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Alyce Faye Wattleton

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Information about Alyce Faye Wattleton

Profile image of Alyce Faye Wattleton

Profession

Category:
CivicMakers
Occupation(s):
Nonprofit Chief Executive
Chief Executive Officer

Favorites

Favorite Color:
Red
Favorite Food:
Fried Chicken
Favorite Time of Year:
Summer
Favorite Vacation Spot:
Thailand
Favorite Quote:
Can You Believe That?

Birthplace

Born:
7/8/1943
Birth Location:
St. Louis, Missouri

Profession

Category:
CivicMakers
Occupation(s):
Nonprofit Chief Executive
Chief Executive Officer

Favorites

Favorite Color:
Red
Favorite Food:
Fried Chicken
Favorite Time of Year:
Summer
Favorite Vacation Spot:
Thailand
Favorite Quote:
Can You Believe That?

Birthplace

Born:
7/8/1943
Birth Location:
St. Louis
See how Alyce Faye Wattleton is related to other HistoryMakers

Biography

Alyce Faye Wattleton was born on July 8, 1943, in St. Louis, Missouri; her mother was a traveling preacher and her father was a construction worker. While her mother traveled, Wattleton spent each school year in the care of church members in different states; before entering high school, she had not attended the same school two years in a row. In 1959, at the age of sixteen, Wattleton earned her high school diploma from Calhoun High School in Port Lavaca, Texas, where she was active in the band, the thespian club, and the basketball team.

Wattleton received her B.S. degree in nursing from Ohio State University in 1964 and went on to earn her M.S. degree in midwifery and maternal and infant health from Columbia University in 1967. Wattleton began her nursing career as an instructor at Miami-Dade Hospital in Ohio, teaching nursing obstetrics and labor and delivery; in 1970 she was named executive director of the Dayton-Miami Valley chapter of Planned Parenthood.

In 1978, Wattleton became the youngest individual at the time, and the first African American woman, to serve as president of the Planned Parenthood Federation of America (PPFA). During Wattleton’s fourteen-year tenure, PPFA became one of the nation’s largest charitable organizations. Under Wattleton’s leadership, the organization secured federal funding for birth control and prenatal programs, fought against efforts to restrict legal abortions, and legalized the sale of RU-486 (a French-made birth control pill which terminates pregnancies) in the United States.

After her resignation from the PPFA in 1992, Wattleton hosted a Chicago-based television talk show. In 1995, Wattleton became president of the Center for the Advancement of Women, an independent, nonpartisan non-profit research and education institution dedicated to advocating for the advancement of women.

Wattleton has received numerous awards and honors, including the American Humanist Award; the Congressional Black Caucus Foundation's Humanitarian Award; the American Nurses Association’s Women's Honor in Public Service; the Jefferson Award for the Greatest Public Service performed by a Private Citizen; the Fries Prize, for service to improving public health; and the PPFA’s Margaret Sanger Award. Throughout her career, Wattleton has been awarded fourteen honorary degrees. In 1993 Wattleton was inducted into the National Women’s Hall of Fame, and in 1996, published her memoir Life on the Line.

See how Alyce Faye Wattleton is related to other HistoryMakers
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  • Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Slating of Alyce Faye Wattleton's interview
  • Tape: 1 Story: 2 - Alyce Faye Wattleton lists her favorites
  • Tape: 1 Story: 3 - Alyce Faye Wattleton describes her mother's family background
  • Tape: 1 Story: 4 - Alyce Faye Wattleton describes her mother's personality and ministry
  • Tape: 1 Story: 5 - Alyce Faye Wattleton describes her father's family background
  • Tape: 1 Story: 6 - Alyce Faye Wattleton recalls moving often during her childhood
  • Tape: 1 Story: 7 - Alyce Faye Wattleton remembers her grandparents
  • Tape: 1 Story: 8 - Alyce Faye Wattleton describes her earliest childhood memory
  • Tape: 1 Story: 9 - Alyce Faye Wattleton describes her maternal grandparents' family backgrounds
  • Tape: 1 Story: 10 - Alyce Faye Wattleton recalls holidays in her childhood home in St. Louis
  • Tape: 1 Story: 11 - Alyce Faye Wattleton remembers her childhood neighborhood in St. Louis
  • Tape: 2 Story: 1 - Alyce Faye Wattleton remembers Washington Montessori Elementary School
  • Tape: 2 Story: 2 - Alyce Faye Wattleton describes the sights, sounds and smells of her childhood
  • Tape: 2 Story: 3 - Alyce Faye Wattleton describes moving among church members' homes in her childhood
  • Tape: 2 Story: 4 - Alyce Faye Wattleton recalls moving to Columbus, Nebraska with her parents
  • Tape: 2 Story: 5 - Alyce Faye Wattleton remembers moving to Franklin, Louisiana
  • Tape: 2 Story: 6 - Alyce Faye Wattleton recalls her influences as a teenager
  • Tape: 2 Story: 7 - Alyce Faye Wattleton remembers Tougaloo Preparatory School and Calhoun High School
  • Tape: 2 Story: 8 - Alyce Faye Wattleton recounts her decision to attend The Ohio State University
  • Tape: 2 Story: 9 - Alyce Faye Wattleton remembers her social life at The Ohio State University
  • Tape: 3 Story: 1 - Alyce Faye Wattleton recalls her decision to attend Columbia University
  • Tape: 3 Story: 2 - Alyce Faye Wattleton describes her family's civil rights' activities
  • Tape: 3 Story: 3 - Alyce Faye Wattleton remembers working at the Miami Valley Hospital
  • Tape: 3 Story: 4 - Alyce Faye Wattleton remembers her abortion
  • Tape: 3 Story: 5 - Alyce Faye Wattleton remembers working at Harlem Hospital and the Dayton Public Health Department
  • Tape: 3 Story: 6 - Alyce Faye Wattleton describes the Dayton affiliate of Planned Parenthood
  • Tape: 3 Story: 7 - Alyce Faye Wattleton describes her mother's opposition to her career
  • Tape: 3 Story: 8 - Alyce Faye Wattleton recalls Planned Parenthoods' challenges in the late 1970s and early 1980s
  • Tape: 3 Story: 9 - Alyce Faye Wattleton recounts the impact of U.S. Supreme Court cases on Planned Parenthood
  • Tape: 4 Story: 1 - Alyce Faye Wattleton describes issues surrounding minority women's access to abortions
  • Tape: 4 Story: 2 - Alyce Faye Wattleton describes her decision to leave Planned Parenthood
  • Tape: 4 Story: 3 - Alyce Faye Wattleton reflects upon her life