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The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson

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Information about The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson

Profile image of The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson

Profession

Category:
PoliticalMakers
Occupation(s):
U.S. Congresswoman

Favorites

Favorite Color:
Pink
Favorite Food:
Salad
Favorite Time of Year:
Fall
Favorite Vacation Spot:
Caribbean
Favorite Quote:
Hey! Gotcha!

Birthplace

Born:
12/3/1935
Birth Location:
Waco, Texas

Profession

Category:
PoliticalMakers
Occupation(s):
U.S. Congresswoman

Favorites

Favorite Color:
Pink
Favorite Food:
Salad
Favorite Time of Year:
Fall
Favorite Vacation Spot:
Caribbean
Favorite Quote:
Hey! Gotcha!

Birthplace

Born:
12/3/1935
Birth Location:
Waco
See how The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson is related to other HistoryMakers

Biography

U.S. Congresswoman Eddie Bernice Johnson was born on December 3, 1935 to Lee Edward Johnson and Lillie Mae White Johnson in Waco, Texas. She and her three siblings grew up attending Toliver Chapel Baptist Church, where her mother was an active church member. After attending A.J. Moore High School, Johnson graduated at the age of sixteen and moved to Indiana to attend Saint Mary’s College of Notre Dame, where she graduated in 1955 with her nursing certificate.

Johnson then began work as a psychiatric nurse at La Rue Carter Psychiatric Hospital in Indianapolis, Indiana until she passed the boards. Then Congresswoman Johnson returned to Texas and started working at the Dallas Veterans Administration Hospital in 1956. While still employed at the hospital, Johnson earned her B.S. degree in nursing in 1967 from the Harris School for Nursing at Texas Christian University in Fort Worth, Texas. That same year, she was promoted to chief psychiatric nurse. She left the hospital in 1972 to run for public office in the Texas House of Representatives. There, she made a name for herself fighting for minority and women’s’ issues. In 1976, Johnson earned her M.P.A. degree from Southern Methodist University in Dallas, and in 1977, President Jimmy Carter appointed her as the principal official of Region VI for the Department of Health, Education and Welfare (H.E.W.). She remained with the H.E.W. until 1981, when she left public office to found her own business, a real estate company. In 1986, Johnson was elected to public office once again, but this time to the Texas Senate, where she worked tirelessly to improve health care and to end racial discrimination. In 1992, Johnson ran for the U.S. House of Representatives and was elected.

As a U.S. Congresswoman, Johnson has led the battle on legislation to improve health care, the environment, civil rights, women’s issues, science research and education. She is a member of the Committee of Science and Technology and the Committee of Transportation and Infrastructure. In 2001, Johnson served as Chairwoman of the Congressional Black Caucus. In 1993 and 1994, she was named by Ebony magazine as one of the 100 Most Influential African Americans and in 2001, the magazine named her one of the 10 Most Powerful African American Women.

Johnson has one son, Dawrence Kirk Johnson, and three grandsons.

Eddie Bernice Johnson was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on March 7, 2012

See how The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson is related to other HistoryMakers
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  • Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Slating of The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson's interview
  • Tape: 1 Story: 2 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson lists her favorites
  • Tape: 1 Story: 3 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson describes her mother's family background
  • Tape: 1 Story: 4 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson talks about her mother's ancestry
  • Tape: 1 Story: 5 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson describes her father's family background
  • Tape: 1 Story: 6 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson talks about her parents' personalities and who she takes after
  • Tape: 1 Story: 7 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson describes her earliest childhood memory
  • Tape: 1 Story: 8 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson remembers her community in Waco, Texas
  • Tape: 1 Story: 9 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson describes the sights, sounds and smells of her childhood
  • Tape: 1 Story: 10 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson remembers East Waco Elementary School in Waco, Texas
  • Tape: 2 Story: 1 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson talks about her interest in geometry
  • Tape: 2 Story: 2 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson remembers her paternal grandmother
  • Tape: 2 Story: 3 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson talks about her paternal grandmother's racial identity
  • Tape: 2 Story: 4 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson describes the black business district in Waco, Texas
  • Tape: 2 Story: 5 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson recalls the tornado that destroyed the black business district in Waco, Texas
  • Tape: 2 Story: 6 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson describes her schooling
  • Tape: 2 Story: 7 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson recalls her home life
  • Tape: 2 Story: 8 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson talks about the demographics of Waco, Texas
  • Tape: 2 Story: 9 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson recalls her aspiration to become a nurse
  • Tape: 2 Story: 10 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson remembers her admission to Saint Mary's College in Notre Dame, Indiana
  • Tape: 3 Story: 1 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson recalls her arrival at Saint Mary's College in Notre Dame, Indiana
  • Tape: 3 Story: 2 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson describes her experiences at Saint Mary's College in Notre Dame, Indiana
  • Tape: 3 Story: 3 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson talks about segregation in Indiana
  • Tape: 3 Story: 4 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson remembers moving to Dallas, Texas
  • Tape: 3 Story: 5 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson recalls becoming the first black nurse at the Dallas VA Hospital
  • Tape: 3 Story: 6 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson remembers meeting her husband
  • Tape: 3 Story: 7 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson talks about politics in the State of Texas
  • Tape: 3 Story: 8 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson recalls her start as a civil rights organizer
  • Tape: 3 Story: 9 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson remembers the segregated department stores in Dallas, Texas
  • Tape: 4 Story: 1 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson remembers the assassination of President John Fitzgerald Kennedy
  • Tape: 4 Story: 2 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson talks about the aftermath of President John Fitzgerald Kennedy's assassination
  • Tape: 4 Story: 3 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson talks about the black female civil rights leaders in Dallas, Texas
  • Tape: 4 Story: 4 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson recalls the integration of Dallas, Texas
  • Tape: 4 Story: 5 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson remembers Barbara Jordan, pt. 1
  • Tape: 4 Story: 6 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson describes the response to the Civil Rights Act in the South
  • Tape: 4 Story: 7 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson remembers her civic work at the Dallas VA Hospital
  • Tape: 4 Story: 8 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson remembers Barbara Jordan, pt. 2
  • Tape: 5 Story: 1 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson talks about Barbara Jordan's reputation in Texas
  • Tape: 5 Story: 2 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson remembers Mickey Leland
  • Tape: 5 Story: 3 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson remembers her complaint against Robert S. Calvert
  • Tape: 5 Story: 4 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson recalls her decision to run for public office, pt. 1
  • Tape: 5 Story: 5 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson recalls her decision to run for public office, pt. 2
  • Tape: 5 Story: 6 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson remembers working at Neiman Marcus
  • Tape: 5 Story: 7 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson remembers her election to the Texas House of Representatives
  • Tape: 5 Story: 8 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson recalls her work in the Texas House of Representatives
  • Tape: 6 Story: 1 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson talks about the School Breakfast Program
  • Tape: 6 Story: 2 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson remembers the renewal of the Voting Rights Act
  • Tape: 6 Story: 3 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson talks about her experiences in the U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare
  • Tape: 6 Story: 4 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson reflects upon President Jimmy Carter's administration
  • Tape: 6 Story: 5 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson recalls her election to the Texas Senate
  • Tape: 6 Story: 6 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson talks about her experiences of racial and gender discrimination
  • Tape: 6 Story: 7 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson remembers the confirmation of Judge Craig T. Enoch
  • Tape: 6 Story: 8 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson remembers the AIDS crisis
  • Tape: 7 Story: 1 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson talks about the impact of AIDS in the African American community
  • Tape: 7 Story: 2 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson talks about minority representation on the Texas Board of Regents
  • Tape: 7 Story: 3 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson recalls implementing single member districts in Texas
  • Tape: 7 Story: 4 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson talks about the political changes in Texas
  • Tape: 7 Story: 5 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson remembers her election to the U.S. House of Representatives
  • Tape: 7 Story: 6 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson describes her first term in the U.S. Congress
  • Tape: 8 Story: 1 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson remembers the Republican Revolution in the U.S. Congress
  • Tape: 8 Story: 2 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson talks about the attacks on the Congressional Black Caucus
  • Tape: 8 Story: 3 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson talks about the importance of minority congressional caucuses
  • Tape: 8 Story: 4 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson talks about her legislative mentors
  • Tape: 8 Story: 5 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson recalls working on President Bill Clinton's healthcare plan
  • Tape: 8 Story: 6 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson remembers the midterm elections of 1994
  • Tape: 8 Story: 7 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson describes her experiences as a Democrat in a Republican majority Congress, pt. 1
  • Tape: 8 Story: 8 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson describes her experiences as a Democrat in a Republican majority Congress, pt. 2
  • Tape: 9 Story: 1 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson recalls the Women's Health Equity Act
  • Tape: 9 Story: 2 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson talks about the opposition to President Barack Obama
  • Tape: 9 Story: 3 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson recalls becoming a senior member of her congressional committees
  • Tape: 9 Story: 4 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson talks about the NAFTA superhighway
  • Tape: 9 Story: 5 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson shares her perspective on the impeachment of President Bill Clinton
  • Tape: 9 Story: 6 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson reflects upon the Clinton administration
  • Tape: 9 Story: 7 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson talks about healthcare legislation
  • Tape: 9 Story: 8 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson remembers working with President George Walker Bush
  • Tape: 10 Story: 1 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson talks about President George Walker Bush's policy initiatives
  • Tape: 10 Story: 2 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson remembers the Trinity River project
  • Tape: 10 Story: 3 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson talks about President George Walker Bush's trade policy
  • Tape: 10 Story: 4 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson remembers the decision to invade Iraq
  • Tape: 10 Story: 5 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson talks about A World of Women for World Peace
  • Tape: 10 Story: 6 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson remembers the Texas Eleven
  • Tape: 10 Story: 7 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson talks about the Iraq War
  • Tape: 10 Story: 8 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson talks about the criticism of the Bush administration
  • Tape: 11 Story: 1 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson describes her position on the Iraq War
  • Tape: 11 Story: 2 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson talks about her policy on climate change
  • Tape: 11 Story: 3 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson reflects upon No Child Left Behind
  • Tape: 11 Story: 4 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson remembers Hurricane Katrina
  • Tape: 11 Story: 5 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson talks about running for reelection
  • Tape: 11 Story: 6 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson recalls the Renewable Fuels, Consumer Protection and Energy Efficiency Act
  • Tape: 11 Story: 7 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson talks about corporate influence on public policy
  • Tape: 11 Story: 8 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson talks about the U.S. military
  • Tape: 11 Story: 9 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson remembers the presidential candidates in 2008
  • Tape: 12 Story: 1 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson recalls her support for John Edwards' presidential bid in 2008
  • Tape: 12 Story: 2 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson talks about her support for President Barack Obama
  • Tape: 12 Story: 3 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson remembers her role in the Barack Obama's presidential campaign
  • Tape: 12 Story: 4 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson remembers the night of President Barack Obama's election
  • Tape: 12 Story: 5 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson talks about President Barack Obama and the Congressional Black Caucus
  • Tape: 12 Story: 6 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson reflects upon President Barack Obama's first term
  • Tape: 12 Story: 7 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson talks about the Obama family
  • Tape: 12 Story: 8 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson reflects on her legacy as a U.S. Representative
  • Tape: 12 Story: 9 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson describes her hopes and concerns for the African American community
  • Tape: 12 Story: 10 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson talks about her home state of Texas
  • Tape: 12 Story: 11 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson reflects upon her career
  • Tape: 13 Story: 1 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson talks about her family
  • Tape: 13 Story: 2 - The Honorable Eddie Bernice Johnson describes her philosophy and how she would like to be remembered