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Julius Taylor

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Information about Julius Taylor

Profile image of Julius Taylor

Profession

Category:
EducationMakers
ScienceMakers
Occupation(s):
Physics Professor
Physicist

Favorites

Favorite Color:
Blue
Favorite Food:
Fish
Favorite Time of Year:
Fall
Favorite Vacation Spot:
Florida
Favorite Quote:
How are you getting along?

Birthplace

Born:
2/15/1914
Birth Location:
Cape May, New Jersey

Profession

Category:
EducationMakers
ScienceMakers
Occupation(s):
Physics Professor
Physicist

Favorites

Favorite Color:
Blue
Favorite Food:
Fish
Favorite Time of Year:
Fall
Favorite Vacation Spot:
Florida
Favorite Quote:
How are you getting along?

Birthplace

Born:
2/15/1914
Birth Location:
Cape May
See how Julius Taylor is related to other HistoryMakers

Biography

Physicist and physics professor Julius Henry Taylor was born on February 15, 1914, in Cape May, New Jersey, to Julia and Coleman Taylor. Taylor was one of six children including Morris, Margaret, Coleman, Elizabeth, and Mildred. He attended Middle Township High School in New Jersey, where he played trumpet in the band and was an avid basketball player and track star. He graduated in 1932, and did not plan to attend college until he met his wife, Patricia Spaulding, who encouraged him to do so and the two married in 1937. The following year, Taylor earned his A.B. degree in physics from Lincoln University. He went on to receive his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in solid state physics from the University of Pennsylvania.

In the 1940s, Taylor published scholarly papers while under contract with the U.S. Navy. In 1945, he became chairman of the Department of Physics at West Virginia State College. Four years later, he joined the faculty at Morgan State University at the insistence of then-president Dr. Martin David Jenkins. Taylor began building the physics department and became its first chairperson in 1954, after earning tenure as a professor. Taylor also started the first golf team at Morgan State University that went on to win the CIAA championship. A well-known golfer, Taylor continued to play 18 holes through 2009. During his years as a professor, Taylor mentored several students at Morgan State University who went on to get their Ph.Ds in physics including Dr. Frederick Oliver who would later be hired as chair of the Physics Department. In 1955, Taylor served as an editor for The Negro In Science, a book addressing prominent African American scientists and their research. During his time at Morgan State University, Taylor served as a liaison to the Goddard Space Flight Center and the National Science Foundation, along with several other scientific societies and committees. He also lectured at American University before his retirement in 1986 when he became professor emeritus at Morgan State. After his retirement, Taylor continued to mentor students in junior and senior high schools in the Baltimore Public School System. In 1998, Taylor served as a contractor to NASA.

Taylor is the recipient of two Honorary Doctorate degrees in Science from Grambling State University and Lincoln University. In 1963, he was named Alumnus of the Year by Lincoln University and in 1976, he received a Distinguished Service Citation from the American Association of Physics Teachers. He has been a member and president of the executive committee of the Chesapeake Section of the American Association of Physics Teachers as well as a section representative.

Taylor has two children, Trena Taylor Brown and Dwight Spaulding Taylor.

Julius Henry Taylor was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on July 13, 2010.

Julius Taylor passed away on August 27, 2011.

See how Julius Taylor is related to other HistoryMakers
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  • Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Slating of Julius Taylor's interview
  • Tape: 1 Story: 2 - Julius Taylor shares his favorites
  • Tape: 1 Story: 3 - Julius Taylor describes his paternal grandparents
  • Tape: 1 Story: 4 - Julius Taylor describes his father
  • Tape: 1 Story: 5 - Julius Taylor describes the person who encouraged him to attend college
  • Tape: 1 Story: 6 - Julius Taylor describes his family background
  • Tape: 1 Story: 7 - Julius Taylor describes his college decision and the thoughts of his future wife
  • Tape: 1 Story: 8 - Julius Taylor describes his elementary and high school experiences
  • Tape: 1 Story: 9 - Julius Taylor remembers his childhood home and community
  • Tape: 1 Story: 10 - Julius Taylor describes his childhood influences
  • Tape: 2 Story: 1 - Julius Taylor remembers feeling the effects of segregation on a school trip
  • Tape: 2 Story: 2 - Julius Taylor recalls his desire to play the trumpet
  • Tape: 2 Story: 3 - Julius Taylor describes his first encounter with science
  • Tape: 2 Story: 4 - Julius Taylor discusses his interest in track and field
  • Tape: 2 Story: 5 - Julius Taylor describes the effect of his wife and her family on his career
  • Tape: 2 Story: 6 - Julius Taylor describes his father and his religious faith
  • Tape: 2 Story: 7 - Julius Taylor shares his memories of Lincoln University
  • Tape: 2 Story: 8 - Julius Taylor talks about his wife and children
  • Tape: 3 Story: 1 - Julius Taylor recalls memories of his graduate career at the University of Pennsylvania
  • Tape: 3 Story: 2 - Julius Taylor describes his research in solid state physics
  • Tape: 3 Story: 3 - Julius Taylor talks about pioneers in solid state physics
  • Tape: 3 Story: 4 - Julius Taylor describes his building the Morgan State University physics program
  • Tape: 3 Story: 5 - Julius Taylor talks about the growth of the Morgan State University physics department in the 1950s
  • Tape: 3 Story: 6 - Julius Taylor explains his teaching philosophy
  • Tape: 3 Story: 7 - Julius Taylor describes the physics professor at Howard University
  • Tape: 4 Story: 1 - Julius Taylor describes his employment at the West Virginia State University
  • Tape: 4 Story: 2 - Julius Taylor recalls starting the golf team at Morgan State University, part 1
  • Tape: 4 Story: 3 - Julius Taylor talks about the benefits of golf
  • Tape: 4 Story: 4 - Julius Taylor recounts his experiences as a graduate student at the University of Pennsylvania
  • Tape: 4 Story: 5 - Julius Taylor describes his graduate thesis
  • Tape: 4 Story: 6 - Julius Taylor describes federal funding for research and teaching
  • Tape: 4 Story: 7 - Julius Taylor recalls his professional affiliations
  • Tape: 4 Story: 8 - Julius Taylor describes his fondness for golf
  • Tape: 4 Story: 9 - Julius Taylor discusses receiving his doctorate and not being given a faculty position at the University of Pennsylvania
  • Tape: 4 Story: 10 - Julius Taylor describes his role as a mentor
  • Tape: 5 Story: 1 - Julius Taylor reflects on his role as a mentor and his awards
  • Tape: 5 Story: 2 - Julius Taylor talks about his community involvement
  • Tape: 5 Story: 3 - Julius Taylor discusses physics and the changing student body
  • Tape: 5 Story: 4 - Julius Taylor talks about his strategies as a teacher
  • Tape: 5 Story: 5 - Julius Taylor describes his role at Morgan State University
  • Tape: 5 Story: 6 - Julius Taylor describes Morgan State University's relationship with Goddard Space Flight Center and the Afro-American Institute of Science
  • Tape: 5 Story: 7 - Julius Taylor notes that his relationship with Morgan State University's administration
  • Tape: 5 Story: 8 - Julius Taylor discusses his book, "The Negro in Science"
  • Tape: 5 Story: 9 - Julius Taylor comments on integration and its effect on education
  • Tape: 6 Story: 1 - Julius Taylor discusses his professional associations
  • Tape: 6 Story: 2 - Julius Taylor discusses the influence of politics in science
  • Tape: 6 Story: 3 - Julius Taylor discusses his role in the design of Calloway Hall at Morgan State University
  • Tape: 6 Story: 4 - Julius Taylor talks about his love of fishing
  • Tape: 6 Story: 5 - Julius Taylor discusses his retirement
  • Tape: 6 Story: 6 - Julius Taylor comments on university presidents
  • Tape: 6 Story: 7 - Julius Taylor describes his honorary doctorate from Grambling University
  • Tape: 6 Story: 8 - Julius Taylor opines on building a strong university
  • Tape: 6 Story: 9 - Julius Taylor responds to questions regarding advice to today's students
  • Tape: 6 Story: 10 - Julius Taylor talks about the future of physics in solving world problems
  • Tape: 6 Story: 11 - Julius Taylor reflects on how the field of physics has changed
  • Tape: 6 Story: 12 - Julius Taylor comments on his worry about Morgan State University's physics department
  • Tape: 6 Story: 13 - Julius Taylor comments on how he wants to be remembered
  • Tape: 6 Story: 14 - Julius Taylor describes his work at Aberdeen Proving Ground
  • Tape: 7 Story: 1 - Julius Taylor describes his photographs