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Chalmers Archer, Jr.

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Information about Chalmers Archer, Jr.

Profile image of Chalmers Archer, Jr.

Profession

Category:
MilitaryMakers
EducationMakers
Occupation(s):
Soldier
Psychology Professor

Favorites

Favorite Color:
Black
Favorite Food:
Fish (Fried), Vegetables
Favorite Time of Year:
Spring
Favorite Vacation Spot:
Home
Favorite Quote:
Let's get with it.

Birthplace

Born:
4/21/1928
Birth Location:
Tchula, Mississippi

Profession

Category:
MilitaryMakers
EducationMakers
Occupation(s):
Soldier
Psychology Professor

Favorites

Favorite Color:
Black
Favorite Food:
Fish (Fried), Vegetables
Favorite Time of Year:
Spring
Favorite Vacation Spot:
Home
Favorite Quote:
Let's get with it.

Birthplace

Born:
4/21/1928
Birth Location:
Tchula
See how Chalmers Archer, Jr. is related to other HistoryMakers

Biography

Combat medical technician, author and education administrator Chalmers Archer, Jr. was born on April 21, 1928 in Tchula, Mississippi to Eva R. Archer, a teacher and Chalmers Archer, Sr., a farmer. As a child, his father and uncles rented a hilltop of more than four hundred acres known as the “Place”, where they farmed, cultivated orchards, raised livestock and built smokehouses. The land was sold when Archer was twelve years old and his family moved to Lexington, Mississippi. After graduating from Ambrose High School, he attended Tuskegee University for one year before volunteering for the United States Army Air Corps.

Archer was in the United States Army Air Corps for one year and then transferred to the Army. He served on a medical crew as a master sergeant technician during the Korean War, where his unit’s job was to retrieve wounded soldiers. In 1952, Archer began training at Fort Bragg’s Psychological Warfare Center as part of the newly formed United States Army’s Special Forces. His unit was one of the first to enter Vietnam where he trained original Special Forces teams of the South Vietnamese army. On October 21, 1957, Archer’s unit was ambushed and he witnessed the first American combat deaths in Vietnam, as well saving the lives of American and Vietnamese soldiers. He did not see action in Vietnam again, however, he did see action in Cambodia and Laos. Archer went on to serve in the Philippines, Hawaii, Korea, Taiwan, and Panama, as well as in Southeast Asia. He ended his army service in 1967 and went back to school, receiving his B.S. degree from the Tuskegee Institute in 1972. Archer earned his M.Ed. degree in 1974 and his Ph.D. degree in counseling and psychology from Auburn University in 1979. He then completed a twelve month, post-graduate study at the University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa. In 1983, Archer became a professor of counseling and psychology at Northern Virginia Community College. He later served as assistant to the president at Saints Junior College in Lexington, Mississippi and assistant to the vice president at the Tuskegee Institute.

Archer wrote two memoirs, Growing up Black in Rural Mississippi published in 1991 and Green Berets in the Vanguard published in 2001. He received the Afro-Achievement Award in 1994 for distinguished lifetime achievement in education from the Dale City Afro-Achievement Committee. Archer also served as president of the Jennie Dean Project.

Archer passed away on February 24, 2014, at the age of 85.

See how Chalmers Archer, Jr. is related to other HistoryMakers
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  • Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Slating of Chalmers Archer's interview
  • Tape: 1 Story: 2 - Chalmers Archer lists his favorites
  • Tape: 1 Story: 3 - Chalmers Archer describes his mother's family background, pt. 1
  • Tape: 1 Story: 4 - Chalmers Archer describes his mother's family background, pt. 2
  • Tape: 1 Story: 5 - Chalmers Archer talks about his mother's education and employment, as well as where he grew up
  • Tape: 1 Story: 6 - Chalmers Archer discusses the book he wrote and how he was not permitted to have a book signing in Tchula, Mississippi
  • Tape: 1 Story: 7 - Chalmers Archer describes his father's family background
  • Tape: 1 Story: 8 - Chalmers Archer recalls a story about his paternal grandfather from slavery that is in the book he wrote
  • Tape: 2 Story: 1 - Chalmers Archer remembers the stories his father told him about growing up, pt. 1
  • Tape: 2 Story: 2 - Chalmers Archer remembers the stories his father told him about growing up, pt. 2
  • Tape: 2 Story: 3 - Chalmers Archer talks about how his family came to live at "The Place"
  • Tape: 2 Story: 4 - Chalmers Archer talks about his grandparents and his father hearing Booker T. Washington speak
  • Tape: 2 Story: 5 - Chalmers Archer discusses his father's service in the military, pt. 1
  • Tape: 2 Story: 6 - Chalmers Archer discusses his father's service in the military, pt. 2
  • Tape: 2 Story: 7 - Chalmers Archer talks about his siblings and how his parents met
  • Tape: 3 Story: 1 - Chalmers Archer talks about his brother, his father's restaurant and his mother's cooking
  • Tape: 3 Story: 2 - Chalmers Archer describes his parents' personalities and college plans
  • Tape: 3 Story: 3 - Chalmers Archer describes the sights, sounds and smells of growing up in Mississippi, pt. 1
  • Tape: 3 Story: 4 - Chalmers Archer talks about his uncles
  • Tape: 3 Story: 5 - Chalmers Archer describes the sights, sounds and smells of growing up in Mississippi, pt. 2
  • Tape: 3 Story: 6 - Chalmers Archer talks about the barn fire at his family home in Lexington, Mississippi
  • Tape: 3 Story: 7 - Chalmers Archer discusses the differences between growing up white and growing up black in Mississippi
  • Tape: 3 Story: 8 - Chalmers Archer talks about blacks' rights in Mississippi
  • Tape: 3 Story: 9 - Chalmers Archer talks about the schools he attended as a child
  • Tape: 4 Story: 1 - Chalmers Archer talks about his elementary school experience
  • Tape: 4 Story: 2 - Chalmers Archer talks about leaving "The Place"
  • Tape: 4 Story: 3 - Chalmers Archer talks about his father's involvement with the U.S. Federal Housing Administration program
  • Tape: 4 Story: 4 - Chalmers Archer discusses his high school experience, pt. 1
  • Tape: 4 Story: 5 - Chalmers Archer discusses his high school experience, pt. 2
  • Tape: 4 Story: 6 - Chalmers Archer talks about a gunfight he was involved in Lexington, Mississippi, pt. 1
  • Tape: 4 Story: 7 - Chalmers Archer talks about a gunfight he was involved in Lexington, Mississippi, pt. 2
  • Tape: 5 Story: 1 - Chalmers Archer talks about the summer he spent in Detroit, Michigan after being involved in a gunfight
  • Tape: 5 Story: 2 - Chalmers Archer talks about attending Tuskegee University, pt. 1
  • Tape: 5 Story: 3 - Chalmers Archer talks about attending Tuskegee University, pt. 2
  • Tape: 5 Story: 4 - Chalmers Archer talks about leaving college to join the U.S. Army
  • Tape: 5 Story: 5 - Chalmers Archer talks about the Tuskegee Airmen and the prejudicial evacuation of blacks from the Philippines
  • Tape: 5 Story: 6 - Chalmers Archer talks about his basic training at Lackland Air Force Base in Texas
  • Tape: 5 Story: 7 - Chalmers Archer talks about becoming an army medic and his combat experience in World War II
  • Tape: 5 Story: 8 - Chalmers Archer recalls the integration of the U.S. Armed Forces and the Korean War
  • Tape: 6 Story: 1 - Chalmers Archer discusses his experience with integration in the military after President Harry Truman's desegregation order
  • Tape: 6 Story: 2 - Chalmers Archer talks about being a member of the U.S. Special Forces, pt. 1
  • Tape: 6 Story: 3 - Chalmers Archer talks about being a member of the U.S. Special Forces, pt. 2
  • Tape: 6 Story: 4 - Chalmers Archer discusses his first mission with the U.S. Special Forces
  • Tape: 6 Story: 5 - Chalmers Archer talks about his missions in Southeast Asia and Japan
  • Tape: 6 Story: 6 - Chalmers Archer talks about his service during the Vietnam War, pt. 1
  • Tape: 6 Story: 7 - Chalmers Archer talks about his service during the Vietnam War, pt. 2
  • Tape: 7 Story: 1 - Chalmers Archer talks about his involvement with the civil rights protests in Mississippi
  • Tape: 7 Story: 2 - Chalmers Archer talks about the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and the students killed at Jackson State University
  • Tape: 7 Story: 3 - Chalmers Archer talks about his experience at Tuskegee Institute, pt. 1
  • Tape: 7 Story: 4 - Chalmers Archer talks about his experience at Tuskegee Institute, pt. 2
  • Tape: 7 Story: 5 - Chalmers Archer talks about his experience at Auburn University and the University of Alabama
  • Tape: 7 Story: 6 - Chalmers Archer talks about his book, "Growing Up Black in Mississippi"
  • Tape: 7 Story: 7 - Chalmers Archer talks about working for Northern Virginia Community College and publishing his second book
  • Tape: 7 Story: 8 - Chalmers Archer talks about his second book, "Green Beret's in the Vanguard"
  • Tape: 8 Story: 1 - Chalmers Archer talks about school desegregation efforts in the U.S. with the King of Thailand
  • Tape: 8 Story: 2 - Chalmers Archer talks about his first book, teaching career and interest in farming
  • Tape: 8 Story: 3 - Chalmers Archer talks about his legacy and his hopes and concerns for the African American community
  • Tape: 8 Story: 4 - Chalmers Archer talks about his parents
  • Tape: 8 Story: 5 - Chalmers Archer talks about his relationships with his siblings
  • Tape: 8 Story: 6 - Chalmers Archer speaks about social changes for blacks in Mississippi and in the military
  • Tape: 8 Story: 7 - Chalmers Archer talks about how he would like to be remembered
  • Tape: 8 Story: 8 - Slating of Chalmers Archer's interview
  • Tape: 8 Story: 9 - Chalmers Archer describes his photographs