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Frank Toland, Sr.

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Information about Frank Toland, Sr.

Profile image of Frank Toland, Sr.

Profession

Category:
CivicMakers
EducationMakers
Occupation(s):
Civil Rights Activist
History Professor

Favorites

Favorite Color:
Brown, Gray
Favorite Food:
Sweet Potatoes
Favorite Time of Year:
Spring
Favorite Vacation Spot:
Mountains, Seasides
Favorite Quote:
I Believe, In Life, That The Best Opposition Is A Proposition.

Birthplace

Born:
6/1/1920
Birth Location:
Helena, South Carolina

Profession

Category:
CivicMakers
EducationMakers
Occupation(s):
Civil Rights Activist
History Professor

Favorites

Favorite Color:
Brown, Gray
Favorite Food:
Sweet Potatoes
Favorite Time of Year:
Spring
Favorite Vacation Spot:
Mountains, Seasides
Favorite Quote:
I Believe, In Life, That The Best Opposition Is A Proposition.

Birthplace

Born:
6/1/1920
Birth Location:
Helena
See how Frank Toland, Sr. is related to other HistoryMakers

Biography

Educator and civil rights activist Frank Jefferson Toland, Sr. was born on June 1, 1920, in Helena, South Carolina, to Fred Toland and Lily Mae Sligh. The period following the Great Depression put a large strain on Toland’s parents, and they eventually went their separate ways. After moving to Newberry, South Carolina, after the third grade, Toland attended Drayton Street High School and graduated as class valedictorian in 1939. After finishing a forty-two week military service beginning in 1942, Toland earned his B.A. degree in English, history, and political science from South Carolina State University.

Soon after, Toland obtained a part-time English teaching position at Wilkinson High School in South Carolina. Toland was then accepted into the University of Pennsylvania’s masters program as a history major. During Toland’s time at the University of Pennsylvania, he was the only African American student in the entire program. While attending the University of Pennsylvania, Toland worked for six months at William Penn Business Institute teaching English and business math. After receiving his M.A. degree in history in 1948, Toland attended the University of Minnesota and received his Ph.D.

In 1949, Toland left William Penn Business Institute and began working in the history department at the Tuskegee Institute (later Tuskegee University). It was at the Tuskegee Institute that he met his future wife, Maree N. Morse, who was a Tuskegee Institute graduate, and got acquainted with the late Booker T. Washington. The couple married on August 16, 1950, and later had three children. In 1968, Toland became the chair of the Department of History, a position he held until 1984. Also in 1968, Toland was elected unanimously as a member of the City Council of Tuskegee. Toland went on to become the head of the membership committee, the Chairman of the Political Education Committee, and one of the vice presidents of the Tuskegee Civic Association. Driven by a passion to change the racial inequality that existed in Alabama, Toland became involved in the NAACP and the Macon County Democratic Club and used his membership on the various committees as a platform to voice his opinions on race relations, especially in regards to the Voters Rights Act. Through his involvement with civil rights issues, Toland met numerous leading activists including Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and Reverend Ralph Abernathy.

Frank Toland passed away on September 12, 2010.

See how Frank Toland, Sr. is related to other HistoryMakers
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  • Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Slating of Frank Toland, Sr.'s interview
  • Tape: 1 Story: 2 - Frank Toland, Sr. lists his favorites
  • Tape: 1 Story: 3 - Frank Toland, Sr. describes his father
  • Tape: 1 Story: 4 - Frank Toland, Sr. describes her mother's family background
  • Tape: 1 Story: 5 - Frank Toland, Sr. describes his maternal grandmother
  • Tape: 1 Story: 6 - Frank Toland, Sr. recalls his grandmother's defiance of the Ku Klux Klan
  • Tape: 1 Story: 7 - Frank Toland, Sr. remembers his white relatives
  • Tape: 1 Story: 8 - Frank Toland, Sr. describes his mother
  • Tape: 1 Story: 9 - Frank Toland, Sr. recalls his summer jobs as a boy
  • Tape: 1 Story: 10 - Frank Toland, Sr. describes his early education
  • Tape: 2 Story: 1 - Frank Toland, Sr. remembers sharing textbooks
  • Tape: 2 Story: 2 - Frank Toland, Sr. remembers learning to read
  • Tape: 2 Story: 3 - Frank Toland, Sr. recalls an incident with a white neighbor
  • Tape: 2 Story: 4 - Frank Toland, Sr. recalls moving to Newberry, South Carolina
  • Tape: 2 Story: 5 - Frank Toland, Sr. describes Newberry, South Carolina
  • Tape: 2 Story: 6 - Frank Toland, Sr. recalls raising money for a new high school
  • Tape: 2 Story: 7 - Frank Toland, Sr. recalls Drayton Street High School in Newberry, South Carolina
  • Tape: 2 Story: 8 - Frank Toland, Sr. describes his parents' relationship
  • Tape: 2 Story: 9 - Frank Toland, Sr. describes adjusting to Drayton Street High School
  • Tape: 2 Story: 10 - Frank Toland, Sr. remembers the Great Depression
  • Tape: 2 Story: 11 - Frank Toland, Sr. remembers his kind employer
  • Tape: 3 Story: 1 - Frank Toland, Sr. recalls athletics at Drayton Street High School in Newberry, South Carolina
  • Tape: 3 Story: 2 - Frank Toland, Sr. remembers learning a trade at Drayton Street High School
  • Tape: 3 Story: 3 - Frank Toland, Sr. recalls his motivations to attend college
  • Tape: 3 Story: 4 - Frank Toland, Sr. explains his mother's fears for his safety
  • Tape: 3 Story: 5 - Frank Toland, Sr. recalls working while attending South Carolina State
  • Tape: 3 Story: 6 - Frank Toland, Sr. remembers Bethlehem Baptist Church
  • Tape: 3 Story: 7 - Frank Toland, Sr. remembers his favorite radio programs
  • Tape: 3 Story: 8 - Frank Toland, Sr. describes his studies at South Carolina Agricultural and Mechanical Institution
  • Tape: 3 Story: 9 - Frank Toland, Sr. recalls his admission to the University of Pennsylvania
  • Tape: 4 Story: 1 - Frank Toland, Sr. recalls being drafted into the U.S. military
  • Tape: 4 Story: 2 - Frank Toland, Sr. recalls attempting to register to vote, pt. 1
  • Tape: 4 Story: 3 - Frank Toland, Sr. recalls attempting to register to vote, pt. 2
  • Tape: 4 Story: 4 - Frank Toland, Sr. remembers segregation in the U.S. military
  • Tape: 4 Story: 5 - Frank Toland, Sr. recalls serving overseas during World War II
  • Tape: 4 Story: 6 - Frank Toland, Sr. describes the racial discrimination in the U.S. military
  • Tape: 4 Story: 7 - Frank Toland, Sr. remembers his return to civilian life
  • Tape: 4 Story: 8 - Frank Toland, Sr. recalls teaching in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Tape: 4 Story: 9 - Frank Toland, Sr. remembers being hired at the Tuskegee Institute in Tuskegee, Alabama
  • Tape: 4 Story: 10 - Frank Toland, Sr. describes his family
  • Tape: 5 Story: 1 - Frank Toland, Sr. describes his grandchildren and great-grandchildren
  • Tape: 5 Story: 2 - Frank Toland, Sr. recalls joining the Tuskegee city council
  • Tape: 5 Story: 3 - Frank Toland, Sr. recalls his civic engagement in Tuskegee, Alabama
  • Tape: 5 Story: 4 - Frank Toland, Sr. remembers speaking in Hayneville, Alabama
  • Tape: 5 Story: 5 - Frank Toland, Sr. recalls his commencement address in Lowndes County
  • Tape: 5 Story: 6 - Frank Toland, Sr. recalls his dangerous travel through the South, pt. 1
  • Tape: 5 Story: 7 - Frank Toland, Sr. recalls his dangerous travel though the South, pt.2
  • Tape: 5 Story: 8 - Frank Toland, Sr. recalls meeting Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
  • Tape: 5 Story: 9 - Frank Toland, Sr. recalls Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr's assassination
  • Tape: 5 Story: 10 - Frank Toland, Sr. recalls Macon County, Alabama's voting laws