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Frances Hooks

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Information about Frances Hooks

Profile image of Frances Hooks

Profession

Category:
EducationMakers
Occupation(s):
Elementary School Teacher

Favorites

Favorite Color:
None
Favorite Food:
None
Favorite Time of Year:
Spring
Favorite Vacation Spot:
None
Favorite Quote:
None

Birthplace

Born:
2/23/1927
Birth Location:
Memphis, Tennessee

Profession

Category:
EducationMakers
Occupation(s):
Elementary School Teacher

Favorites

Favorite Color:
None
Favorite Food:
None
Favorite Time of Year:
Spring
Favorite Vacation Spot:
None
Favorite Quote:
None

Birthplace

Born:
2/23/1927
Birth Location:
Memphis
See how Frances Hooks is related to other HistoryMakers

Biography

Educator and consultant Frances Louise Dancy Hooks was born February 23, 1927, in Memphis Tennessee. Hooks’s parents, Georgia Harriet Graves Dancy and Andrew Jackson Dancy raised her on Edith Street in Memphis. Hooks attended St. Anthony La Rose Elementary School and graduated from Booker T. Washington High School where Hooks was sophomore class president in 1944. Hooks later attended Howard, Fisk, and Wilberforce Universities, graduating in1949.

Hooks taught second grade in a Shelby County, Tennessee Rosenwald School. Hooks met Benjamin Hooks at the Tri-State Fair; the couple were married in 1951. In 1956, the Hooks desegregated the all white Parkway East community. Hooks put her career as a teacher and guidance counselor on hold in the late 1960s to support the activities her husband, Benjamin Hooks, who by then was a businessman, lawyer, judge, and minister. Hooks became her husband’s assistant, secretary, advisor, and traveling companion. Moving to Washington, D.C. in 1972, Hooks helped her husband become the first black appointee to the Federal Communications Commission (FCC).

In 1977, Hooks’s husband became executive director of the NAACP; she also became involved with the organization, and formed Women in the NAACP (WIN) with Earleen Bolden in1980. WIN raised money for emergency relief by putting on fashion shows and social events; she also co-founded The People Power Project, which promoted black and white dialog, and the Memphis Volunteer Placement Program, which is now run by the Rotary Club.

Renewing their vows in 2001, Hooks and her husband raised one daughter, Patricia.

Hooks passed away on January 14, 2016.

See how Frances Hooks is related to other HistoryMakers
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  • Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Slating of Frances Hooks' interview
  • Tape: 1 Story: 2 - Frances Hooks lists her favorites
  • Tape: 1 Story: 3 - Frances Hooks describes her mother's family history, pt. 1
  • Tape: 1 Story: 4 - Frances Hooks describes her mother's family history, pt. 2
  • Tape: 1 Story: 5 - Frances Hooks describes her mother's life in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and Memphis, Tennessee
  • Tape: 1 Story: 6 - Frances Hooks describes her father's family history
  • Tape: 1 Story: 7 - Frances Hooks talks about her parents
  • Tape: 1 Story: 8 - Frances Hooks describes her parents' personalities and her resemblance to her mother
  • Tape: 1 Story: 9 - Frances Hooks lists her siblings
  • Tape: 1 Story: 10 - Frances Hooks describes her earliest childhood memory
  • Tape: 1 Story: 11 - Frances Hooks describes her childhood neighborhood in Memphis, Tennessee
  • Tape: 2 Story: 1 - Frances Hooks remembers growing up on Edith Street in Memphis, Tennessee
  • Tape: 2 Story: 2 - Frances Hooks describes the sights, sounds and smells of her childhood
  • Tape: 2 Story: 3 - Frances Hooks describes her childhood personality and interests
  • Tape: 2 Story: 4 - Frances Hooks talks about her fights at LaRose Elementary School in Memphis, Tennessee
  • Tape: 2 Story: 5 - Frances Hooks describes her experience at Booker T. Washington High School in Memphis, Tennessee
  • Tape: 2 Story: 6 - Frances Hooks talks about attending three historically black colleges in four years
  • Tape: 2 Story: 7 - Frances Hooks describes her first year at Howard University in Washington, D.C.
  • Tape: 2 Story: 8 - Frances Hooks describes her two years at Wilberforce University in Wilberforce, Ohio for two years
  • Tape: 2 Story: 9 - Frances Hooks describes transferring to Fisk University in Nashville, Tennessee
  • Tape: 3 Story: 1 - Frances Hooks describes her year at Fisk University in Nashville, Tennessee
  • Tape: 3 Story: 2 - Frances Hooks describes the prejudice of the Memphis Board of Education
  • Tape: 3 Story: 3 - Frances Hooks talks about her first teaching job at a Rosenwald School in Shelby County, Tennessee
  • Tape: 3 Story: 4 - Frances Hooks remembers meeting her husband, HistoryMaker Reverend Benjamin Hooks
  • Tape: 3 Story: 5 - Frances Hooks recalls her early years of marriage to HistoryMaker Reverend Benjamin Hooks in Memphis, Tennessee
  • Tape: 3 Story: 6 - Frances Hooks describes voting in Memphis, Tennessee in the 1950s
  • Tape: 3 Story: 7 - Frances Hooks describes her interactions with the SCLC and Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
  • Tape: 4 Story: 1 - Frances Hooks remembers Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s assassination
  • Tape: 4 Story: 2 - Frances Hooks remembers receiving a death threat
  • Tape: 4 Story: 3 - Frances Hooks remembers encountering bigotry at Federal Communications Commission social events
  • Tape: 4 Story: 4 - Frances Hooks describes her early involvement with the NAACP
  • Tape: 4 Story: 5 - Frances Hooks recalls her role in founding WIN, Women in the NAACP
  • Tape: 4 Story: 6 - Frances Hooks describes Women in the NAACP's initiatives
  • Tape: 4 Story: 7 - Frances Hooks describes her concerns for the African American community
  • Tape: 4 Story: 8 - Frances Hooks reflects upon her life
  • Tape: 4 Story: 9 - Frances Hooks reflects upon her legacy
  • Tape: 5 Story: 1 - Frances Hooks comments on Bill Cosby's 2005 remarks
  • Tape: 5 Story: 2 - Frances Hooks talks about singing at her twenty-fifth wedding anniversary
  • Tape: 5 Story: 3 - Frances Hooks talks about creating the People's Power Project
  • Tape: 5 Story: 4 - Frances Hooks describes the creation of the Memphis Volunteer Placement Program
  • Tape: 5 Story: 5 - Frances Hooks describes her first interracial experience as a child in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Tape: 5 Story: 6 - Frances Hooks describes how she would like to be remembered
  • Tape: 5 Story: 7 - Frances Hooks narrates her photograph