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Joe Hendricks

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Information about Joe Hendricks

Profile image of Joe Hendricks

Profession

Category:
CivicMakers
Occupation(s):
Civil Rights Activist
Mill Worker

Favorites

Favorite Color:
Black
Favorite Food:
Fish, Vegetables
Favorite Time of Year:
Summer
Favorite Vacation Spot:
North
Favorite Quote:
Give Thanks To The Lord, For He Is Good

Birthplace

Born:
3/22/1927
Birth Location:
Boligee, Alabama

Profession

Category:
CivicMakers
Occupation(s):
Civil Rights Activist
Mill Worker

Favorites

Favorite Color:
Black
Favorite Food:
Fish, Vegetables
Favorite Time of Year:
Summer
Favorite Vacation Spot:
North
Favorite Quote:
Give Thanks To The Lord, For He Is Good

Birthplace

Born:
3/22/1927
Birth Location:
Boligee
See how Joe Hendricks is related to other HistoryMakers

Biography

Civil rights activist, mill worker and personal guard Joe Hendricks was born on March 22, 1927 in Boligee, Alabama to Louis Hendricks, a deacon, and Betty Hendricks, a former slave and housewife. Actively involved in the church from a young age, Hendricks would later utilize church grounds as a clandestine meeting place for civil rights discussions.

In 1941, after finishing the eighth grade at Jane Woods Elementary School, Hendricks began working at Jim Dandy, a mill that produced dog food, grits and corn meal. Eventually, Hendricks became a pack operator for the mill and joined the Workers’ Union. After Hendricks joined the union, he lost his job at the mill and was forced into unemployment for ten months. During Hendricks’ period of unemployment, he became the guard for civil rights activist and religious leader Rev. Fred L. Shuttlesworth. In addition to being Shuttleworth’s guard, Hendricks frequently participated in Monday night meetings at his local church, where African Americans in the community would discuss upcoming civil rights activities, including organizational strategies for protests and sit-ins. Hendricks was often subjected to dog attacks and dangerous water hose sprayings during protests. Hendricks was on duty guarding Rev. Shuttleworth’s house when it was bombed by several unnamed persons in 1956.

Hendricks eventually regained his position at the Jim Dandy mill, and retired after thirty-eight years of service. He still remains active in his community, and is involved in his local church choir at the New Pilgrim Baptist Church.

Joe Hendricks was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on March 22, 2007.

Joe Hendricks passed away on August 23, 2012.

See how Joe Hendricks is related to other HistoryMakers
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  • Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Slating of Joe Hendricks's interview
  • Tape: 1 Story: 2 - Joe Hendricks lists his favorites
  • Tape: 1 Story: 3 - Joe Hendricks remembers choosing to adopt his maternal grandfather's name
  • Tape: 1 Story: 4 - Joe Hendricks describes his maternal grandparents
  • Tape: 1 Story: 5 - Joe Hendricks describes his mother
  • Tape: 1 Story: 6 - Joe Hendricks describes his father's family background
  • Tape: 1 Story: 7 - Joe Hendricks remembers his paternal grandmother
  • Tape: 1 Story: 8 - Joe Hendricks remembers his paternal grandfather
  • Tape: 1 Story: 9 - Joe Hendricks describes his father
  • Tape: 1 Story: 10 - Joe Hendricks lists his siblings
  • Tape: 1 Story: 11 - Joe Hendricks describes his childhood pastimes
  • Tape: 1 Story: 12 - Joe Hendricks remembers the Great Depression
  • Tape: 1 Story: 13 - Joe Hendricks describes his early church involvement
  • Tape: 1 Story: 14 - Joe Hendricks describes his earliest childhood memory
  • Tape: 1 Story: 15 - Joe Hendricks remembers the Jones Wood School in Tishabee, Alabama
  • Tape: 2 Story: 1 - Joe Hendricks describes his education at Jones Wood School
  • Tape: 2 Story: 2 - Joe Hendricks describes his early activities
  • Tape: 2 Story: 3 - Joe Hendricks remembers working for Western Grain Company in Birmingham, Alabama
  • Tape: 2 Story: 4 - Joe Hendricks recalls mediating for the United Steelworkers of America
  • Tape: 2 Story: 5 - Joe Hendricks recalls his termination from the Western Grain Company
  • Tape: 2 Story: 6 - Joe Hendricks recalls challenging his termination from the Western Grain Company
  • Tape: 2 Story: 7 - Joe Hendricks remembers guarding Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth's home
  • Tape: 2 Story: 8 - Joe Hendricks recalls the arrest of a white congregant
  • Tape: 2 Story: 9 - Joe Hendricks remembers Monday civil rights meetings in Birmingham, Alabama
  • Tape: 3 Story: 1 - Joe Hendricks recalls his imprisonment for civil disobedience
  • Tape: 3 Story: 2 - Joe Hendricks recalls rescuing the Freedom Riders in Anniston, Alabama, pt. 1
  • Tape: 3 Story: 3 - Joe Hendricks recalls rescuing the Freedom Riders in Anniston, Alabama, pt. 2
  • Tape: 3 Story: 4 - Joe Hendricks describes his concerns about driving the white female Freedom Riders
  • Tape: 3 Story: 5 - Joe Hendricks describes his wife's role in the Civil Rights Movement
  • Tape: 3 Story: 6 - Joe Hendricks recalls his interactions with Bull Connor
  • Tape: 3 Story: 7 - Joe Hendricks remembers Alabama's segregation laws
  • Tape: 3 Story: 8 - Joe Hendricks recalls the bombing of the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama
  • Tape: 3 Story: 9 - Joe Hendricks recalls Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth's church in Birmingham, Alabama
  • Tape: 4 Story: 1 - Joe Hendricks recalls a confrontation with Bull Connor
  • Tape: 4 Story: 2 - Joe Hendricks recalls protecting James Armstrong's family from the Ku Klux Klan
  • Tape: 4 Story: 3 - Joe Hendricks recalls the treatment of child demonstrators
  • Tape: 4 Story: 4 - Joe Hendricks describes his training in nonviolence
  • Tape: 4 Story: 5 - Joe Hendricks recalls meetings of the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights
  • Tape: 4 Story: 6 - Joe Hendricks describes his employer's disapproval of his civil rights activity
  • Tape: 4 Story: 7 - Joe Hendricks remembers Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr.'s assassination
  • Tape: 4 Story: 8 - Joe Hendricks talks about his children
  • Tape: 4 Story: 9 - Joe Hendricks talks about his retirement
  • Tape: 4 Story: 10 - Joe Hendricks reflects upon his life
  • Tape: 4 Story: 11 - Joe Hendricks describes how he would like to be remembered
  • Tape: 4 Story: 12 - Joe Hendricks shares his message to future generations
  • Tape: 5 Story: 1 - Joe Hendricks narrates his photographs