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Gwendolyn Patton

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Information about Gwendolyn Patton

Profile image of Gwendolyn Patton

Profession

Category:
CivicMakers
EducationMakers
Occupation(s):
Civil Rights Activist
Archivist

Favorites

Favorite Color:
Green, Red, White
Favorite Food:
Seafood
Favorite Time of Year:
Fall
Favorite Vacation Spot:
Bern, Switzerland
Favorite Quote:
Ignorance Offends Me, Especially My Own.

Birthplace

Born:
10/14/1943
Birth Location:
Detroit, Michigan

Profession

Category:
CivicMakers
EducationMakers
Occupation(s):
Civil Rights Activist
Archivist

Favorites

Favorite Color:
Green, Red, White
Favorite Food:
Seafood
Favorite Time of Year:
Fall
Favorite Vacation Spot:
Bern, Switzerland
Favorite Quote:
Ignorance Offends Me, Especially My Own.

Birthplace

Born:
10/14/1943
Birth Location:
Detroit
See how Gwendolyn Patton is related to other HistoryMakers

Biography

Gwendolyn Marie Patton was born on October 14, 1943 in Detroit, Michigan to Jeanetta and Clarence Patton. After the death of her mother in 1957, Gwendolyn and her siblings moved to Montgomery, Alabama. She attended George Washington Carver High School and graduated in 1961 with academic honors. She went on to receive her B.A. degree in English and history from Tuskegee Institute in 1966.

Patton coined the phrase “scholar-activist” and urged students to work in the community for social, political and economic change. She was also the Direct Action Chair for the Tuskegee Institute Advancement League, which planned strategies to desegregate Macon County in all areas, especially employment.

Though her grandmother’s rental property was the Freedom House that was used by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference during the Civil Rights Movement, Patton herself was active with the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee.

In 1972, Patton received her M.A. degree in education from Antioch University in Washington, D.C. and returned home to Alabama to accept a position as director of the Alabama State University Academic Advising Center. She later held the University’s Freshman Coordinator position from 1981 to 1986. Patton received her Ph.D. (ABD) from Union Graduate University Consortium and her LL.D. from the Interdenominational Institute of Theology.

Patton has made many noteworthy accomplishments, including founding the National Anti-War Anti-Draft Union against the war in Vietnam in 1969, the National Association of Black Students, and the New Alabama New South Coalition. She was selected to be an Aspen Institute Fellow and also wrote and published The Insurgent Memories in 1981. Patton is listed in the International Who’s Who of Intellectuals and is designated as a “Special Scholar” by the Institute of Higher Education and Research at the University of Alabama.

In 1992, Patton became an archivist for Trenholm Technical College, where she has assisted in establishing one of the few archives in the United States at a two year college.

Patton was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on March 19, 2007.

Patton passed away on May 11, 2017.

See how Gwendolyn Patton is related to other HistoryMakers
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  • Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Slating of Gwendolyn Patton's interview, session 1
  • Tape: 1 Story: 2 - Gwendolyn Patton lists her favorites
  • Tape: 1 Story: 3 - Gwendolyn Patton describes her paternal and maternal family backgrounds
  • Tape: 1 Story: 4 - Gwendolyn Patton talks about her paternal great-grandmother's brother
  • Tape: 1 Story: 5 - Gwendolyn Patton describes her family's roots near Montgomery, Alabama
  • Tape: 1 Story: 6 - Gwendolyn Patton talks about her family's land ownership
  • Tape: 1 Story: 7 - Gwendolyn Patton describes her paternal grandfather's entrepreneurialism
  • Tape: 1 Story: 8 - Gwendolyn Patton talks about her maternal family's educational legacy
  • Tape: 1 Story: 9 - Gwendolyn Patton describes her maternal grandmother, pt. 1
  • Tape: 1 Story: 10 - Gwendolyn Patton describes her maternal grandmother, pt. 2
  • Tape: 2 Story: 1 - Gwendolyn Patton describes her mother's schooling
  • Tape: 2 Story: 2 - Gwendolyn Patton describes her father's upbringing
  • Tape: 2 Story: 3 - Gwendolyn Patton describes how her parents met
  • Tape: 2 Story: 4 - Gwendolyn Patton talks about the murder of her maternal uncle
  • Tape: 2 Story: 5 - Gwendolyn Patton describes her father and grandmother's responses to the FBI
  • Tape: 2 Story: 6 - Gwendolyn Patton remembers her summers in Montgomery, Alabama
  • Tape: 2 Story: 7 - Gwendolyn Patton recalls her father's middle class aspirations
  • Tape: 2 Story: 8 - Gwendolyn Patton remembers her father's financial windfall
  • Tape: 2 Story: 9 - Gwendolyn Patton recalls her influences in Inkster, Michigan
  • Tape: 2 Story: 10 - Gwendolyn Patton describes her early religious experiences
  • Tape: 3 Story: 1 - Gwendolyn Patton describes her half-sister
  • Tape: 3 Story: 2 - Gwendolyn Patton remembers her mother's death
  • Tape: 3 Story: 3 - Gwendolyn Patton describes her relationship with her mother
  • Tape: 3 Story: 4 - Gwendolyn Patton remembers her father's second marriage, pt. 1
  • Tape: 3 Story: 5 - Gwendolyn Patton remembers her father's second marriage, pt. 2
  • Tape: 3 Story: 6 - Gwendolyn Patton recalls her early experiences of racial discrimination
  • Tape: 3 Story: 7 - Gwendolyn Patton describes her early activism in Montgomery, Alabama
  • Tape: 4 Story: 1 - Gwendolyn Patton remembers the Montgomery Bus Boycott
  • Tape: 4 Story: 2 - Gwendolyn Patton describes her family's role in the Montgomery Bus Boycott
  • Tape: 4 Story: 3 - Gwendolyn Patton talks about Claudette Colvin
  • Tape: 4 Story: 4 - Gwendolyn Patton talks about the female activists in Montgomery, Alabama
  • Tape: 4 Story: 5 - Gwendolyn Patton recalls her introduction to the Alabama Democratic Conference
  • Tape: 4 Story: 6 - Gwendolyn Patton recalls her decision to attend the Tuskegee Institute in Tuskegee, Alabama
  • Tape: 4 Story: 7 - Gwendolyn Patton recalls becoming salutatorian at George Washington Carver High School in Montgomery, Alabama
  • Tape: 4 Story: 8 - Gwendolyn Patton describes her experiences in Inkster, Michigan
  • Tape: 5 Story: 1 - Gwendolyn Patton remembers her father's discipline
  • Tape: 5 Story: 2 - Gwendolyn Patton recalls her experiences at the Tuskegee Institute in Tuskegee, Alabama
  • Tape: 5 Story: 3 - Gwendolyn Patton describes the role of a scholar-activist
  • Tape: 5 Story: 4 - Gwendolyn Patton recalls the organization of the Tuskegee to Montgomery march
  • Tape: 5 Story: 5 - Gwendolyn Patton remembers Bloody Sunday
  • Tape: 5 Story: 6 - Gwendolyn Patton remembers Judge Frank Minis Johnson, Jr.'s injunction against the Selma to Montgomery March
  • Tape: 5 Story: 7 - Gwendolyn Patton remembers the march from Tuskegee to Montgomery, Alabama
  • Tape: 5 Story: 8 - Gwendolyn Patton recalls her treatment for tuberculosis, pt. 1
  • Tape: 5 Story: 9 - Gwendolyn Patton recalls her treatment for tuberculosis, pt. 2
  • Tape: 6 Story: 1 - Gwendolyn Patton recalls securing access to the library at the Batson Memorial Sanatorium in LaFayette, Alabama
  • Tape: 6 Story: 2 - Gwendolyn Patton remembers the Black Panther Party in Lowndes County, Alabama
  • Tape: 6 Story: 3 - Gwendolyn Patton remembers the start of the Black Power movement
  • Tape: 6 Story: 4 - Gwendolyn Patton remembers rooming with Stokely Carmichael in Atlanta, Georgia
  • Tape: 6 Story: 5 - Gwendolyn Patton describes her decision to move to Atlanta, Georgia
  • Tape: 6 Story: 6 - Gwendolyn Patton recalls organizing the first national black power conference
  • Tape: 6 Story: 7 - Gwendolyn Patton remembers her car accident
  • Tape: 6 Story: 8 - Gwendolyn Patton recalls her experiences at the Hospital for Joint Diseases
  • Tape: 6 Story: 9 - Gwendolyn Patton remembers her bone transplant
  • Tape: 7 Story: 1 - Slating of Gwendolyn Patton's interview, session 2
  • Tape: 7 Story: 2 - Gwendolyn Patton recalls the student activism at Tuskegee Institute in Tuskegee, Alabama
  • Tape: 7 Story: 3 - Gwendolyn Patton remembers the death of Sammy Younge, Jr.
  • Tape: 7 Story: 4 - Gwendolyn Patton remembers the founding of the National Black Antiwar Antidraft Union
  • Tape: 7 Story: 5 - Gwendolyn Patton describes the founding of the National Association of Black Students
  • Tape: 7 Story: 6 - Gwendolyn Patton recalls being targeted by federal intelligence agents
  • Tape: 7 Story: 7 - Gwendolyn Patton describes her experiences at Antioch College
  • Tape: 7 Story: 8 - Gwendolyn Patton remembers organizing a union of domestic workers
  • Tape: 7 Story: 9 - Gwendolyn Patton describes the Students Economic Development Corporation
  • Tape: 7 Story: 10 - Gwendolyn Patton describes her work with minority business students
  • Tape: 8 Story: 1 - Gwendolyn Patton describes her tenure at the Brooklyn College in Brooklyn, New York
  • Tape: 8 Story: 2 - Gwendolyn Patton remembers her return to Montgomery, Alabama
  • Tape: 8 Story: 3 - Gwendolyn Patton describes her first marriage
  • Tape: 8 Story: 4 - Gwendolyn Patton recalls her experiences at the Columbia Presbyterian Hospital in New York City
  • Tape: 8 Story: 5 - Gwendolyn Patton describes her writing for the Montgomery Tuskegee Times
  • Tape: 8 Story: 6 - Gwendolyn Patton recalls hosting the television program, 'Harmabee'
  • Tape: 8 Story: 7 - Gwendolyn Patton describes her teaching methods
  • Tape: 8 Story: 8 - Gwendolyn Patton recalls her teaching experiences at Alabama State University
  • Tape: 8 Story: 9 - Gwendolyn Patton remembers serving as a delegate for Reverend Jesse L. Jackson's presidential campaign
  • Tape: 8 Story: 10 - Gwendolyn Patton describes the founding of the Alabama New South Coalition
  • Tape: 9 Story: 1 - Gwendolyn Patton talks about her venture into electoral politics
  • Tape: 9 Story: 2 - Gwendolyn Patton talks about her activism in the 1980s
  • Tape: 9 Story: 3 - Gwendolyn Patton recalls how she came to work for the H. Councill Trenholm State Technical College in Montgomery, Alabama
  • Tape: 9 Story: 4 - Gwendolyn Patton recalls her start at the H. Councill Trenholm State Technical College
  • Tape: 9 Story: 5 - Gwendolyn Patton describes her career at the H. Councill Trenholm State Technical College
  • Tape: 9 Story: 6 - Gwendolyn Patton describes how she would like to be remembered
  • Tape: 9 Story: 7 - Gwendolyn Patton remembers her maternal grandmother's philosophy on freedom
  • Tape: 9 Story: 8 - Gwendolyn Patton shares a message to future generations
  • Tape: 9 Story: 9 - Gwendolyn Patton describes her dissertation
  • Tape: 9 Story: 10 - Gwendolyn Patton describes her hopes and concerns for the African American community
  • Tape: 9 Story: 11 - Gwendolyn Patton remembers Floyd Griffin
  • Tape: 10 Story: 1 - Gwendolyn Patton narrates her photographs