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Richard X. Clark

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Information about Richard X. Clark

Profile image of Richard X. Clark

Profession

Category:
CivicMakers
Occupation(s):
Civil Rights Activist
Author

Favorites

Favorite Color:
Blue, Red
Favorite Food:
Meat Loaf, Fried Chicken
Favorite Time of Year:
Winter
Favorite Vacation Spot:
Brazil
Favorite Quote:
I'll Never Quit.

Birthplace

Born:
7/29/1946
Birth Location:
Manhattan, New York

Profession

Category:
CivicMakers
Occupation(s):
Civil Rights Activist
Author

Favorites

Favorite Color:
Blue, Red
Favorite Food:
Meat Loaf, Fried Chicken
Favorite Time of Year:
Winter
Favorite Vacation Spot:
Brazil
Favorite Quote:
I'll Never Quit.

Birthplace

Born:
7/29/1946
Birth Location:
Manhattan
See how Richard X. Clark is related to other HistoryMakers

Biography

Civil rights activist and author Richard X. Clark was born on July 29, 1946 in New York City. He was raised in foster homes in the New York neighborhoods of Jamaica, Queens, and the Bronx. Clark graduated from DeWitt Clinton High School and enlisted in the United States Navy, where he served until 1968.

In 1969, Clark was arrested on charges of attempted robbery and was sentenced to four years in prison. From 1969 to 1972, he served time at multiple state prisons including Sing Sing Correctional Facility, Elmira Correctional Facility, Auburn Correctional Facility, Wallkill Correctional Facility, and the Attica Correctional Facility in Attica, New York. Appalled by prison conditions at Attica, Clark became a Muslim minister and became active in black Muslim political groups. In September of 1971, he was one of the leaders of the Attica Prison riot, which took the lives of forty-three men. During the riot, Clark was head of the inmates’ internal security and served as a liaison between the inmates of D-yard and the authorities.

After his release in 1972, Clark moved to Greensboro, North Carolina and authored the book, The Brothers of Attica, which was published in 1973. Twenty years later, Clark relocated to New York City and became a case manager for Phase Piggy Bank, a Harlem-based organization that provides drug and alcohol rehabilitation.

Clark passed away on September 4, 2015 at the age of 69.

See how Richard X. Clark is related to other HistoryMakers
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  • Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Slating of Richard X. Clark's interview
  • Tape: 1 Story: 2 - Richard X. Clark lists his favorites
  • Tape: 1 Story: 3 - Richard X. Clark describes how he was placed in foster care
  • Tape: 1 Story: 4 - Richard X. Clark talks about his biological father
  • Tape: 1 Story: 5 - Richard X. Clark recalls his first foster family
  • Tape: 1 Story: 6 - Richard X. Clark talks about his experiences of abuse in foster case
  • Tape: 1 Story: 7 - Richard X. Clark describes his experiences at P.S. 50 in Queens, New York
  • Tape: 1 Story: 8 - Richard X. Clark describes his early experiences with religion
  • Tape: 1 Story: 9 - Richard X. Clark recalls his first encounters with the Nation of Islam
  • Tape: 1 Story: 10 - Richard X. Clark remembers running away from his foster home
  • Tape: 1 Story: 11 - Richard X. Clark recalls moving to a new foster home in the Bronx, New York
  • Tape: 2 Story: 1 - Richard X. Clark talks about his relationship with his foster family in the Bronx, New York
  • Tape: 2 Story: 2 - Richard X. Clark describes his personality as a child
  • Tape: 2 Story: 3 - Richard X. Clark remembers his experiences in the Fruit of Islam
  • Tape: 2 Story: 4 - Richard X. Clark talks about his enlistment in the U.S. Navy Reserves
  • Tape: 2 Story: 5 - Richard X. Clark describes Malcolm X's expulsion from the Nation of Islam
  • Tape: 2 Story: 6 - Richard X. Clark remembers dating and impregnating two women
  • Tape: 2 Story: 7 - Richard X. Clark describes his marriage
  • Tape: 3 Story: 1 - Richard X. Clark describes his release from the U.S. Navy
  • Tape: 3 Story: 2 - Richard X. Clark talks about his arrest for armed robbery
  • Tape: 3 Story: 3 - Richard X. Clark talks about the Nation of Islam's stance on race
  • Tape: 3 Story: 4 - Richard X. Clark describes the advantages of being Muslim in the American prison system
  • Tape: 3 Story: 5 - Richard X. Clark describes his experiences at Sing Sing Correctional Facility in Ossining, New York
  • Tape: 3 Story: 6 - Richard X. Clark recalls his experiences in New York State correctional facilities
  • Tape: 3 Story: 7 - Richard X. Clark talks about the rise of the black consciousness movement
  • Tape: 4 Story: 1 - Richard X. Clark describes the conditions at Attica Correctional Facility in Attica, New York
  • Tape: 4 Story: 2 - Richard X. Clark recalls his experiences with discrimination at Attica Correctional Facility
  • Tape: 4 Story: 3 - Richard X. Clark remembers the inmates at Attica Correctional Facility
  • Tape: 4 Story: 4 - Richard X. Clark describes the events leading to the 1971 Attica prison riot
  • Tape: 4 Story: 5 - Richard X. Clark remembers the commissary conditions at Attica Correctional Facility
  • Tape: 4 Story: 6 - Richard X. Clark recalls the start of the 1971 Attica prison riot
  • Tape: 4 Story: 7 - Richard X. Clark describes the riot at Attica Correctional Facility, pt. 1
  • Tape: 4 Story: 8 - Richard X. Clark describes the riot at Attica Correctional Facility, pt. 2
  • Tape: 5 Story: 1 - Richard X. Clark recalls the formation of the inmate negotiating committee
  • Tape: 5 Story: 2 - Richard X. Clark describes how he became the inmate liaison during the 1971 Attica prison riot
  • Tape: 5 Story: 3 - Richard X. Clark talks about the inmates and guards at the Attica Correctional Facility in Attica, New York
  • Tape: 5 Story: 4 - Richard X. Clark describes the timeline of the first day of the 1971 Attica prison riot
  • Tape: 5 Story: 5 - Richard X. Clark recalls the last days of the 1971 Attica prison riot, pt. 1
  • Tape: 5 Story: 6 - Richard X. Clark recalls the last days of the 1971 Attica prison riot, pt. 2
  • Tape: 6 Story: 1 - Richard X. Clark remembers those who were killed during the uprising at Attica Correctional Facility
  • Tape: 6 Story: 2 - Richard X. Clark remembers his release and the death of his wife
  • Tape: 6 Story: 3 - Richard X. Clark talks about his indictment and subsequent settlement
  • Tape: 6 Story: 4 - Richard X. Clark talks about his children
  • Tape: 6 Story: 5 - Richard X. Clark talks about Phase Piggy Back, Inc.
  • Tape: 6 Story: 6 - Richard X. Clark reflects upon his legacy
  • Tape: 6 Story: 7 - Richard X. Clark describes his concerns for the African American community
  • Tape: 6 Story: 8 - Richard X. Clark describes how he would like to be remembered