The Nation’s Largest African American Video Oral History Collection Mobile search icon Mobile close search icon
Advanced Biography Search
Mobile navigation icon Close mobile navigation icon

Philip L. Brown

Share on Social Media

Information about Philip L. Brown

Profile image of Philip L. Brown

Profession

Category:
EducationMakers
Occupation(s):
Elementary School Teacher

Favorites

Favorite Color:
Blue
Favorite Food:
Sweet Potatoes, Crabcakes
Favorite Time of Year:
Summer
Favorite Vacation Spot:
Honolulu, Hawaii
Favorite Quote:
None

Birthplace

Born:
1/16/1909
Birth Location:
Annapolis, Maryland

Profession

Category:
EducationMakers
Occupation(s):
Elementary School Teacher

Favorites

Favorite Color:
Blue
Favorite Food:
Sweet Potatoes, Crabcakes
Favorite Time of Year:
Summer
Favorite Vacation Spot:
Honolulu, Hawaii
Favorite Quote:
None

Birthplace

Born:
1/16/1909
Birth Location:
Annapolis
See how Philip L. Brown is related to other HistoryMakers

Biography

Author, historian and educator Philip Lorenzo Brown was born on January 16, 1909, in Annapolis, Maryland. His father operated a grocery store and worked as a maintenance man at the U.S. Naval Academy and his mother was a homemaker. In 1926, he earned his diploma from Stanton High School in Annapolis. While in high school, Brown enjoyed attending movies, playing football and working in the family grocery store. He graduated from Bowie Normal School, now know as Bowie State University, in 1928, and began his teaching career when he was just nineteen in the Anne Arundel County, Maryland school system.

In 1932, Brown married Rachel Hall, a teacher at the two-room school where he served as principal. Shortly after his marriage he and his wife attended classes at Morgan State University where both earned their bachelors degrees in education. After forming the Colored Teachers Association of Anne Arundel County in 1938, Brown led the effort to sue the Anne Arundel Board of Education for equal pay for African American teachers. The teachers were represented by former Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall. In 1955, Brown earned his master’s degree in education from New York University.

During his tenure as a teacher in Anne Arundel County, he taught in several elementary schools and later at Bates High School, where he served as Vice Principal in 1966 when Anne Arundel County schools were finally integrated. In 1970, Brown retired from the school system.

Brown spent most of his retirement years researching and documenting local black history, especially that of black schools. In 1988, Brown published his first book A Century of Separate But Equal Education in Anne Arundel County. Six years later he published a pictorial book documenting the history of blacks in Anne Arundel County, The Other Annapolis, the Life and Times of Blacks in Annapolis from 1900-1950. In 2000, Brown put pen to paper again when he published The Mount Moriah Story 1875-1973, a book detailing the creation and rise of the first African Methodist Episcopal church in Annapolis. Finally in 2001 he published his latest book, The Stanton Elementary School Story, which was the first school in Annapolis for blacks and his alma mater.

Brown passed away on October 13, 2009 at age 100.

See how Philip L. Brown is related to other HistoryMakers
Click Here To Explore The Archive Today!
  • Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Slating of Philip Brown interview
  • Tape: 1 Story: 2 - Philip Brown's favorites
  • Tape: 1 Story: 3 - Philip Brown remembers his mother
  • Tape: 1 Story: 4 - Philip Brown remembers his father
  • Tape: 1 Story: 5 - Philip Brown explains his little knowledge of family history
  • Tape: 1 Story: 6 - Philip Brown shares memories from his family life in 1910s Annapolis
  • Tape: 1 Story: 7 - Philip Brown recalls his early years in Annapolis, Maryland
  • Tape: 1 Story: 8 - Philip Brown recalls his elementary school years
  • Tape: 1 Story: 9 - Philip Brown describes going to church three times each Sunday as a child
  • Tape: 1 Story: 10 - Philip Brown recalls activities from his pre-teen and early teen years
  • Tape: 1 Story: 11 - Philip Brown describes some of his teachers
  • Tape: 1 Story: 12 - Philip Brown recalls his high school years
  • Tape: 2 Story: 1 - Philip Brown evaluates his academic performance as a high school student
  • Tape: 2 Story: 2 - Philip Brown recounts his years at Bowie State University, Bowie, Maryland
  • Tape: 2 Story: 3 - Philip Brown discusses his first teaching job and his marriage
  • Tape: 2 Story: 4 - Philip Brown recalls the lawsuit over wage disparities in the Anne Arundel County, Maryland school system, 1930s
  • Tape: 2 Story: 5 - Philip Brown discusses his pursuit of graduate studies, New York University, 1950s
  • Tape: 2 Story: 6 - Philip Brown discusses the integration of Anne Arundel County, Maryland schools, 1960s
  • Tape: 3 Story: 1 - Philip Brown discusses the integration of Anne Arundel County, Maryland schools, 1960s, part 2
  • Tape: 3 Story: 2 - Philip Brown details changes in black education in Anne Arundel County, Maryland from 1926-1970
  • Tape: 3 Story: 3 - Philip Brown describes his post-retirement writing pursuits
  • Tape: 3 Story: 4 - Philip Brown reflects on school integration, test score disparities and teaching methods today
  • Tape: 3 Story: 5 - Philip Brown discusses writing and publishing his first book, 'A Century of "Separate but Equal" Education in Anne Arundel County, Maryland'
  • Tape: 3 Story: 6 - Philip Brown discusses his second book, 'The Other Annapolis 1900-1950'
  • Tape: 4 Story: 1 - Philip Brown discusses sales of his first two books
  • Tape: 4 Story: 2 - Philip Brown reflects on his life's course
  • Tape: 4 Story: 3 - Philip Brown discusses careers in the teaching profession
  • Tape: 4 Story: 4 - Philip Brown expresses his hopes and concerns for the African American community
  • Tape: 4 Story: 5 - Philip Brown shares thoughts on preserving history
  • Tape: 4 Story: 6 - Philip Brown describes how he'd like to be remembered
  • Tape: 4 Story: 7 - Philip Brown reflects on his seventy-two years of marriage
  • Tape: 4 Story: 8 - Philip Brown shares thoughts on longevity