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Amelia Boynton Robinson

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Information about Amelia Boynton Robinson

Profile image of Amelia Boynton Robinson

Profession

Category:
CivicMakers
Occupation(s):
Civil Rights Leader

Favorites

Favorite Color:
Blue
Favorite Food:
Seafood
Favorite Time of Year:
Fall, Spring
Favorite Vacation Spot:
Bahamas
Favorite Quote:
None

Birthplace

Born:
8/18/1911
Birth Location:
Savannah, Georgia

Profession

Category:
CivicMakers
Occupation(s):
Civil Rights Leader

Favorites

Favorite Color:
Blue
Favorite Food:
Seafood
Favorite Time of Year:
Fall, Spring
Favorite Vacation Spot:
Bahamas
Favorite Quote:
None

Birthplace

Born:
8/18/1911
Birth Location:
Savannah
See how Amelia Boynton Robinson is related to other HistoryMakers

Biography

Civil rights pioneer Amelia Boynton Robinson was born on August 18, 1911, in Savannah, Georgia. As a young lady, Robinson became very active in women’s suffrage. In 1934, at the age of twenty-three, Robinson became one of the few registered African American voters. In an era where literacy tests were used to discriminate against African Americans seeking to vote, Robinson used her status as a registered voter to assist other African American applicants to become registered voters.

In 1930, while working as a home economics teacher in the rural south, Robinson became re-acquainted with Sam William Boynton, an extension agent for the county whom she had met while studying at Tuskegee Institute. They married and began to work together to bring education, a higher standard of living, and voting rights to the African American poor, most of whom worked as sharecroppers. In 1936, Robinson wrote a play entitled Through the Years, to raise money for a community center that would be open to African Americans in a then-racially segregated Selma, Alabama. Through the Years tells the story of Robert Smalls (one of Robinson’s ancestors), through the character of Joshua Terrell, a slave, who gains his freedom and goes on to serve in the U.S. Congress.

On February 29, 1964, Robinson became the first African American woman ever to seek a seat in Congress from Alabama. She was also the first woman to run for this office in the state, winning ten percent of the vote when only five percent of the registered voters were African American. In 1965, Robinson was one of the civil rights leaders that led the famous first march across the Edmund Pettus Bridge which resulted in that day being called Bloody Sunday. Robinson was gassed and beaten; a wire photo of her left for dead on Edmund Pettus Bridge went around the world and helped to spark an outpouring of support for the Civil Rights Movement.

Robinson was introduced to the LaRouche Movement in 1983, and a year later, she became a board member and then vice-chairperson of the Schiller Institute. The Schiller Institute was founded to defend the rights of all humanity. The Schiller Institute published her book Bridges over Jordan in 1991. In 1992, Robinson co-founded the International Civil Rights Solidarity Movement, and has received worldwide recognition for her sincere service to humanity. In 1990, Robinson was awarded the Martin Luther King, Jr. Foundation Medal of Freedom; in 2003 she was awarded the National Visionary Leadership Award; and in 2005, Robinson and her deceased husband, Sam Boynton, were honored on the Fortieth Anniversary of Bloody Sunday in Selma. Robinson spent the latter part of her career touring the nation and worldwide, speaking on the behalf of the Schiller Institute to promote civil and human rights.

Amelia Boynton Robinson passed away on August 28, 2015.

See how Amelia Boynton Robinson is related to other HistoryMakers
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  • Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Slating of Amelia Boynton Robinson's interview
  • Tape: 1 Story: 2 - Amelia Boynton Robinson lists her favorites
  • Tape: 1 Story: 3 - Amelia Boynton Robinson describes her mother's family background, pt. 1
  • Tape: 1 Story: 4 - Amelia Boynton Robinson describes her mother's family background, pt. 2
  • Tape: 1 Story: 5 - Amelia Boynton Robinson describes her mother's family background, pt. 2
  • Tape: 1 Story: 6 - Amelia Boynton Robinson describes her maternal family's land
  • Tape: 1 Story: 7 - Amelia Boynton Robinson describes her mother
  • Tape: 1 Story: 8 - Amelia Boynton Robinson describes her mother's conflict in South Carolina
  • Tape: 2 Story: 1 - Amelia Boynton Robinson describes her mother's activism
  • Tape: 2 Story: 2 - Amelia Boynton Robinson describes her father's family background and personality
  • Tape: 2 Story: 3 - Amelia Boynton Robinson describes her father's career
  • Tape: 2 Story: 4 - Amelia Boynton Robinson describes her father's education and later life
  • Tape: 2 Story: 5 - Amelia Boynton Robinson describes how her parents met
  • Tape: 2 Story: 6 - Amelia Boynton Robinson talks about her father's travels
  • Tape: 2 Story: 7 - Amelia Boynton Robinson remembers her father's death
  • Tape: 2 Story: 8 - Amelia Boynton Robinson lists her siblings, pt. 1
  • Tape: 3 Story: 1 - Amelia Boynton Robinson lists her siblings, pt. 2
  • Tape: 3 Story: 2 - Amelia Boynton Robinson lists her siblings, pt. 3
  • Tape: 3 Story: 3 - Amelia Boynton Robinson describes her earliest childhood memory
  • Tape: 3 Story: 4 - Amelia Boynton Robinson remembers visiting the circus
  • Tape: 3 Story: 5 - Amelia Boynton Robinson recalls her childhood activities
  • Tape: 3 Story: 6 - Amelia Boynton Robinson describes her neighborhood in Savannah, Georgia, pt. 1
  • Tape: 3 Story: 7 - Amelia Boynton Robinson describes her neighborhood in Savannah, Georgia, pt. 2
  • Tape: 3 Story: 8 - Amelia Boynton Robinson describes her early education
  • Tape: 4 Story: 1 - Amelia Boynton Robinson describes the sounds of her childhood
  • Tape: 4 Story: 2 - Amelia Boynton Robinson describes her family's lodgers
  • Tape: 4 Story: 3 - Amelia Boynton Robinson describes her college education
  • Tape: 4 Story: 4 - Amelia Boynton Robinson remembers the Great Depression
  • Tape: 4 Story: 5 - Amelia Boynton Robinson remembers the Camden County Training School in St. Marys, Georgia
  • Tape: 4 Story: 6 - Amelia Boynton Robinson recalls her challenges at the Camden County Training School
  • Tape: 4 Story: 7 - Amelia Boynton Robinson recalls leaving the Camden County Training School
  • Tape: 5 Story: 1 - Amelia Boynton Robinson recalls visiting her family
  • Tape: 5 Story: 2 - Amelia Boynton Robinson remembers the Americus Institute in Americus, Georgia
  • Tape: 5 Story: 3 - Amelia Boynton Robinson recalls being offered work at the U.S. Department of Agriculture
  • Tape: 5 Story: 4 - Amelia Boynton Robinson remembers leaving the Americus Institute
  • Tape: 5 Story: 5 - Amelia Boynton Robinson remembers encountering her former boss
  • Tape: 5 Story: 6 - Amelia Boynton Robinson describes her work with the U.S. Department of Agriculture, pt. 1
  • Tape: 5 Story: 7 - Amelia Boynton Robinson describes her work with the U.S. Department of Agriculture, pt. 2
  • Tape: 6 Story: 1 - Amelia Boynton Robinson remembers registering sharecroppers to vote
  • Tape: 6 Story: 2 - Amelia Boynton Robinson recalls meeting her husband, Samuel Boynton
  • Tape: 6 Story: 3 - Amelia Boynton Robinson describes her activities at the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute in Tuskegee, Alabama
  • Tape: 6 Story: 4 - Amelia Boynton Robinson recalls working at the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute
  • Tape: 6 Story: 5 - Amelia Boynton Robinson remembers George Washington Carver, pt. 1
  • Tape: 6 Story: 6 - Amelia Boynton Robinson remembers George Washington Carver, pt. 1
  • Tape: 6 Story: 7 - Amelia Boynton Robinson talks about the Tom Huston Peanut Company
  • Tape: 7 Story: 1 - Amelia Boynton Robinson describes her husband
  • Tape: 7 Story: 2 - Amelia Boynton Robinson talks about voter registration in Selma, Alabama
  • Tape: 7 Story: 3 - Amelia Boynton Robinson describes voter registration requirements
  • Tape: 7 Story: 4 - Amelia Boynton Robinson recalls holding a community sing in Selma, Alabama
  • Tape: 7 Story: 5 - Amelia Boynton Robinson remembers 'Through the Years'
  • Tape: 7 Story: 6 - Amelia Boynton Robinson talks about Robert Smalls, pt. 1
  • Tape: 7 Story: 7 - Amelia Boynton Robinson talks about Robert Smalls, pt. 2
  • Tape: 7 Story: 8 - Amelia Boynton Robinson recalls building a community center in Selma, Alabama
  • Tape: 7 Story: 9 - Amelia Boynton Robinson describes her home in Selma, Alabama