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Reverend H. K. Matthews

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Information about Reverend H. K. Matthews

Profile image of Reverend H. K. Matthews

Profession

Category:
CivicMakers
ReligionMakers
Occupation(s):
Civil Rights Activist
Minister

Favorites

Favorite Color:
Blue
Favorite Food:
Greens (Collard), Chicken
Favorite Time of Year:
Fall
Favorite Vacation Spot:
Destin, Florida
Favorite Quote:
Absolutely.

Birthplace

Born:
2/7/1928
Birth Location:
Snowhill, Alabama

Profession

Category:
CivicMakers
ReligionMakers
Occupation(s):
Civil Rights Activist
Minister

Favorites

Favorite Color:
Blue
Favorite Food:
Greens (Collard), Chicken
Favorite Time of Year:
Fall
Favorite Vacation Spot:
Destin, Florida
Favorite Quote:
Absolutely.

Birthplace

Born:
2/7/1928
Birth Location:
Snowhill
See how Reverend H. K. Matthews is related to other HistoryMakers

Biography

Civil rights icon and minister Reverend H.K. Matthews was born Hawthorne Konrad Matthews on February 7, 1928, in Snow Hill, Alabama, to Lavinia Johnson and John Henry Matthews. Matthews was raised by his grandmother, Lucy P. Johnson-Matthews, after his mother died. His grandmother was a school teacher and his father was a farmer. He graduated from Snow Hill Institute in 1947, and attended Alabama Agricultural & Mechanical University for three years before enlisting in the United States military in 1949.

After serving in the Korean War, Matthews them moved to Pensacola, Florida in 1955, where he became involved with church activities and was mentored by one of Pensacola’s leading black clergy, Reverend W.C. Dobbins. During this time, Matthews became active with civil rights activities and was employed by the Florida State Employment Service. He was ordained in the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church in 1961. While living in Florida, Matthews founded the Pensacola National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Youth Council and the Escambia County Chapter of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. Matthews spearheaded protests that resulted in the increased employment of African Americans at Pensacola’s Sacred Heart Hospital, Southern Bell Telephone Company and the West Pensacola Bank. Matthews was jailed thirty-five times for his involvement with the Civil Rights Movement. Matthews returned to Alabama in 1977 and continued to minister at Zion Fountain A.M.E Zion church for twenty-four years. During this time, Matthews was also presiding over twenty-one other churches in the area.

Matthews has received many honors for his work in Pensacola, Florida during the Civil Rights Movement in Pensacola, Florida. In February 2006, the City Council of Pensacola dedicated a park in his honor to recognize the social changes that he brought to the city.

H.K. Matthews was interviews by The HistoryMakers on October 16, 2006.

See how Reverend H. K. Matthews is related to other HistoryMakers
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  • Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Slating of Reverend H.K. Matthews' interview
  • Tape: 1 Story: 2 - Reverend H.K. Matthews lists his favorites
  • Tape: 1 Story: 3 - Reverend H.K. Matthews describes his maternal grandmother
  • Tape: 1 Story: 4 - Reverend H.K. Matthews describes his maternal grandmother's education and personality
  • Tape: 1 Story: 5 - Reverend H.K. Matthews describes his father
  • Tape: 1 Story: 6 - Reverend H.K. Matthews describes his earliest childhood memories
  • Tape: 1 Story: 7 - Reverend H.K. Matthews describes his early education
  • Tape: 1 Story: 8 - Reverend H.K. Matthews describes his high school education
  • Tape: 1 Story: 9 - Reverend H.K. Matthews describes his childhood extracurricular activities
  • Tape: 1 Story: 10 - Reverend H.K. Matthews describes the collective parenting of his community
  • Tape: 1 Story: 11 - Reverend H.K. Matthews describes Christmas celebrations during his childhood
  • Tape: 1 Story: 12 - Reverend HK Matthews describes his neighborhood in Snow Hill, Alabama
  • Tape: 1 Story: 13 - Reverend H.K. Matthews describes the sights, sounds and smells of his childhood
  • Tape: 1 Story: 14 - Reverend H.K. Matthews remembers Snow Hill Normal and Industrial Institute
  • Tape: 1 Story: 15 - Reverend H.K. Matthews recalls how he became a preacher
  • Tape: 2 Story: 1 - Reverend H.K. Matthews recalls his professors at Alabama Agricultural and Mechanical College
  • Tape: 2 Story: 2 - Reverend H.K. Matthews describes the role of religion at Alabama Agricultural and Mechanical College
  • Tape: 2 Story: 3 - Reverend H.K. Matthews remembers enlisting in the U.S. Army
  • Tape: 2 Story: 4 - Reverend H.K. Matthews describes his experiences in the Korean War
  • Tape: 2 Story: 5 - Reverend H.K. Matthews describes his life after leaving the U.S. military
  • Tape: 2 Story: 6 - Reverend H.K. Matthews remembers overcoming his alcoholism
  • Tape: 2 Story: 7 - Reverend H.K. Matthews recalls protesting segregation in Pensacola, Florida
  • Tape: 2 Story: 8 - Reverend H.K. Matthews describes St. Mark's A.M.E. Zion Church in Pensacola, Florida
  • Tape: 2 Story: 9 - Reverend H.K. Matthews talks about Reverend W.C. Dobbins
  • Tape: 2 Story: 10 - Reverend H.K. Matthews recalls working at Florida's state employment service agency
  • Tape: 2 Story: 11 - Reverend H.K. Matthews talks about managing the Escambia Arms housing complex
  • Tape: 2 Story: 12 - Reverend H.K. Matthews remembers his ordination
  • Tape: 3 Story: 1 - Reverend H.K. Matthews describes his first day at Florida's state employment service agency
  • Tape: 3 Story: 2 - Reverend H.K. Matthews describes his grandmother's influence on his activism
  • Tape: 3 Story: 3 - Reverend H.K. Matthews recalls integrating the Pensacola public school system, pt. 1
  • Tape: 3 Story: 4 - Reverend H.K. Matthews recalls integrating the Pensacola public school system, pt. 2
  • Tape: 3 Story: 5 - Reverend H.K. Matthews describes his arrest at Escambia High School
  • Tape: 3 Story: 6 - Reverend H.K. Matthews remembers sit-ins at businesses in Pensacola, Florida
  • Tape: 3 Story: 7 - Reverend H.K. Matthews recalls the shooting of Wendel Blackwell
  • Tape: 3 Story: 8 - Reverend H.K. Matthews describes the aftermath of Wendel Blackwell's murder
  • Tape: 3 Story: 9 - Reverend H.K. Matthews recalls protesting Wendel Blackwell's murder
  • Tape: 3 Story: 10 - Reverend H.K. Matthews recalls being imprisoned for his civil rights activism
  • Tape: 3 Story: 11 - Reverend H.K. Matthews recalls founding the Pensacola chapter of SCLC
  • Tape: 4 Story: 1 - Reverend H.K. Matthews remembers the Selma to Montgomery March
  • Tape: 4 Story: 2 - Reverend H.K. Matthews remembers being attacked on the Edmund Pettus Bridge
  • Tape: 4 Story: 3 - Reverend H.K. Matthews remembers Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
  • Tape: 4 Story: 4 - Reverend H.K. Mathews describes the philosophy behind his activism
  • Tape: 4 Story: 5 - Reverend H.K. Matthews describes his children and grandchildren
  • Tape: 4 Story: 6 - Reverend H.K. Matthews talks about his book, 'Victory After the Fall'
  • Tape: 4 Story: 7 - Reverend H.K. Matthews describes his congregation in Brewton, Alabama
  • Tape: 4 Story: 8 - Reverend H.K. Matthews reads from his book, 'Victory After the Fall,' pt. 1
  • Tape: 4 Story: 9 - Reverend H.K. Matthews reads from his book, 'Victory After the Fall,' pt. 2
  • Tape: 4 Story: 10 - Reverend H.K. Matthews reflects upon his civil rights activism
  • Tape: 4 Story: 11 - Reverend H.K. Matthews talks about his awards and honors
  • Tape: 4 Story: 12 - Reverend H.K. Matthews talks about Arthur Rocca
  • Tape: 4 Story: 13 - Reverend H.K. Matthews reflects upon his life
  • Tape: 5 Story: 1 - Reverend H.K. Matthews describes his plans for the future
  • Tape: 5 Story: 2 - Reverend H.K. Matthews describes his hopes and concerns for the African American community
  • Tape: 5 Story: 3 - Reverend H.K. Matthews reflects upon how he would like to be remembered
  • Tape: 5 Story: 4 - Reverend H.K. Matthews narrates his photographs