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Reverend John H. Cross, Jr.

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Information about Reverend John H. Cross, Jr.

Profile image of Reverend John H. Cross, Jr.

Profession

Category:
ReligionMakers
Occupation(s):
Pastor

Favorites

Favorite Color:
Green, Red
Favorite Food:
Fried Chicken
Favorite Time of Year:
Fall
Favorite Vacation Spot:
Haynes, Arkansas
Favorite Quote:
The Lord Is My Light And My Salvation. Whom Shall I Fear?

Birthplace

Born:
1/27/1925
Birth Location:
Haynes, Arkansas

Profession

Category:
ReligionMakers
Occupation(s):
Pastor

Favorites

Favorite Color:
Green, Red
Favorite Food:
Fried Chicken
Favorite Time of Year:
Fall
Favorite Vacation Spot:
Haynes, Arkansas
Favorite Quote:
The Lord Is My Light And My Salvation. Whom Shall I Fear?

Birthplace

Born:
1/27/1925
Birth Location:
Haynes
See how Reverend John H. Cross, Jr. is related to other HistoryMakers

Biography

Reverend John Haywood Cross, Jr., was born to Margie Ann and John H. Cross, Sr., on January 27, 1925, in Haynes, Arkansas. He attended elementary school at Spring Grove Missionary Baptist Church in Haynes, Arkansas, and Lincoln High School in Forrest City, Arkansas. As a teenager, Cross gave his trial sermon and was ordained at Springfield Missionary Baptist Church.

After high school, in 1944, Cross entered the United States Army as an assistant regimental chaplain. Completing his tour of duty, he worked as a teacher for the Haynes public schools. Cross attended Virginia Union University in Richmond, Virginia, where he met and married his wife, Julia. Cross earned his B.A. degree in social science in 1950. He then worked as a counselor for boys and as a minister at Oak Grove Baptist Church in Widewater, Virginia. Cross returned to Virginia Union University’s School of Theology and received his M.Div. degree in 1959.

Cross was working as pastor of Gravel Hill Baptist Church in 1962 when he was called to pastor the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama. The church became a haven for civil rights organizers and a target for Southern segregationists. On September 15, 1963, the church was bombed. The explosion killed four young girls, injured many others. and marked a turning point in the civil rights movement. Cross stayed on as pastor until 1968. He was appointed director of the Baptist Student Center at Alabama State University, where he taught history and sociology. Cross then moved to Decatur, Georgia, where he became the associate pastor of Oakhurst Baptist Church for seven years. Cross served as the black church relations director of the Atlanta Baptist Association from 1977 until he retired in 1989. After retirement, Cross stay involved in several part-time ministries, such as chaplain at the DeKalb and Fulton County youth development centers and as interim pastor at Divine Unity and Liberty Baptist Church in Atlanta, Georgia.

Cross has received numerous awards and proclamations for his role in the civil rights movement and his dynamic leadership at the historic Sixteenth Street Baptist Church, as well as his work to improve race relations, missions and ecumenism in the United States and Africa. Cross has four children: Michael, Alma, Lynn, and Barbara, who was his caregiver.

Reverend John Haywood Cross, Jr. passed away on November 15, 2007, at the age of 82.

Reverend John Haywood Cross, Jr. was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on April 13, 2006.

See how Reverend John H. Cross, Jr. is related to other HistoryMakers
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  • Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Slating of Reverend John H. Cross, Jr.'s interview
  • Tape: 1 Story: 2 - Reverend John H. Cross, Jr. lists his favorites
  • Tape: 1 Story: 3 - Reverend John H. Cross, Jr. describes his mother's family background
  • Tape: 1 Story: 4 - Reverend John H. Cross, Jr. describes his high school experiences
  • Tape: 1 Story: 5 - Reverend John H. Cross, Jr. describes his father's family background
  • Tape: 1 Story: 6 - Reverend John H. Cross, Jr. describes joining the U.S. Army
  • Tape: 1 Story: 7 - Reverend John H. Cross, Jr. remembers Virginia Union University in Richmond, Virginia
  • Tape: 1 Story: 8 - Reverend John H. Cross, Jr. describes his wife and children
  • Tape: 1 Story: 9 - Reverend John H. Cross, Jr. describes churches he pastored after leaving seminary
  • Tape: 1 Story: 10 - Reverend John H. Cross, Jr. describes Gravel Hill Baptist Church in Richmond
  • Tape: 1 Story: 11 - Reverend John H. Cross, Jr. recalls becoming pastor of 16th Street Baptist Church
  • Tape: 1 Story: 12 - Reverend John H. Cross, Jr. describes his family traditions
  • Tape: 1 Story: 13 - Reverend John H. Cross, Jr. describes his siblings
  • Tape: 1 Story: 14 - Reverend John H. Cross, Jr. describes his influences at school
  • Tape: 1 Story: 15 - Reverend John H. Cross, Jr. describes his childhood chores
  • Tape: 2 Story: 1 - Reverend John H. Cross, Jr. remembers his calling to the ministry
  • Tape: 2 Story: 2 - Reverend John H. Cross, Jr. describes his civil rights activities in Birmingham, Alabama, pt. 1
  • Tape: 2 Story: 3 - Reverend John H. Cross, Jr. describes his civil rights activities in Birmingham, Alabama, pt. 2
  • Tape: 2 Story: 4 - Reverend John H. Cross, Jr. describes the civil rights headquarters at 16th Street Baptist Church
  • Tape: 2 Story: 5 - Reverend John H. Cross, Jr. talks about Reverend Martin Luther King's nonviolence
  • Tape: 2 Story: 6 - Reverend John H. Cross, Jr. describes the security at 16th Street Baptist Church
  • Tape: 2 Story: 7 - Reverend John H. Cross, Jr. describes the 16th Street Baptist Church bombing, pt. 1
  • Tape: 2 Story: 8 - Reverend John H. Cross, Jr. describes the 16th Street Baptist Church bombing, pt. 2
  • Tape: 2 Story: 9 - Reverend John H. Cross, Jr. describes the aftermath of the bombings
  • Tape: 2 Story: 10 - Reverend Dr. John Cross, Jr. describes the trials after the bombing of the 16th Street Baptist Church
  • Tape: 2 Story: 11 - Reverend John H. Cross, Jr. talks about the protests that followed the bombing
  • Tape: 3 Story: 1 - Reverend John H. Cross, Jr. describes the rebuilding of 16th Street Baptist Church
  • Tape: 3 Story: 2 - Reverend John H. Cross, Jr. describes how he would like to be remembered
  • Tape: 3 Story: 3 - Reverend John H. Cross, Jr.'s daughter recalls the bombing of the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama, pt. 1
  • Tape: 3 Story: 4 - Reverend John H. Cross, Jr.'s daughter recalls the bombing of the 16th Street Church, pt. 2
  • Tape: 3 Story: 5 - Reverend John H. Cross, Jr.'s daughter describes the funerals of the victims of the 16th Street Baptist Church bombing
  • Tape: 3 Story: 6 - Reverend John H. Cross, Jr.'s daughter describes the unrest after the bombing
  • Tape: 3 Story: 7 - Reverend John H. Cross, Jr.'s daughter talks about segregation in Alabama
  • Tape: 3 Story: 8 - Reverend John H. Cross, Jr.'s daughter recalls the reconstruction of the 16th Street Baptist Church
  • Tape: 3 Story: 9 - Reverend John H. Cross, Jr.'s daughter recalls the impact of the 16th Street Baptist Church bombing
  • Tape: 3 Story: 10 - Reverend John H. Cross, Jr.'s daughter recalls the conviction of the bombing's perpetrators
  • Tape: 3 Story: 11 - Reverend John H. Cross, Jr.'s daughter narrates his photographs