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Colonel Stone Johnson

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Information about Colonel Stone Johnson

Profile image of Colonel Stone Johnson

Profession

Category:
CivicMakers
Occupation(s):
Civil Rights Activist
Railroad Worker

Favorites

Favorite Color:
None
Favorite Food:
None
Favorite Time of Year:
None
Favorite Vacation Spot:
Nigeria
Favorite Quote:
Blessed By The Best.

Birthplace

Born:
9/9/1918
Birth Location:
Hayneville, Alabama

Profession

Category:
CivicMakers
Occupation(s):
Civil Rights Activist
Railroad Worker

Favorites

Favorite Color:
None
Favorite Food:
None
Favorite Time of Year:
None
Favorite Vacation Spot:
Nigeria
Favorite Quote:
Blessed By The Best.

Birthplace

Born:
9/9/1918
Birth Location:
Hayneville
See how Colonel Stone Johnson is related to other HistoryMakers

Biography

Colonel Stone Johnson was born on September 9, 1918, in Hayneville, Alabama, to Fannie and Colonel Johnson. Johnson’s family moved to Birmingham, Alabama, when he was a small child; there he attended Slater School, and graduated from Lincoln School in 1939. While in high school, Johnson began working on the weekends for the Bowden trucking company; after graduation, he continued there full-time. Johnson was then hired to work at the L & M Rail Road Company, where he became the first African American union representative; in this role he worked to equalize working conditions for African American employees, who were often discriminated against. Johnson remained employed by the L & M Rail Road Company for thirty-nine years.

In 1956, Johnson met Reverend Fred L. Shuttlesworth and became active in the Civil Rights Movement after civil rights leaders formed the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR) in response to Alabama state officials outlawing the NAACP for its supportive role in the Montgomery Bus Boycott.

After the bombing of Bethel Baptist Church and the parsonage where Shuttlesworth resided on Christmas Eve in 1958, Johnson became a part of a security detail for the ACMHR and worked to protect black leaders, their homes, and churches from Ku Klux Klan attacks. On one occasion, Johnson and an associate were instrumental in removing ignited dynamite from the Bethel Baptist Church, preventing further destruction and possible loss of life. In 1977, Johnson and one other witness testified against J.B Stoner, chairman of the National States Rights Party, the political arm of the Ku Klux Klan; Stoner was found guilty of conspiring to bomb the Bethel Baptist Church in 1955.

Johnson remained in Birmingham with Beatrice, his wife of over sixty-five years.

Colonel Johnson passed away on January 19, 2012.

See how Colonel Stone Johnson is related to other HistoryMakers
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  • Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Slating of Colonel Stone Johnson's interview
  • Tape: 1 Story: 2 - Colonel Stone Johnson lists his favorites
  • Tape: 1 Story: 3 - Colonel Stone Johnson describes his mother's family background
  • Tape: 1 Story: 4 - Colonel Stone Johnson describes his father's family background
  • Tape: 1 Story: 5 - Colonel Stone Johnson remembers moving to Birmingham, Alabama
  • Tape: 1 Story: 6 - Colonel Stone Johnson describes his father's education and occupations
  • Tape: 1 Story: 7 - Colonel Stone Johnson remembers living in a white neighborhood in Birmingham, Alabama
  • Tape: 1 Story: 8 - Colonel Stone Johnson recalls his early education
  • Tape: 1 Story: 9 - Colonel Stone Johnson lists his siblings
  • Tape: 1 Story: 10 - Colonel Stone Johnson recalls his experiences of color discrimination
  • Tape: 1 Story: 11 - Colonel Stone Johnson remembers the Great Depression
  • Tape: 1 Story: 12 - Colonel Stone Johnson remembers his first job
  • Tape: 2 Story: 1 - Colonel Stone Johnson remembers becoming a union representative
  • Tape: 2 Story: 2 - Colonel Stone Johnson remembers John L. Lewis
  • Tape: 2 Story: 3 - Colonel Stone Johnson remembers delivering newspapers for The Birmingham Post
  • Tape: 2 Story: 4 - Colonel Stone Johnson describes the discriminatory conditions in his union
  • Tape: 2 Story: 5 - Colonel Stone Johnson explains how he joined an all-white union
  • Tape: 2 Story: 6 - Colonel Stone Johnson recalls his brief service in the U.S. Army
  • Tape: 2 Story: 7 - Colonel Stone Johnson talks about his experiences of employment discrimination
  • Tape: 2 Story: 8 - Colonel Stone Johnson describes segregation in Birmingham, Alabama
  • Tape: 2 Story: 9 - Colonel Stone Johnson remembers joining the Civil Rights Movement
  • Tape: 3 Story: 1 - Colonel Stone Johnson remembers the weekly civil rights meetings in Birmingham, Alabama
  • Tape: 3 Story: 2 - Colonel Stone Johnson recalls the violence during the Civil Rights Movement in Birmingham, Alabama
  • Tape: 3 Story: 3 - Colonel Stone Johnson remembers J.B. Stoner
  • Tape: 3 Story: 4 - Colonel Stone Johnson remembers the bombing of Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth's home
  • Tape: 3 Story: 5 - Colonel Stone Johnson remembers guarding the Bethel Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama
  • Tape: 3 Story: 6 - Colonel Stone Johnson remembers the arrest of Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth's children
  • Tape: 3 Story: 7 - Colonel Stone Johnson remembers the attack on the Freedom Riders in Anniston, Alabama
  • Tape: 3 Story: 8 - Colonel Stone Johnson talks about the bus boycott in Birmingham, Alabama
  • Tape: 3 Story: 9 - Colonel Stone Johnson recalls Bull Connor's attack on Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth
  • Tape: 3 Story: 10 - Colonel Stone Johnson remembers escorting Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth from the hospital
  • Tape: 4 Story: 1 - Colonel Stone Johnson talks about color discrimination within the black community
  • Tape: 4 Story: 2 - Colonel Stone Johnson remembers A.G. Gaston
  • Tape: 4 Story: 3 - Colonel Stone Johnson talks about his wife
  • Tape: 4 Story: 4 - Colonel Stone Johnson remembers Bobby Cherry's trial
  • Tape: 4 Story: 5 - Colonel Stone Johnson talks about the March on Washington, pt. 1
  • Tape: 4 Story: 6 - Colonel Stone Johnson talks about the March on Washington, pt. 2
  • Tape: 4 Story: 7 - Colonel Stone Johnson remembers the white response to Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr.'s assassination
  • Tape: 4 Story: 8 - Colonel Stone Johnson recalls the role of religion in the Civil Rights Movement
  • Tape: 4 Story: 9 - Colonel Stone Johnson describes his hopes and concerns for the African American community
  • Tape: 4 Story: 10 - Colonel Stone Johnson remembers the Voting Rights Act of 1965
  • Tape: 4 Story: 11 - Colonel Stone Johnson remembers his struggle for voting rights
  • Tape: 4 Story: 12 - Colonel Stone Johnson talks about his retirement
  • Tape: 5 Story: 1 - Colonel Stone Johnson shares a message to future generations
  • Tape: 5 Story: 2 - Colonel Stone Johnson recalls seeing J.B. Stoner at the Bethel Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama
  • Tape: 5 Story: 3 - Colonel Stone Johnson remembers testifying against J.B. Stoner
  • Tape: 5 Story: 4 - Colonel Stone Johnson remembers his coworker, Ruby Davis
  • Tape: 5 Story: 5 - Colonel Stone Johnson describes how he would like to be remembered
  • Tape: 5 Story: 6 - Colonel Stone Johnson remembers segregation in Anniston, Alabama
  • Tape: 5 Story: 7 - Colonel Stone Johnson describes his advice to a neighbor
  • Tape: 5 Story: 8 - Colonel Stone Johnson explains why he agreed to be interviewed
  • Tape: 5 Story: 9 - Colonel Stone Johnson narrates his photographs