author
Community Activist

Favorites

Favorite Color:
Blue, Red
Favorite Food:
Meat Loaf, Fried Chicken
Favorite Time of Year:
Winter
Favorite Vacation Spot:
Brazil
Favorite Quote:
I'll Never Quit.

Birthplace

Born:
7/29/1946
Birth Location:
Manhattan
See how Richard X. Clark is related to other HistoryMakers

Biography

Civil rights activist and author Richard X. Clark was born on July 29, 1946 in New York City. He was raised in foster homes in the New York neighborhoods of Jamaica, Queens, and the Bronx. Clark graduated from DeWitt Clinton High School and enlisted in the United States Navy, where he served until 1968.

In 1969, Clark was arrested on charges of attempted robbery and was sentenced to four years in prison. From 1969 to 1972, he served time at multiple state prisons including Sing Sing Correctional Facility, Elmira Correctional Facility, Auburn Correctional Facility, Wallkill Correctional Facility, and the Attica Correctional Facility in Attica, New York. Appalled by prison conditions at Attica, Clark became a Muslim minister and became active in black Muslim political groups. In September of 1971, he was one of the leaders of the Attica Prison riot, which took the lives of forty-three men. During the riot, Clark was head of the inmates’ internal security and served as a liaison between the inmates of D-yard and the authorities.

After his release in 1972, Clark moved to Greensboro, North Carolina and authored the book, The Brothers of Attica, which was published in 1973. Twenty years later, Clark relocated to New York City and became a case manager for Phase Piggy Bank, a Harlem-based organization that provides drug and alcohol rehabilitation.

Clark passed away on September 4, 2015 at the age of 69.

See how Richard X. Clark is related to other HistoryMakers
Loading...
Click Here To Explore The Archive Today!