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Clifton R. Wharton, Jr.

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Information about Clifton R. Wharton, Jr.

Profile image of Clifton R. Wharton, Jr.

Profession

Category:
BusinessMakers
EducationMakers
Occupation(s):
Economist
Academic Administrator

Favorites

Favorite Color:
Blue
Favorite Food:
Chinese Food
Favorite Time of Year:
Fall, Spring, Summer
Favorite Vacation Spot:
Cooperstown, New York
Favorite Quote:
None

Birthplace

Born:
9/13/1926
Birth Location:
Boston, Massachusetts

Profession

Category:
BusinessMakers
EducationMakers
Occupation(s):
Economist
Academic Administrator

Favorites

Favorite Color:
Blue
Favorite Food:
Chinese Food
Favorite Time of Year:
Fall, Spring, Summer
Favorite Vacation Spot:
Cooperstown, New York
Favorite Quote:
None

Birthplace

Born:
9/13/1926
Birth Location:
Boston
See how Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. is related to other HistoryMakers

Biography

Pioneering economist and corporate executive Clifton Reginald Wharton, Jr. was born on September 13, 1926, in Boston, Massachusetts. His father, Clifton R. Wharton, Sr., was the first African American to be named Career Ambassador of the United States Foreign Service where he serviced for over four decades. Being the son of a career diplomat, Wharton spent his early childhood years in the Canary Islands, Spain, being tutored by his mother where he became fluent in Spanish.

In 1943, Wharton received his diploma from Boston Latin School and entered Harvard University at age sixteen where he received his B.A. degree in history in 1947. He received his M.A. degree in international affairs from the John Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies in 1948. Continuing his studies, Wharton received his M.A. degree in 1956 and his Ph. D. in 1958 in economics from the University of Chicago.

Wharton’s professional career began in 1948 working with the Rockefeller family’s philanthropic interests. He specialized in economic development in Latin America with Nelson A. Rockefeller until 1953. After working as a research associate in economics at the University of Chicago from 1953 to 1957, Wharton joined the Agricultural Development Council, an international organization headed by John D. Rockefeller, III, serving as the Council associate in Malaysia from 1958 to 1964. He was the director of the Council’s American Universities Research Program and in 1967 was appointed vice president.

In 1970, Wharton became the first African American president of Michigan State University. After serving as president for eight years, he headed the largest university system in the nation, the State University of New York. During this period, Wharton managed 64 campuses with an enrollment of 370,000 students and an annual budget of more than $2.5 billion. In 1982, Wharton made history again when he was named chairman of the Rockefeller Foundation. In 1987, he became one of the first African American CEOs of a major Fortune 500 company TIAA-CREF, which operates the world’s largest pension funds holding assets of $260 billion. Having received numerous presidential appointments, he was appointed by President Clinton as the Deputy Secretary of State, the first African American to ever hold this second highest foreign policy post.

Wharton is married to the former Dolores Duncan. She is chairman and CEO of the Fund for Corporate Initiatives. She is also a director of Capital Bank and Trust Company in Albany, New York.

The Whartons reside in New York City and have two sons Clifton III, and Bruce.

See how Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. is related to other HistoryMakers
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  • Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Slating of Clifton R. Wharton, Jr.'s interview, session 1
  • Tape: 1 Story: 2 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. lists his favorites, session 1
  • Tape: 1 Story: 3 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his mother's family background
  • Tape: 1 Story: 4 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his father's family background
  • Tape: 1 Story: 5 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his father's education and career
  • Tape: 1 Story: 6 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls his experiences living abroad
  • Tape: 1 Story: 7 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. remembers his family's holiday celebrations
  • Tape: 1 Story: 8 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls his earliest experience with racism
  • Tape: 1 Story: 9 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about his father's career as a diplomat
  • Tape: 1 Story: 10 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls being tutored by his mother
  • Tape: 1 Story: 11 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes the Canary Islands in Spain
  • Tape: 2 Story: 1 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his religious upbringing
  • Tape: 2 Story: 2 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls attending Boston Latin School
  • Tape: 2 Story: 3 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his experiences at Boston Latin School, pt. 1
  • Tape: 2 Story: 4 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his experiences at Boston Latin School, pt. 2
  • Tape: 2 Story: 5 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. remembers his high school track meet
  • Tape: 2 Story: 6 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls applying for college
  • Tape: 2 Story: 7 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. remembers his first year at Harvard University
  • Tape: 2 Story: 8 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his experiences at Harvard University
  • Tape: 2 Story: 9 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about his classmates at Harvard University
  • Tape: 3 Story: 1 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes how he met his wife
  • Tape: 3 Story: 2 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls enrolling at School of Advanced International Studies in Washington, D.C.
  • Tape: 3 Story: 3 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his experiences at Tuskegee Army Airfield in Tuskegee, Alabama, pt. 1
  • Tape: 3 Story: 4 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his experiences at Tuskegee Army Airfield in Tuskegee, Alabama, pt. 2
  • Tape: 3 Story: 5 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls his early awareness of racism
  • Tape: 3 Story: 6 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. remembers experiencing discrimination in Washington, D.C.
  • Tape: 3 Story: 7 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his involvement in the U.S. National Student Association
  • Tape: 3 Story: 8 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls the U.S. National Student Association's stance on discrimination
  • Tape: 4 Story: 1 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. narrates his photographs
  • Tape: 5 Story: 1 - Slating of Clifton R. Wharton, Jr.'s interview, session 2
  • Tape: 5 Story: 2 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes Harvard University
  • Tape: 5 Story: 3 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls his interest in foreign assistance
  • Tape: 5 Story: 4 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes the American International Association for Economic and Social Development
  • Tape: 5 Story: 5 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls enrolling at the University of Chicago
  • Tape: 5 Story: 6 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his experiences at the University of Chicago
  • Tape: 5 Story: 7 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls joining the Agricultural Development Council
  • Tape: 5 Story: 8 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. remembers his friends at Harvard University
  • Tape: 5 Story: 9 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about his father's career advice
  • Tape: 5 Story: 10 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls his decision to work in economic development in Latin America
  • Tape: 5 Story: 11 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his courtship with his wife
  • Tape: 6 Story: 1 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his wife and her family
  • Tape: 6 Story: 2 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about his proposal and wedding
  • Tape: 6 Story: 3 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls his experiences living in Asia
  • Tape: 6 Story: 4 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his work in agricultural economics
  • Tape: 6 Story: 5 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls his appointment as president of Michigan State University
  • Tape: 6 Story: 6 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his wife's involvement at Michigan State University
  • Tape: 6 Story: 7 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls his challenges at Michigan State University, pt. 1
  • Tape: 6 Story: 8 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls his challenges at Michigan State University, pt. 2
  • Tape: 6 Story: 9 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about increasing minority enrollment and graduation rates at Michigan State University
  • Tape: 7 Story: 1 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. reflects upon his and his wife's legacy at Michigan State University
  • Tape: 7 Story: 2 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about rice price policy in Vietnam, pt. 1
  • Tape: 7 Story: 3 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about rice price policy in Vietnam, pt. 2
  • Tape: 7 Story: 4 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his article about the Green Revolution
  • Tape: 7 Story: 5 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about academic freedom on university campuses
  • Tape: 7 Story: 6 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls becoming the chancellor of the State University of New York System
  • Tape: 7 Story: 7 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his experiences as chancellor
  • Tape: 7 Story: 8 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about his wife's corporate boards memberships
  • Tape: 8 Story: 1 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his wife's Young Executives Program
  • Tape: 8 Story: 2 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about his mentoring style
  • Tape: 8 Story: 3 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his decision to join TIAA-CREF
  • Tape: 8 Story: 4 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his experiences as the chairman and CEO of TIAA-CREF, pt. 1
  • Tape: 8 Story: 5 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his experiences as the chairman and CEO of TIAA-CREF, pt. 2
  • Tape: 8 Story: 6 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about being an African American leader and pioneer
  • Tape: 8 Story: 7 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls recruiting Thomas W. Jones to TIAA-CREF
  • Tape: 8 Story: 8 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about the purpose of affirmative action programs
  • Tape: 9 Story: 1 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his hopes and concerns for the African American community
  • Tape: 9 Story: 2 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. reflects upon the underlying challenges within the African American community
  • Tape: 9 Story: 3 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. reflects upon the need for more progressive tax codes
  • Tape: 9 Story: 4 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. reflects upon his life and career
  • Tape: 9 Story: 5 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about his autobiography
  • Tape: 9 Story: 6 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. reflects upon his father's career
  • Tape: 9 Story: 7 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes how he would like to be remembered
  • Tape: 9 Story: 8 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. reflects upon the prevalence of ethnic and cultural differences
  • Tape: 9 Story: 9 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about the value of oral history projects
  • Tape: 10 Story: 1 - Slating of Clifton R. Wharton, Jr.'s interview, session 3
  • Tape: 10 Story: 2 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. lists his favorites, session 3
  • Tape: 10 Story: 3 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about his father's education and early career
  • Tape: 10 Story: 4 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his father's family history in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Tape: 10 Story: 5 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls his childhood community
  • Tape: 10 Story: 6 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his mother's college education
  • Tape: 10 Story: 7 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. remembers his close-knit community in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Tape: 10 Story: 8 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about his mother's international travels
  • Tape: 10 Story: 9 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls his earliest experience with racism in America
  • Tape: 10 Story: 10 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his parents' personalities
  • Tape: 10 Story: 11 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about how his parents met
  • Tape: 11 Story: 1 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls his earliest childhood memories
  • Tape: 11 Story: 2 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. lists his siblings
  • Tape: 11 Story: 3 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. remembers his childhood friends from Liberia and the Canary Islands
  • Tape: 11 Story: 4 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls living in the Canary Islands, Spain
  • Tape: 11 Story: 5 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls learning Spanish and being tutored in the Canary Islands
  • Tape: 11 Story: 6 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes Christmas celebrations
  • Tape: 11 Story: 7 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls returning to the United States
  • Tape: 11 Story: 8 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about attending Boston Latin School
  • Tape: 11 Story: 9 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his experiences at Boston Latin School
  • Tape: 11 Story: 10 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. remembers his classmates at Boston Latin School
  • Tape: 12 Story: 1 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about his correspondence schooling via The Calvert School
  • Tape: 12 Story: 2 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. remembers traveling to Paris, Francis with his grandmother
  • Tape: 12 Story: 3 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls adjusting to living in the United States
  • Tape: 12 Story: 4 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about his tendency to explore his surroundings
  • Tape: 12 Story: 5 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his experiences at Camp Atwater
  • Tape: 12 Story: 6 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. remembers the pilots at the Tuskegee Army Airfield
  • Tape: 12 Story: 7 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes the history of Camp Atwater
  • Tape: 12 Story: 8 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls his interest in piano and music
  • Tape: 12 Story: 9 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his social life in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Tape: 12 Story: 10 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls his parents' divorce
  • Tape: 13 Story: 1 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about his college aspirations
  • Tape: 13 Story: 2 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his academic pursuits at Harvard University
  • Tape: 13 Story: 3 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. remembers his African American classmates at Harvard University
  • Tape: 13 Story: 4 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls his involvement in the founding of the National Student Association
  • Tape: 13 Story: 5 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes the founding of the National Student Association
  • Tape: 13 Story: 6 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. remembers the members of the National Student Association
  • Tape: 13 Story: 7 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls his experiences enlisting in the U.S. Army
  • Tape: 13 Story: 8 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls his experiences with racism in the U.S. Army
  • Tape: 13 Story: 9 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about black stereotypes
  • Tape: 14 Story: 1 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his experiences with racism in college
  • Tape: 14 Story: 2 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about his honors thesis at Harvard University
  • Tape: 14 Story: 3 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls his decision to not join the U.S. Foreign Service
  • Tape: 14 Story: 4 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. remembers receiving an honorary doctorate degree from Harvard University
  • Tape: 14 Story: 5 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls his early experiences with racial discrimination
  • Tape: 14 Story: 6 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. remembers his professor, Simon Hanson
  • Tape: 14 Story: 7 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls his experiences at the American International Association for Economic and Social Development
  • Tape: 14 Story: 8 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. remembers his mentors
  • Tape: 14 Story: 9 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes how he met his wife
  • Tape: 15 Story: 1 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about the Rockefeller brothers' philanthropic organizations
  • Tape: 15 Story: 2 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. remembers Nelson Rockefeller's philanthropic organizations
  • Tape: 15 Story: 3 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his wedding celebration
  • Tape: 15 Story: 4 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls his experiences at the University of Chicago
  • Tape: 15 Story: 5 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls studying economics at the University of Chicago
  • Tape: 15 Story: 6 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about his interest in agricultural economics
  • Tape: 15 Story: 7 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his social life in Chicago, Illinois
  • Tape: 15 Story: 8 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about the National Planning Association's study in Latin America
  • Tape: 15 Story: 9 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls being recruited to the Agriculture Development Council
  • Tape: 16 Story: 1 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his work in Southeast Asia with the ADC
  • Tape: 16 Story: 2 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls establishing the ADC fellowship programs
  • Tape: 16 Story: 3 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes the impact of the ADC fellowship programs in Southeast Asia
  • Tape: 16 Story: 4 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about developing a faculty study abroad program
  • Tape: 16 Story: 5 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about the success of the ADC fellowship programs
  • Tape: 16 Story: 6 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes race relations in Southeast Asia
  • Tape: 16 Story: 7 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls his experiences in Vietnam
  • Tape: 17 Story: 1 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about serving as an advisor in Vietnam
  • Tape: 17 Story: 2 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his experiences with the Rockefeller Foundation in Asia
  • Tape: 17 Story: 3 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about his political perspective of Vietnam
  • Tape: 17 Story: 4 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. remembers John D. Rockefeller III
  • Tape: 17 Story: 5 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about his college presidential nominations
  • Tape: 17 Story: 6 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his appointment to the board of Equitable Life Assurance Society of America
  • Tape: 17 Story: 7 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about his early days on the board of Equitable Life Assurance Society of America
  • Tape: 17 Story: 8 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes the responsibilities of organizational boards members
  • Tape: 18 Story: 1 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about the evolution of corporate boards
  • Tape: 18 Story: 2 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his selection as president of Michigan State University, pt. 1
  • Tape: 18 Story: 3 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his selection as president of Michigan State University, pt. 2
  • Tape: 18 Story: 4 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his experiences with student riots at Michigan State University
  • Tape: 18 Story: 5 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls his achievements at Michigan State University
  • Tape: 18 Story: 6 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his experiences as president of Michigan State University, pt. 1
  • Tape: 18 Story: 7 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his experiences as president of Michigan State University, pt. 2
  • Tape: 19 Story: 1 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about his leadership style and principles
  • Tape: 19 Story: 2 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls student demonstrations at Michigan State University
  • Tape: 19 Story: 3 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about fundraising at Michigan State University
  • Tape: 19 Story: 4 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls arrival to the Michigan State University campus
  • Tape: 19 Story: 5 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. remembers addressing the student body about diversity
  • Tape: 19 Story: 6 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about minority students' protests against the NCAA conference
  • Tape: 19 Story: 7 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls overseeing an NCAA investigation at Michigan State University
  • Tape: 20 Story: 1 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about the NCAA investigation of Michigan State University's football team
  • Tape: 20 Story: 2 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls recruiting Magic Johnson to Michigan State University
  • Tape: 20 Story: 3 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes the Big Ten Conference at Michigan State University
  • Tape: 20 Story: 4 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about the impact of college athletics on universities
  • Tape: 20 Story: 5 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about the College of Urban Development at Michigan State University
  • Tape: 20 Story: 6 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes the lifelong education program at Michigan State University
  • Tape: 20 Story: 7 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls his Presidential Fellows Program at Michigan State University
  • Tape: 20 Story: 8 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his transition to become chancellor of the SUNY System
  • Tape: 21 Story: 1 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his visits to the sixty-four colleges in the SUNY system
  • Tape: 21 Story: 2 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about how he established his priorities as chancellor of SUNY
  • Tape: 21 Story: 3 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls his relationship with the presidents of the SUNY system
  • Tape: 21 Story: 4 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes Nelson Rockefeller's role in establishing the SUNY system
  • Tape: 21 Story: 5 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls his interaction with private universities in New York City
  • Tape: 21 Story: 6 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes the establishment of the Nelson Rockefeller College of Public Affairs, pt. 1
  • Tape: 21 Story: 7 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes the establishment of the Nelson Rockefeller College of Public Affairs, pt. 2
  • Tape: 21 Story: 8 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about the restrictive regulation of the SUNY system
  • Tape: 22 Story: 1 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about achieving flexibility legislation in the SUNY System
  • Tape: 22 Story: 2 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls his relationship with SUNY System board of trustees
  • Tape: 22 Story: 3 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. remembers living in downtown Albany, New York
  • Tape: 22 Story: 4 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about advocating against the governor's budget cuts
  • Tape: 22 Story: 5 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls introducing private fundraising at SUNY
  • Tape: 22 Story: 6 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his wife's experiences on corporate boards
  • Tape: 22 Story: 7 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls his wife's mentoring program, Fund for Corporate Initiatives
  • Tape: 22 Story: 8 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his wife's Young Executive Program
  • Tape: 22 Story: 9 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about declining job offers from the federal government
  • Tape: 22 Story: 10 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about the women and minorities in leadership positions at SUNY
  • Tape: 22 Story: 11 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls his decision to decline the presidency of the Rockefeller Foundation
  • Tape: 23 Story: 1 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about TIAA-CREF and his recruitment as its CEO
  • Tape: 23 Story: 2 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes his early assessments of TIAA-CREF
  • Tape: 23 Story: 3 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls creating a committee of the board at TIAA-CREF
  • Tape: 23 Story: 4 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes the competitors of TIAA-CREF
  • Tape: 23 Story: 5 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls recruiting Thomas W. Jones as CFO of TIAA-CREF
  • Tape: 23 Story: 6 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. talks about the Special Assistants Program at TIAA-CREF
  • Tape: 23 Story: 7 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. recalls his experiences at the U.S. Department of State
  • Tape: 24 Story: 1 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. describes the public opinion of his service in the U.S. Department of State
  • Tape: 24 Story: 2 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. reflects upon his father's opinion of his career
  • Tape: 24 Story: 3 - Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. reflects upon his life