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Bertram Fraser-Reid

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Information about Bertram Fraser-Reid

Profile image of Bertram Fraser-Reid

Profession

Category:
ScienceMakers
EducationMakers
Occupation(s):
Chemist
Chemistry Professor

Favorites

Favorite Color:
Blue
Favorite Food:
Cake (Chocolate)
Favorite Time of Year:
Fall
Favorite Vacation Spot:
Anywhere New
Favorite Quote:
One day at a time.

Birthplace

Born:
2/23/1934
Birth Location:
Coleyville,

Profession

Category:
ScienceMakers
EducationMakers
Occupation(s):
Chemist
Chemistry Professor

Favorites

Favorite Color:
Blue
Favorite Food:
Cake (Chocolate)
Favorite Time of Year:
Fall
Favorite Vacation Spot:
Anywhere New
Favorite Quote:
One day at a time.

Birthplace

Born:
2/23/1934
Birth Location:
Coleyville
See how Bertram Fraser-Reid is related to other HistoryMakers

Biography

Chemist and chemistry professor Bertram Oliver Fraser-Reid was born on February 23, 1934 in Coleyville, Jamaica. In 1956, Fraser-Reid enrolled at Queen’s University in Canada and graduated from there with his B.Sc. and M.Sc. degrees in chemistry in 1959 and 1961, respectively. He went on to earn his Ph.D. degree in chemistry from the University of Alberta in 1964 under the supervision of Dr. Raymond Lemieux. Upon graduation, Fraser-Reid was awarded a postdoctoral fellowship at Imperial College of the University of London and studied under Nobel Laureate Sir Derek Barton from 1964 to 1966.

From 1966 to 1980, Fraser-Reid served on faculty of the University of Waterloo in Waterloo, Ontario where he established a research group known as “Fraser-Reid's Rowdies.” His work at the University of Waterloo emphasized the synthesis of chiral natural products, such as insect pheromones, could be made using carbohydrates as the starting materials instead of petroleum products. In 1980, Fraser-Reid briefly taught chemistry at the University of Maryland, College Park before he was hired by Duke University in Durham, North Carolina in 1982. In 1985, Fraser-Reid was named James B. Duke Professor of Chemistry. He later found the Natural Products and Glycotechnology Research Institute in Durham, North Carolina where he oversaw research to develop carbohydrate-based vaccines to fight malaria and tuberculosis.

Fraser-Reid received the Merck, Sharp & Dohme Award in 1977 from the Chemical Institute of Canada, and he was honored with the Claude S. Hudson Award in 1989 from the American Chemical Society. Fraser-Reid was nominated for the Nobel Prize in chemistry in 1998, and he was recognized as the Senior Distinguished U.S. Scientist by West Germany’s Alexander von Humboldt Foundation in 1990. In 1991, Fraser-Reid was elected as a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and received the Percy L. Julian Award from the National Organization of Black Chemists and Chemical Engineers. The American Institute of Chemistry named him the North Carolina Chemist of the Year in 1995. In addition, the Royal Society of Chemistry bestowed upon him the Haworth Memorial Medal and Lectureship, the Japanese Society for the Promotion of Science elected him as a Fellow, and the Institute of Jamaica honored him with the Musgrave Gold Medal.

Bertram Oliver Fraser-Reid was interviewed by The HistoryMakers on May 6, 2013.

See how Bertram Fraser-Reid is related to other HistoryMakers
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  • Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Slating of Bertram Fraser-Reid's interview - part one
  • Tape: 1 Story: 2 - Slating of Bertram Fraser-Reid's interview - part two
  • Tape: 1 Story: 3 - Bertram Fraser-Reid lists his favorites
  • Tape: 1 Story: 4 - Bertram Fraser-Reid describes his mother's family background
  • Tape: 1 Story: 5 - Bertram Fraser-Reid talks about his mother and his step-mother, and how his parents met
  • Tape: 1 Story: 6 - Bertram Fraser-Reid describes his father's family background
  • Tape: 2 Story: 1 - Bertram Fraser-Reid talks about his father's education and his interest in music
  • Tape: 2 Story: 2 - Bertram Fraser-Reid talks about the early relationship between school and church in Brice, Jamaica
  • Tape: 2 Story: 3 - Bertram Fraser-Reid talks about the school where his father was a head teacher and describes the Jamaican education system
  • Tape: 2 Story: 4 - Bertram Fraser-Reid talks about his father's personality, and his first experiment in chemistry
  • Tape: 2 Story: 5 - Bertram Fraser-Reid talks about his siblings and his likeness to his father
  • Tape: 2 Story: 6 - Bertram Fraser-Reid describes his earliest childhood memory
  • Tape: 2 Story: 7 - Bertram Fraser-Reid describes the sights, sounds and smells of growing up in Jamaica
  • Tape: 2 Story: 8 - Bertram Fraser-Reid talks about the landscape of the island of Jamaica
  • Tape: 2 Story: 9 - Bertram Fraser-Reid talks about attending school in Brice, Jamaica and going to boarding school in Kingston, Jamaica
  • Tape: 3 Story: 1 - Bertram Fraser-Reid talks about his father's emphasis on his education and learning
  • Tape: 3 Story: 2 - Bertram Fraser-Reid describes his experience in high school in Kingston, Jamaica
  • Tape: 3 Story: 3 - Bertram Fraser-Reid describes his experience in high school at the foothills of Bullhead Mountain, Jamaica
  • Tape: 3 Story: 4 - Bertram Fraser-Reid describes his decision to pursue his studies in chemistry
  • Tape: 3 Story: 5 - Bertram Fraser-Reid talks about his poor preparation in the sciences in high school
  • Tape: 3 Story: 6 - Bertram Fraser-Reid describes the influence of his friends' mother, Mrs. Jackson, in his pursuit of higher education in Canada
  • Tape: 3 Story: 7 - Bertram Fraser-Reid describes his decision to attend Queens University in Canada
  • Tape: 3 Story: 8 - Bertram Fraser-Reid talks about his choice to study in Canada over the United States
  • Tape: 4 Story: 1 - Bertram Fraser-Reid describes his experience at Queens University in Canada
  • Tape: 4 Story: 2 - Bertram Fraser-Reid talks about taking his first physics exams while he was in college
  • Tape: 4 Story: 3 - Bertram Fraser-Reid talks about working with chemist J.K.N. Jones at Queens University as an undergraduate student
  • Tape: 4 Story: 4 - Bertram Fraser-Reid talks about the history of sugar production, slavery, and his introduction to sugar chemistry in the 1950s
  • Tape: 4 Story: 5 - Bertram Fraser-Reid talks about his mentors at Queens University
  • Tape: 4 Story: 6 - Bertram Fraser-Reid talks about attending the University of Alberta to pursue his doctoral degree with Professor Raymond Lemieux
  • Tape: 4 Story: 7 - Bertram Fraser-Reid describes his doctoral dissertation research in sugar chemistry
  • Tape: 5 Story: 1 - Bertram Fraser-Reid talks about his postdoctoral advisor, Sir Derek Barton at Imperial College in London
  • Tape: 5 Story: 2 - Bertram Fraser-Reid talks about how he met his wife
  • Tape: 5 Story: 3 - Bertram Fraser-Reid describes his research in interest pheromone chemistry - part one
  • Tape: 5 Story: 4 - Bertram Fraser-Reid describes the concept of optical isomers of sugars
  • Tape: 5 Story: 5 - Bertram Fraser-Reid talks about the application of sugar chemistry to pheromone synthesis
  • Tape: 5 Story: 6 - Bertram Fraser-Reid describes his decision to accept a position at the University of Maryland in 1980
  • Tape: 6 Story: 1 - Bertram Fraser-Reid talks about the strengths of the undergraduate program in chemistry at the University of Waterloo in Canada
  • Tape: 6 Story: 2 - Bertram Fraser-Reid talks about his experience at the University of Maryland and his decision to accept a position at Duke University in 1982
  • Tape: 6 Story: 3 - Bertram Fraser-Reid talks about developing a novel method to link simple sugars into oligosaccharides, and its potential applications
  • Tape: 6 Story: 4 - Bertram Fraser-Reid reflects upon being nominated for the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1988
  • Tape: 6 Story: 5 - Bertram Fraser-Reid talks about playing the organ internationally, while traveling for conferences
  • Tape: 6 Story: 6 - Bertram Fraser-Reid describes his research interest in RNA synthesis
  • Tape: 6 Story: 7 - Bertram Fraser-Reid talks about the funding that he has received for his work on RNA synthesis
  • Tape: 6 Story: 8 - Bertram Fraser-Reid talks about his former interest in applying carbohydrate chemistry to find a cure for AIDS
  • Tape: 7 Story: 1 - Bertram Fraser-Reid reflects upon his legacy - part one
  • Tape: 7 Story: 2 - Bertram Fraser-Reid reflects upon his legacy - part two
  • Tape: 7 Story: 3 - Bertram Fraser-Reid talks about receiving the Percy Julian Award from the NOBCChe in 1991
  • Tape: 7 Story: 4 - Bertram Fraser-Reid describes his hopes and concerns for the African American community today
  • Tape: 7 Story: 5 - Bertram Fraser-Reid talks about his family
  • Tape: 7 Story: 6 - Bertram Fraser-Reid talks about how he would like to be remembered
  • Tape: 7 Story: 7 - Bertram Fraser-Reid describes his photographs - part one
  • Tape: 8 Story: 1 - Bertram Fraser-Reid describes his photographs - part two