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Adelaide Cromwell

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Information about Adelaide Cromwell

Profile image of Adelaide Cromwell

Profession

Category:
EducationMakers
Occupation(s):
Academic Administrator
Sociology Professor

Favorites

Favorite Color:
Green
Favorite Food:
None
Favorite Time of Year:
None
Favorite Vacation Spot:
Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts
Favorite Quote:
None

Birthplace

Born:
11/27/1919
Birth Location:
Washington, District of Columbia

Profession

Category:
EducationMakers
Occupation(s):
Academic Administrator
Sociology Professor

Favorites

Favorite Color:
Green
Favorite Food:
None
Favorite Time of Year:
None
Favorite Vacation Spot:
Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts
Favorite Quote:
None

Birthplace

Born:
11/27/1919
Birth Location:
Washington
See how Adelaide Cromwell is related to other HistoryMakers

Biography

Boston University professor emeritus Adelaide McGuinn Cromwell was born on November 27, 1919, in Washington, D.C. In 1936, Cromwell graduated from Dunbar High School and in 1940, went on to earn an A.B. degree in sociology from Smith College. One year later, she earned a M.A. degree in sociology from the University of Pennsylvania and went on to earn a certificate in social casework from Bryn Mawr College. After earning a Ph.D. in sociology from Harvard’s Radcliffe College in 1946, she became the first African American instructor at Hunter College in New York and then at her alma mater, Smith College.

From 1951 to 1985, she worked as professor of sociology at Boston University. In 1951, Cromwell was a leading member of the committee that established Boston University’s African Studies Program. In 1953, she was appointed as administrator and research associate of the program. In 1969, Cromwell was appointed director of Boston University’ graduate program in Afro-American Studies.

In 1960, Cromwell convened the first conference of West African social workers in Ghana. That same year, she was the only woman and African American appointed to a five-member committee commissioned by the Methodist Church in America to assess the state of higher education in what was then called the Belgian Congo. In 1983, Cromwell convened a conference of African American scholars and policymakers at the University of Liberia in Monrovia in 1983.

Cromwell has been recognized by a broad community of educators, administrators, and policymakers. She was appointed to the executive council of the American Society of African Culture, the American Negro Leadership Conference in Africa and the advisory council on Voluntary Foreign Aid. She maintains active membership in the Council on Foreign Relations, the African Studies Association, the Association for the Study of African American Life and History (ASALH) and the American Sociological Association.

Cromwell has been recognized for her outstanding contributions to academia with awards and honors that include a Citation from the National Order of Cote d’Ivoire, the Smith College Medal, and the Carter G. Woodson Medal from ASALH.

Cromwell is the author of significant books and articles and is the mother of one son, Anthony Cromwell Hill. In retirement, her current research is on the history of her family as black intellectuals.

Selected Bibliography

“Social Workers and Their Training in Ghana,” West African Journal of Education, Vol. V., No. 1, February, 1961. pp. 24-32.

“Desegregation in Education and the American Negro,” West African Journal of Education, Vol. VI, No. 2, 1962. pp.85-90.

“The Impact of Africa Upon the American Negro,” E. Franklin Frazier, The Negro and Social Research: Papers contributed to the 26th Annual Spring Conference of the Division of the Social Sciences, April 22-25, 1963. The Howard University Press. Pp.75-102.

Cromwell, Adelaide, Developing a Black Meritocracy: A History of Black Graduates of the Boston Latin School, Afro-American Studies, Boston University Press, 1985.

“The History of Oak Bluffs as a Popular Resort for Blacks,” The Dukes County Intelligencer, Vol. 26, No.1, August, 1984, pp. 2-35.

Cromwell, Adelaide, An African Victorian Feminist: The Life and Times of Adelaide Smith Casely Hayford, 1868-1960, Howard University Press, Washington, D.C., 1992.

“The Black Presence in the West End of Boston, 1800-1864, A Demographic Map,” Courage and Conscience, Black and White Abolitionists in Boston, Donald Jacobs, (Ed.). Indiana University Press, Bloomington, IN. 1993.

The Other Brahmins, Boston’s Black Upper Class, 1750-1950, The University of Arkansas Press, Fayetteville, 1994.

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  • Tape: 1 Story: 1 - Slating of Adelaide Cromwell's interview
  • Tape: 1 Story: 2 - Adelaide Cromwell lists her favorites
  • Tape: 1 Story: 3 - Adelaide Cromwell describers her maternal family background
  • Tape: 1 Story: 4 - Adelaide Cromwell describes her mother's personality
  • Tape: 1 Story: 5 - Adelaide Cromwell describes her father's personality and education at Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire
  • Tape: 1 Story: 6 - Adelaide Cromwell remembers her paternal grandfather, John Wesley Cromwell, Sr., and his prominence in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Tape: 1 Story: 7 - Adelaide Cromwell describes her childhood household and early childhood memories
  • Tape: 1 Story: 8 - Adelaide Cromwell describes her childhood neighborhood in Washington, D.C.
  • Tape: 1 Story: 9 - Adelaide Cromwell describes her elementary schools in Washington, D.C.
  • Tape: 1 Story: 10 - Adelaide Cromwell remembers her teachers and her temperament at Garrison Elementary School in Washington, D.C.
  • Tape: 1 Story: 11 - Adelaide describes her experiences at Garnet-Patterson Junior High School in Washington, D.C.
  • Tape: 2 Story: 1 - Adelaide Cromwell describes her experiences as Paul Laurence Dunbar High School in Washington D.C.
  • Tape: 2 Story: 2 - Adelaide Cromwell remembers her teachers at Paul Laurence Dunbar High School in Washington, D.C.
  • Tape: 2 Story: 3 - Adelaide Cromwell recalls her and her high school classmates' career aspirations
  • Tape: 2 Story: 4 - Adelaide Cromwell describes childhood extracurricular activities and going to Camp Atwater in North Brookfield, Massachusetts
  • Tape: 2 Story: 5 - Adelaide Cromwell talks about attending St. Luke's Episcopal Church in Washington, D.C.
  • Tape: 2 Story: 6 - Adelaide Cromwell recounts how she entered Smith College in Northampton, Massachusetts
  • Tape: 2 Story: 7 - Adelaide recounts stories of racism from her days at Smith College in Northampton, Massachusetts
  • Tape: 2 Story: 8 - Adelaide remembers a college classmate who defended her against racist remarks
  • Tape: 2 Story: 9 - Adelaide Cromwell describes her courses and professors at Smith College in Northampton, Massachusetts
  • Tape: 2 Story: 10 - Adelaide Cromwell talks about her first published academic paper
  • Tape: 2 Story: 11 - Adelaide remembers how she met close friend and mentor, sociologist E. Franklin Frazier
  • Tape: 2 Story: 12 - Adelaide Cromwell remembers her college field trips to Boston, Massachusetts
  • Tape: 2 Story: 13 - Adelaide Cromwell remembers her master's program at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Tape: 2 Story: 14 - Adelaide Cromwell describes meeting and marrying her husband, Henry A. Hill
  • Tape: 3 Story: 1 - Adelaide Cromwell remembers the segregated housing situation at Bryn Mawr College in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania
  • Tape: 3 Story: 2 - Adelaide Cromwell talks about racial discrimination in her field placements at Bryn Mawr College in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania
  • Tape: 3 Story: 3 - Adelaide Cromwell remembers teaching at Hunter College in New York, New York while working for the Urban League in Englewood, New Jersey
  • Tape: 3 Story: 4 - Adelaide Cromwell remembers her time as a doctoral student at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • Tape: 3 Story: 5 - Adelaide Cromwell talks about teaching at her alma mater, Smith College in Northampton, Massachusetts
  • Tape: 3 Story: 6 - Adelaide Cromwell remembers the founding of the Boston University African Studies Program
  • Tape: 3 Story: 7 - Adelaide Cromwell talks about creating the graduate Afro-American Studies Program at Boston University in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Tape: 3 Story: 8 - Adelaide Cromwell talks about convening the first conference of West African social workers in Ghana
  • Tape: 3 Story: 9 - Adelaide Cromwell talks about her research on higher education in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Tape: 3 Story: 10 - Adelaide Cromwell talks about heading a conference of African American scholars at the University of Liberia in Monrovia, Liberia
  • Tape: 4 Story: 1 - Adelaide Cromwell talks about the faculty in the Afro-American studies program at Boston University in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Tape: 4 Story: 2 - Adelaide Cromwell talks about the prominent students she has taught at Boston University in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Tape: 4 Story: 3 - Adelaide Cromwell remembers academic debates about the purview of the African Studies Program at Boston University in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Tape: 4 Story: 4 - Adelaide Cromwell remembers meeting the subject of her book, Adelaide Smith Casely-Hayford, pt. 1
  • Tape: 4 Story: 5 - Adelaide Cromwell remembers meeting the subject of her book, Adelaide Smith Casely-Hayford, pt. 2
  • Tape: 4 Story: 6 - Adelaide Cromwell talks about the publication of her book, 'An African Victorian Feminist: The Life and Times of Adelaide Smith Casely Hayford 1868-1960'
  • Tape: 4 Story: 7 - Adelaide Cromwell talks about her book, 'The Other Brahmins: Boston's Black Upper Class 1750-1950'
  • Tape: 4 Story: 8 - Adelaide Cromwell explains how she collected data for her book 'The Other Brahmins: Boston's Black Upper Class 1750-1950'
  • Tape: 4 Story: 9 - Adelaide Cromwell talks about writing a feminist analysis of the works of Harlem Renaissance novelists Dorothy West and Nella Larsen
  • Tape: 4 Story: 10 - Adelaide Cromwell talks about her study, 'Developing a Black Meritocracy: A History of Black Graduates of the Boston Latin School'
  • Tape: 5 Story: 1 - Adelaide Cromwell describes her future plans
  • Tape: 5 Story: 2 - Adelaide Cromwell reflects upon her life
  • Tape: 5 Story: 3 - Adelaide Cromwell describes her hopes for the African American community
  • Tape: 5 Story: 4 - Adelaide Cromwell describes how she would like to be remembered
  • Tape: 5 Story: 5 - Adelaide Cromwell reflects upon her legacy
  • Tape: 5 Story: 6 - Adelaide Cromwell describes the Conference for Women of Africa and African Descent in Ghana
  • Tape: 5 Story: 7 - Adelaide Cromwell talks about what she contributed to Boston University in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Tape: 5 Story: 8 - Adelaide Cromwell narrates her photographs