The Nation’s Largest African American Video Oral History Collection Mobile search icon Mobile close search icon
Advanced Biography Search
Mobile navigation icon Close mobile navigation icon

Ernest McBride

Share on Social Media

Information about Ernest McBride

Profile image of Ernest McBride

Profession

Category:
CivicMakers
Occupation(s):
Civil Rights Activist
Community Leader

Favorites

Favorite Color:
Pink
Favorite Food:
None
Favorite Time of Year:
None
Favorite Vacation Spot:
None
Favorite Quote:
If You Use Your Hands And Head You'll Make A Living.

Birthplace

Born:
11/12/1909
Birth Location:
Carrollton, Mississippi

Profession

Category:
CivicMakers
Occupation(s):
Civil Rights Activist
Community Leader

Favorites

Favorite Color:
Pink
Favorite Food:
None
Favorite Time of Year:
None
Favorite Vacation Spot:
None
Favorite Quote:
If You Use Your Hands And Head You'll Make A Living.

Birthplace

Born:
11/12/1909
Birth Location:
Carrollton
See how Ernest McBride is related to other HistoryMakers

Biography

Organizer, union activist and local NAACP field secretary Ernest McBride was born on November 12, 1909, in Carrollton, Mississippi. McBride was one of seven children of a farm couple. After completing his studies in segregated schools in Arkansas, McBride left the South for California, seeking a better life.

In 1940, McBride co-founded and became the first field secretary of the Long Beach NAACP. He and his activist wife, Lillian McBride, attacked discrimination through organized direct action. As an NAACP activist, McBride successfully integrated the Long Beach Police Department, the Naval Shipyard, Coles Market and the General Telephone Company. He also successfully challenged the Long Beach Unified School District to prevent their annual black-faced minstrel show. McBride also fought police brutality and housing discrimination. The FBI compiled a thick file on McBride and planted agents at his meetings. FBI records show that surveillance officially ended in 1964.

In 1965, McBride received a Long Beach city commendation for risking his life to save three children from a burning apartment. As a pastime, McBride played catcher for the Colored Giants, competing against the great Jackie Robinson, star of the Pasadena Dukes. Through it all, his house was a meeting place. Paul Robeson was his guest in 1948. McBride, his wife and six children often walked picket lines together. Now retired, McBride has eight grandchildren and four great-grandchildren and his home on Lemon Avenue has been designated an historic site by the city of Long Beach. McBride passed away on May 5, 2007.

See how Ernest McBride is related to other HistoryMakers
Loading...
Click Here To Explore The Archive Today!
  • Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Slating of Ernest McBride's interview
  • Tape: 1 Story: 2 - Ernest McBride lists his favorites
  • Tape: 1 Story: 3 - Ernest McBride talks about his maternal grandmother's experience as a house slave
  • Tape: 1 Story: 4 - Ernest McBride describes his father's occupations
  • Tape: 1 Story: 5 - Ernest McBride describes his family's farm in Carrollton, Mississippi
  • Tape: 1 Story: 6 - Ernest McBride describes his family's move from Carrollton, Mississippi to Osceola, Mississippi in 1917
  • Tape: 1 Story: 7 - Ernest McBride describes surviving the flu in the winter of 1918
  • Tape: 1 Story: 8 - Ernest McBride describes his parents' family histories
  • Tape: 1 Story: 9 - Ernest McBride describes his sister Eddie's employment in Long Beach, California in the late 1930s and 1940s
  • Tape: 1 Story: 10 - Ernest McBride describes his mother's cooking expertise
  • Tape: 2 Story: 1 - Ernest McBride describes his sister's experience at Shorter College in North Little Rock, Arkansas and as a seamstress
  • Tape: 2 Story: 2 - Ernest McBride lists his siblings
  • Tape: 2 Story: 3 - Ernest McBride describes his father's reluctance to talk about his family
  • Tape: 2 Story: 4 - Ernest McBride describes the sights, sounds, and smells of his childhood
  • Tape: 2 Story: 5 - Ernest McBride describes his childhood activities with his siblings
  • Tape: 2 Story: 6 - Ernest McBride describes his experience at Scipio A. Jones High School in North Little Rock, Arkansas, pt. 1
  • Tape: 2 Story: 7 - Ernest McBride describes his experience at Scipio A. Jones High School in North Little Rock, Arkansas, pt. 2
  • Tape: 2 Story: 8 - Ernest McBride describes the experience of hunting a raccoon with his father, pt. 1
  • Tape: 3 Story: 1 - Ernest McBride describes the experience of hunting a raccoon with his father, pt. 2
  • Tape: 3 Story: 2 - Ernest McBride describes how his family earned money from squirrel and raccoon hides in 1916 and 1917
  • Tape: 3 Story: 3 - Ernest McBride describes his experience with the Memphis Red Sox in the Summer of 1930
  • Tape: 3 Story: 4 - Ernest McBride describes his experience compressing cotton in Wilmington, California
  • Tape: 3 Story: 5 - Ernest McBride describes his arrival in Long Beach, California and how Long Beach differed from Arkansas
  • Tape: 3 Story: 6 - Ernest McBride describes the employment discrimination in North Little Rock, Arkansas
  • Tape: 3 Story: 7 - Ernest McBride describes witnessing two lynchings in North Little Rock, Arkansas in 1927, pt. 1
  • Tape: 3 Story: 8 - Ernest McBride describes witnessing two lynchings in North Little Rock, Arkansas in 1927, pt. 2
  • Tape: 4 Story: 1 - Ernest McBride describes recruiting African Americans to join the Congress of Industrial Organizations in Long Beach, California
  • Tape: 4 Story: 2 - Ernest McBride describes protesting the use of minstrel shows as fundraisers for schools in Long Beach, California
  • Tape: 4 Story: 3 - Ernest McBride describes founding the NAACP chapter in Long Beach, California
  • Tape: 4 Story: 4 - Ernest McBride describes his experience finding government jobs for African Americans in Long Beach, California
  • Tape: 4 Story: 5 - Ernest McBride describes the end of using minstrel shows to fundraise for Long Beach schools
  • Tape: 4 Story: 6 - Ernest McBride describes his wife's experience at Long Beach Polytechnic High School in California
  • Tape: 4 Story: 7 - Ernest McBride describes picketing Cole's Market Grocery in Long Beach, California to hire African American typists
  • Tape: 4 Story: 8 - Ernest McBride describes getting black clerks hired at a pork market in Long Beach, California
  • Tape: 5 Story: 1 - Ernest McBride describes chartering the Long Beach, California NAACP chapter in 1943
  • Tape: 5 Story: 2 - Ernest McBride describes protesting police brutality with George Shibley
  • Tape: 5 Story: 3 - Ernest McBride talks about criminal lawyer George Shibley
  • Tape: 5 Story: 4 - Ernest McBride describes the shooting of an elderly black woman by the Long Beach police
  • Tape: 5 Story: 5 - Ernest McBride describes George Thomas' eviction from the segregated Century Villages at Cabrillo
  • Tape: 5 Story: 6 - Ernest McBride describes George Thomas' subpoena from the House Un-American Activities Committee, pt. 1
  • Tape: 5 Story: 7 - Ernest McBride describes George Thomas' subpoena from the House Un-American Activities Committee, pt. 2
  • Tape: 5 Story: 8 - Ernest McBride describes hosting Paul Robeson for a concert with the Anti-Discrimination Committee in Long Beach, California
  • Tape: 5 Story: 9 - Ernest McBride describes gathering evidence for the wrongful death of a Long Beach teenager
  • Tape: 6 Story: 1 - Ernest McBride talks about fighting racial profiling in Long Beach, California, pt. 1
  • Tape: 6 Story: 2 - Ernest McBride talks about fighting racial profiling in Long Beach, California, pt. 2
  • Tape: 6 Story: 3 - Ernest McBride talks about how the African American community in Long Beach, California was intimidated into not working with him
  • Tape: 6 Story: 4 - Ernest McBride talks about the murder of Eula Love by the LAPD in 1979
  • Tape: 6 Story: 5 - Ernest McBride describes his hopes and concerns for the African American community, pt. 1
  • Tape: 6 Story: 6 - Ernest McBride describes his hopes and concerns for the African American community, pt. 2
  • Tape: 6 Story: 7 - Ernest McBride talks about his parents, racial profiling, and the economy under President George W. Bush
  • Tape: 6 Story: 8 - Ernest McBride describes how he would like to be remembered
  • Tape: 6 Story: 9 - Ernest McBride narrates his photographs, pt. 1
  • Tape: 7 Story: 1 - Ernest McBride narrates his photographs, pt. 2